Kabul Population 2021

4,335,770
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Kabul's 2021 population is now estimated at 4,335,770. In 1950, the population of Kabul was 170,784. Kabul has grown by 114,238 since 2015, which represents a 2.71% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Kabul, which typically includes Kabul's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Kabul is a city located in Afghanistan. It is the capital city, as well as the largest city by population. Not only is it the largest city in the country, but it also one of the largest in the world, ranking 64th. Rapid urbanization has also led to the city being the fifth fastest-growing in the world. Estimates taken in 2015 show that the population of Kabul is 4.635 million.

City Size and Population Density

The city is spread across a total of 1,023 square kilometers (395 square miles) and has a population density of 4,500 residents per square kilometer (12,000 per square mile).

Kabul Demographics

About 45% of Kabul’s population is Tajik. One-quarter is Hazara, another 25% is Pashtun, and minority ethnic groups include Baloch, Uzbek, Turkmen, and Afghan Hindu.

Almost three-quarters of the population of Kabul follow Sunni Islam, and around Twenty-five percent of residents are Shiites. Other religions in the city include Sikhism and Hinduism.

The common language is Dari, although Pashto is widely spoken throughout the city as well. Many inhabitants speak more than one language.

Population Changes in Kabul

The city’s population has seen very exciting changes throughout the years, primarily due to wars. The population dropped in the 1990s but has grown four times between 2001 and 2014, as immigrants move away from rebel groups and government forces. The city is now one of the fastest-growing in the entire world, and because of this, many informal settlements have popped up all around the city to accommodate this growth. The city’s population in the past has fluctuated throughout the years; however, its current trajectory hasn’t shown signs of slowing just yet.

Kabul Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
20356,760,5003.31%216,906
20346,543,5943.33%210,838
20336,332,7563.34%204,803
20326,127,9533.35%198,422
20315,929,5313.35%192,393
20305,737,1383.35%186,075
20295,551,0633.34%179,513
20285,371,5503.32%172,395
20275,199,1553.28%165,049
20265,034,1063.22%157,082
20254,877,0243.14%148,640
20244,728,3843.04%139,718
20234,588,6662.93%130,784
20224,457,8822.82%122,112
20214,335,7702.71%114,238
20204,221,5322.61%107,503
20194,114,0292.55%102,259
20184,011,7702.52%98,473
20173,913,2972.52%96,056
20163,817,2412.52%93,698
20153,723,5432.51%91,274
20143,632,2692.51%89,037
20133,543,2322.51%86,736
20123,456,4962.52%84,843
20113,371,6532.51%82,648
20103,289,0052.51%80,622
20093,208,3832.51%78,539
20083,129,8442.52%76,826
20073,053,0182.51%74,837
20062,978,1812.51%73,003
20052,905,1782.51%71,117
20042,834,0613.50%95,900
20032,738,1614.48%117,357
20022,620,8044.48%112,327
20012,508,4774.47%107,368
20002,401,1094.48%103,050
19992,298,0594.48%98,494
19982,199,5654.48%94,273
19972,105,2924.47%90,111
19962,015,1814.48%86,487
19951,928,6944.48%82,663
19941,846,0314.48%79,121
19931,766,9104.47%75,627
19921,691,2834.48%72,586
19911,618,6974.48%69,377
19901,549,3204.48%66,404
19891,482,9164.47%63,472
19881,419,4444.48%60,919
19871,358,5254.48%58,226
19861,300,2994.87%60,338
19851,239,9614.86%57,461
19841,182,5004.87%54,945
19831,127,5554.87%52,322
19821,075,2334.87%49,894
19811,025,3394.86%47,515
1980977,8244.87%45,436
1979932,3888.38%72,099
1978860,2898.46%67,111
1977793,1788.45%61,793
1976731,3858.47%57,131
1975674,2548.46%52,598
1974621,6568.46%48,495
1973573,1618.45%44,653
1972528,5086.70%33,205
1971495,3034.96%23,412
1970471,8914.96%22,306
1969449,5854.95%21,222
1968428,3634.97%20,276
1967408,0875.11%19,855
1966388,2325.27%19,423
1965368,8095.26%18,427
1964350,3825.27%17,553
1963332,8295.27%16,652
1962316,1775.27%15,818
1961300,3595.26%15,007
1960285,3525.27%14,295
1959271,0575.27%13,562
1958257,4955.27%12,882
1957244,6135.26%12,222
1956232,3915.27%11,642
1955220,7495.27%11,044
1954209,7055.27%10,492
1953199,2135.26%9,953
1952189,2605.27%9,481
1951179,7795.27%8,995
1950170,7840.00%

Kabul Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2021 Population 2021 Growth
Kabul4,335,7702.71%
Herat635,5794.95%
Mazar E Sharif563,8255.85%
Kandahar511,9492.80%

Other Cities in Afghanistan

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources