Mecca Population 2022

2,114,675
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Mecca is a city located in Saudi Arabia. This city is the capital of the Makkah Region, and it is most known for being the holiest city of the Islamic religion. The population is 1,675,368, and with millions of Muslims visiting each year, it is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in the world.

City Size and Population Density

The city of Mecca encompasses a considerable surface area which comes to a total of 760 square kilometers (290 square miles) for the city proper. The metropolitan area expands out to 1,200 kilometers squared (500 square miles). The population density of Mecca is approximately 2,200 residents living per square kilometer (5,700 residents per square mile).

Mecca Demographics

Because Mecca is a city of Islam -which is enforced by strict laws- non-Muslims are not allowed to enter. The majority of residents reside in what is known as the Old City. Most of the workers are employed in the Hajj Industry.

Both people that live in the city and tourists come from different backgrounds and ethnicities. This includes people from South Asia, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, the Middle East, Africa and Europe. The city also has a large number of Burmese residents, with approximately 250,000 contributing to the overall population.

Mecca History

People of Islam believe that Mecca was first inhabited by the descendants of Ishmael. Throughout its early history, Mecca has been considered an integral center of trade - but this is somewhat disputed among scholars. In its earliest years, tribes would travel to Mecca annually to pay homage to the shrine, drive from the Zamzam Well, resolve debts, trade, and arbitrate disputes.

Muhammad was born in Mecca in 570 but later emigrated as the Muslims and Quraysh continued to fight. In 628, Muhammad attempted to enter Mecca but was not allowed. Muhammad later came back with 10,000 of his men, and the city eventually surrendered. At that time, Muhammad declared peace and amnesty for all residents. All pagan imagery was destroyed and it was dedicated to become a place to worship God.

In the 1800s, the First Saudi State captured Mecca and held it for ten years. It was also during the 1800s and early 1900s that cholera outbreaks from the pilgrims entering the company were at their worst. It was during the 1924 Battle of Mecca that the city was incorporated into Saudi Arabia. During this time, the most of the city was demolished and rebuilt. This has continued throughout the rule of Saudi Arabia. Since 1985, approximately 95% of historic buildings were destroyed. Much of this demolition was a result of new construction, including hotels, housing, and other infrastructure.

Mecca is considered to be the holiest center in Islam and millions of Muslims come from all over the world during the two pilgrimages: the Umrah and the Hajj. The city is home to the largest mosque in the world and it continues to evolve. The annual pilgrimages support the economy with the major influx of tourists and pilgrimage partakers. However, there are other important industries as well, including carpentry, iron manufacturing, copper, and banks. Because of the annual pilgrimages, the city has a rich cultural and historical heritage and is considered to be the most diverse city in the Muslim world.

Mecca Population Growth

The population of Mecca has seen steady growth throughout the years. Its role as a holy city of Muslims not only attracts millions of visitors, but many of these visitors choose to become residents. The city’s expansion to include highways, shopping centers, and many important industries makes it a prosperous city that appeals to new residents, so continued population should be expected into the future. Based on recent growth rate percentages, Mecca is on track to see a 2-5% annual increase in population.

Year Population
1950148,164
1951148,996
1952149,834
1953150,674
1954151,520
1955152,371
1956153,228
1957154,087
1958154,952
1959155,823
1960156,699
1961157,578
1962158,462
1963164,676
1964176,899
1965189,993
1966204,076
1967219,202
1968235,473
1969252,902
1970271,647
1971291,782
1972313,441
1973336,640
1974361,593
1975382,888
1976404,023
1977426,262
1978449,757
1979474,548
1980500,742
1981528,304
1982557,425
1983588,150
1984620,615
1985654,775
1986690,866
1987728,947
1988769,184
1989811,522
1990856,253
1991903,450
1992953,319
1993983,777
19941,008,141
19951,033,108
19961,058,731
19971,084,915
19981,111,785
19991,139,320
20001,167,576
20011,196,452
20021,226,084
20031,256,449
20041,287,610
20051,325,622
20061,366,484
20071,408,606
20081,452,086
20091,496,784
20101,542,923
20111,590,484
20121,639,512
20131,690,050
20141,742,147
20151,795,849
20161,851,207
20171,908,271
20181,967,094
20192,004,888
20202,042,106
20212,078,766
20222,114,675
20232,149,928
20242,184,560
20252,218,580
20262,252,004
20272,284,834
20282,317,027
20292,348,528
20302,379,284
20312,409,318
20322,438,639
20332,467,172
20342,494,797
20352,521,437

