Stockton, California Population 2021

314,835
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Stockton is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 314,835, it is the 13th largest city in California and the 62nd largest city in the United States. Stockton is currently growing at a rate of 0.34% annually and its population has increased by 7.93% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 291,707 in 2010. Stockton reached it's highest population of 314,835 in 2021. Spanning over 65 miles, Stockton has a population density of 5,064 people per square mile.

The average household income in Stockton is $75,063 with a poverty rate of 17.91%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,115 per month, and the median house value is $273,400. The median age in Stockton is 33 years, 31.2 years for males, and 34.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 96.0 males.

Stockton is a city located in the state of California. It is part of San Joaquin County in the San Joaquin Valley region. It also serves as the county seat. The city was founded in 1849 and since its founding has expanded and added to its population. What’s notable about the city of Stockton is that it was the state’s first city to have a name that did not have Native American or Spanish origins.

Stockton Population Statistics

Stockton throughout the 2010s has been on the list of many negative national rankings, including being named as one of the most dangerous cities in America, one of the least literate cities in the country, and a city with one of the highest obesity rates.

San Joaquin County is the top employer of the city, employing almost 6,000 residents. Other top employers include the Stockton Unified School District, St. Joseph’s Medical Center, OG Packing and the California Division of Juvenile Justice, each employing thousands of people from Stockton.

Stockton Population Growth

Despite the problems that the city has faced such as high crime rates and bankruptcy, the city’s population has only continued to grow since the 1860 census. The city’s most significant population growth occurred between 1860 and 1870 when the population grew by over 173%. Stockton reached over 100,000 inhabitants by the time of the 1970 census. Steady growth has been observed every ten years following, with the city hitting the 200,000 milestone in 1990. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by over 5% since the last census recorded in 2010. As the city continues to revitalize and rebuild its economy, it can only be expected that Stockton will continue to grow in terms of its population.

Stockton History

The city was first discovered to be inhabited by the Yatchicumne people. It was only during the California Gold Rush in the 1840s that European and Americans came to the area. German immigrant Charles Maria Weber decided that he would sell supplies to those looking for gold, so he formed a partnership with William Gulnac to apply for a land grant along the San Joaquin River. The Rancho Campo de Los Franceses Mexican land grant was given, and the city was founded in 1849.

Stockton grew during the Gold Rush as a river port and was also a hub for transportation to the various gold settlements in the San Joaquin Valley. The city’s population continued to grow into the 1850s as Chinese immigrants made their way over. They worked for the railroad companies and land reclamation projects after leaving China due to economic and political unrest. What’s interesting to note, however, is that the immigrants were prohibited from purchasing property, and only during the 1960s were American-born Chinese residents allowed to own buildings and property.

Stockton was officially incorporated as a city in 1850. The first election was held that same year. The city had a very diverse population at the time of incorporation, as people had traveled to Stockton from around the world because of the Gold Rush. The late 1800s saw the development of track-laying machines for plowing and the founding of the Holt Manufacturing Company and Stockton Wheel Company.

During the 19th century, Stockton continued to thrive as it was a hub for transportation and served as an inland seaport. Today, the city is still a hub for transportation because of its central location and proximity to the state’s freeway systems. Because of this, as well as the inexpensive land costs when compared to other California cities, has led many companies to bring their regional headquarters to Stockton.

In recent years, the city has focused on revitalization. Many buildings throughout the city have been renovated and transformed. A downtown marina has been constructed. Plans include new housing developments, bridges, and a county courthouse.

In 2007, Stockton was affected by the financial crisis and led the country in foreclosures. The value of homes dropped an average of 44% between 2006 and 2007. The unemployment rate also grew to one of the highest in the nation, and the city also had an increase in crime, making it on Forbes’ list of the most dangerous cities in America. Forbes also named it as one of the worst places to live in 2010.

Following the crisis, Stockton filed for bankruptcy and was the largest city to ever do so at the time, although Detroit has since surpassed that record. The city exited from bankruptcy in 2015. Despite all of this, however, the city has continued to grow in terms of population.

Stockton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Stockton was:

  • White: 44.82%
  • Asian: 21.54%
  • Two or more races: 11.85%
  • Black or African American: 11.15%
  • Other race: 9.39%
  • Native American: 0.67%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.57%
The current population of Stockton, California is 314,835, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 311,628.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 291,707.

Stockton, California Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021781,4629,6571.24%
2020771,8059,6571.25%
2019762,1489,6571.27%
2018752,4919,1951.22%
2017743,29610,4871.41%
2016732,80910,5381.44%
2015722,27110,6921.48%
2014711,5799,5331.34%
2013702,0462,4530.35%
2012699,5935,2390.75%
2011694,3547,2271.04%
2010687,1270.00%

Stockton Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White138,58744.82%
Asian66,61421.54%
Two or More Races36,64311.85%
Black or African American34,48111.15%
Some Other Race29,0519.39%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0840.67%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,7680.57%
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Stockton Population by Race

Stockton Population Pyramid 2021

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Stockton Median Age

33


Total

31.2


Male

34.4


Female

Stockton Adults

There are 223,646 adults, (38,220 of whom are seniors) in Stockton.

