Tempe, Arizona Population 2022

184,361
map placeholder

Tempe is a city located in Maricopa County Arizona. With a 2020 population of 184,361, it is the 9th largest city in Arizona and the 148th largest city in the United States. Tempe is currently growing at a rate of 1.03% annually and its population has increased by 2.09% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 180,587 in 2020. Spanning over 40 miles, Tempe has a population density of 4,612 people per square mile.

The average household income in Tempe is $76,573 with a poverty rate of 18.52%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,230 per month, and the median house value is $287,600. The median age in Tempe is 29.5 years, 29.2 years for males, and 30 years for females.

Tempe is located in Maricopa County, Arizona and takes its name from the Vale of Tempe in Greece. The city is located in the Phoenix metropolitan area between Scottsdale, Mesa, Chandler, and Phoenix. Phoenix Metro, sometimes called the Valley of the Sun, has a population of 4.2 million people and it’s one of the fastest growing major metros in the U.S.

Population Growth

Phoenix Metro, including Tempe, is experiencing rapid population growth. Arizona as a whole is the 4th fastest growing state according to a 2019 census report and Maricopa County is leading the charge. Unlike some regions, the area does have water and resource constraints and its population growth will naturally slow in the future. It’s predicted that the Phoenix Metro population will reach 6-7 million within 20 years compared to 4.2 million today.

Tempe, Arizona was originally settled by the Hohokam people who built elaborate canals for agriculture although they largely abandoned the area in the 1400s. In 1865, Fort McDowell was established in present-day Tempe and helped in the establishment of new towns along Salt River. Military members and Hispanic workers were brought in to care for animals and grow crops to support the fort and they created two permanent communities in the valley: San Pablo and Hayden’s Ferry named for a ferry operator. The community was later named Tempe in 1879.

Tempe had a history as a sundown town until the 1960s as African Americans were allowed to work in the community yet encouraged to live somewhere else. It was the construction of the Maricopa and Phoenix Railroad in 1887 that connected Tempe to the rest of the nation and paved the way for the city’s incorporation in 1894. When the Roosevelt Dam was completed in 1911, it ensured the region would have enough water to support agriculture and helped Tempe and other cities thrive.

Today’s Tempe is an inner suburb of Phoenix and serves as the region’s commerce and educational center.

Tempe Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Tempewas:

  • White: 64.90%
  • Asian: 9.14%
  • Black or African American: 8.34%
  • Two or more races: 7.80%
  • Other race: 7.19%
  • Native American: 2.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.36%
The current population of Tempe, Arizona is 184,361 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 180,587.

Tempe, Arizona Population 2022

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White124,34564.90%
Black or African American15,9878.34%
American Indian and Alaska Native4,3372.26%
Asian17,5229.14%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander6870.36%
Some Other Race13,7787.19%
Two or More Races14,9517.80%
Loading...

Tempe Population by Race

Tempe Population Pyramid 2022

Loading...

Tempe Median Age

29.8


Total

29.3


Male

30.4


Female

Tempe Adults

There are 163,922 adults, (20,772 of whom are seniors) in Tempe.

Tempe Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

14.5

Old Age Dependency Ratio

19.3

Child Dependency Ratio

Tempe Sex Ratio

Female

91,127

47.56%

Male

100,480

52.44%

Tempe Population by Age

Tempe Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

map placeholder

Tempe Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married66.7%33.3%
All40.3%59.7%
Male35.1%64.9%
Female31.4%68.6%
Non Family27.1%72.9%

40.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Tempe Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All76,2182.3740.3
Married23,5823.0866.7
Male4,8863.2735.1
Female7,4213.4631.4
Non Family40,3291.6527.1

3.03

Average Family Size

2.37

Average Household Size

Loading...

Tempe Households by Type

Loading...
Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade2,6842.21%
9th to 12th Grade5,2374.31%
High School Graduate18,52015.26%
Some College29,26024.11%
Associates Degree9,2147.59%
Bachelors Degree32,75726.99%
Graduate Degree23,70219.53%
Loading...

