Xuancheng's 2023 population is now estimated at 516,259. In 1950, the population of Xuancheng was 27,555. Xuancheng has grown by 15,525 in the last year, which represents a 3.1% annual change. These population estimates and projections come from the latest revision of the UN World Urbanization Prospects. These estimates represent the Urban agglomeration of Xuancheng, which typically includes Xuancheng's population in addition to adjacent suburban areas.