Stockton Age Dependency

66.8

Age Dependency Ratio

20.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

46.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Stockton Sex Ratio

Female

157,792

51.03%

Male

151,436

48.97%

Stockton Population by Age

Stockton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Stockton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.6%36.4%
All48.8%51.2%
Non Family41.1%58.9%
Male37.1%62.9%
Female30%70%

48.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Stockton Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All95,5143.1748.8
Married42,7913.9663.6
Non Family27,1921.2941.1
Female18,2113.8330
Male7,3203.8937.1

3.77

Average Family Size

3.17

Average Household Size

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Stockton Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade25,53013.35%
9th to 12th Grade18,9329.90%
High School Graduate54,14428.31%
Some College40,48621.17%
Associates Degree17,1728.98%
Bachelors Degree24,17012.64%
Graduate Degree10,7875.64%
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Stockton Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Stockton Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic71,35845,5875,627
White48,67543,78412,800
Asian43,80733,44812,372
Black22,01919,3923,072
Other Race17,13910,5301,291
Multiple Races15,56012,6412,016
Native American1,3921,087171
Islander1,01670794

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.95%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 28.24%.

Stockton Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,421$39,107$30,109
Less Than High School$24,820$30,357$16,133
High School Grad$31,558$36,704$25,274
Some College$37,207$44,293$31,722
Bachelors Degree$49,115$56,707$44,684
Graduate Degree$79,607$85,681$75,929

$34,421

Average Earnings

$39,107

Average Male

$30,109

Average Female

Stockton Earnings by Educational Attainment

Stockton Language by Age

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Stockton Language

54.20% of Stockton residents speak only English, while 45.80% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 27.07% of the population.

Stockton Language

Stockton Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic130,60424,89119.06%
Asian65,4279,47314.48%
Black33,9169,28527.38%
White61,1027,65512.53%
Multiple36,3217,53420.74%
Other28,7675,24518.23%
Islander1,72240523.52%
Native2,07436417.55%

17.91%

Overall Poverty Rate

16.03%

Male Poverty Rate

19.73%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Stockton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Stockton is Black, with 27.38% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Stockton is White, with 12.53% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.78%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.28%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.49%.

Stockton Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School23.23%
High School16.82%
Some College11.39%
Bachelors or Greater7.34%

Stockton Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed39.79%
Male Unemployed28.11%
Female Employed8.99%
Male Employed5.93%

Stockton Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Stockton Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$54,614$75,063
Families$61,820$82,218
Married Families$77,466$100,548
Non Families$32,428$49,790
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Income by Household Type

Stockton Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

42.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.9%

Male Marriage Rate

40.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Stockton Married by Age and Sex

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Stockton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Stockton Marital Status by Race

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Stockton Marital Status

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10,667

Number of Veterans

9,610

Male Veterans

1,057

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,275
First Gulf War2,010
Second Gulf War1,777
Korea627
World War II282

Stockton Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,915
55 to 642,449
35 to 542,180
75+1,980
18 to 341,143

Stockton Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White6,2125.95%
Hispanic1,9772.28%
Black1,5015.84%
Asian1,4452.85%
2 or More8864.49%
Other5442.65%
Indian634.07%
Hawaiian161.41%

Stockton Veterans by Race

Stockton Veterans by Education

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5.65%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.61%

Veteran Disability Rate

Stockton Veterans by Education

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59.6%

Labor Force Participation

54.3%

Employment Rate

8.8%

Unemployment Rate

Stockton Employment by Age

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Stockton Employment by Race

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Stockton Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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63.55%

Born in California

74.34%

Native Born

25.66%

Foreign Born

12.64%

Non Citizen

13.03%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

74.34% of Stockton residents were born in the United States, with 63.55% having been born in California. 12.64% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Stockton Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021314,8351,0690.34%
2020313,7661,0690.34%
2019312,6971,0690.34%
2018311,6281,4850.48%
2017310,1432,9850.97%
2016307,1582,6080.86%
2015304,5503,4881.16%
2014301,0623,5691.20%
2013297,4934480.15%
2012297,0451,6820.57%
2011295,3632,4750.85%
2010292,88849,1171.85%
2000243,77132,8281.46%
1990210,94362,6603.59%
1980148,28338,3203.03%
1970109,96323,6422.45%
196086,32115,4681.99%
195070,85316,1392.62%
194054,7146,7511.33%
193047,9637,6671.76%
192040,29617,0435.65%
191023,2535,7472.88%
190017,5063,0821.96%
189014,4244,1423.44%
188010,2822160.21%
187010,0666,38710.59%
18603,6790.00%

Stockton Population by Year