Chongqing Population 2021

16,382,376
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Chongqing's 2021 population is now estimated at 16,382,376. In 1950, the population of Chongqing was 1,566,966. Chongqing has grown by 510,197 since 2015, which represents a 3.21% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Chongqing, which typically includes Chongqing's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Chongqing is one of 5 national central cities of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and sits in Southwest China. Along with Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai, it is one of four direct-controlled municipalities in the PRC and the only one in inland China.

As one of the largest direct-controlled municipalities in the country, Chongqing had an estimated 2013 population of 27,753,063, which includes the greater area. The city proper has an estimated population of about 9 million.

Chongqing's population in 2013 is 27,753,063, which is extrapolated from its population in 2011 of 28,846,170. The decline is attributed to the huge population of migrant workers, many of whom live in the city for less than six months out of the year. Despite this large population in the city proper, the urbanized area of Chongqing has a population of under 7 million while the greater area has more than 34 million residents.

A 2010 news article from the official Xinhua agency also stated that the municipality of Chongqing had a population of approximately 32.8 million, which included 23.3 million farmers. 8.4 million of its people had become migrant workers, including nearly half who worked and lived in Chongqing's urban areas.

The 2015 population for Chongqing was recorded at 30,165,500.

City Size and Population Density

Chongqing has a total area of 82,403 square kilometers (31,816 square miles) with a population density of 350 people per square kilometer (910 per square mile).

Chongqing Demographics

Like much of China, Chongqing has a demographics problem. While the workforce has been fueled by economic growth in the area for the last few decades, the effects of the one-child policy is taking a toll. The workforce is shrinking, but the elderly population is growing exponentially. As one analyst put it, China may become the first large country to grow old before rich.

Chongqing has a large gap between boys and girls under 20, like the majority of the country, and this will cause greater problems as the city grows. With boys outnumbering girls by 32 million in the country, natural growth will slow as the workforce shrinks.

Chongqing History

Chongqing has a long history and was first settled around 316 BCE when the state of Ba was conquered by the state of Qin, naming the area Jiangzhou. Jiangzhou was renamed several times over the next few hundred years, Chu Prefecture, Yu Prefecture and Gong Prefecture in 1102. The name Yu survives today as an abbreviation for Chongqing. The name Chongqing itself came in 1189, when Prince Zhao Dun described his crowning as king and then Emperor Guangzong as a "double celebration" ("Chongqing" for short). Thus, Yu Prefecture was renamed Chongqing in his honor.

By 1929, Chongqing (then known as Chungking) became a Republic of China municipality, and then a provisional capital during the Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 to 1945. It was during this time that the city became the Chinese Anti-Fascist headquarters, responsible for directing allied forces of China, Thailand, Burma, Vietnam, and Malaysia. It became known as the City of Heroes due to the sacrifices and hard work of its citizens during WWII.

In 1997, the city was merged with neighboring Qianjiang, Wanzhou, and Fuling to become Chongqing Municipality, with over 30 million residents in 43 former counties. In 2010, it became one of 5 National Central cities.

Chongqing Population Growth

Chongqing is expected to grow to 10 million people by 2025, although this does not include the rapidly growing rural outliers that are currently putting the city's population near 33 million. This means that Chongqing is currently one of the fastest growing cities in the world and this growth is not expected to slow.

The city's rapid urbanization and growth are due to the Chinese government's campaign to "Go West", which is an attempt to build up the population in the interior of the country through business development and investments in infrastructure. The GDP of Chongqing has quadrupled since 1998, and huge companies like Microsoft and Ford have set up here.

Despite this, Chongqing's (and China's) demographics are troubling, as its workforce continues to shrink while the elderly population only grows. By 2050, nearly one-third of the country's population will be over 60, and Chongqing is no different.

While these problems raise genuine concerns, the population growth of Chongqing shows no signs of stopping, having grown an astounding 7.5% in the last decade. At this rate, its city population will be over 10 million by 2025 with an outlying population surpassing 35-40 million.

