Shenzhen Population 2022

12,831,330
map placeholder

Shenzhen is a city in China that is located along the southern tip of the country and lies along the eastern bank of the Pearl River. The town that was once home to just 30,000 residents has grown to a metropolis that boasts an urban population of over 10 million in 2016.

Shenzhen is located in the Guangdong Province in China, and it has become one of the world’s largest metropolitan areas. The 2016 population for the metropolis is 10.828 million, a slight increase from the estimated 10.78 million recorded at the end of 2014. Its role in foreign investment and as a financial center helped the city transform from a market town to a bustling technology and manufacturing hub that has the third-busiest container port and fourth-busiest airport in China.

Shenzhen Demographics

Shenzhen’s population of over 10 million is spread across 1,991 square kilometers. The city’s advances in the high-tech, logistics, final services and cultural industries has contributed to its population boom over the last 35 years. The city was ranked 19th in the 2016 Global Financial Centres Index and was elected as one of the top 10 cities in China for expatriates. Expatriates choose Shenzhen as a place to settle because of the city’s job opportunities as well as the culture’s tolerance and open-mindedness, and it was even voted China’s Most Dynamic City and the City Most Favored by Migrant Workers in 2014.

The dominant language in Shenzhen is Mandarin, making it the only city in Guangdong to primarily use the language. A large number of public service workers and businessmen speak English, as well. Younger generations often speak English and Cantonese.

According to 2010 data, the main religions followed in Shenzhen are Chinese folk religions, with 37% of residents claiming this religion during a Southern California University research study. Buddhism is the religious choice of 26% of residents, according to the survey, while Christianity, Taoists and Muslims comprise other religions. Fifteen percent of the residents chose no religious affiliation.

The average life expectancy in Shenzhen is 78 years old, according to 2010 data, which indicated an increase of 1.26 years in life expectancy compared to 2005.

Shenzhen History

Shenzhen’s recorded history goes back well over one thousand years, as the first records available bearing the name date back to 1410. However, evidence suggests that the first human activity in the area dates back over 6,700 years ago. The name Shenzhen translates to “deep drains,” named for the drains created in paddy fields around the rivers and streams that are still in the city today. The area has over 330 rivers and streams.

Migration to the area began during the Southern Song Dynasty in 1127 to 1279, although real growth did not begin until the 1980s and 1990s, after Shenzhen was incorporated as a city in 1979. In 1980, the first special economic zone was created. The border town grew from just 30,000 residents to more than 10 million throughout this period, becoming one of the top destinations for expatriates to settle because of its industrial achievements, including the design industry which employs over 60,000 people.

Shenzhen is often referred to as the cultural and economic hub of southern China due to its innovation across multiple sectors. It also is known for its culture of volunteering, with over 8,500 social organizations serving the community with almost one million volunteers. It has been chosen as China’s Most Charitable City multiple times in the past. Shenzhen also has a rich cultural history and has thousands of cultural performances for the public annually.

The city is a popular tourist destination, with the Chinese Government naming it “Excellent Tourist City.” Its 283 square kilometers of coastline and subtropical vegetation, along with its beaches and historic relics including Dapeng Fortress and Nantou Ancient City has contributed to the city’s tourism industry.

Shenzhen Population Growth

Shenzhen’s population has grown at an astounding rate throughout the years, climbing from just 30,000 in the 1970s to over 10 million in 2016. Future growth of Shenzhen along with Hong Kong and Guangzhou has been estimated to top 120 million in the near future. According to current population estimates, the city’s population will exceed 11 million in 2020 and will hit almost 13 million by the end of 2030.

Year Population
19503,148
19513,468
19523,822
19534,211
19544,639
19555,112
19565,633
19576,206
19586,838
19597,534
19608,302
19619,146
196210,077
196311,103
196412,236
196513,480
196614,852
196716,364
196818,033
196919,867
197021,890
197124,119
197226,578
197329,280
197432,262
197535,547
197639,172
197743,154
197847,549
197952,390
198058,983
198167,822
198278,000
1983105,520
1984142,808
1985193,113
1986261,247
1987353,420
1988478,311
1989646,798
1990875,000
19911,070,094
19921,309,051
19931,600,480
19941,957,331
19952,393,747
19962,928,280
19973,580,191
19984,378,449
19995,354,690
20006,550,414
20017,192,604
20027,479,138
20037,777,087
20048,087,340
20058,409,066
20068,744,061
20079,092,401
20089,455,126
20099,831,264
201010,222,916
201110,484,071
201210,676,804
201310,872,534
201411,072,131
201511,275,391
201611,482,671
201711,693,175
201811,907,836
201912,128,721
202012,356,820
202112,591,696
202212,831,330
202313,072,633
202413,311,855
202513,545,445
202613,769,952
202713,982,726
202814,181,915
202914,366,873
203014,537,252
203114,693,323
203214,835,485
203314,964,599
203415,081,072
203515,185,481

