Gaborone's 2023 population is now estimated at 289,221. In 2001, the population of Gaborone was 186,007. Gaborone has grown by 1.87% annually. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Gaborone, which typically includes Gaborone's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.