Stockton, California Population 2020

316,996
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Stockton is a city located in California. With a 2020 population of 316,996, it is the 13th largest city in California and the 62nd largest city in the United States. Stockton is currently growing at a rate of 0.93% annually and its population has increased by 8.67% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 291,707 in 2010. Spanning over 65 miles, Stockton has a population density of 5,099 people per square mile.

The average household income in Stockton is $70,461 with a poverty rate of 20.54%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,059 per month, and the median house value is $248,000. The median age in Stockton is 32.7 years, 31.1 years for males, and 34.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 95.9 males.

Stockton is a city located in the state of California. It is part of San Joaquin County in the San Joaquin Valley region. It also serves as the county seat. The city was founded in 1849 and since its founding has expanded and added to its population. What’s notable about the city of Stockton is that it was the state’s first city to have a name that did not have Native American or Spanish origins.

Stockton Population Statistics

Stockton throughout the 2010s has been on the list of many negative national rankings, including being named as one of the most dangerous cities in America, one of the least literate cities in the country, and a city with one of the highest obesity rates.

San Joaquin County is the top employer of the city, employing almost 6,000 residents. Other top employers include the Stockton Unified School District, St. Joseph’s Medical Center, OG Packing and the California Division of Juvenile Justice, each employing thousands of people from Stockton.

Stockton Population Growth

Despite the problems that the city has faced such as high crime rates and bankruptcy, the city’s population has only continued to grow since the 1860 census. The city’s most significant population growth occurred between 1860 and 1870 when the population grew by over 173%. Stockton reached over 100,000 inhabitants by the time of the 1970 census. Steady growth has been observed every ten years following, with the city hitting the 200,000 milestone in 1990. Recent estimates show that the population has grown by over 5% since the last census recorded in 2010. As the city continues to revitalize and rebuild its economy, it can only be expected that Stockton will continue to grow in terms of its population.

Stockton History

The city was first discovered to be inhabited by the Yatchicumne people. It was only during the California Gold Rush in the 1840s that European and Americans came to the area. German immigrant Charles Maria Weber decided that he would sell supplies to those looking for gold, so he formed a partnership with William Gulnac to apply for a land grant along the San Joaquin River. The Rancho Campo de Los Franceses Mexican land grant was given, and the city was founded in 1849.

Stockton grew during the Gold Rush as a river port and was also a hub for transportation to the various gold settlements in the San Joaquin Valley. The city’s population continued to grow into the 1850s as Chinese immigrants made their way over. They worked for the railroad companies and land reclamation projects after leaving China due to economic and political unrest. What’s interesting to note, however, is that the immigrants were prohibited from purchasing property, and only during the 1960s were American-born Chinese residents allowed to own buildings and property.

Stockton was officially incorporated as a city in 1850. The first election was held that same year. The city had a very diverse population at the time of incorporation, as people had traveled to Stockton from around the world because of the Gold Rush. The late 1800s saw the development of track-laying machines for plowing and the founding of the Holt Manufacturing Company and Stockton Wheel Company.

During the 19th century, Stockton continued to thrive as it was a hub for transportation and served as an inland seaport. Today, the city is still a hub for transportation because of its central location and proximity to the state’s freeway systems. Because of this, as well as the inexpensive land costs when compared to other California cities, has led many companies to bring their regional headquarters to Stockton.

In recent years, the city has focused on revitalization. Many buildings throughout the city have been renovated and transformed. A downtown marina has been constructed. Plans include new housing developments, bridges, and a county courthouse.

In 2007, Stockton was affected by the financial crisis and led the country in foreclosures. The value of homes dropped an average of 44% between 2006 and 2007. The unemployment rate also grew to one of the highest in the nation, and the city also had an increase in crime, making it on Forbes’ list of the most dangerous cities in America. Forbes also named it as one of the worst places to live in 2010.

Following the crisis, Stockton filed for bankruptcy and was the largest city to ever do so at the time, although Detroit has since surpassed that record. The city exited from bankruptcy in 2015. Despite all of this, however, the city has continued to grow in terms of population.

Stockton Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Stockton was:

  • White: 44.71%
  • Asian: 21.65%
  • Black or African American: 11.83%
  • Two or more races: 10.77%
  • Other race: 9.55%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.81%
  • Native American: 0.69%
The current population of Stockton, California is 316,996, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 311,178.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 291,707.

Stockton, California Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020772,94810,1441.31%
2019762,80410,1441.33%
2018752,66010,1441.35%
2017742,51610,3311.39%
2016732,18510,2561.40%
2015721,92910,1581.41%
2014711,7719,3841.32%
2013702,3872,6050.37%
2012699,7825,3940.77%
2011694,3887,2321.04%
2010687,1560.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White136,94144.71%
Asian66,29621.65%
Black or African American36,23811.83%
Two or More Races32,97410.77%
Some Other Race29,2459.55%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2,4830.81%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,1060.69%
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Stockton Population Pyramid 2020

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Stockton Median Age

32.7


Total

31.1


Male

34.2


Female

Stockton Adults

There are 221,156 adults, (36,551 of whom are seniors) in Stockton.

Stockton Age Dependency

65.9

Age Dependency Ratio

19.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

46.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Stockton Sex Ratio

Female

156,318

51.04%

Male

149,965

48.96%

Stockton Households and Families

Stockton Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Stockton Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married63.7%36.3%
All47.5%52.5%
Non Family39.3%60.7%
Male36.9%63.1%
Female27.8%72.2%

47.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All95,1913.1547.5
Married41,6173.9263.7
Non Family27,1511.3339.3
Female18,8023.7527.8
Male7,6213.936.9

3.72

Average Family Size

3.15

Average Household Size

8.2%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Stockton Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade24,89413.18%
9th to 12th Grade19,68310.42%
High School Graduate52,72427.92%
Some College40,96621.70%
Associates Degree17,1399.08%
Bachelors Degree22,82812.09%
Graduate Degree10,5845.61%
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Stockton Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Hispanic69,37744,0435,418
White48,63943,75112,537
Asian42,91232,37511,410
Black22,63219,7883,013
Other Race17,03510,0951,300
Multiple Races13,96111,2901,795
Islander1,546945115
Native American1,4581,122152

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.95%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 26.59%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$32,740$37,391$28,614
Less Than High School$22,924$27,612$15,085
High School Grad$30,648$36,126$23,415
Some College$36,023$42,429$30,743
Bachelors Degree$48,114$54,372$42,694
Graduate Degree$73,930$76,303$72,819

$32,740

Average Earnings

$37,391

Average Male

$28,614

Average Female

Stockton Language

Stockton Language by Age

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Stockton Language

54.13% of Stockton residents speak only English, while 45.87% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 26.74% of the population.

Stockton Poverty

Stockton Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic127,37527,38321.50%
Black35,69111,78633.02%
Asian65,03811,58417.81%
White61,4368,52713.88%
Multiple32,5657,12621.88%
Other28,9566,30021.76%
Islander2,42647219.46%
Native2,09135416.93%

20.54%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.96%

Male Poverty Rate

22.06%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Stockton

The race most likely to be in poverty in Stockton is Black, with 33.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Stockton is White, with 13.88% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.25%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 29.26%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.26%
High School18.23%
Some College13.55%
Bachelors or Greater7.32%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.27%
Male Unemployed31.51%
Female Employed10.07%
Male Employed7.39%

Stockton Income

Stockton Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$51,318$70,461
Families$56,753$77,054
Married Families$75,266$95,830
Non Families$30,413$47,406
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Stockton Marital Status

Stockton Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.8%

Male Marriage Rate

40.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Stockton Married by Age and Sex

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Stockton Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is 55-64, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Stockton Marital Status by Race

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Stockton Veterans

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11,063

Number of Veterans

9,894

Male Veterans

1,169

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam4,436
First Gulf War2,021
Second Gulf War1,932
Korea663
World War II399
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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,867
55 to 642,561
35 to 542,375
75+1,956
18 to 341,304
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Name Veterans % of Total
White6,5976.37%
Hispanic2,1782.57%
Black1,5625.94%
Asian1,4662.94%
2 or More8174.54%
Other5002.48%
Indian855.34%
Hawaiian362.17%

Stockton Veterans by Education

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8.95%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.36%

Veteran Disability Rate

Stockton Employment Status

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59.6%

Labor Force Participation

53.5%

Employment Rate

10.2%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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62.99%

Born in California

74.14%

Native Born

25.86%

Foreign Born

12.96%

Non Citizen

12.89%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

74.14% of Stockton residents were born in the United States, with 62.99% having been born in California. 12.96% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020316,9962,9090.93%
2019314,0872,9090.93%
2018311,1781,8620.60%
2017309,3162,9090.95%
2016306,4072,4810.82%
2015303,9263,2561.08%
2014300,6703,4981.18%
2013297,1725060.17%
2012296,6661,7440.59%
2011294,9222,4760.85%
2010292,44648,6751.84%
2000243,77132,8281.46%
1990210,94362,6603.59%
1980148,28338,3203.03%
1970109,96323,6422.45%
196086,32115,4681.99%
195070,85316,1392.62%
194054,7146,7511.33%
193047,9637,6671.76%
192040,29617,0435.65%
191023,2535,7472.88%
190017,5063,0821.96%
189014,4244,1423.44%
188010,2822160.21%
187010,0666,38710.59%
18603,6790.00%