Winston-Salem, North Carolina Population 2024

252,907

Winston-Salem is a city located in Davidson County, Forsyth County, Guilford County, and Stokes County North Carolina. Winston-Salem has a 2024 population of 252,907. Winston-Salem is currently growing at a rate of 0.31% annually and its population has increased by 1.25% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 249,793 in 2020.

The average household income in Winston-Salem is $81,391 with a poverty rate of 18.41%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Winston-Salem is 35.7 years, 34.6 years for males, and 36.7 years for females.

Winston-Salem is part of the Piedmont Triad region. The city has a long and fascinating history that has led to such nicknames as “Camel City” for its connection with the tobacco industry and “City of Arts and Innovation.” Winston-Salem is the fifth most populous city in the state with recent estimates showing a population of {pop} people.

Winston-Salem Population and Religion Statistics

This city is known for being one of the most religious in the state. Over 54% of residents are affiliated with a religion. The largest religious group is Baptists, which make up almost 16% of the total religious population. Other religions observed in Winston-Salem include Methodist, Catholicism, and Lutheran, to name a few. There are also a minority of residents that follow Eastern religions.

The city’s economy is primarily centered on the health care industry. The Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center is Winston-Salem’s biggest employer, providing jobs to over 11,000 people. Novant Health, Winston-Salem/Forsyth County Schools, the city and county governments, and Reynolds American are also top employers, providing jobs to thousands of people throughout Winston-Salem.

Winston-Salem Population Growth

Winston-Salem has continuously seen growth in its population at almost every 10-year census. The city reached over 100,000 residents at the time of the 1960 census and continued to reflect steady growth before surpassing 200,000 residents by the time of the 2010 census. Though growth has slowed a bit, recent estimates show that the population is up 5.5% since the last census, indicating that the city will soon hit its next milestone of 250,000 residents.

Winston-Salem has an unusual name as the result of a merger between the towns of Salem and Winston. Salem was initially founded in 1753 and was incorporated as a town in 1856. A new city was formed in 1849 that was named Winston. Unlike Salem, Winston was a small town that saw little growth in its earliest years. However, growth soon picked up with the connection through the North Carolina Railroad and the establishment of a tobacco warehouse. By the end of the 1880s, the town had a total of nearly 40 tobacco factories.

The post office referred to the neighboring towns as Winston-Salem, which led to the establishment of a separate post office in the late 19th century. In 1913, the municipalities were merged and incorporated as Winston-Salem. In the 1920s, Winston-Salem’s population had grown so large that it was the largest city in the state.

After the merger, tobacco continued to play a significant role in the area. The Reynolds family operated R. J. Reynolds Tobacco, which employed many of the town’s workers. The Reynolds Building, which served as headquarters for the company, was the tallest building in the country at the time it was built in 1929. The company also purchased land to build 180 houses that it turned around and sold to its workers. Today, the city still remains one of the primary manufacturing centers for Reynolds brand cigarettes.

The city only continued to grow in the years that followed. In the 1930s, the first Krispy Kreme was opened in Winston-Salem, and the city remains home to the company’s corporate headquarters today. Other businesses have made their way into Winston-Salem, which is the location of corporate headquarters for companies including Lowes Foods, Hanesbrands and Blue Rhino. Though the city’s economy was formerly centered on textiles and tobacco, more recently nanotech, biotech and high-tech fields have grown in population. Medical research is also a growing industry, with the Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center growing to become the largest employer in the city.

Winston-Salem Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Winston-Salem was:

  • White: 51.03%
  • Black or African American: 33.24%
  • Two or more races: 7.43%
  • Other race: 5.42%
  • Asian: 2.49%
  • Native American: 0.34%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
Land Area (mi²)
133.6 sq mi
Density (mi²)
1,893.20/sq mi
Growth Since 2020
1.25% (3,114)
The current population of Winston-Salem, North Carolina is 252,907 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 249,793.

Winston-Salem, North Carolina Population 2024

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White127,35351.03%
Black or African American82,94533.24%
Two or more races18,5517.43%
Other race13,5165.42%
Asian6,2142.49%
Native American8570.34%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander1350.05%

White

Black or African American

Two or more races

Other race

Asian

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Winston-Salem Population by Race

Winston-Salem Population Pyramid 2024

Winston-Salem Median Age

35.7

Total

34.6

Male

36.7

Female

Winston-Salem Adults

There are 191,236 adults, (36,496 of whom are seniors) in Winston-Salem.

Winston-Salem Age Dependency

61.3

Age Dependency Ratio

23.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Winston-Salem Sex Ratio

Female131,65552.75%
Male117,91647.25%

Winston-Salem Population by Age

Winston-Salem Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All98,7492.4353.946.1
Non Family41,2981.239.360.7
Married36,5793.2377.822.2
Female16,5193.513862
Male4,3533.2352.947.1

3.22

Average Family Size

2.43

Average Household Size

53.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Winston-Salem Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade8,4035.17%
9th to 12th Grade11,3126.96%
High School Graduate39,81524.49%
Some College32,74220.14%
Associates Degree12,5117.7%
Bachelors Degree33,27420.47%
Graduate Degree24,51715.08%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Winston-Salem Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Winston-Salem Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White82,32977,59239,079
Black53,31646,80811,767
Hispanic19,36611,3362,943
2+ Races9,4147,1812,512
Other Race6,5973,639672
Asian4,1753,8712,849
Native American45831550
Islander82450

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 94.25%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 68.24%.

Winston-Salem Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Overall$39,804$44,090$35,156
Less Than 9th Grade$25,614$29,493$22,053
High School Graduate$30,293$35,577$27,508
Some College$34,684$39,008$32,526
Bachelors Degree$50,569$58,319$45,174
Graduate Degree$74,526$87,682$65,284

$39,804

Average Earnings

$44,090

Average Male

$35,156

Average Female

Winston-Salem Earnings by Educational Attainment

Winston-Salem Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Winston-Salem Language

81.83% of Winston-Salem residents speak only English, while 18.17% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 13.91% of the population.

Winston-Salem Language

Winston-Salem Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black79,18819,35724.44%
Hispanic41,09012,60430.67%
White107,23710,4309.73%
Multiple18,2944,52824.75%
Other13,4603,68027.34%
Asian5,6593516.2%
Native85725830.11%
Islander1357555.56%

18.41%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.19%

Male Poverty Rate

19.51%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Winston-Salem

The race most likely to be in poverty in Winston-Salem is Islander, with 55.56% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Winston-Salem is Asian, with 6.2% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.41%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.41%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 25.4%.

Winston-Salem Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade30.55%
High School19.09%
Some College13.3%
Bachelors or Greater5.44%

Winston-Salem Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed42.57%
Male Unemployed28.99%
Female Employed10.44%
Male Employed7.49%

Winston-Salem Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Winston-Salem Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Households$54,416$81,391
Families$71,260$101,165
Married Families$95,034$129,659
Non Families$34,886$50,788

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Winston-Salem Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

39.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

42.4%

Male Marriage Rate

36.2%

Female Marriage Rate

Winston-Salem Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Winston-Salem Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64.

Winston-Salem Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Winston-Salem Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

10,649

Number of Veterans

9,761

Male Veterans

888

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam4,087
First Gulf War1,880
Second Gulf War1,636
Korea569
World War II245

Winston-Salem Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
65 to 743,109
75+2,738
55 to 642,288
35 to 541,737
18 to 34777

Winston-Salem Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White6,3476.23%
Black3,4725.45%
2+ Races4203.81%
Other Race3444.12%
Hispanic2881.18%
Native American426.91%
Asian240.48%

Winston-Salem Veterans by Race

Winston-Salem Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

7.41%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.7%

Veteran Disability Rate

Winston-Salem Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

61.6%

Labor Force Participation

57.5%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Winston-Salem Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Winston-Salem Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Winston-Salem Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

56.52%

Born in Winston-Salem

89.56%

Native Born

10.44%

Foreign Born

7.07%

Non Citizen

3.37%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

89.56% of Winston-Salem residents were born in the United States, with 56.52% having been born in North Carolina. 7.07% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Winston-Salem Place of Birth

Note: data after 2022 is projected based on recent change

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Year
Population
Growth
Growth Rate
2029256,7997780.3%
2028256,0217790.31%
2027255,2427780.31%
2026254,4647790.31%
2025253,6857780.31%
2024252,9077790.31%
2023252,1287780.31%
2022251,3504280.17%
2021250,9221,1290.45%
2020249,7932,0180.81%
2019247,7751,2660.51%
2018246,5091,9800.81%
2017244,5292,6491.1%
2016241,8802,0350.85%
2015239,8451,2980.54%
2014238,5472,7701.17%
2013235,7771,8850.81%
2012233,8922,0130.87%
2011231,8791,8550.81%
2010230,02444,24823.82%
2000185,77642,29129.47%
1990143,48511,6008.8%
1980131,885-1,798-1.34%
1970133,68322,54820.29%
1960111,13523,32426.56%
195087,8117,99610.02%
194079,8154,5416.03%
193075,27426,87955.54%
192048,39525,695113.19%
191022,7009,00065.69%
190013,7003,00028.04%
189010,7006,600160.98%
18804,1003,700925%
187040000%
showing: 34 rows

Winston-Salem Population by Year