Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. Tempe has a 2023 population of 190,889. Tempe is currently growing at a rate of 1.82% annually and its population has increased by 5.57% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 180,823 in 2020.
The average household income in Tempe is $84,400 with a poverty rate of 18.24%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Tempe is 29.6 years, 29 years for males, and 30.4 years for females.
Tempe is located in Maricopa County, Arizona and takes its name from the Vale of Tempe in Greece. The city is located in the Phoenix metropolitan area between Scottsdale, Mesa, Chandler, and Phoenix. Phoenix Metro, sometimes called the Valley of the Sun, has a population of 4.2 million people and it’s one of the fastest growing major metros in the U.S.
Phoenix Metro, including Tempe, is experiencing rapid population growth. Arizona as a whole is the 4th fastest growing state according to a 2019 census report and Maricopa County is leading the charge. Unlike some regions, the area does have water and resource constraints and its population growth will naturally slow in the future. It’s predicted that the Phoenix Metro population will reach 6-7 million within 20 years compared to 4.2 million today.
Tempe, Arizona was originally settled by the Hohokam people who built elaborate canals for agriculture although they largely abandoned the area in the 1400s. In 1865, Fort McDowell was established in present-day Tempe and helped in the establishment of new towns along Salt River. Military members and Hispanic workers were brought in to care for animals and grow crops to support the fort and they created two permanent communities in the valley: San Pablo and Hayden’s Ferry named for a ferry operator. The community was later named Tempe in 1879.
Tempe had a history as a sundown town until the 1960s as African Americans were allowed to work in the community yet encouraged to live somewhere else. It was the construction of the Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad in 1887 that connected Tempe to the rest of the nation and paved the way for the city’s incorporation in 1894. When the Roosevelt Dam was completed in 1911, it ensured the region would have enough water to support agriculture and helped Tempe and other cities thrive.
Today’s Tempe is an inner suburb of Phoenix and serves as the region’s commerce and educational center.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Tempe was:
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 73.87%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.55%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
76.1% of Tempe residents speak only English, while 23.9% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 12.32% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Tempe is Asian, with 36.62% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Tempe is Islander, with 4.97% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.39%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.09%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Tempe
91.1% of Tempe residents were born in the United States, with 39.34% having been born in Arizona. 9.74% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.