Kaliningrad Population 2021

486,863
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Kaliningrad's 2021 population is now estimated at 486,863. In 1950, the population of Kaliningrad was 151,817. Kaliningrad has grown by 3,204 since 2015, which represents a 0.66% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Kaliningrad, which typically includes Kaliningrad's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.

Kaliningrad, located between Lithuania and Poland on the Baltic Sea, is a city in Kaliningrad Oblast, a Russian exclave. At the time of the 2010 Russian census, Kaliningrad’s population stood at around 471,000.

Demographics

According to 2010 Russian census data, the demographics of Kaliningrad are:

Nationality

  • Russian: 84.7%
  • Ukrainian: 4%
  • Belarusian: 3.7%
  • Armenian: 0.8%
  • Tatar: 0.5%
  • Lithuanian: 0.4%
  • German: 0.4%
  • Polish: 0.3%
  • Other nationalities: 2.5%

History

Originally an Old Prussian (Sambian) fort known as Twangste, this was destroyed in 1255. A new fortress called Königsberg was built in its place. The Old Prussian culture became extinct in the 1600s. Surviving Old Prussians were integrated into the new culture.

Once the area had become predominantly German over the 700 years since its foundation, the city was flourishing, and many of Köningsberg’s iconic landmarks were built. At this time, the city had around 370,000 people, and was an administrative and cultural center of the German Empire and Prussia.

When World War II came to an end in 1945, the city was annexed into the Soviet Union, and in 1946 renamed the city Kaliningrad. The surviving German population was forcibly expelled over the following three years, and Soviet citizens repopulated Kaliningrad.

As the westernmost region of the USSR, the Kaliningrad Oblast became an important strategic area during the Cold War. The Soviet Baltic Fleet was headquartered here during the 1950s and closed to all foreign visitors.

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the area became an exclave, geographically separated from the rest of Russia due to its location between the borders of Belarus and Poland.

Population Growth

Up until its annexation and eventual renaming by the Soviet Union, the city of Köningsberg was seeing steady population growth.

Going back as far back as 1400, the city had a population of 10,000. Over 200 years later, in 1663, this had quadroupled to 40,000. Almost 200 years on from then, the city had reached around 84,000. At the turn of the 20th century, the population of Königsberg had risen to 189,000, including stationed military. By 1939, Königsberg had reached its peak, at 372,000. Six years later, however, by the end of the Second World War, this had dropped drastically to only 73,000.

Following the end of World War II, the original German population of Kaliningrad either fled or were expelled when the territory was annexed by the Soviet Union. As of 1945, only about 5,000 Soviet citizens were living in the territory. Between October of 1947 and October 1948, around 100,000 Germans were forcibly removed from the city and sent to Germany, and during this time around 400,000 Soviet citizens arrived in the Oblast.

Today, Kaliningrad has an estimated population of 471,000 people.

Kaliningrad Population 2021

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
2035499,0200.05%269
2034498,7510.04%214
2033498,5370.04%186
2032498,3510.04%188
2031498,1630.04%220
2030497,9430.06%277
2029497,6660.07%369
2028497,2970.10%517
2027496,7800.15%731
2026496,0490.21%1,018
2025495,0310.28%1,373
2024493,6580.36%1,792
2023491,8660.46%2,260
2022489,6060.56%2,743
2021486,8630.66%3,204
2020483,6590.75%3,585
2019480,0740.81%3,853
2018476,2211.27%5,987
2017470,2341.27%5,912
2016464,3221.28%5,852
2015458,4701.28%5,772
2014452,6981.27%5,698
2013447,0001.27%5,619
2012441,3811.28%5,564
2011435,8170.92%3,973
2010431,8440.05%200
2009431,6440.05%200
2008431,4440.05%200
2007431,2440.05%200
2006431,0440.05%200
2005430,8440.05%199
2004430,6450.05%200
2003430,4450.14%584
2002429,8610.37%1,596
2001428,2650.37%1,589
2000426,6760.37%1,587
1999425,0890.56%2,355
1998422,7340.56%2,342
1997420,3920.56%2,326
1996418,0660.56%2,320
1995415,7460.56%2,303
1994413,4430.56%2,291
1993411,1520.56%2,275
1992408,8770.56%2,269
1991406,6080.56%2,252
1990404,3560.56%2,241
1989402,1150.91%3,641
1988398,4741.23%4,844
1987393,6301.23%4,778
1986388,8521.23%4,720
1985384,1321.23%4,657
1984379,4751.23%4,613
1983374,8621.23%4,550
1982370,3121.23%4,495
1981365,8171.23%4,435
1980361,3821.23%4,393
1979356,9891.65%5,786
1978351,2032.00%6,892
1977344,3112.00%6,748
1976337,5632.00%6,634
1975330,9292.00%6,495
1974324,4342.00%6,367
1973318,0672.00%6,234
1972311,8332.00%6,128
1971305,7052.00%5,999
1970299,7062.81%8,187
1969291,5193.49%9,827
1968281,6923.50%9,522
1967272,1703.49%9,187
1966262,9833.49%8,877
1965254,1063.49%8,566
1964245,5403.50%8,299
1963237,2413.49%8,009
1962229,2323.49%7,738
1961221,4943.49%7,466
1960214,0283.50%7,234
1959206,7943.49%6,981
1958199,8133.49%6,745
1957193,0683.49%6,508
1956186,5603.50%6,306
1955180,2543.49%6,084
1954174,1703.49%5,880
1953168,2903.49%5,673
1952162,6173.50%5,496
1951157,1213.49%5,304
1950151,8170.00%

Kaliningrad Population Data (Urban Area)

Name Population 2021 Growth
Moscow12,593,2520.44%
Saint Petersburg5,504,3050.67%
Novosibirsk1,675,8660.73%
Yekaterinburg1,513,1420.62%
Kazan1,279,7940.61%
Nizhniy Novgorod1,255,073-0.21%
Chelyabinsk1,232,8870.41%
Omsk1,181,590-0.06%
Samara1,160,167-0.27%
Krasnoyarsk1,148,9571.01%
Ufa1,139,5610.29%
Rostov On Don1,137,1470.08%
Perm1,075,4240.37%
Voronezh1,072,8070.48%
Volgograd1,000,755-0.39%
Krasnodar974,3771.79%
Tyumen866,7412.79%
Saratov840,883-0.21%
Tolyatti696,889-0.48%
Izhevsk651,6010.04%

Other Cities in Russia

  1. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources