Tucson, Arizona Population 2020

541,482
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Tucson is a city located in Arizona. With a 2020 population of 541,482, it is the 2nd largest city in Arizona (after ) and the 33rd largest city in the United States. Tucson is currently declining at a rate of -1.20% annually but its population has increased by 4.11% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 520,116 in 2010. Spanning over 238 miles, Tucson has a population density of 2,275 people per square mile.

The average household income in Tucson is $58,057 with a poverty rate of 22.45%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $846 per month, and the median house value is $155,300. The median age in Tucson is 33.7 years, 32.5 years for males, and 35.2 years for females. For every 100 females there are 99.0 males.

Tucson has a robust temporary population, which grows and recedes seasonally. Much of the city's economy is centered on the University of Arizona, which is the city's second largest employer, as well as tourism, with over 3.5 million people visiting the city each year. Along with vacationers, there are a large number of winter residents (snowbirds) who come for the mild winters — many own second homes in the area.

Tucson Population Growth

Tucson has always had a seasonal population as migratory retirees have spent their winters in the city. During the recession, Tucson went from being one of the hottest real estate markets to one of the most troubled, and the city is now one of the poorest big cities in the United States with a per capita income of just over $20,000. Water shortage has also become an issue as the city's population grows. Despite the problems, the region is expected to see its population double in the next 30 years to around 2 million people.

Paleo-Indians first inhabited Tucson, and recent archaeological work has found a village dating to 2100 BC. The area was first used for farming with extensive irrigation canals. In 1692, Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino visited the area and founded a mission eight years later upstream of present-day Tucson. A second settlement was established downstream. Hugo O'Connor, the founding father of Tucson, authorized the construction of a military fort called Presidio San Agustin del Tucson in 1775.

The town was eventually known as Tucson and became a part of Mexico after Mexico gained independence. It was then captured by the Mormon Battalion during the Mexican-American War and was later returned to Mexico. The city was not included in the Mexican Cession, but it became a part of the United States in 1853, with formal control taken in 1856.

Tucson was briefly the western capital of the Confederate Arizona Territory, although the Confederate forces were driven out of the state in 1862. The city and all of present-day Arizona was part of New Mexico Territory until 1863 when it became a part of Arizona. The city was incorporated in 1877 as the first incorporated city in Arizona.

Tucson Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Tucson was:

  • White: 72.05%
  • Other race: 10.17%
  • Two or more races: 5.44%
  • Black or African American: 5.20%
  • Native American: 3.68%
  • Asian: 3.25%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.22%
The current population of Tucson, Arizona is 541,482, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 539,216.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 520,116.

Tucson, Arizona Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20201,058,00010,7201.01%
20191,047,28010,7301.02%
20181,036,55010,1600.98%
20171,026,3909,6800.94%
20161,016,7107,6100.75%
20151,009,1004,8700.48%
20141,004,2307,1030.71%
2013997,1274,0750.41%
2012993,0524,6710.47%
2011988,3816,7610.68%
2010981,6200.00%

Tucson Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White390,15672.05%
Some Other Race55,04310.17%
Two or More Races29,4695.44%
Black or African American28,1365.20%
American Indian and Alaska Native19,9133.68%
Asian17,5843.25%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,1810.22%
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Tucson Population by Race

Tucson Population Pyramid 2020

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Tucson Median Age

33.7


Total

32.5


Male

35.2


Female

Tucson Adults

There are 426,775 adults, (77,694 of whom are seniors) in Tucson.

Tucson Age Dependency

55.1

Age Dependency Ratio

22.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

32.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Tucson Sex Ratio

Female

272,079

50.25%

Male

269,403

49.75%

Tucson Population by Age

Tucson Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Tucson Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.2%27.8%
All50.6%49.4%
Male44.6%55.4%
Female42.5%57.5%
Non Family37.8%62.2%

50.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Tucson Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All212,4912.4250.6
Non Family95,6981.3537.8
Married72,2973.2372.2
Female32,1183.4542.5
Male12,3783.3444.6

3.19

Average Family Size

2.42

Average Household Size

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Tucson Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,0725.84%
9th to 12th Grade31,6139.20%
High School Graduate81,04523.59%
Some College87,83725.57%
Associates Degree28,9098.41%
Bachelors Degree56,86016.55%
Graduate Degree37,23710.84%
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Tucson Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Tucson Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White172,874162,57764,133
Hispanic131,08195,30218,326
Other Race32,53922,2163,253
Black16,74314,1163,562
Multiple Races13,54310,6503,210
Native American11,8238,3061,372
Asian10,8839,4405,224
Islander734682129

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.04%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 48.00%.

