Halifax Population 2021

414,777
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Halifax's 2021 population is now estimated at 414,777. In 1950, the population of Halifax was 130,086. Halifax has grown by 2,103 since 2015, which represents a 0.51% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Halifax, which typically includes Halifax's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Halifax, or the Halifax Regional Municipality (HRM), is the capital of Nova Scotia, Canada. Halifax is a global city and an important economic center of eastern Canada. It's been described as one of the "large cities of the future." Halifax has an estimated 2015 population of 415,000.

City Size and Population Density

The urban center around Halifax Harbour has a population of 297,000 with a density of 1,077 people per square kilometer (2,790/square mile). Halifax is the 14th largest municipality in Canada and the 13th largest metropolitan area. The area comes to 5,490.3 square kilometers (2,119.8 square miles).

Halifax Demographics

According to the 2011 census, the ethnic origins of Halifax include: Canadian (38%), English (34%), Scottish (30%), Irish (25%), French (18%), German (12%), Dutch (4%), North American Indian (3%), and Welsh (2%). Respondents were able to choose more than one option. The city also has between 1,000 and 7,000 people with Italian, Polish, Lebanese, Chinese, African, East Indian, American, Norwegian, Spanish, Jewish, and Greek ethnicities, among others.

85% of the population is Christian, followed by 13% who have no religious affiliation. Less than 1% of the population is Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu, or Sikh.

Halifax History

The Halifax Peninsula was the site of the first permanent European settlement in the area with the Town of Halifax established in 1749. The town was named for the British Earl of Halifax. Father Le Loutre's War began that same year when Edward Cornwallis came to establish the settlement with 13 transports and a sloop. Developing the town meant the British were violating a 1729 treaty with the Mi'kmaq. Several British fortifications were set up to guard the city against attacks from the French, Acadians, and Mi'kmaq.

In 1917, "the Narrows" between Bedford Basin and the upper Halifax Harbour was the site of one of Canada's greatest disasters. While carrying munitions, the SS Mont-Blanc collided with another vessel. The Halifax Explosion killed 2,000 people and injured about 9,000 more. This was the most massive artificial explosion before the development of nuclear weapons.

In 1996, Halifax and four municipalities in the area were amalgamated to create the Halifax Regional Municipality, which now includes the entire Halifax County aside from First Nation reserves.

Halifax Population Growth

The city's population growth has fallen below the national average for the last 5 years during the economic recession. The metropolitan region of Halifax grew just 4.7% in 2011 from the previous census in 2006 while the national growth rate was 5.9%. Eastern Canada was hit much harder by the recession than western provinces.

According to a new study, outmigration is the cause for Halifax's weak growth. The city has been challenged to hold on to new graduates while attracting immigrants to the region.

Halifax Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2035464,1170.83%3,813
2034460,3040.84%3,832
2033456,4720.85%3,853
2032452,6190.86%3,872
2031448,7470.87%3,884
2030444,8630.88%3,883
2029440,9800.88%3,856
2028437,1240.87%3,788
2027433,3360.85%3,671
2026429,6650.82%3,498
2025426,1670.77%3,276
2024422,8910.72%3,009
2023419,8820.65%2,709
2022417,1730.58%2,396
2021414,7770.51%2,103
2020412,6740.45%1,858
2019410,8160.41%1,692
2018409,1240.66%2,687
2017406,4370.66%2,670
2016403,7670.66%2,652
2015401,1150.66%2,631
2014398,4840.66%2,614
2013395,8700.66%2,593
2012393,2770.66%2,583
2011390,6940.89%3,429
2010387,2650.92%3,542
2009383,7230.92%3,505
2008380,2180.92%3,482
2007376,7360.92%3,446
2006373,2900.77%2,858
2005370,4320.75%2,753
2004367,6790.75%2,739
2003364,9400.75%2,716
2002362,2240.75%2,695
2001359,5290.90%3,221
2000356,3080.93%3,281
1999353,0270.93%3,246
1998349,7810.93%3,217
1997346,5640.93%3,182
1996343,3821.32%4,481
1995338,9011.38%4,612
1994334,2891.38%4,549
1993329,7401.38%4,482
1992325,2581.38%4,432
1991320,8261.59%5,010
1990315,8161.60%4,983
1989310,8331.60%4,898
1988305,9351.61%4,833
1987301,1021.60%4,751
1986296,3511.10%3,225
1985293,1261.06%3,067
1984290,0591.06%3,043
1983287,0161.06%3,007
1982284,0091.06%2,975
1981281,0340.95%2,634
1980278,4000.94%2,590
1979275,8100.94%2,563
1978273,2470.94%2,540
1977270,7070.94%2,512
1976268,1953.55%9,184
1975259,0113.78%9,425
1974249,5863.78%9,082
1973240,5043.77%8,740
1972231,7643.78%8,445
1971223,3192.47%5,382
1970217,9372.35%5,012
1969212,9252.35%4,889
1968208,0362.36%4,790
1967203,2462.35%4,674
1966198,5721.57%3,074
1965195,4981.50%2,892
1964192,6061.51%2,856
1963189,7501.50%2,810
1962186,9401.50%2,768
1961184,1723.08%5,498
1960178,6743.23%5,588
1959173,0863.22%5,406
1958167,6803.22%5,238
1957162,4423.22%5,066
1956157,3763.23%4,922
1955152,4543.22%4,762
1954147,6923.22%4,613
1953143,0793.22%4,463
1952138,6163.23%4,335
1951134,2813.22%4,195
1950130,0860.00%

Halifax Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Toronto6,254,5710.93%
Montreal4,247,4460.64%
Vancouver2,606,3510.98%
Calgary1,580,6592.14%
Edmonton1,491,0762.05%
Ottawa1,407,9281.07%
Quebec City831,7760.69%
Winnipeg824,7711.00%
Hamilton770,9760.56%
Kitchener570,6811.46%
London Ca511,3680.62%
St Catharines Niagara418,2930.54%
Halifax414,7770.51%
Oshawa402,4531.00%
Victoria389,9101.01%
Windsor337,6700.47%
Saskatoon331,0511.95%

Urban Areas in Canada

  1. Statistics Canada - Halifax population and dwelling counts
  2. Statistics Canada - Nova Scotia - Nova Scotia population and Ddwelling count - 2016 census
  3. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources