Chongqing Population 2022

16,874,740
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Chongqing is one of 5 national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and sits in Southwest China. Along with Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai, it is one of four direct-controlled municipalities in the PRC and the only one in inland China.

As one of the largest direct-controlled municipalities in the country, Chongqing had an estimated 2013 population of 27,753,063, which includes the greater area. The city proper has an estimated population of about 9 million.

Chongqing's population in 2013 is 27,753,063, which is extrapolated from its population in 2011 of 28,846,170. The decline is attributed to the huge population of migrant workers, many of whom live in the city for less than six months out of the year. Despite this large population in the city proper, the urbanized area of Chongqing has a population of under 7 million while the greater area has more than 34 million residents.

A 2010 news article from the official Xinhua agency also stated that the municipality of Chongqing had a population of approximately 32.8 million, which included 23.3 million farmers. 8.4 million of its people had become migrant workers, including nearly half who worked and lived in Chongqing's urban areas.

The 2015 population for Chongqing was recorded at 30,165,500.

City Size and Population Density

Chongqing has a total area of 82,403 square kilometers (31,816 square miles) with a population density of 350 people per square kilometer (910 per square mile).

Chongqing Demographics

Like much of China, Chongqing has a demographics problem. While the workforce has been fueled by economic growth in the area for the last few decades, the effects of the one-child policy is taking a toll. The workforce is shrinking, but the elderly population is growing exponentially. As one analyst put it, China may become the first large country to grow old before rich.

Chongqing has a large gap between boys and girls under 20, like the majority of the country, and this will cause greater problems as the city grows. With boys outnumbering girls by 32 million in the country, natural growth will slow as the workforce shrinks.

Chongqing History

Chongqing has a long history and was first settled around 316 BCE when the state of Ba was conquered by the state of Qin, naming the area Jiangzhou. Jiangzhou was renamed several times over the next few hundred years, Chu Prefecture, Yu Prefecture and Gong Prefecture in 1102. The name Yu survives today as an abbreviation for Chongqing. The name Chongqing itself came in 1189, when Prince Zhao Dun described his crowning as king and then Emperor Guangzong as a "double celebration" ("Chongqing" for short). Thus, Yu Prefecture was renamed Chongqing in his honor.

By 1929, Chongqing (then known as Chungking) became a Republic of China municipality, and then a provisional capital during the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 to 1945. It was during this time that the city became the Chinese Anti-Fascist headquarters, responsible for directing allied forces of China, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, and Malaysia. It became known as the City of Heroes due to the sacrifices and hard work of its citizens during WWII.

In 1997, the city was merged with neighboring Qianjiang, Wanzhou, and Fuling to become Chongqing Municipality, with over 30 million residents in 43 former counties. In 2010, it became one of 5 National Central cities.

Chongqing Population Growth

Chongqing is expected to grow to 10 million people by 2025, although this does not include the rapidly growing rural outliers that are currently putting the city's population near 33 million. This means that Chongqing is currently one of the fastest growing cities in the world and this growth is not expected to slow.

The city's rapid urbanization and growth are due to the Chinese government's campaign to "Go West", which is an attempt to build up the population in the interior of the country through business development and investments in infrastructure. The GDP of Chongqing has quadrupled since 1998, and huge companies like Microsoft and Ford have set up here.

Despite this, Chongqing's (and China's) demographics are troubling, as its workforce continues to shrink while the elderly population only grows. By 2050, nearly one-third of the country's population will be over 60, and Chongqing is no different.

While these problems raise genuine concerns, the population growth of Chongqing shows no signs of stopping, having grown an astounding 7.5% in the last decade. At this rate, its city population will be over 10 million by 2025 with an outlying population surpassing 35-40 million.

Year Population
19501,566,966
19511,630,805
19521,697,337
19531,766,390
19541,838,353
19551,913,248
19561,991,304
19572,072,315
19582,156,742
19592,244,608
19602,275,158
19612,245,801
19622,216,784
19632,188,142
19642,159,831
19652,188,064
19662,216,705
19672,245,721
19682,275,158
19692,272,344
19702,237,344
19712,253,832
19722,323,339
19732,394,791
19742,468,543
19752,544,566
19762,623,040
19772,703,708
19782,786,974
19792,872,804
19802,961,400
19813,052,474
19823,146,481
19833,243,382
19843,343,408
19853,446,230
19863,552,363
19873,661,764
19883,774,693
19893,890,779
19904,010,602
19914,289,862
19924,588,991
19934,908,069
19945,249,820
19955,615,367
19966,006,923
19976,424,592
19986,871,938
19997,350,434
20007,862,976
20018,229,776
20028,520,121
20038,820,710
20049,132,340
20059,454,076
20069,787,615
200710,132,921
200810,490,910
200910,860,510
201011,243,667
201111,640,343
201212,051,588
201312,476,171
201412,916,329
201513,372,015
201613,844,440
201714,332,185
201814,837,823
201915,354,067
202015,872,179
202116,382,376
202216,874,740
202317,340,704
202417,773,924
202518,171,198
202618,531,632
202718,856,596
202819,148,752
202919,411,852
203019,649,096
203119,863,462
203220,057,164
203320,232,336
203420,390,030
203520,531,266

Chongqing Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19501,566,9660.00%
19511,630,8054.07%63,839
19521,697,3374.08%66,532
19531,766,3904.07%69,053
19541,838,3534.07%71,963
19551,913,2484.07%74,895
19561,991,3044.08%78,056
19572,072,3154.07%81,011
19582,156,7424.07%84,427
19592,244,6084.07%87,866
19602,275,1581.36%30,550
19612,245,801-1.29%-29,357
19622,216,784-1.29%-29,017
19632,188,142-1.29%-28,642
19642,159,831-1.29%-28,311
19652,188,0641.31%28,233
19662,216,7051.31%28,641
19672,245,7211.31%29,016
19682,275,1581.31%29,437
19692,272,344-0.12%-2,814
19702,237,344-1.54%-35,000
19712,253,8320.74%16,488
19722,323,3393.08%69,507
19732,394,7913.08%71,452
19742,468,5433.08%73,752
19752,544,5663.08%76,023
19762,623,0403.08%78,474
19772,703,7083.08%80,668
19782,786,9743.08%83,266
19792,872,8043.08%85,830
19802,961,4003.08%88,596
19813,052,4743.08%91,074
19823,146,4813.08%94,007
19833,243,3823.08%96,901
19843,343,4083.08%100,026
19853,446,2303.08%102,822
19863,552,3633.08%106,133
19873,661,7643.08%109,401
19883,774,6933.08%112,929
19893,890,7793.08%116,086
19904,010,6023.08%119,823
19914,289,8626.96%279,260
19924,588,9916.97%299,129
19934,908,0696.95%319,078
19945,249,8206.96%341,751
19955,615,3676.96%365,547
19966,006,9236.97%391,556
19976,424,5926.95%417,669
19986,871,9386.96%447,346
19997,350,4346.96%478,496
20007,862,9766.97%512,542
20018,229,7764.66%366,800
20028,520,1213.53%290,345
20038,820,7103.53%300,589
20049,132,3403.53%311,630
20059,454,0763.52%321,736
20069,787,6153.53%333,539
200710,132,9213.53%345,306
200810,490,9103.53%357,989
200910,860,5103.52%369,600
201011,243,6673.53%383,157
201111,640,3433.53%396,676
201212,051,5883.53%411,245
201312,476,1713.52%424,583
201412,916,3293.53%440,158
201513,372,0153.53%455,686
201613,844,4403.53%472,425
201714,332,1853.52%487,745
201814,837,8233.53%505,638
201915,354,0673.48%516,244
202015,872,1793.37%518,112
202116,382,3763.21%510,197
202216,874,7403.01%492,364
202317,340,7042.76%465,964
202417,773,9242.50%433,220
202518,171,1982.24%397,274
202618,531,6321.98%360,434
202718,856,5961.75%324,964
202819,148,7521.55%292,156
202919,411,8521.37%263,100
203019,649,0961.22%237,244
203119,863,4621.09%214,366
203220,057,1640.98%193,702
203320,232,3360.87%175,172
203420,390,0300.78%157,694
203520,531,2660.69%141,236

Chongqing Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Shanghai28,516,9042.59%
Beijing21,333,3322.09%
Chongqing16,874,7403.01%
Tianjin14,011,8281.58%
Guangzhou13,964,6372.41%
Shenzhen12,831,3301.90%
Chengdu9,478,5211.86%
Nanjing9,429,3813.12%
Wuhan8,591,6111.40%
Xi An Shaanxi8,537,6463.18%
Hangzhou8,044,8782.54%
Suzhou7,764,4994.54%
Shenyang7,527,9752.09%
Dongguan7,511,8510.80%
Foshan7,497,2631.22%
Haerbin6,665,9512.14%
Dalian5,930,1402.67%
Qingdao5,865,2322.14%
Zhengzhou5,690,3123.27%
Ji Nan Shandong5,663,0152.71%

Other Cities in China

  1. National Bureau of Statistics of China - Regional statistical information and data

Sources