Shenzhen Population 2022

Year Population Growth Rate Growth
19503,1480.00%
19513,46810.17%320
19523,82210.21%354
19534,21110.18%389
19544,63910.16%428
19555,11210.20%473
19565,63310.19%521
19576,20610.17%573
19586,83810.18%632
19597,53410.18%696
19608,30210.19%768
19619,14610.17%844
196210,07710.18%931
196311,10310.18%1,026
196412,23610.20%1,133
196513,48010.17%1,244
196614,85210.18%1,372
196716,36410.18%1,512
196818,03310.20%1,669
196919,86710.17%1,834
197021,89010.18%2,023
197124,11910.18%2,229
197226,57810.20%2,459
197329,28010.17%2,702
197432,26210.18%2,982
197535,54710.18%3,285
197639,17210.20%3,625
197743,15410.17%3,982
197847,54910.18%4,395
197952,39010.18%4,841
198058,98312.58%6,593
198167,82214.99%8,839
198278,00015.01%10,178
1983105,52035.28%27,520
1984142,80835.34%37,288
1985193,11335.23%50,305
1986261,24735.28%68,134
1987353,42035.28%92,173
1988478,31135.34%124,891
1989646,79835.23%168,487
1990875,00035.28%228,202
19911,070,09422.30%195,094
19921,309,05122.33%238,957
19931,600,48022.26%291,429
19941,957,33122.30%356,851
19952,393,74722.30%436,416
19962,928,28022.33%534,533
19973,580,19122.26%651,911
19984,378,44922.30%798,258
19995,354,69022.30%976,241
20006,550,41422.33%1,195,724
20017,192,6049.80%642,190
20027,479,1383.98%286,534
20037,777,0873.98%297,949
20048,087,3403.99%310,253
20058,409,0663.98%321,726
20068,744,0613.98%334,995
20079,092,4013.98%348,340
20089,455,1263.99%362,725
20099,831,2643.98%376,138
201010,222,9163.98%391,652
201110,484,0712.55%261,155
201210,676,8041.84%192,733
201310,872,5341.83%195,730
201411,072,1311.84%199,597
201511,275,3911.84%203,260
201611,482,6711.84%207,280
201711,693,1751.83%210,504
201811,907,8361.84%214,661
201912,128,7211.85%220,885
202012,356,8201.88%228,099
202112,591,6961.90%234,876
202212,831,3301.90%239,634
202313,072,6331.88%241,303
202413,311,8551.83%239,222
202513,545,4451.75%233,590
202613,769,9521.66%224,507
202713,982,7261.55%212,774
202814,181,9151.42%199,189
202914,366,8731.30%184,958
203014,537,2521.19%170,379
203114,693,3231.07%156,071
203214,835,4850.97%142,162
203314,964,5990.87%129,114
203415,081,0720.78%116,473
203515,185,4810.69%104,409

Shenzhen Population Data (Urban Area)

Name 2022 Population 2022 Growth
Shanghai28,516,9042.59%
Beijing21,333,3322.09%
Chongqing16,874,7403.01%
Tianjin14,011,8281.58%
Guangzhou13,964,6372.41%
Shenzhen12,831,3301.90%
Chengdu9,478,5211.86%
Nanjing9,429,3813.12%
Wuhan8,591,6111.40%
Xi An Shaanxi8,537,6463.18%
Hangzhou8,044,8782.54%
Suzhou7,764,4994.54%
Shenyang7,527,9752.09%
Dongguan7,511,8510.80%
Foshan7,497,2631.22%
Haerbin6,665,9512.14%
Dalian5,930,1402.67%
Qingdao5,865,2322.14%
Zhengzhou5,690,3123.27%
Ji Nan Shandong5,663,0152.71%

Other Cities in China

  1. National Bureau of Statistics of China - China data and statistics
  2. Shenzhen Government Online - Official government website of Shenzhen

Sources