Culture and history are always something that every city should strive to hold onto. Lucknow is a city in Uttar Pradesh that is known for being a cultural hub for the area. Not only do people prize this area for its cultural significance, but they also look to Lucknow as the center for entertainment and multi-cultural experience. Lucknow has a growing population, and the influence of different ethnicities and cultures look likely to continue to grow in this city.
The whole of India went through a census in 2011, so the numbers available are quite accurate even for today. According to the census, Lucknow has two different variations on its population numbers. The largest of the numbers is the urban population. This includes the city as well as the surrounding areas. The other population numbers refer to the city limits of Lucknow. The urban population as of 2011 stood at 2,902,920 with 1,509,451 males and 11,393,469 females. The city population is quite a bit lower with a total of 2,817,105 people, consisting of 1,460,970 males and 1,356,135 females.
Lucknow City Size and Population Density
The city of Lucknow covers a total surface area of 349 square kilometers (135 square miles). In combination with the growing number of residents in Lucknow, the population density comes to 8,100 residents per square kilometer (21,000 people living per square mile).
The success of Lucknow as a city is in large part due to its education system. There are 15 schools in Lucknow for children's education, both private and public. There are two universities, ten colleges, five engineering and medical colleges, and four management institutes within Lucknow. With all of these educational opportunities, it is not surprising that the literacy rating in Lucknow is quite high. The literacy rate as of the 2011 census indicated that 82.51% of the population could read fluently. The number of females remains far behind with 78.54% of women and 86.10% of men considered literate.
Religion among Population
As with most cities in India, religion is important to the people in Lucknow. The primary religion in the city remains consistent with that of the rest of India, with Hinduism practiced by 71.71% of the city. Islam is the second most popular religion in Lucknow, and the number of Muslims as of the 2011 census was 26.36%. The rest of the religions represented make up only a fraction of the overall population. Sikhs are .76%, Christians are .58%, Jains are .17%, and Buddhists are .10% of the total population. Those that stated no religious affiliation were just .31%. Other religions within Lucknow makes up .01% of the population or just 390 people.
As India is such a large country, the unemployment rate varies depending on location. In India, populations of cities are ranked by class. Lucknow is a city with over one million people and therefore falls into the class one category. According to the numbers, the current unemployment rate in Lucknow stands at 8.5%. Although that is high for some areas of the world, the fact that it has not reached double digits is a positive sign for the state of the economy in the city.
History of Lucknow
The city of Lucknow as it is now known was shaped by the actions of Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula in the year 1775. His son also become prominent after his rise to the crown. He was an enthusiastic builder and commissioned many grand palaces that have stood for centuries, including Dilkusha Kothi, Hayat Baksh Kothi, and Farhat Buksh Kothi as well as the famous Lal -Baradari.
The rulership passed down through heirs whom each made considerable impacts on the area. Eventually, the British annexed Awadh on Feb.11, 1856 deposing the seat of Wajid Ali Shah. This was only 91 years before The Partition of India in 1947.