Tempe Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Tempe Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian10,49110,0657,673
White70,84469,08736,477
2+ Races7,3966,9122,963
Hispanic23,95919,4187,076
Native American2,7092,563779
Black9,4948,6292,609
Other Race8,1015,7081,846
Islander544388100

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.52%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 73.14%.

Tempe Educational Attainment by Race

Loading...
Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,287$43,132$38,457
Less Than 9th Grade$21,765$26,411$16,612
High School Graduate$32,880$36,319$29,410
Some College$36,681$38,569$35,690
Bachelors Degree$48,575$53,009$45,147
Graduate Degree$58,756$71,091$51,583

$41,287

Average Earnings

$43,132

Average Male

$38,457

Average Female

Tempe Earnings by Educational Attainment

Tempe Language by Age

Loading...

Tempe Language

75.60% of Tempe residents speak only English, while 24.40% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 11.98% of the population.

Tempe Language

Tempe Poverty by Race

Loading...
Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Asian16,5956,15037.06%
Black15,4383,91825.38%
Multiple14,2262,80819.74%
Hispanic40,0127,06217.65%
Native4,21767115.91%
White98,01114,47414.77%
Islander6877510.92%
Other2,245NaN%

18.52%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.51%

Male Poverty Rate

18.54%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tempe

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tempe is Asian, with 37.06% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tempe is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.62%. Among those working part-time, it was 29.61%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.66%.

Tempe Poverty

Loading...
Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade21.31%
High School10.51%
Some College12.70%
Bachelors or Greater8.75%

Tempe Poverty Rate by Education

Loading...
Rate Poverty
Male Employed10.53%
Male Unemployed32.34%
Female Employed10.27%
Female Unemployed36.68%

Tempe Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Tempe Income by Household Type

Loading...
Name Median Mean
Households$61,290$79,039
Families$79,609$99,560
Married Families$100,374$119,720
Non Families$46,985$57,880
Loading...

Income by Household Type

Tempe Marital Status

map placeholder

Marriage Rates

30.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

30.0%

Male Marriage Rate

31.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Tempe Married by Age and Sex

Loading...

Tempe Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Tempe Marital Status by Race

map placeholder

Tempe Marital Status

Loading...

9,238

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,847
First Gulf War1,952
Vietnam2,502
Korea487
World War II194

Tempe Veterans by War

Loading...
Age Group Veterans
18 to 342,007
35 to 542,249
55 to 641,452
65 to 741,696
75+1,834

Tempe Veterans by Age

Loading...
Name Veterans % of Total
White7,4936.80%
Black5614.38%
Native American2266.43%
Asian2171.37%
Islander193.18%
Other Race1881.80%
2+ Races5345.05%
Hispanic1,2143.72%

Tempe Veterans by Race

Tempe Veterans by Education

Loading...

10.57%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.47%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tempe Veterans by Education

Loading...

69.3%

Labor Force Participation

65%

Employment Rate

6.1%

Unemployment Rate

Tempe Employment by Age

Loading...

Tempe Employment by Race

Loading...

Tempe Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Loading...

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Loading...

36.40%

Born in Tempe

84.57%

Native Born

15.43%

Foreign Born

10.09%

Non Citizen

5.34%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

84.57% of Tempe residents were born in the United States, with 36.40% having been born in Arizona. 10.09% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Tempe Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
19008000.00%
19402,9062,1063.28%
19507,6844,77810.21%
196024,89717,21312.47%
197063,55038,6539.82%
1980106,91943,3695.34%
1990141,86534,9462.87%
2000158,62516,7601.12%
2010161,7193,0940.19%
2011163,6061,8871.17%
2012165,4931,8871.15%
2013167,3801,8871.14%
2014169,2671,8871.13%
2015171,1541,8871.11%
2016173,0411,8871.10%
2017174,9281,8871.09%
2018176,8151,8871.08%
2019178,7021,8871.07%
2020180,5871,8851.05%
2021182,4741,8871.04%
2022184,3611,8871.03%

Tempe Population by Year