Toledo is a city located in Lucas County Ohio. Toledo has a 2023 population of 265,468. It is also the county seat of Lucas County.Toledo is currently declining at a rate of -0.57% annually and its population has decreased by -1.69% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 270,041 in 2020.
The average household income in Toledo is $53,917 with a poverty rate of 24.46%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Toledo is 35.5 years, 34.4 years for males, and 36.7 years for females.
Toledo is a city located in the state of Ohio. It serves as the county seat of Lucas County. The city has grown rapidly over the years. The city’s economy has long revolved around the manufacturing of glass, which has led to the nickname “The Glass City.”
The city has seen an uptick in violent crimes in the 21st century. In 2013, the city was ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the country. However, later that year, crime rates began to fall again.
During its early years, the city of Toledo saw substantial population growth. A population of just over 1,200 people in 1840 rose to over 30,000 in 1870. The population was well over 100,000 at the time of the 1900 census. In 1920, the city’s population was over 240,000. The city’s population rose to over 300,000 in 1950. The population peaked at over 380,000 in 1970 before declining at the next census and each one following that. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 3% since the last poll taken in 2010. This shows that despite efforts to revitalize, the city of Toledo has a long way to go to increase its population.
The area now known as Toledo was first inhabited by many groups of indigenous people. The area was controlled by the Wyandot tribe and the Council of Three Fires. The first European in the area with Etienne Brule, who arrived in what is now Toledo in 1615. Later in the 1600s, the French established trading posts, and the fur trade thrived. However, Europeans did not settle the area until at least 1795.
Following the Northwest Indian War and the defeat at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, Indian tribes ceded parts of Ohio – including what is now Toledo – to the United States. European settlers continued to come to the area; however, the War of 1812 drove many people away. A few years later, resettlement began again. In the 1820s, the Miami and Erie Canal was authorized for construction, later followed by the Wabash and Erie Canal extension. Towns wanted to be the ending terminus of the canal, and it was in 1833 that Port Lawrence and Vistula merged to become more competitive. The resulting region was called Toledo.
The newly-established Toledo was not chosen to be the location of the final terminus but was the location of a sidecut before the terminus. Toledo’s expansion was slow during its first 20 years of settlement. However, the city’s population did continue to grow, and by the 1880s, its borders expanded.
As railroads began to replace canals, Toledo became a transportation hub and attracted other industries including furniture makers, breweries and glass manufacturers. The city’s population started growing even more with an influx of immigrants that were coming to the city to take on factory jobs. By the end of the 1800s, Toledo was thriving and was one of the largest cities in the state.
The population continued to grow throughout the 20th century, although it did face some setbacks during the Great Depression. However, WPA projects were designed to reemploy residents following the Great Depression and resulted in the expansion of the Toledo Museum of Art and the Toledo Zoo.
, and a depressed economy as industrial restructuring caused a slump in the manufacturing industry. By the 1980s, the city’s economy was again depressed. However, the 21st century brought about many redevelopment projects to draw in more residents. This includes Fifth Third Field and Huntington Center. While the city is working to improve, it still faces problems such as high crime rates.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Toledo was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 78.32%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 40.06%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
93.57% of Toledo residents speak only English, while 6.43% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Toledo is Islander, with 76.19% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Toledo is White, with 17.35% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.55%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.24%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.02%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Toledo
99.25% of Toledo residents were born in the United States, with 78.47% having been born in Ohio. 1.79% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.