Thoreau, New Mexico Population 2024

2,377

Thoreau is a city located in Cibola County and McKinley County New Mexico. Thoreau has a 2024 population of 2,377. Thoreau is currently growing at a rate of 0.34% annually and its population has increased by 14.94% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 2,068 in 2020.

The average household income in Thoreau is $52,748 with a poverty rate of 49.85%. The median age in Thoreau is 26 years: 18.6 years for males, and 29.9 years for females.

Thoreau Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Thoreau was:

  • Native American: 86.53%
  • Two or more races: 8.13%
  • White: 3.22%
  • Asian: 1.06%
  • Black or African American: 0.42%
  • Other race: 0.38%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.25%
Land Area (mi²)
39.5 sq mi
Density (mi²)
60.20/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
14.94% (309)
The current population of Thoreau, New Mexico is 2,377 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates (released May 2024). The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 2,068.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
Native American2,04386.53%
Two or more races1928.13%
White763.22%
Asian251.06%
Black or African American100.42%
Other race90.38%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander60.25%

Native American

Two or more races

White

Asian

Black or African American

Other race

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Thoreau Population by Race

Thoreau Population Pyramid 2024

Thoreau Median Age

26

Total

18.6

Male

29.9

Female

Thoreau Adults

There are 1,510 adults, (193 of whom are seniors) in Thoreau.

Thoreau Age Dependency

79.3

Age Dependency Ratio

14.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

64.6

Child Dependency Ratio

Thoreau Sex Ratio

Female1,02943.58%
Male1,33256.42%

Thoreau Population by Age

Thoreau Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All6693.5389.210.8
Married2813.6285.114.9
Non Family1821.0291.28.8
Female1406.8493.66.4
Male663.0692.47.6

4.37

Average Family Size

3.53

Average Household Size

89.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Thoreau Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade15112.74%
Associates Degree514.3%
Bachelors Degree605.06%
Graduate Degree80.68%
High School Graduate50742.78%
Less Than 9th Grade12310.38%
Some College28524.05%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Thoreau Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Thoreau Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
Native American1,06178755
White52520
Hispanic47273
2+ Races16160
Asian131313
Black10100
Other Race990

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 100%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 100%.

Thoreau Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$37,019$37,115$0
Graduate Degree$0$0$0
High School Graduate$35,192$38,438$32,308
Less Than 9th Grade$22,917$22,708$0
Overall$34,830$40,662$30,769
Some College$0$0$24,000

$34,830

Average Earnings

$40,662

Average Male

$30,769

Average Female

Thoreau Earnings by Educational Attainment

Thoreau Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Thoreau Language

55.01% of Thoreau residents speak only English, while 44.99% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other languages, which is spoken by 43.08% of the population.

Thoreau Language

Thoreau Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Native2,0431,00449.14%
Hispanic75465787.14%
Multiple19214977.6%

49.85%

Overall Poverty Rate

53.15%

Male Poverty Rate

45.58%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Thoreau

The race most likely to be in poverty in Thoreau is Hispanic, with 87.14% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Thoreau is Native, with 49.14% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 8.07%. Among those working part-time, it was 68.8%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 52.22%.

Thoreau Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade56.2%
High School37.67%
Some College23.81%
Bachelors or Greater4.41%

Thoreau Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed55.41%
Female Employed37.71%
Male Unemployed33.77%
Male Employed20.19%

Thoreau Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Thoreau Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$41,750$62,074
Households$30,125$52,748
Married Families$65,625$-999,999,999
Non Families$13,611$21,215

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Thoreau Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

37.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

39.0%

Male Marriage Rate

35.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Thoreau Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Thoreau Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Thoreau Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Thoreau Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

78

Number of Veterans

78

Male Veterans

0

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam22
Second Gulf War11
First Gulf War0
Korea0
World War II0

Thoreau Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
55 to 6433
75+23
65 to 7417
18 to 345
35 to 540

Thoreau Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
Native American503.7%
2+ Races1640%
White1215.79%

Thoreau Veterans by Race

Thoreau Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

8.97%

Veteran Poverty Rate

52.56%

Veteran Disability Rate

Thoreau Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

50.2%

Labor Force Participation

41.1%

Employment Rate

18.2%

Unemployment Rate

Thoreau Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Thoreau Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Thoreau Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

89.75%

Born in Thoreau

98.94%

Native Born

1.06%

Foreign Born

1.06%

Non Citizen

0%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

98.94% of Thoreau residents were born in the United States, with 89.75% having been born in New Mexico. 1.06% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Thoreau Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
20242,37780.34%
20232,36980.34%
20222,36180.34%
20212,35328513.78%
20202,06842726.02%
20191,641-25-1.5%
20181,66631022.86%
20171,356-286-17.42%
20161,642724.59%
20151,570563.7%
20141,514714.92%
20131,443-373-20.54%
20121,81647835.72%
20111,338-527-28.26%
20101,86500%

Thoreau Population by Year