Toledo, Ohio Population 2021

268,609
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Toledo is a city located in Ohio. With a 2020 population of 268,609, it is the 4th largest city in Ohio (after Columbus, Cleveland, and Cincinnati) and the 78th largest city in the United States. Toledo is currently declining at a rate of -0.77% annually and its population has decreased by -6.48% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 287,208 in 2010. Toledo reached it's highest population of 383,062 in 1970. Spanning over 84 miles, Toledo has a population density of 3,337 people per square mile.

The average household income in Toledo is $50,988 with a poverty rate of 25.45%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $725 per month, and the median house value is $80,800. The median age in Toledo is 35.1 years, 33.6 years for males, and 36.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 93.2 males.

Toledo is a city located in the state of Ohio. It serves as the county seat of Lucas County. The city has grown rapidly over the years. The city’s economy has long revolved around the manufacturing of glass, which has led to the nickname “The Glass City.”

Toledo Population Statistics

The city has seen an uptick in violent crimes in the 21st century. In 2013, the city was ranked as one of the most dangerous cities in the country. However, later that year, crime rates began to fall again.

Toledo Population Growth

During its early years, the city of Toledo saw substantial population growth. A population of just over 1,200 people in 1840 rose to over 30,000 in 1870. The population was well over 100,000 at the time of the 1900 census. In 1920, the city’s population was over 240,000. The city’s population rose to over 300,000 in 1950. The population peaked at over 380,000 in 1970 before declining at the next census and each one following that. Recent estimates show that the population has dropped by 3% since the last poll taken in 2010. This shows that despite efforts to revitalize, the city of Toledo has a long way to go to increase its population.

The area now known as Toledo was first inhabited by many groups of indigenous people. The area was controlled by the Wyandot tribe and the Council of Three Fires. The first European in the area with Etienne Brule, who arrived in what is now Toledo in 1615. Later in the 1600s, the French established trading posts, and the fur trade thrived. However, Europeans did not settle the area until at least 1795.

Following the Northwest Indian War and the defeat at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, Indian tribes ceded parts of Ohio – including what is now Toledo – to the United States. European settlers continued to come to the area; however, the War of 1812 drove many people away. A few years later, resettlement began again. In the 1820s, the Miami and Erie Canal was authorized for construction, later followed by the Wabash and Erie Canal extension. Towns wanted to be the ending terminus of the canal, and it was in 1833 that Port Lawrence and Vistula merged to become more competitive. The resulting region was called Toledo.

The newly-established Toledo was not chosen to be the location of the final terminus but was the location of a sidecut before the terminus. Toledo’s expansion was slow during its first 20 years of settlement. However, the city’s population did continue to grow, and by the 1880s, its borders expanded.

As railroads began to replace canals, Toledo became a transportation hub and attracted other industries including furniture makers, breweries and glass manufacturers. The city’s population started growing even more with an influx of immigrants that were coming to the city to take on factory jobs. By the end of the 1800s, Toledo was thriving and was one of the largest cities in the state.

The population continued to grow throughout the 20th century, although it did face some setbacks during the Great Depression. However, WPA projects were designed to reemploy residents following the Great Depression and resulted in the expansion of the Toledo Museum of Art and the Toledo Zoo.

, and a depressed economy as industrial restructuring caused a slump in the manufacturing industry. By the 1980s, the city’s economy was again depressed. However, the 21st century brought about many redevelopment projects to draw in more residents. This includes Fifth Third Field and Huntington Center. While the city is working to improve, it still faces problems such as high crime rates.

Toledo Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Toledo was:

  • White: 62.63%
  • Black or African American: 27.42%
  • Two or more races: 5.37%
  • Other race: 2.89%
  • Asian: 1.34%
  • Native American: 0.32%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.02%
The current population of Toledo, Ohio is 268,609, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 274,864.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 287,208.

Toledo, Ohio Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021639,270-1,273-0.20%
2020640,543-1,273-0.20%
2019641,816-1,273-0.20%
2018643,089-1,275-0.20%
2017644,364-1,077-0.17%
2016645,441-532-0.08%
2015645,973-1,255-0.19%
2014647,228-1,175-0.18%
2013648,403-347-0.05%
2012648,750-1,416-0.22%
2011650,166-1,206-0.19%
2010651,3720.00%

Toledo Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White173,24362.63%
Black or African American75,84927.42%
Two or More Races14,8685.37%
Some Other Race8,0032.89%
Asian3,7111.34%
American Indian and Alaska Native8730.32%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander670.02%
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Toledo Population by Race

Toledo Population Pyramid 2021

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Toledo Median Age

35.1


Total

33.6


Male

36.4


Female

Toledo Adults

There are 211,612 adults, (39,049 of whom are seniors) in Toledo.

Toledo Age Dependency

60.3

Age Dependency Ratio

22.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Toledo Sex Ratio

Female

143,172

51.76%

Male

133,442

48.24%

Toledo Population by Age

Toledo Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Toledo Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.8%24.2%
All50.4%49.6%
Male44%56%
Non Family42.7%57.3%
Female31.9%68.1%

50.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Toledo Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All118,3652.2750.4
Non Family53,8561.2342.7
Married34,6223.0975.8
Female22,2443.2431.9
Male7,6433.1344

3

Average Family Size

2.27

Average Household Size

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Toledo Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,9943.29%
9th to 12th Grade19,44110.66%
High School Graduate59,68332.72%
Some College46,42225.45%
Associates Degree17,5229.61%
Bachelors Degree22,04512.09%
Graduate Degree11,2886.19%
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Toledo Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Toledo Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White118,690106,14825,696
Black46,46537,1554,763
Hispanic11,4898,8871,129
Other Race4,4973,189385
Multiple Races4,2603,604486
Asian2,3571,9651,158
Native American642510123
Islander483123

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 89.43%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.13%.

Toledo Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,287$35,849$27,505
Less Than High School$18,552$22,378$13,218
High School Grad$27,832$31,253$24,446
Some College$31,042$38,671$26,383
Bachelors Degree$42,820$48,648$39,883
Graduate Degree$53,123$57,688$50,512

$31,287

Average Earnings

$35,849

Average Male

$27,505

Average Female

Toledo Earnings by Educational Attainment

Toledo Language by Age

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Toledo Language

93.05% of Toledo residents speak only English, while 6.95% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.17% of the population.

Toledo Language

Toledo Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White157,93627,98417.72%
Black73,94627,00836.52%
Hispanic23,3387,66732.85%
Multiple14,2536,61546.41%
Other7,8922,82635.81%
Asian3,5611,07630.22%
Native86121925.44%
Islander672334.33%

25.45%

Overall Poverty Rate

24.17%

Male Poverty Rate

26.64%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Toledo

The race most likely to be in poverty in Toledo is Multiple, with 46.41% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Toledo is White, with 17.72% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.21%. Among those working part-time, it was 30.00%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.62%.

Toledo Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School41.00%
High School19.69%
Some College17.39%
Bachelors or Greater9.95%

Toledo Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed53.25%
Male Unemployed42.51%
Female Employed15.44%
Male Employed10.29%

Toledo Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Toledo Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$37,752$50,988
Families$48,474$60,473
Married Families$70,085$80,602
Non Families$26,354$36,234
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Income by Household Type

Toledo Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

33.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

35.7%

Male Marriage Rate

32.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Toledo Married by Age and Sex

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Toledo Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Toledo Marital Status by Race

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Toledo Marital Status

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13,886

Number of Veterans

12,704

Male Veterans

1,182

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,055
First Gulf War2,330
Second Gulf War2,098
Korea994
World War II470

Toledo Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 743,569
35 to 543,436
75+2,975
55 to 642,727
18 to 341,179

Toledo Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White10,2277.27%
Black2,9665.40%
Hispanic6494.46%
2 or More3665.76%
Other1432.55%
Asian1053.40%
Indian7510.74%
Hawaiian46.67%

Toledo Veterans by Race

Toledo Veterans by Education

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12.12%

Veteran Poverty Rate

31.55%

Veteran Disability Rate

Toledo Veterans by Education

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61.7%

Labor Force Participation

56.1%

Employment Rate

9.1%

Unemployment Rate

Toledo Employment by Age

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Toledo Employment by Race

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Toledo Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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77.03%

Born in Ohio

96.55%

Native Born

3.45%

Foreign Born

1.92%

Non Citizen

1.53%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

96.55% of Toledo residents were born in the United States, with 77.03% having been born in Ohio. 1.92% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Toledo Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021268,609-2,085-0.77%
2020270,694-2,085-0.76%
2019272,779-2,085-0.76%
2018274,864-1,824-0.66%
2017276,688-2,209-0.79%
2016278,897-1,001-0.36%
2015279,898-814-0.29%
2014280,712-1,640-0.58%
2013282,352-833-0.29%
2012283,185-2,240-0.78%
2011285,425-1,640-0.57%
2010287,065-26,554-0.88%
2000313,619-19,324-0.60%
1990332,943-21,692-0.63%
1980354,635-28,427-0.77%
1970383,06265,0591.88%
1960318,00314,3870.46%
1950303,61621,2670.73%
1940282,349-8,369-0.29%
1930290,71847,5541.80%
1920243,16474,6673.74%
1910168,49736,6752.49%
1900131,82250,3884.93%
189081,43431,2974.97%
188050,13718,5534.73%
187031,58417,8168.66%
186013,7689,93913.65%
18503,8292,62912.30%
18401,2000.00%

Toledo Population by Year