Mecca Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
1950148,1640.00%
1951148,9960.56%832
1952149,8340.56%838
1953150,6740.56%840
1954151,5200.56%846
1955152,3710.56%851
1956153,2280.56%857
1957154,0870.56%859
1958154,9520.56%865
1959155,8230.56%871
1960156,6990.56%876
1961157,5780.56%879
1962158,4620.56%884
1963164,6763.92%6,214
1964176,8997.42%12,223
1965189,9937.40%13,094
1966204,0767.41%14,083
1967219,2027.41%15,126
1968235,4737.42%16,271
1969252,9027.40%17,429
1970271,6477.41%18,745
1971291,7827.41%20,135
1972313,4417.42%21,659
1973336,6407.40%23,199
1974361,5937.41%24,953
1975382,8885.89%21,295
1976404,0235.52%21,135
1977426,2625.50%22,239
1978449,7575.51%23,495
1979474,5485.51%24,791
1980500,7425.52%26,194
1981528,3045.50%27,562
1982557,4255.51%29,121
1983588,1505.51%30,725
1984620,6155.52%32,465
1985654,7755.50%34,160
1986690,8665.51%36,091
1987728,9475.51%38,081
1988769,1845.52%40,237
1989811,5225.50%42,338
1990856,2535.51%44,731
1991903,4505.51%47,197
1992953,3195.52%49,869
1993983,7773.19%30,458
19941,008,1412.48%24,364
19951,033,1082.48%24,967
19961,058,7312.48%25,623
19971,084,9152.47%26,184
19981,111,7852.48%26,870
19991,139,3202.48%27,535
20001,167,5762.48%28,256
20011,196,4522.47%28,876
20021,226,0842.48%29,632
20031,256,4492.48%30,365
20041,287,6102.48%31,161
20051,325,6222.95%38,012
20061,366,4843.08%40,862
20071,408,6063.08%42,122
20081,452,0863.09%43,480
20091,496,7843.08%44,698
20101,542,9233.08%46,139
20111,590,4843.08%47,561
20121,639,5123.08%49,028
20131,690,0503.08%50,538
20141,742,1473.08%52,097
20151,795,8493.08%53,702
20161,851,2073.08%55,358
20171,908,2713.08%57,064
20181,967,0943.08%58,823
20192,004,8881.92%37,794
20202,042,1061.86%37,218
20212,078,7661.80%36,660
20222,114,6751.73%35,909
20232,149,9281.67%35,253
20242,184,5601.61%34,632
20252,218,5801.56%34,020
20262,252,0041.51%33,424
20272,284,8341.46%32,830
20282,317,0271.41%32,193
20292,348,5281.36%31,501
20302,379,2841.31%30,756
20312,409,3181.26%30,034
20322,438,6391.22%29,321
20332,467,1721.17%28,533
20342,494,7971.12%27,625
20352,521,4371.07%26,640

Mecca Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Riyadh7,538,2002.04%
Jiddah4,780,7401.79%
Mecca2,114,6751.73%
Medina1,545,4201.84%
Ad Dammam1,304,6882.00%
Hufuf Mubarraz860,3531.40%
Taif701,6750.98%
Buraydah699,7562.21%
Tabuk677,0421.48%
Jubayl654,5683.73%
Khamis Mushayt563,5111.43%
Najran426,9531.95%
Ha'il412,6901.51%
Hafar Al Batin364,7611.58%
Thuqbah359,8842.27%
Yanbu Al Bahr350,6982.24%
Khubar346,5782.52%

Other Cities in Saudi Arabia