Beijing Population 2021

20,896,820
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Beijing's 2021 population is now estimated at 20,896,820. In 1950, the population of Beijing was 1,671,365. Beijing has grown by 434,210 since 2015, which represents a 2.12% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Beijing, which typically includes Beijing's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

The current population of Beijing according to the 2010 census, as reported by the official Chinese Government statistics agency, was 19,612,368. The population at the beginning of 2016, according to some estimates, is 21.7 million.

Along with the greater China population, the population of Beijing has also been growing at breakneck speed. In the ten years between the 2000 and 2010 censuses, the number of people living in the city grew by 44% - from 13,569,194 in 2000 to 19,612,368 in 2010. Although this last ten years have seen the most rapid growth in the city's modern history, the city has been consistently growing at a fast pace - the average growth rate since the 1960s has been around 20% per decade.

Even today, the city continues to grow. Although there are no official estimates of the population of Beijing in 2016, unofficial estimates put the population at over 21 million. The country's Five-Year Plan, which began in 2016, is expected to keep the population under 23 million through 2020. Some experts believe that in 2050 there will be more than 50 million people living in Beijing.

Is Beijing the largest city in China?

Although Beijing is the capital city of China, there are larger cities in the country. Shanghai is home to over 24 million people in 2016 and is considered to be China's largest city.

Others, however, argue that Chongqing, a municipality of 28,846,200 in the center of China is technically China's largest city. This is because, although the urban population of Chongqing is only 6-7 million, a municipality is considered to be the equivalent of a city under Chinese law.

If we take Chongqing out of the equation, Beijing is the second largest country in China and the 11th largest city in the world, behind countries including Shanghai, Istanbul, Karachi, Mumbai, and Moscow.

Beijing population by city district

Here's a map of the city, broken down into its administrative districts. Those in yellow were part of the old city, while red denotes the central urban area of the city. Inner suburbs are indicated in blue, and outer suburbs in green.

Here's a table listing the population of each Beijing district.

District Population Density (per sq/km)
Chaoyang District 3,545,000 7,530
Haidian District 3,281,000 7,702
Fengtai District 2,112,000 6,943
Changping District 1,661,000 1,162
Daxing District 1,365,000 1,349
Xicheng District 1,243,000 26,731
Tongzhou District 1,184,000 1,361
Fangshan District 945,000 506
Dongcheng District 919,000 22,635
Shunyi District 877,000 895
Shijingshan District 616,000 6,860
Miyun County 468,000 200
Pinggu District 416,000 387
Huairou District 373,000 146
Yanqing County 317,000 160
Mentougou District 290,000 218

Beijing demographics

The primary ethnic group in Beijing is, as in the rest of the country, Han Chinese. According to the 2010 census, 95.69% of Beijing's residents (excluding anyone from the Red Army) were Han Chinese. Of the remaining 4.31%, the two largest groups are the Manchu (1.84%) and the Hui (1.74%). The rapid economic expansion means that the number of foreigners living in the city is also increasing (notably, approximately 200,000 South Koreans), although there are no accurate statistics available on their populations.

Beijing is the powerhouse of the Chinese economy. Its nominal GDP in 2011 was $247.7 billion, which equates to a per capita GDP of $12,447. Tianjin ($13,058) and Shanghai ($12,783) are the only Chinese cities to have a higher per capita GDP. The city's economy is growing by around 8-10% per year at the moment, so these figures will probably increase still further in the coming years.

Increased wealth and regularly improving healthcare means that life expectancy in Beijing also continues to grow, and is among the highest in the country. Figures indicate that the average life expectancy is 81.12 years – that breaks down as a male life expectancy of 79.16 years and a female life expectancy of 83.17.

Age breakdown data is only available for 2004. At that time, 9.96% of the population was aged 0-14, 78.92% were aged 15-64, and 11.12% were aged 65 or over.

There was a 44% positive growth over the previous decade between the censuses.

Beijing Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
203525,365,9200.69%174,420
203425,191,5000.78%194,604
203324,996,8960.87%215,798
203224,781,0980.97%237,782
203124,543,3161.08%261,404
203024,281,9121.19%286,042
202923,995,8701.32%311,682
202823,684,1881.45%337,512
202723,346,6761.58%363,240
202622,983,4361.71%386,980
202522,596,4561.84%407,374
202422,189,0821.94%422,868
202321,766,2142.03%432,882
202221,333,3322.09%436,512
202120,896,8202.12%434,210
202020,462,6102.13%427,154
201920,035,4562.13%417,492
201819,617,9642.12%407,320
201719,210,6442.12%398,320
201618,812,3242.12%391,126
201518,421,1982.12%382,472
201418,038,7262.12%374,530
201317,664,1962.12%366,256
201217,297,9402.12%359,640
201116,938,3003.02%497,048
201016,441,2524.82%756,474
200915,684,7784.82%720,697
200814,964,0814.83%689,435
200714,274,6464.82%656,786
200613,617,8604.82%626,568
200512,991,2924.82%596,934
200412,394,3584.83%571,041
200311,823,3174.82%543,999
200211,279,3184.82%518,970
200110,760,3484.62%475,257
200010,285,0914.25%419,174
19999,865,9174.24%401,549
19989,464,3684.24%385,205
19979,079,1634.24%369,029
19968,710,1344.25%354,987
19958,355,1474.24%340,058
19948,015,0894.24%326,219
19937,688,8704.24%312,520
19927,376,3504.25%300,627
19917,075,7234.24%287,986
19906,787,7372.44%161,560
19896,626,1772.43%157,499
19886,468,6782.44%154,175
19876,314,5032.44%150,296
19866,164,2072.44%146,719
19856,017,4882.43%143,031
19845,874,4572.44%140,013
19835,734,4442.44%136,489
19825,597,9552.14%117,094
19815,480,8612.13%114,489
19805,366,3722.14%112,404
19795,253,9682.14%109,899
19785,144,0692.14%107,600
19775,036,4692.13%105,206
19764,931,2632.14%103,290
19754,827,9732.14%100,988
19744,726,9852.14%98,876
19734,628,1092.13%96,676
19724,531,4332.14%94,915
19714,436,5180.24%10,473
19704,426,045-1.62%-72,779
19694,498,824-1.62%-73,874
19684,572,698-1.62%-75,295
19674,647,993-1.62%-76,429
19664,724,4223.11%142,405
19654,582,0178.02%340,248
19644,241,769-0.06%-2,353
19634,244,122-0.06%-2,352
19624,246,474-0.06%-2,352
19614,248,8268.93%348,385
19603,900,44118.76%616,008
19593,284,43312.79%372,530
19582,911,9037.19%195,222
19572,716,6817.18%181,891
19562,534,7907.20%170,165
19552,364,6257.19%158,531
19542,206,0947.19%147,902
19532,058,1927.18%137,803
19521,920,3897.20%128,919
19511,791,4707.19%120,105
19501,671,3650.00%

Beijing Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Shanghai27,795,7022.72%
Beijing20,896,8202.12%
Chongqing16,382,3763.21%
Tianjin13,794,4501.51%
Guangzhou13,635,3972.51%
Shenzhen12,591,6961.90%
Chengdu9,305,1161.85%
Nanjing9,143,9803.35%
Wuhan8,473,4051.30%
Xi An Shaanxi8,274,6513.42%
Hangzhou7,845,5012.66%
Dongguan7,451,8890.59%
Suzhou7,427,0965.05%
Foshan7,406,7511.09%
Shenyang7,373,6552.13%
Haerbin6,526,4392.18%
Dalian5,775,9382.81%
Qingdao5,742,4862.18%
Ji Nan Shandong5,513,5972.86%
Zhengzhou5,510,3413.53%

Other Cities in China

  1. Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics - Beijing data and statistics
  2. Beijing Statistics - Statistics from a variety of Beijing's government data sources
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources