Hanoi Population 2021

4,874,982
map placeholder

Hanoi's 2021 population is now estimated at 4,874,982. In 1950, the population of Hanoi was 260,802. Hanoi has grown by 196,784 since 2015, which represents a 4.21% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Hanoi, which typically includes Hanoi's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Vietnam is a beautiful country full of history and amazing people. Throughout the land, you can discover the ravages of war right next to the new Vietnam. It is a constant reminder of its past and its drive to pursue the future. This sense of looking to the future is felt most often in the larger cities within the country. Hanoi is the second largest city in Vietnam and boasts a thriving and ever-growing population where the new and the old work together in perfect harmony.

Population Density

The city of Hanoi is no small village. The total surface area of Hanoi comes to 3,328.9 square kilometers (approximately 1,292 square miles).

The estimated population is difficult to determine conclusively as more people come into the city, but the last known count of the overall population of Vietnam showed that there were approximately 7.68 million people. That is an impressive number for any city, but what is more impressive is how they live within the confines of Hanoi in harmony.

The population density is estimated at 2,300 people for every square kilometer (5,900 per square mile) within the city. This may be a tight squeeze for the people of Hanoi, but the growth continues year after year.

Education

As with all cities within the booming economy of Vietnam, Hanoi has a strict education system. Students in Hanoi are expected to take their education quite seriously and, from the age of three until the age of 18, students attend school for half of the day and then do additional learning through extracurricular activities and tutoring. This schedule is repeated six days out of the week. It sounds like an excessive amount of schooling, but it does pay off over time; Hanoi's encouragement of learning has produced some spectacular results. It is estimated that 62% of the scientists in the country live within Hanoi. The opportunities for personal growth are endless, and Hanoi offers an abundance of public colleges for students to choose from. There are some private colleges within the city, but they are less popular than the public varieties.

Transportation

Getting around Hanoi presents some challenges. Because the city is so densely populated, traffic can be a nightmare. In some cities, the issue is resolved with a train system meant to divert the traffic away from the surface streets. Although the government of Hanoi has considered addressing the problem in this way, the public transportation approach is still in its infancy with no visible train system yet. For the most part, the easiest way to get around Hanoi is by motorcycle. These small and agile vehicles allow the driver to navigate the heavy traffic much more efficiently than in a standard car.

Car ownership is on the rise within Hanoi since residents would instead enjoy the comforts of a car than be exposed to the increasing pollution. The roadblock that the potential car owner faces is the insistence of the government that car owners pay a higher tax in the hopes that fewer vehicles will occupy the roads. It is a large conundrum within Hanoi, but one that hopefully will be rectified one day by either investment in the public transportation system or other innovative developments.

Hanoi Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20357,043,9811.93%133,185
20346,910,7961.99%134,520
20336,776,2762.05%136,152
20326,640,1242.12%138,103
20316,502,0212.21%140,499
20306,361,5222.30%143,186
20296,218,3362.41%146,463
20286,071,8732.55%150,711
20275,921,1622.71%156,184
20265,764,9782.91%162,776
20255,602,2023.14%170,401
20245,431,8013.40%178,416
20235,253,3853.67%186,033
20225,067,3523.95%192,370
20214,874,9824.21%196,784
20204,678,1984.43%198,569
20194,479,6294.60%196,891
20184,282,7385.40%219,574
20174,063,1645.40%208,317
20163,854,8475.40%197,637
20153,657,2105.40%187,504
20143,469,7065.40%177,890
20133,291,8165.40%168,770
20123,123,0465.40%160,118
20112,962,9285.40%151,908
20102,811,0205.40%144,120
20092,666,9005.40%136,731
20082,530,1695.42%130,069
20072,400,1005.41%123,217
20062,276,8835.41%116,891
20052,159,9925.40%110,742
20042,049,2505.42%105,346
20031,943,9045.41%99,797
20021,844,1075.41%94,674
20011,749,4335.40%89,692
20001,659,7415.42%85,323
19991,574,4184.06%61,380
19981,513,0383.61%52,725
19971,460,3133.61%50,819
19961,409,4943.62%49,184
19951,360,3103.61%47,404
19941,312,9063.61%45,751
19931,267,1553.61%44,097
19921,223,0583.62%42,679
19911,180,3793.61%41,133
19901,139,2463.61%39,700
19891,099,5462.57%27,526
19881,072,0202.23%23,342
19871,048,6782.22%22,802
19861,025,8762.22%22,307
19851,003,5692.22%21,792
1984981,7772.23%21,377
1983960,4002.22%20,883
1982939,5172.22%20,429
1981919,0882.22%19,958
1980899,1302.23%19,577
1979879,5534.01%33,887
1978845,6664.01%32,619
1977813,0474.01%31,319
1976781,7284.02%30,194
1975751,5344.01%28,989
1974722,5454.01%27,870
1973694,6754.01%26,759
1972667,9164.02%25,799
1971642,1174.01%24,768
1970617,3494.01%23,813
1969593,5364.01%22,863
1968570,6734.02%22,042
1967548,6314.01%21,162
1966527,4694.01%20,346
1965507,1234.01%19,535
1964487,5884.02%18,833
1963468,7554.01%18,081
1962450,6744.01%17,383
1961433,2914.01%16,691
1960416,6004.80%19,085
1959397,5154.79%18,187
1958379,3284.79%17,354
1957361,9744.79%16,538
1956345,4364.80%15,825
1955329,6114.79%15,080
1954314,5314.79%14,390
1953300,1414.79%13,713
1952286,4284.80%13,122
1951273,3064.79%12,504
1950260,8020.00%

Hanoi Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Ho Chi Minh City8,837,5442.73%
Hanoi4,874,9824.21%
Can Tho1,703,4875.31%
Hai Phong1,341,0153.15%
Da Nang1,156,5852.78%
Bien Hoa1,045,7083.22%
Thu Dau Mot437,3605.80%
Vungtau429,8392.88%
Hue408,5812.06%
Nha Trang332,4100.92%
Long Xuyen327,4801.99%

Other Cities in Vietnam

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources