Winston-Salem, North Carolina Population 2022

253,531
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Winston-Salem is a city located in North Carolina. With a 2020 population of 253,531, it is the 5th largest city in North Carolina and the 91st largest city in the United States. Winston-Salem is currently growing at a rate of 0.79% annually and its population has increased by 1.60% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 249,545 in 2020. Spanning over 134 miles, Winston-Salem has a population density of 1,912 people per square mile.

The average household income in Winston-Salem is $71,423 with a poverty rate of 19.23%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $827 per month, and the median house value is $152,000. The median age in Winston-Salem is 35.5 years, 33.8 years for males, and 36.8 years for females.

Winston-Salem is part of the Piedmont Triad region. The city has a long and fascinating history that has led to such nicknames as “Camel City” for its connection with the tobacco industry and “City of Arts and Innovation.” Winston-Salem is the fifth most populous city in the state with recent estimates showing a population of {pop} people.

Winston-Salem Population and Religion Statistics

This city is known for being one of the most religious in the state. Over 54% of residents are affiliated with a religion. The largest religious group is Baptists, which make up almost 16% of the total religious population. Other religions observed in Winston-Salem include Methodist, Catholicism, and Lutheran, to name a few. There are also a minority of residents that follow Eastern religions.

The city’s economy is primarily centered on the health care industry. The Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center is Winston-Salem’s biggest employer, providing jobs to over 11,000 people. Novant Health, Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools, the city and county governments, and Reynolds American are also top employers, providing jobs to thousands of people throughout Winston-Salem.

Winston-Salem Population Growth

Winston-Salem has continuously seen growth in its population at almost every 10-year census. The city reached over 100,000 residents at the time of the 1960 census and continued to reflect steady growth before surpassing 200,000 residents by the time of the 2010 census. Though growth has slowed a bit, recent estimates show that the population is up 5.5% since the last census, indicating that the city will soon hit its next milestone of 250,000 residents.

Winston-Salem has an unusual name as the result of a merger between the towns of Salem and Winston. Salem was initially founded in 1753 and was incorporated as a town in 1856. A new city was formed in 1849 that was named Winston. Unlike Salem, Winston was a small town that saw little growth in its earliest years. However, growth soon picked up with the connection through the North Carolina Railroad and the establishment of a tobacco warehouse. By the end of the 1880s, the town had a total of nearly 40 tobacco factories.

The post office referred to the neighboring towns as Winston-Salem, which led to the establishment of a separate post office in the late 19th century. In 1913, the municipalities were merged and incorporated as Winston-Salem. In the 1920s, Winston-Salem’s population had grown so large that it was the largest city in the state.

After the merger, tobacco continued to play a significant role in the area. The Reynolds family operated R. J. Reynolds Tobacco, which employed many of the town’s workers. The Reynolds Building, which served as headquarters for the company, was the tallest building in the country at the time it was built in 1929. The company also purchased land to build 180 houses that it turned around and sold to its workers. Today, the city still remains one of the primary manufacturing centers for Reynolds brand cigarettes.

The city only continued to grow in the years that followed. In the 1930s, the first Krispy Kreme was opened in Winston-Salem, and the city remains home to the company’s corporate headquarters today. Other businesses have made their way into Winston-Salem, which is the location of corporate headquarters for companies including Lowes Foods, Hanesbrands and Blue Rhino. Though the city’s economy was formerly centered on textiles and tobacco, more recently nanotech, biotech and high-tech fields have grown in population. Medical research is also a growing industry, with the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center growing to become the largest employer in the city.

Winston-Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Winston-Salemwas:

  • White: 54.92%
  • Black or African American: 34.17%
  • Two or more races: 4.98%
  • Other race: 3.09%
  • Asian: 2.49%
  • Native American: 0.26%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.08%
The current population of Winston-Salem, North Carolina is 253,531 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 249,545.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2010641,2450.00%
2011644,2663,0210.47%
2012646,7942,5280.39%
2013649,9013,1070.48%
2014653,2503,3490.51%
2015656,2773,0270.46%
2016661,0244,7470.72%
2017666,6405,6160.84%
2018671,1294,4890.67%
2019676,0084,8790.72%
2020680,8874,8790.72%
2021685,7664,8790.71%

Winston-Salem Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White134,99354.92%
Black or African American83,98734.17%
American Indian and Alaska Native6480.26%
Asian6,1162.49%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1940.08%
Some Other Race7,5983.09%
Two or More Races12,2514.98%
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Winston-Salem Population by Race

Winston-Salem Population Pyramid 2022

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Winston-Salem Median Age

35.9


Total

34.6


Male

37


Female

Winston-Salem Adults

There are 188,041 adults, (35,646 of whom are seniors) in Winston-Salem.