Tucson Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$31,016$33,459$27,896
Less Than High School$20,874$24,070$16,519
High School Grad$25,585$28,854$22,724
Some College$30,670$34,342$27,275
Bachelors Degree$40,667$45,509$36,530
Graduate Degree$53,267$60,251$48,761

$31,016

Average Earnings

$33,459

Average Male

$27,896

Average Female

Tucson Earnings by Educational Attainment

Tucson Language by Age

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Tucson Language

66.50% of Tucson residents speak only English, while 33.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 27.92% of the population.

Tucson Language

Tucson Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic228,30259,15725.91%
White225,60738,43917.04%
Other51,37814,30427.84%
Black25,3858,23832.45%
Multiple27,9097,24425.96%
Native18,4445,86431.79%
Asian16,6753,99923.98%
Islander1,14249943.70%

22.45%

Overall Poverty Rate

21.55%

Male Poverty Rate

23.31%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Tucson

The race most likely to be in poverty in Tucson is Islander, with 43.70% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Tucson is White, with 17.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.92%. Among those working part-time, it was 28.88%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.23%.

Tucson Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School31.57%
High School19.88%
Some College14.76%
Bachelors or Greater8.33%

Tucson Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed44.49%
Male Unemployed38.24%
Female Employed13.11%
Male Employed12.47%

Tucson Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Tucson Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$43,425$58,057
Families$54,616$69,451
Married Families$70,566$85,315
Non Families$30,462$41,398
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Income by Household Type

Tucson Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

36.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

36.3%

Male Marriage Rate

35.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Tucson Married by Age and Sex

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Tucson Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Tucson Marital Status by Race

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Tucson Marital Status

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37,826

Number of Veterans

33,891

Male Veterans

3,935

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam12,715
Second Gulf War10,213
First Gulf War9,162
Korea2,998
World War II1,218

Tucson Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 549,364
65 to 748,814
75+7,742
55 to 646,945
18 to 344,961

Tucson Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White31,32010.06%
Hispanic7,6654.61%
Black2,47011.93%
Other1,6493.98%
2 or More1,2737.25%
Asian5343.49%
Indian5233.52%
Hawaiian577.04%

Tucson Veterans by Race

Tucson Veterans by Education

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9.18%

Veteran Poverty Rate

30.58%

Veteran Disability Rate

Tucson Veterans by Education

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61.6%

Labor Force Participation

55.8%

Employment Rate

7.8%

Unemployment Rate

Tucson Employment by Age

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Tucson Employment by Race

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Tucson Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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44.74%

Born in Arizona

84.67%

Native Born

15.33%

Foreign Born

8.74%

Non Citizen

6.59%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

84.67% of Tucson residents were born in the United States, with 44.74% having been born in Arizona. 8.74% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Tucson Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020551,2889,806
2020541,482-6,591-1.20%
2019548,0736,591
2019541,482-3,376-0.62%
2018544,8585,642
2018539,216-2,161-0.40%
2017541,37710,472
2017530,905-6,623-1.23%
2016537,5289,942
2016527,586-8,021-1.50%
2015535,6077,233
2015528,374-6,426-1.20%
2014534,8009,769
2014525,031-7,914-1.48%
2013532,9459,667
2013523,278-8,602-1.62%
2012531,88010,185
2012521,695-9,014-1.70%
2011530,7099,728
2011520,981-6,179-1.17%
2010527,1607,044
2010520,11633,4170.67%
2000486,69981,3091.84%
1990405,39074,8532.06%
1980330,53767,6042.31%
1970262,93350,0412.13%
1960212,892167,43816.70%
195045,4548,6362.13%
194036,8184,3121.25%
193032,50612,2144.82%
192020,2927,0994.40%
191013,1935,6625.77%
19007,5312,3813.87%
18905,150-1,857-3.03%
18807,0073,7838.07%
18703,2240.00%

Tucson Population by Year