Chongqing Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
203520,531,2660.69%141,236
203420,390,0300.78%157,694
203320,232,3360.87%175,172
203220,057,1640.98%193,702
203119,863,4621.09%214,366
203019,649,0961.22%237,244
202919,411,8521.37%263,100
202819,148,7521.55%292,156
202718,856,5961.75%324,964
202618,531,6321.98%360,434
202518,171,1982.24%397,274
202417,773,9242.50%433,220
202317,340,7042.76%465,964
202216,874,7403.01%492,364
202116,382,3763.21%510,197
202015,872,1793.37%518,112
201915,354,0673.48%516,244
201814,837,8233.53%505,638
201714,332,1853.52%487,745
201613,844,4403.53%472,425
201513,372,0153.53%455,686
201412,916,3293.53%440,158
201312,476,1713.52%424,583
201212,051,5883.53%411,245
201111,640,3433.53%396,676
201011,243,6673.53%383,157
200910,860,5103.52%369,600
200810,490,9103.53%357,989
200710,132,9213.53%345,306
20069,787,6153.53%333,539
20059,454,0763.52%321,736
20049,132,3403.53%311,630
20038,820,7103.53%300,589
20028,520,1213.53%290,345
20018,229,7764.66%366,800
20007,862,9766.97%512,542
19997,350,4346.96%478,496
19986,871,9386.96%447,346
19976,424,5926.95%417,669
19966,006,9236.97%391,556
19955,615,3676.96%365,547
19945,249,8206.96%341,751
19934,908,0696.95%319,078
19924,588,9916.97%299,129
19914,289,8626.96%279,260
19904,010,6023.08%119,823
19893,890,7793.08%116,086
19883,774,6933.08%112,929
19873,661,7643.08%109,401
19863,552,3633.08%106,133
19853,446,2303.08%102,822
19843,343,4083.08%100,026
19833,243,3823.08%96,901
19823,146,4813.08%94,007
19813,052,4743.08%91,074
19802,961,4003.08%88,596
19792,872,8043.08%85,830
19782,786,9743.08%83,266
19772,703,7083.08%80,668
19762,623,0403.08%78,474
19752,544,5663.08%76,023
19742,468,5433.08%73,752
19732,394,7913.08%71,452
19722,323,3393.08%69,507
19712,253,8320.74%16,488
19702,237,344-1.54%-35,000
19692,272,344-0.12%-2,814
19682,275,1581.31%29,437
19672,245,7211.31%29,016
19662,216,7051.31%28,641
19652,188,0641.31%28,233
19642,159,831-1.29%-28,311
19632,188,142-1.29%-28,642
19622,216,784-1.29%-29,017
19612,245,801-1.29%-29,357
19602,275,1581.36%30,550
19592,244,6084.07%87,866
19582,156,7424.07%84,427
19572,072,3154.07%81,011
19561,991,3044.08%78,056
19551,913,2484.07%74,895
19541,838,3534.07%71,963
19531,766,3904.07%69,053
19521,697,3374.08%66,532
19511,630,8054.07%63,839
19501,566,9660.00%

Chongqing Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Shanghai27,795,7022.72%
Beijing20,896,8202.12%
Chongqing16,382,3763.21%
Tianjin13,794,4501.51%
Guangzhou13,635,3972.51%
Shenzhen12,591,6961.90%
Chengdu9,305,1161.85%
Nanjing9,143,9803.35%
Wuhan8,473,4051.30%
Xi An Shaanxi8,274,6513.42%
Hangzhou7,845,5012.66%
Dongguan7,451,8890.59%
Suzhou7,427,0965.05%
Foshan7,406,7511.09%
Shenyang7,373,6552.13%
Haerbin6,526,4392.18%
Dalian5,775,9382.81%
Qingdao5,742,4862.18%
Ji Nan Shandong5,513,5972.86%
Zhengzhou5,510,3413.53%

Other Cities in China

  1. National Bureau of Statistics of China - Regional statistical information and data
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources