Osaka Population 2022

19,059,856
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Osaka is a city in Japan that is located in the Kansai region, a region that has been referred to as the cultural heart of the country. It is the capital of the Osaka Prefecture, and it is also part of Japan’s second largest metropolitan area, Keihanshin, which boasts a population of over 19 million. As of 2016, the population of the city of Osaka was over 2 million.

Osaka City Area Size

Osaka has a 2016 population of 2.6 million spread across 221 square kilometers. It is located on the island of Honshu and is the capital of the Osaka Prefecture, which includes 42 other municipalities. The Osaka Prefecture is the second largest by area in the country, and it accounts for 7% of the nation’s population.

Metropolitan Area Size

The Kansai metropolitan area, which includes Osaka, has a total area of 27,350 and a population that exceeds 20 million, making it one of the largest metropolises in the world. The city of Osaka was first incorporated in 1889 and has become known as the food capital of the world and this port city has had a history of a flourishing economy in part due to trade and travel made possible by its sea and river routes.

Osaka Population Demographics

The city of Osaka has a population of over 2 million. However, the entire Osaka Prefecture which includes Osaka City and 42 municipalities has a total land area of 1,905 square kilometers and a population of over 8 million, accounting for 7% of Japan’s total population. The city is comprised of 24 wards, and the central area is divided into two sections: Kita to the north and Minami to the south. Kita is considered the retail and business hub of the downtown area, while Minami is known for arts and fashion. The west side is a bay area, while the east side is comprised mostly of residential neighborhoods.

Ten percent of non-Japanese residents live in Osaka. According to the official census of 2005, there were over 99,000 registered foreign residents in the city, composed of Koreans (71,015 residents) and Chinese residents (11,848.)

The average life expectancy in Osaka is 78.99 years for males and 85.93 years for females. The total fertility rate in 2013 was 1.32, which is one of the lowest in the country but showed a slight increase over the 1.31 tracked in 2012.

Osaka History

Osaka has a rich history dating back over 1400 years. As far back as the 5th century, Osaka was an economic and political center of Japan, mainly because of its access to sea and river routes for traders and travelers. Visitors from Korea, China and throughout Asia gained access to what is now the city of Osaka through the Naniwazu Port, which is currently the port of Osaka. Travelers to the area brought new technology in ceramics, construction and engineering. Travelers also brought Buddhism, which quickly spread throughout the area.

A series of civil wars led to the devastation of the area during the 14th century and conflicts continued over the years, leading to the destruction of the Ishiyama Honganji Temple and the later destruction of the Osaka Castle city. The city was later rebuilt from the ashes that remained from civil war and during the Edo Period from 1601 to 1867, became known as “Japan’s kitchen” because the port shipped essentials throughout the country and internationally. As Osaka became an economic hub, it also became known for its arts and culture.

In 1868, the city transformed from one known for trade and finance to a commercialized area, leading to the 19th century nickname “smoky city” because of its factory smokestacks. Osaka was officially incorporated in 1889 and has continued to thrive in terms of its culture and economy. Years following led to the first streetcar in Osaka, the hosting of the 5th National Industrial Exposition, and by 1925, Osaka was the largest city in Japan by both population and area.

Today, Osaka has a flourishing economy. The “Food Capital of Japan” is renowned for its varied, abundant and delicious cuisines, and the city has over 100 Michelin star-rated restaurants. The area is a popular destination for tourists, who partake in the delicious restaurants, shopping and visiting historic landmarks such as the Osaka Castle.

Osaka Population Growth

The population of Osaka has declined in recent years, and the declines have been attributed to residents moving from the city into the suburbs. In 1930, Osaka was the largest city in Japan, outnumbering Tokyo by over 400,000. The city saw a peak population of over 3.2 million in 1940. Osaka, like other cities in Japan, is experiencing a decline in population. The 2015 census that tracks the period from 2010 to 2015 shows that Osaka’s decline was the city’s first in almost seven decades. The declines in both the city and the country as a whole have been attributed to historically low fertility rates and deaths that have outnumbered births by about 200,000 in recent years. Future forecasts show that the city will experience a decline in population over the next few years, hitting 2.05 million by the end of 2020, before declining further to less than 2 million in 2030.

