Tempe, Arizona Population 2021

203,923
Loading...

Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. With a 2020 population of 203,923, it is the 8th largest city in Arizona and the 117th largest city in the United States . Tempe is currently growing at a rate of 2.03% annually and its population has increased by 26.10% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 161,719 in 2010. Tempe reached it's highest population of 203,923 in 2021. Spanning over 40 miles, Tempe has a population density of 5,101 people per square mile.

The average household income in Tempe is $76,573 with a poverty rate of 19.78%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,164 per month, and the median house value is $272,900. The median age in Tempe is 29.5 years, 29.2 years for males, and 30 years for females.

Tempe is located in Maricopa County, Arizona and takes its name from the Vale of Tempe in Greece. The city is located in the Phoenix metropolitan area between Scottsdale, Mesa, Chandler, and Phoenix. Phoenix Metro, sometimes called the Valley of the Sun, has a population of 4.2 million people and it’s one of the fastest growing major metros in the U.S.

Population Growth

Phoenix Metro, including Tempe, is experiencing rapid population growth. Arizona as a whole is the 4th fastest growing state according to a 2019 census report and Maricopa County is leading the charge. Unlike some regions, the area does have water and resource constraints and its population growth will naturally slow in the future. It’s predicted that the Phoenix Metro population will reach 6-7 million within 20 years compared to 4.2 million today.

Tempe, Arizona was originally settled by the Hohokam people who built elaborate canals for agriculture although they largely abandoned the area in the 1400s. In 1865, Fort McDowell was established in present-day Tempe and helped in the establishment of new towns along Salt River. Military members and Hispanic workers were brought in to care for animals and grow crops to support the fort and they created two permanent communities in the valley: San Pablo and Hayden’s Ferry named for a ferry operator. The community was later named Tempe in 1879.

Tempe had a history as a sundown town until the 1960s as African Americans were allowed to work in the community yet encouraged to live somewhere else. It was the construction of the Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad in 1887 that connected Tempe to the rest of the nation and paved the way for the city’s incorporation in 1894. When the Roosevelt Dam was completed in 1911, it ensured the region would have enough water to support agriculture and helped Tempe and other cities thrive.

Today’s Tempe is an inner suburb of Phoenix and serves as the region’s commerce and educational center.

Tempe Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Tempe was:

  • White: 68.30%
  • Asian: 9.04%
  • Other race: 8.31%
  • Black or African American: 6.88%
  • Two or more races: 4.59%
  • Native American: 2.48%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.41%
The current population of Tempe, Arizona is 203,923 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 191,746.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 161,719.

Tempe, Arizona Population 2021

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White128,02868.30%
Asian16,9419.04%
Some Other Race15,5698.31%
Black or African American12,8976.88%
Two or More Races8,5984.59%
American Indian and Alaska Native4,6542.48%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander7670.41%
Loading...

Tempe Population by Race

Tempe Population Pyramid $2021

Loading...

Tempe Median Age

29.5


Total

29.2


Male

30


Female

Tempe Adults

There are 159,833 adults, (19,129 of whom are seniors) in Tempe.

Tempe Age Dependency

33.2

Age Dependency Ratio

13.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

19.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Tempe Sex Ratio

Female

89,093

47.53%

Male

98,361

52.47%

Tempe Population by Age

Tempe Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Loading...

Tempe Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married64%36%
All40.6%59.4%
Male38%62%
Female31%69%
Non Family28.6%71.4%

40.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Tempe Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All73,0322.4240.6
Non Family38,0081.6928.6
Married23,0123.1264
Female7,3523.4731
Male4,6603.3438

3.08

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

Loading...

Tempe Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,6952.33%
9th to 12th Grade5,1594.46%
High School Graduate16,75014.49%
Some College28,50124.66%
Associates Degree8,7047.53%
Bachelors Degree31,16326.96%
Graduate Degree22,61919.57%
Loading...

Tempe Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Tempe Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
White71,04969,08736,133
Hispanic22,19517,4286,118
Asian9,7999,3557,468
Other Race8,4165,7761,684
Black7,6287,1952,357
2+ Races3,0752,9031,357
Native American2,9512,789844
Islander48545870

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.24%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 76.21%.

Tempe Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$40,642$42,958$37,546
Less Than 9th Grade$21,207$26,754$16,290
High School Graduate$32,966$36,147$28,071
Some College$36,320$38,468$33,697
Bachelors Degree$47,998$53,482$43,292
Graduate Degree$55,718$64,690$50,318

$40,642

Average Earnings

$42,958

Average Male

$37,546

Average Female

Tempe Earnings by Educational Attainment

Tempe Language by Age

Loading...

Tempe Language

74.30% of Tempe residents speak only English, while 25.70% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 13.12% of the population.

Tempe Language

Tempe Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White100,06115,98315.97%
Hispanic39,5468,36421.15%
Asian16,0896,57640.87%
Other15,3033,58523.43%
Black12,3532,52220.42%
Multiple7,9162,07026.15%
Native4,50460513.43%
Islander76723630.77%

19.78%

Overall Poverty Rate

20.25%

Male Poverty Rate

19.24%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tempe

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tempe is Asian, with 40.87% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tempe is Native, with 13.43% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.11%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.47%.

Tempe Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade24.14%
High School11.98%
Some College11.91%
Bachelors or Greater9.78%

Tempe Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Male Unemployed37.49%
Female Unemployed37.40%
Male Employed12.29%
Female Employed10.83%

Tempe Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Tempe Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$57,994$76,573
Families$78,453$97,966
Married Families$96,190$117,210
Non Families$41,775$54,037
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Tempe Marital Status

Loading...

Marriage Rates

30.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.0%

Male Marriage Rate

31.8%

Female Marriage Rate

Tempe Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Tempe Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Tempe Marital Status by Race

Loading...

Tempe Marital Status

Loading...

8,757

Number of Veterans

7,659

Male Veterans

1,098

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam2,903
Second Gulf War2,446
First Gulf War1,616
Korea495
World War II280

Tempe Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
35 to 542,083
65 to 742,012
18 to 341,765
75+1,753
55 to 641,144

Tempe Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White7,3646.53%
Hispanic9333.01%
Black4484.14%
Asian2431.59%
Native American2416.38%
Other Race2282.02%
2+ Races2083.90%
Islander254.46%

Tempe Veterans by Race

Tempe Veterans by Education

Loading...

9.98%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.78%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tempe Veterans by Education

Loading...

69.1%

Labor Force Participation

65.5%

Employment Rate

5.1%

Unemployment Rate

Tempe Employment by Age

Loading...

Tempe Employment by Race

Loading...

Tempe Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

35.72%

Born in Tempe

84.00%

Native Born

16.00%

Foreign Born

10.82%

Non Citizen

5.18%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

84.00% of Tempe residents were born in the United States, with 35.72% having been born in Arizona. 10.82% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Tempe Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021203,9234,0592.03%
2020199,8644,0592.07%
2019195,8054,0592.12%
2018191,7465,9543.20%
2017185,7929150.49%
2016184,8775,7633.22%
2015179,1143,4781.98%
2014175,6364,8962.87%
2013170,7402,1911.30%
2012168,5494,0722.48%
2011164,4772,1541.33%
2010162,3233,6980.23%
2000158,62516,7601.12%
1990141,86534,9462.87%
1980106,91943,3695.34%
197063,55038,6539.82%
196024,89717,21312.47%
19507,6844,77810.21%
19402,9062,1063.28%
19008000.00%

Tempe Population by Year