Essex County, New Jersey Population 2020

Essex County, New Jersey's estimated population is 807,485 with a growth rate of 0.48% in the past year according to the most recent United States census data. Essex County, New Jersey is the 3rd largest county in New Jersey.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2020807,4853,8590.48%
2019803,6263,8590.48%
2018799,7673,8590.48%
2017795,9083,2910.42%
2016792,6172,1090.27%
2015790,5081,5330.19%
2014788,9752,1580.27%
2013786,8171,6800.21%
2012785,137-394-0.05%
2011785,5311,4690.19%
2010784,0625,8560.75%
1990778,206-72,910-8.57%
1980851,116-78,870-8.48%
1970929,9866,4410.70%
1960923,54517,5961.94%
1950905,94968,6098.19%
1940837,3403,8270.46%
1930833,513181,42427.82%
1920652,089139,20327.14%
1910512,886153,83342.84%
1900359,053102,95540.20%
1890256,09866,16934.84%
1880189,92946,09032.04%
1870143,83944,96245.47%
186098,87724,92733.71%
185073,95029,32965.73%
184044,6212,7106.47%
183041,91111,11836.11%
182030,7934,80918.51%
181025,9843,71516.68%
180022,2694,48425.21%
179017,7850.00%

Essex County, New Jersey Population Growth

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White334,45042.15%
Black or African American316,19239.85%
Some Other Race79,63010.03%
Asian41,5005.23%
Two or More Races19,5462.46%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,9970.25%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2400.03%

Essex County, New Jersey Population Pyramid 2020

Essex County, New Jersey Median Age

37.5


Total

35.9


Male

39


Female

Essex County, New Jersey Adults

There are 604,584 adults, (104,288 of whom are seniors) in Essex County, New Jersey.

Essex County, New Jersey Age Dependency

58.6

Age Dependency Ratio

20.8

Old Age Dependency Ratio

37.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Essex County, New Jersey Sex Ratio

Female

411,979

51.92%

Male

381,576

48.08%

Essex County, New Jersey Households and Families

Essex County, New Jersey Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Essex County, New Jersey Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married68.5%31.5%
All44.2%55.8%
Male38.6%61.4%
Female27.4%72.6%
Non Family27.2%72.8%

44.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All282,5022.7344.2
Married111,3773.5568.5
Non Family100,3511.2127.2
Female54,5503.6127.4
Male16,2243.6238.6

3.46

Average Family Size

2.73

Average Household Size

5.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.2%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

Essex County, New Jersey Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade37,7617.10%
9th to 12th Grade38,0747.16%
High School Graduate149,77728.15%
Some College90,42016.99%
Associates Degree30,9675.82%
Bachelors Degree110,50520.77%
Graduate Degree74,58714.02%

Essex County, New Jersey Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Black207,369179,34343,190
White180,172166,93999,713
Hispanic109,52077,88419,789
Other Race49,19632,3526,322
Asian29,39827,26419,493
Multiple Races9,3277,7223,829
Native American1,339944169
Islander19612641

The highest rate of high school graduation is among asian people with a rate of 92.74%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 66.31%.

Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,763$48,464$36,375
Less Than High School$22,240$26,180$18,025
High School Grad$30,281$33,944$25,371
Some College$36,853$43,514$31,608
Bachelors Degree$60,239$73,373$53,128
Graduate Degree$87,450$107,360$71,161

$41,763

Average Earnings

$48,464

Average Male

$36,375

Average Female

Essex County, New Jersey Language

Essex County, New Jersey Language by Age

Essex County, New Jersey Language

64.87% of Essex County, New Jersey residents speak only English, while 35.13% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 19.28% of the population.

Essex County, New Jersey Poverty

Essex County, New Jersey Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black307,06369,28622.56%
Hispanic177,25239,87622.50%
Other79,07019,79925.04%
White238,69314,3266.00%
Multiple19,2043,34217.40%
Asian40,1932,5366.31%
Native1,94753427.43%
Islander2364016.95%

16.44%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.68%

Male Poverty Rate

18.03%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Essex County, New Jersey

The race most likely to be in poverty in Essex County, New Jersey is Native, with 27.43% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Essex County, New Jersey is White, with 6.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.83%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School27.36%
High School19.12%
Some College12.65%
Bachelors or Greater4.19%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed41.42%
Male Unemployed32.65%
Female Employed8.83%
Male Employed5.29%

Essex County, New Jersey Income

Essex County, New Jersey Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Households$59,302$99,512
Families$77,675$123,147
Married Families$113,992$164,392
Non Families$33,485$52,359

Essex County, New Jersey Marital Status

Essex County, New Jersey Marital Status

Marriage Rates

39.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

43.0%

Male Marriage Rate

36.7%

Female Marriage Rate

Essex County, New Jersey Married by Age and Sex

Essex County, New Jersey Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Essex County, New Jersey Marital Status by Race

Essex County, New Jersey Veterans

18,906

Number of Veterans

17,366

Male Veterans

1,540

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam6,046
First Gulf War2,721
Second Gulf War2,116
Korea2,072
World War II1,468
Name Veterans % of Total
White9,7353.72%
Black7,9083.30%
Hispanic1,9911.56%
Other5921.04%
2 or More3573.07%
Asian2570.78%
Indian573.50%

$Essex County, New Jersey Veterans by Education

9.32%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.34%

Veteran Disability Rate

Essex County, New Jersey Employment Status

65.9%

Labor Force Participation

59.8%

Employment Rate

9.2%

Unemployment Rate

Essex County, New Jersey Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

50.86%

Born in New Jersey

73.54%

Native Born

26.46%

Foreign Born

12.15%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

73.54% of Essex County, New Jersey residents were born in the United States, with 50.86% having been born in New Jersey. 12.15% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

  1. US Census City/Town Population estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  2. Population of States and Counties of the United States: 1790 - 1990