Year Population
19507,005,284
19517,302,508
19527,612,778
19537,935,323
19548,272,007
19558,622,976
19568,989,351
19579,370,220
19589,767,784
195910,182,217
196010,614,841
196111,064,580
196211,534,034
196312,023,407
196412,534,260
196513,065,322
196613,509,111
196713,929,662
196814,363,911
196914,810,448
197015,271,510
197115,529,600
197215,718,527
197315,909,222
197416,102,499
197516,298,124
197616,453,221
197716,594,764
197816,737,723
197916,881,912
198017,027,548
198117,144,866
198217,253,276
198317,362,368
198417,472,304
198517,582,632
198617,730,956
198717,893,172
198818,057,100
198918,222,072
199018,388,784
199118,510,240
199218,616,802
199318,723,684
199418,831,326
199518,939,588
199618,918,212
199718,853,420
199818,788,762
199918,724,326
200018,660,022
200118,662,468
200218,687,328
200318,712,218
200418,737,176
200518,762,100
200618,853,102
200718,966,952
200819,081,648
200919,196,720
201019,312,646
201119,336,104
201219,328,242
201319,320,406
201419,312,562
201519,304,722
201619,296,874
201719,289,028
201819,281,188
201919,222,664
202019,165,340
202119,110,616
202219,059,856
202319,013,434
202418,967,460
202518,921,632
202618,873,896
202718,823,476
202818,770,544
202918,715,332
203018,658,056
203118,598,906
203218,538,022
203318,475,484
203418,411,322
203518,345,612

Osaka Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19507,005,2840.00%
19517,302,5084.24%297,224
19527,612,7784.25%310,270
19537,935,3234.24%322,545
19548,272,0074.24%336,684
19558,622,9764.24%350,969
19568,989,3514.25%366,375
19579,370,2204.24%380,869
19589,767,7844.24%397,564
195910,182,2174.24%414,433
196010,614,8414.25%432,624
196111,064,5804.24%449,739
196211,534,0344.24%469,454
196312,023,4074.24%489,373
196412,534,2604.25%510,853
196513,065,3224.24%531,062
196613,509,1113.40%443,789
196713,929,6623.11%420,551
196814,363,9113.12%434,249
196914,810,4483.11%446,537
197015,271,5103.11%461,062
197115,529,6001.69%258,090
197215,718,5271.22%188,927
197315,909,2221.21%190,695
197416,102,4991.21%193,277
197516,298,1241.21%195,625
197616,453,2210.95%155,097
197716,594,7640.86%141,543
197816,737,7230.86%142,959
197916,881,9120.86%144,189
198017,027,5480.86%145,636
198117,144,8660.69%117,318
198217,253,2760.63%108,410
198317,362,3680.63%109,092
198417,472,3040.63%109,936
198517,582,6320.63%110,328
198617,730,9560.84%148,324
198717,893,1720.91%162,216
198818,057,1000.92%163,928
198918,222,0720.91%164,972
199018,388,7840.91%166,712
199118,510,2400.66%121,456
199218,616,8020.58%106,562
199318,723,6840.57%106,882
199418,831,3260.57%107,642
199518,939,5880.57%108,262
199618,918,212-0.11%-21,376
199718,853,420-0.34%-64,792
199818,788,762-0.34%-64,658
199918,724,326-0.34%-64,436
200018,660,022-0.34%-64,304
200118,662,4680.01%2,446
200218,687,3280.13%24,860
200318,712,2180.13%24,890
200418,737,1760.13%24,958
200518,762,1000.13%24,924
200618,853,1020.49%91,002
200718,966,9520.60%113,850
200819,081,6480.60%114,696
200919,196,7200.60%115,072
201019,312,6460.60%115,926
201119,336,1040.12%23,458
201219,328,242-0.04%-7,862
201319,320,406-0.04%-7,836
201419,312,562-0.04%-7,844
201519,304,722-0.04%-7,840
201619,296,874-0.04%-7,848
201719,289,028-0.04%-7,846
201819,281,188-0.04%-7,840
201919,222,664-0.30%-58,524
202019,165,340-0.30%-57,324
202119,110,616-0.29%-54,724
202219,059,856-0.27%-50,760
202319,013,434-0.24%-46,422
202418,967,460-0.24%-45,974
202518,921,632-0.24%-45,828
202618,873,896-0.25%-47,736
202718,823,476-0.27%-50,420
202818,770,544-0.28%-52,932
202918,715,332-0.29%-55,212
203018,658,056-0.31%-57,276
203118,598,906-0.32%-59,150
203218,538,022-0.33%-60,884
203318,475,484-0.34%-62,538
203418,411,322-0.35%-64,162
203518,345,612-0.36%-65,710

Osaka Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Tokyo37,274,000-0.18%
Osaka19,059,856-0.27%
Nagoya9,571,5960.06%
Fukuoka5,502,591-0.25%
Shizuoka2,935,4360.17%
Sapporo2,668,982-0.04%
Sendai2,339,9910.22%
Hiroshima2,072,344-0.25%
Niigata799,832-0.27%
Kumamoto740,067-0.19%
Okayama723,296-0.12%
Kagoshima585,913-0.42%
Utsunomiya521,011-0.13%
Matsuyama506,632-0.32%
Oita477,603-0.19%
Kurashiki473,632-0.26%
Kanazawa464,432-0.21%
Fukuyama463,699-0.20%
Takamatsu417,560-0.26%
Toyama410,225-0.38%

Other Cities in Japan

  1. Osaka Global - Information on the Osaka area, population, and climate
  2. City of Osaka - Information on the population and city of Osaka

Sources