Winston-Salem Age Dependency

Age Dependency Ratio

23.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Winston-Salem Sex Ratio

Female

130,795

53.21%

Male

114,992

46.79%

Winston-Salem Population by Age

Winston-Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Winston-Salem Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married75.5%24.5%
All54.6%45.4%
Male46.4%53.6%
Non Family41.9%58.1%
Female39.7%60.3%

54.6%

Rate of Home Ownership

Winston-Salem Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All96,6112.4454.6
Married36,8383.2575.5
Male4,2473.1446.4
Female15,1723.5339.7
Non Family40,3541.241.9

3.23

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

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Winston-Salem Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,0434.99%
9th to 12th Grade11,4837.12%
High School Graduate39,57824.55%
Some College34,83221.61%
Associates Degree12,0447.47%
Bachelors Degree32,64220.25%
Graduate Degree22,58314.01%
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Winston-Salem Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Winston-Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Asian4,0773,5872,899
White83,11278,15837,543
2+ Races5,3254,3391,491
Native American35129880
Black53,65747,14411,403
Hispanic17,32410,1552,660
Other Race4,6172,601467
Islander6434

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.04%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 71.11%.

Winston-Salem Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,495$37,515$31,716
Less Than 9th Grade$21,566$26,223$17,711
High School Graduate$26,448$30,675$22,230
Some College$31,194$33,969$29,333
Bachelors Degree$44,226$50,892$39,917
Graduate Degree$63,080$77,928$53,295

$34,495

Average Earnings

$37,515

Average Male

$31,716

Average Female

Winston-Salem Earnings by Educational Attainment

Winston-Salem Language by Age

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Winston-Salem Language

82.46% of Winston-Salem residents speak only English, while 17.54% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 13.10% of the population.

Winston-Salem Language

Winston-Salem Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Islander19415780.93%
Hispanic36,77811,97732.57%
Black79,42820,29725.55%
Multiple11,8952,97024.97%
Native6489214.20%
White108,06611,26010.42%
Asian5,4864848.82%
Other1,994NaN%

19.23%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.81%

Male Poverty Rate

20.48%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Winston-Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Winston-Salem is Islander, with 80.93% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Winston-Salem is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.23%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.55%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.22%.

Winston-Salem Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.92%
High School21.14%
Some College12.32%
Bachelors or Greater6.09%

Winston-Salem Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Male Employed7.29%
Male Unemployed28.05%
Female Employed10.73%
Female Unemployed40.37%

Winston-Salem Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Winston-Salem Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$47,269$71,747
Families$62,568$87,965
Married Families$81,549$111,554
Non Families$31,286$46,574
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Income by Household Type

Winston-Salem Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

39.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.3%

Male Marriage Rate

37.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Winston-Salem Married by Age and Sex

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Winston-Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Winston-Salem Marital Status by Race

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Winston-Salem Marital Status

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12,150

Number of Veterans

Male Veterans

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War2,103
First Gulf War2,309
Vietnam4,358
Korea863
World War II400

Winston-Salem Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
18 to 341,033
35 to 542,667
55 to 642,438
65 to 743,221
75+2,791

Winston-Salem Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White7,0746.65%
Black4,1906.54%
Native American8117.84%
Islander1210.53%
Other Race3747.18%
2+ Races4196.57%
Hispanic2841.32%

Winston-Salem Veterans by Race

Winston-Salem Veterans by Education

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8.06%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.91%

Veteran Disability Rate

Winston-Salem Veterans by Education

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61%

Labor Force Participation

57.3%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Winston-Salem Employment by Age

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Winston-Salem Employment by Race

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Winston-Salem Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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57.86%

Born in Winston-Salem

90.08%

Native Born

9.92%

Foreign Born

6.32%

Non Citizen

3.60%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

90.08% of Winston-Salem residents were born in the United States, with 57.86% having been born in North Carolina. 6.32% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Winston-Salem Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected
Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
18704000.00%
18804,1003,70026.20%
189010,7006,60010.07%
190013,7003,0002.50%
191022,7009,0005.18%
192048,39525,6957.86%
193075,27426,8794.52%
194079,8154,5410.59%
195087,8117,9960.96%
1960111,13523,3242.38%
1970133,68322,5481.86%
1980131,885-1,798-0.14%
1990143,48511,6000.85%
2000185,77642,2912.62%
2010229,61743,8412.14%
2011231,6101,9930.87%
2012233,6031,9930.86%
2013235,5961,9930.85%
2014237,5891,9930.85%
2015239,5821,9930.84%
2016241,5751,9930.83%
2017243,5681,9930.83%
2018245,5611,9930.82%
2019247,5541,9930.81%
2020249,5451,9910.80%
2021251,5381,9930.80%
2022253,5311,9930.79%

Winston-Salem Population by Year