Beirut Population 2022

2,433,155
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The city of Beirut is located in Lebanon. It serves as the capital city. Not only is it the capital, but it also the largest by population, despite not having a recent census. Estimates put the population at around 361,000, with the broader metro area being home to over 2.2 million residents.

Beirut Demographics

One of the most interesting things about Beirut is that a formal census or population count has not been taken since the 1930s. Because of that, the population numbers are estimated and vary depending upon the source. The most recent estimates of the city put it at 361,000. The population of the metro area have been estimated from just under 1 million to over 2 million.

Another standout feature about the population of Beirut is that it is one of the most religiously diverse cities in the Middle East. There is a total of 18 recognized religions within the area, include four Muslim sects, twelve Christian sects, and a Jewish sect. The city was relatively well blended until the civil war when segregation occurred. The eastern side of the city is mainly Christian, while the western side has a Sunni Muslim majority. However, in recent years, religious groups are becoming more integrated.

Beirut History

Beirut was settled over 5,000 years ago and has a very long history. Throughout its earliest history, the city was taken over multiple times. It was also destroyed and rebuilt. It was during the 1500s that the city came under the rule of the Ottomans. It was fortified in the 17th century before the Ottomans retook rule in 1763.

During the 19th century, the city was strengthening its ties among European powers. Beirut was carving out a name for itself as a major port and a hub for commercial activity.

During the 1860s, the Lebanon conflict occurred as the result of religious disputes and changes in the political system. Because many Christians fled the area, the ethnic composition changed, and this sowed the seeds for future conflict.

In the late 1800s, the city was more cosmopolitan and had ties to Europe and the United States. At the end of World War I, the city went under the French Mandate. However, Lebanon – and with it, Beirut – gained its independence in 1943. The city soon became prosperous as a tourist destination and a center for financial and banking activity, but this came to an end during the 1970s. At that time, the Lebanese Civil War occurred, divided the Muslims and Christians of the city. Tens of thousands of people died because of the war, and many others left to reside in other countries.

Another war occurred in 1982, which finally came to an end in 1990. The people began to rebuild the city and had made progress toward becoming the prosperous and cultural city of yesteryear. However, the city has continued to see its share of dark times, including the 2006 Lebanon War, the assassination of Rafic Hariri and the subsequent Cedar Revolution, and bombings.

Population Growth

The future growth of Beirut’s population is difficult to predict. While the city has made attempts to rebuild and to bring together its divided population, continuous wars and bombings have become a threat to this city. Add in the fact that a formal census does not exist, and current numbers are unknown and difficult to track, and it’s easy to see why predicting population growth is more difficult for this city. In recent years, Christian residents have been fleeing the city to live elsewhere, a trend that is expected to continue through the 2020s and beyond. Because the country is war-torn and there is still much work to be done to bring its people together, it wouldn’t be surprising to see a declining population in the meantime.

Year Population
1950322,360
1951340,716
1952360,145
1953380,624
1954402,298
1955425,206
1956449,453
1957475,010
1958502,059
1959530,648
1960560,908
1961592,802
1962626,558
1963662,237
1964700,000
1965732,959
1966767,520
1967803,709
1968841,659
1969881,288
1970922,842
19711,000,273
19721,107,063
19731,224,912
19741,355,495
19751,500,000
19761,523,866
19771,548,045
19781,572,642
19791,597,630
19801,623,050
19811,648,802
19821,675,000
19831,644,483
19841,614,481
19851,585,107
19861,556,228
19871,527,875
19881,500,000
19891,392,477
19901,292,529
19911,200,045
19921,216,657
19931,233,452
19941,250,502
19951,267,788
19961,285,337
19971,303,080
19981,360,000
19991,421,889
20001,486,686
20011,554,245
20021,677,788
20031,710,339
20041,743,568
20051,777,348
20061,818,013
20071,859,625
20081,902,189
20091,945,728
20101,990,263
20112,035,818
20122,082,415
20132,130,079
20142,178,834
20152,228,705
20162,279,717
20172,331,897
20182,385,271
20192,406,875
20202,424,425
20212,434,609
20222,433,155
20232,421,354
20242,402,485
20252,379,326
20262,359,129
20272,342,517
20282,329,631
20292,319,529
20302,311,062
20312,304,247
20322,298,351
20332,297,022
20342,299,157
20352,303,801

Beirut Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
1950322,3600.00%
1951340,7165.69%18,356
1952360,1455.70%19,429
1953380,6245.69%20,479
1954402,2985.69%21,674
1955425,2065.69%22,908
1956449,4535.70%24,247
1957475,0105.69%25,557
1958502,0595.69%27,049
1959530,6485.69%28,589
1960560,9085.70%30,260
1961592,8025.69%31,894
1962626,5585.69%33,756
1963662,2375.69%35,679
1964700,0005.70%37,763
1965732,9594.71%32,959
1966767,5204.72%34,561
1967803,7094.72%36,189
1968841,6594.72%37,950
1969881,2884.71%39,629
1970922,8424.72%41,554
19711,000,2738.39%77,431
19721,107,06310.68%106,790
19731,224,91210.65%117,849
19741,355,49510.66%130,583
19751,500,00010.66%144,505
19761,523,8661.59%23,866
19771,548,0451.59%24,179
19781,572,6421.59%24,597
19791,597,6301.59%24,988
19801,623,0501.59%25,420
19811,648,8021.59%25,752
19821,675,0001.59%26,198
19831,644,483-1.82%-30,517
19841,614,481-1.82%-30,002
19851,585,107-1.82%-29,374
19861,556,228-1.82%-28,879
19871,527,875-1.82%-28,353
19881,500,000-1.82%-27,875
19891,392,477-7.17%-107,523
19901,292,529-7.18%-99,948
19911,200,045-7.16%-92,484
19921,216,6571.38%16,612
19931,233,4521.38%16,795
19941,250,5021.38%17,050
19951,267,7881.38%17,286
19961,285,3371.38%17,549
19971,303,0801.38%17,743
19981,360,0004.37%56,920
19991,421,8894.55%61,889
20001,486,6864.56%64,797
20011,554,2454.54%67,559
20021,677,7887.95%123,543
20031,710,3391.94%32,551
20041,743,5681.94%33,229
20051,777,3481.94%33,780
20061,818,0132.29%40,665
20071,859,6252.29%41,612
20081,902,1892.29%42,564
20091,945,7282.29%43,539
20101,990,2632.29%44,535
20112,035,8182.29%45,555
20122,082,4152.29%46,597
20132,130,0792.29%47,664
20142,178,8342.29%48,755
20152,228,7052.29%49,871
20162,279,7172.29%51,012
20172,331,8972.29%52,180
20182,385,2712.29%53,374
20192,406,8750.91%21,604
20202,424,4250.73%17,550
20212,434,6090.42%10,184
20222,433,155-0.06%-1,454
20232,421,354-0.49%-11,801
20242,402,485-0.78%-18,869
20252,379,326-0.96%-23,159
20262,359,129-0.85%-20,197
20272,342,517-0.70%-16,612
20282,329,631-0.55%-12,886
20292,319,529-0.43%-10,102
20302,311,062-0.37%-8,467
20312,304,247-0.29%-6,815
20322,298,351-0.26%-5,896
20332,297,022-0.06%-1,329
20342,299,1570.09%2,135
20352,303,8010.20%4,644

Beirut Population Data (Urban Area)

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