Essex County, New Jersey Population 2021

Essex County, New Jersey's estimated population is 799,785 with a growth rate of 0.05% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Essex County, New Jersey is the null largest county in New Jersey. The 2010 Population was 784,037 and has seen a growth of 2.01% since this time.

Note: 2020 and 2021 data is projected
Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021799,7854050.05%
2020799,3804050.05%
2019798,9754050.05%
2018798,5702,2210.28%
2017796,3493,6600.46%
2016792,6892,2500.28%
2015790,4391,7130.22%
2014788,7262,0770.26%
2013786,6491,5860.20%
2012785,063-488-0.06%
2011785,5511,5140.19%
2010784,0375,8310.75%
1990778,206-72,910-8.57%
1980851,116-78,870-8.48%
1970929,9866,4410.70%
1960923,54517,5961.94%
1950905,94968,6098.19%
1940837,3403,8270.46%
1930833,513181,42427.82%
1920652,089139,20327.14%
1910512,886153,83342.84%
1900359,053102,95540.20%
1890256,09866,16934.84%
1880189,92946,09032.04%
1870143,83944,96245.47%
186098,87724,92733.71%
185073,95029,32965.73%
184044,6212,7106.47%
183041,91111,11836.11%
182030,7934,80918.51%
181025,9843,71516.68%
180022,2694,48425.21%
179017,7850.00%
2021 Growth Rate
0.05%
County Website
Founded
March 7, 1683[1]
County Seat
2010 Population
784,037
Growth Since 2010
2.01%
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Essex County, New Jersey Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White341,51642.94%
Black or African American315,99739.73%
Some Other Race72,0509.06%
Asian42,4065.33%
Two or More Races21,3922.69%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,7960.23%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2470.03%
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Essex County, New Jersey Population By Race

Essex County, New Jersey Population Pyramid 2021

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Essex County, New Jersey Median Age

37.6


Total

35.9


Male

39.1


Female

Essex County, New Jersey Adults

There are 606,038 adults, (106,918 of whom are seniors) in Essex County, New Jersey.

Essex County, New Jersey Age Dependency

59.4

Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.9

Child Dependency Ratio

Essex County, New Jersey Sex Ratio

Mujer

412,881

51.91%

Masculino

382,523

48.09%

Essex County, New Jersey Population by Age

Essex County, New Jersey Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Essex County, New Jersey Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married68%32%
All44%56%
Masculino36.4%63.6%
Mujer28%72%
Non Family26.9%73.1%

44.0%

Rate of Home Ownership

Essex County, New Jersey Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All285,9082.7144
Married113,4763.5468
Non Family101,6471.226.9
Mujer53,6663.5728
Masculino17,1193.4636.4

3.44

Average Family Size

2.71

Average Household Size

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Essex County, New Jersey Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade37,5117.02%
9th to 12th Grade36,8636.90%
High School Graduate149,90228.04%
Some College89,67016.77%
Associates Degree31,0855.81%
Bachelors Degree112,65621.07%
Graduate Degree76,89414.38%
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Essex County, New Jersey Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Essex County, New Jersey Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black208,684180,28143,408
White178,962166,677101,283
Hispanic111,52379,97320,942
Other Race44,22329,5236,149
Asian30,25228,39521,002
2+ Races9,9398,4844,051
Native American1,161908319
Islander1849816

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 93.86%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 69.42%.

Essex County, New Jersey Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$43,497$50,278$37,596
Less Than 9th Grade$23,040$27,027$19,272
High School Graduate$30,709$35,185$25,307
Some College$39,099$46,422$32,485
Bachelors Degree$62,046$75,925$54,562
Graduate Degree$91,211$111,027$75,140

$43,497

Average Earnings

$50,278

Average Male

$37,596

Average Female

Essex County, New Jersey Earnings by Educational Attainment

Essex County, New Jersey Language by Age

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Essex County, New Jersey Language

64.08% of Essex County, New Jersey residents speak only English, while 35.92% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.58% of the population.

Essex County, New Jersey Language

Essex County, New Jersey Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black307,00064,96921.16%
Hispanic180,05539,16721.75%
Other71,51618,72326.18%
White236,76114,3686.07%
Multiple20,9842,97514.18%
Asian41,0732,8266.88%
Native1,74026415.17%
Islander2416326.14%

15.80%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.08%

Male Poverty Rate

17.37%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Essex County, New Jersey

The race most likely to be in poverty in Essex County, New Jersey is Other, with 26.18% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Essex County, New Jersey is White, with 6.07% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.88%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.18%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.11%.

Essex County, New Jersey Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade28.22%
High School18.63%
Some College11.54%
Bachelors or Greater4.24%

Essex County, New Jersey Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed38.39%
Male Unemployed30.43%
Female Employed8.60%
Male Employed5.09%

Essex County, New Jersey Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Essex County, New Jersey Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$61,510$103,290
Families$80,523$127,791
Married Families$116,847$169,433
Non Families$34,233$54,408
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Income by Household Type

Essex County, New Jersey Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.2%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.5%

Male Marriage Rate

37.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Essex County, New Jersey Married by Age and Sex

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Essex County, New Jersey Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Essex County, New Jersey Marital Status by Race

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Essex County, New Jersey Marital Status

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18,419

Number of Veterans

16,776

Male Veterans

1,643

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam5,769
First Gulf War2,693
Second Gulf War2,296
Korea1,771
World War II1,219

Essex County, New Jersey Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+5,773
65 to 744,338
35 to 543,996
55 to 643,203
18 to 341,109

Essex County, New Jersey Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White9,5603.57%
Black7,6783.20%
Hispanic2,1281.64%
2+ Races4213.34%
Other Race3930.77%
Asian2690.80%
Native American986.77%

Essex County, New Jersey Veterans by Race

Essex County, New Jersey Veterans by Education

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9.30%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.63%

Veteran Disability Rate

Essex County, New Jersey Veterans by Education

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65.7%

Labor Force Participation

60.4%

Employment Rate

8.1%

Unemployment Rate

Essex County, New Jersey Employment by Age

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Essex County, New Jersey Employment by Race

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Essex County, New Jersey Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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49.98%

Born in Essex County, New Jersey

72.82%

Native Born

27.18%

Foreign Born

12.47%

Non Citizen

14.71%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

72.82% of Essex County, New Jersey residents were born in the United States, with 49.98% having been born in New Jersey. 12.47% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Essex County, New Jersey Place of Birth

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990

Sources