Stockton is a city located in San Joaquin County California. Stockton has a 2023 population of 324,888. It is also the county seat of San Joaquin County.Stockton is currently growing at a rate of 0.43% annually and its population has increased by 1.29% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 320,745 in 2020.
The average household income in Stockton is $83,774 with a poverty rate of 16.32%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Stockton is 33 years, 31.8 years for males, and 34 years for females.
Stockton is a city located in the state of California. It is part of San Joaquin County in the San Joaquin Valley region. It also serves as the county seat. The city was founded in 1849 and since its founding has expanded and added to its population. What’s notable about the city of Stockton is that it was the state’s first city to have a name that did not have Native American or Spanish origins.
Stockton throughout the 2010s has been on the list of many negative national rankings, including being named as one of the most dangerous cities in America, one of the least literate cities in the country, and a city with one of the highest obesity rates.
San Joaquin County is the top employer of the city, employing almost 6,000 residents. Other top employers include the Stockton Unified School District, St. Joseph’s Medical Center, OG Packing and the California Division of Juvenile Justice, each employing thousands of people from Stockton.
Despite the problems that the city has faced such as high crime rates and bankruptcy, the city’s population has only continued to grow since the 1860 census. The city’s most significant population growth occurred between 1860 and 1870 when the population grew by over 173%. Stockton reached over 100,000 inhabitants by the time of the 1970 census. Steady growth has been observed every ten years following, with the city hitting the 200,000 milestone in 1990. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by over 5% since the last census recorded in 2010. As the city continues to revitalize and rebuild its economy, it can only be expected that Stockton will continue to grow in terms of its population.
The city was first discovered to be inhabited by the Yatchicumne people. It was only during the California Gold Rush in the 1840s that European and Americans came to the area. German immigrant Charles Maria Weber decided that he would sell supplies to those looking for gold, so he formed a partnership with William Gulnac to apply for a land grant along the San Joaquin River. The Rancho Campo de Los Franceses Mexican land grant was given, and the city was founded in 1849.
Stockton grew during the Gold Rush as a river port and was also a hub for transportation to the various gold settlements in the San Joaquin Valley. The city’s population continued to grow into the 1850s as Chinese immigrants made their way over. They worked for the railroad companies and land reclamation projects after leaving China due to economic and political unrest. What’s interesting to note, however, is that the immigrants were prohibited from purchasing property, and only during the 1960s were American-born Chinese residents allowed to own buildings and property.
Stockton was officially incorporated as a city in 1850. The first election was held that same year. The city had a very diverse population at the time of incorporation, as people had traveled to Stockton from around the world because of the Gold Rush. The late 1800s saw the development of track-laying machines for plowing and the founding of the Holt Manufacturing Company and Stockton Wheel Company.
During the 19th century, Stockton continued to thrive as it was a hub for transportation and served as an inland seaport. Today, the city is still a hub for transportation because of its central location and proximity to the state’s freeway systems. Because of this, as well as the inexpensive land costs when compared to other California cities, has led many companies to bring their regional headquarters to Stockton.
In recent years, the city has focused on revitalization. Many buildings throughout the city have been renovated and transformed. A downtown marina has been constructed. Plans include new housing developments, bridges, and a county courthouse.
In 2007, Stockton was affected by the financial crisis and led the country in foreclosures. The value of homes dropped an average of 44% between 2006 and 2007. The unemployment rate also grew to one of the highest in the nation, and the city also had an increase in crime, making it on Forbes’ list of the most dangerous cities in America. Forbes also named it as one of the worst places to live in 2010.
Following the crisis, Stockton filed for bankruptcy and was the largest city to ever do so at the time, although Detroit has since surpassed that record. The city exited from bankruptcy in 2015. Despite all of this, however, the city has continued to grow in terms of population.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Stockton was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 78.14%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 23.93%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
53.9% of Stockton residents speak only English, while 46.1% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 28.64% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Stockton is Islander, with 52.47% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Stockton is White, with 13.11% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.3%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 24.9%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Stockton
73.74% of Stockton residents were born in the United States, with 63.7% having been born in California. 11.56% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.