Brooklyn Population 2024

2,679,620

Brooklyn is New York City's most populous of five boroughs and the second-largest in size. It has the same boundaries as Kings County, which is also the most populous county in the state and the second-most densely populated county in the country after New York County/Manhattan. If it were a city, Brooklyn would be the 4th most populous in the United States.

Brooklyn has an estimated population of 2.6 million with a very high population density of 36,732 people per square mile, or 14,182 per square kilometer. The history of the borough goes back 350 years and it has long been known as a popular destination for immigrants to the United States.

Brooklyn Demographics

At the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Brooklyn was:

  • White: 49.5% (non-Hispanic: 35.8%)
  • African American: 35.8%
  • Asian: 11.3%
  • Native American: 1.0%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 2.2%
  • Other races: 8.9%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 19.8%

Brooklyn has a high female-to-male ratio with 88 males for every 100 females. It also has the largest lesbian community of any New York City borough.

There are many languages spoken in the borough, including Spanish (17%), Chinese (6.5%), Russian (5.5%), Yiddish (3.5%), French Creole (2.75%), Italian (1.3%), Hebrew (1.2%), Polish (1%), French (1%), Arabic (0.9%), Indic languages (0.8%) and Urdu (0.7%). A very high 38% of Brooklyn residents are foreign born.

Brooklyn Neighborhoods

Brooklyn has many well-known neighborhoods, each reflecting the ever-changing population. The Brownsville neighborhood, for example, had a majority of Jewish people through the middle of the 20th century but it is now mostly African American. Meanwhile, Midwood was mostly Irish during the beginning of the 20th century, then Jewish, and today it has a thriving Pakistani population.

Neighborhoods in Brooklyn are becoming more mixed with more immigrants integrating into the various areas.

Neighborhoods and their corresponding major ethnic groups:

  • Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bed-Stuy) has one of the most well-known African-American communities in the city.
  • Brighton Beach and Sheepshead Bay have large Ukranian and Russian populations and businesses. The area is nicknamed Little Odessa and Little Russia. Brighton Beach has the largest concentration of Russians in the state. The area was originally a Jewish neighborhood.
  • Bushwick has the largest Hispanic community in Brooklyn, many of whom are Puerto Rican with some Dominican and people from South America. About 80% of the neighborhood's population is Hispanic. Other neighborhoods with large Puerto Rican, Dominican and Salvadoran populations include East New York, Williamsburg, and Sunset Park. Mexicans are concentrated in Sunset Park while Panamanians live in Crown Heights.
  • Bensonhurst, Dyker Heights and Bay Ridge have large Italian American communities. There are also Italian Americans in other neighborhoods in southern Brooklyn, including Gravesend, Marine Park, Bergen Beach and Mill Basin. Carroll Gardens has a very old Italian American community.
  • Borough Park, Flatbush and Williamsburg are home to many Hasidic Jews and Orthodox Jews, as well as several synagogues, yeshivas and Jewish businesses and schools. Other neighborhoods with large Hasidic and Orthodox Jews include Crown Heights, Sea Gate, Canarsie, Midwood and Kensington. Non-religious Jews are concentrated in Park Slope, Windsor Terrace and Ditmas Park.
  • Greenpoint is home to Little Poland, a large Polish community in Brooklyn. This is the second-largest concentration of Polish immigrants in the U.S.
  • The West Indian community of the borough is mainly found in Canarsie, Kensington, East Flatbush, Flatbush and Crown Heights. Brooklyn has the largest West Indian community outside of the Carribbean after Toronto, Montreal, London and Miami. Most West Indians in the borough are Jamaican, Haitian and Guyanese.
  • Greek Americans are concentrated in Downtown Brooklyn near Atlantic Avenue.
  • Chinese Americans are concentrated in southern Brooklyn, particularly in Bensonhurst, Bath Beach, Sunset Park, Gravesend and Homecrest, with the largest community in Sunset Park, which is known as Brooklyn's Chinatown.
  • Irish Americans are concentrated in Bay Ridge, Marine Park, Vinegar Hill and Gerritsen Beach, although many moved to Long Island in the mid-20th century
  • Arab Americans and Muslim communities are concentrated in the southwest part of Brooklyn, mostly in Bay Ridge.

Brooklyn Facts

  • Brooklyn has a large ethnic press that includes El Diario La Prensa, the oldest and largest Spanish-language daily newspaper in the country, Hamodia, an Orthodox Jewish newspaper and more than 300 other non-English newspapers and magazines.
  • Before 1898, Brooklyn was its own city. Many residents of the borough call this the "Great Mistake of 1898."
  • The average price of an apartment in the borough is more than $630,000. The average rent for a one-bedroom apartment is $3,455 per month.
  • Brooklyn gets its name from Dutch colonists, who originally named the village Breuckelen.
  • Brooklyn has the oldest subway tunnel in the world and the first steel-wire suspension bridge.

Population by Race

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Race
Population
Percentage (of total)
White1,082,00440.38%
Black or African American803,62129.99%
Asian321,11011.98%
Other race261,5969.76%
Two or more races195,3267.29%
Native American14,5030.54%
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander1,4600.05%

White

Black or African American

Asian

Other race

Two or more races

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Brooklyn Population by Race

Brooklyn Population Pyramid 2024

Brooklyn Median Age

35.9

Total

34.7

Male

37.3

Female

Brooklyn Adults

There are 2,075,256 adults, (388,584 of whom are seniors) in Brooklyn.

Brooklyn Age Dependency

58.9

Age Dependency Ratio

23

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Brooklyn Sex Ratio

Female1,400,19552.25%
Male1,279,42547.75%

Brooklyn Population by Age

Brooklyn Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Household Type
Count
Average Size
Owner
Renter
All997,9572.6430.369.7
Non Family397,7801.3520.379.7
Married371,8843.6144.155.9
Female173,6473.312476
Male54,6463.1729.970.1

3.38

Average Family Size

2.64

Average Household Size

30.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Married

Male

Female

NonFamily

owner

renter

Brooklyn Households and Families

Male

Female

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Education Attained
Count
Percentage
9th to 12th Grade145,2047.8%
Associates Degree115,8166.22%
Bachelors Degree448,44824.1%
Graduate Degree303,27616.3%
High School Graduate461,05924.78%
Less Than 9th Grade156,6098.42%
Some College230,18912.37%

Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

Brooklyn Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Brooklyn Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

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Race
Total
High School
Bachelors
White680,516632,364411,955
Black568,121485,408146,706
Hispanic329,873231,20176,464
Asian232,533163,07288,631
Other Race167,214106,76927,937
2+ Races125,129105,72152,460
Native American8,9765,9222,083
Islander984928247

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 94.31%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 60.54%.

Brooklyn Educational Attainment by Race

All

Male

Female

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Name
Average
Male
Female
Bachelors Degree$72,697$79,182$68,047
Graduate Degree$89,685$101,168$83,580
High School Graduate$35,523$41,199$30,255
Less Than 9th Grade$26,782$29,734$23,145
Overall$52,919$57,119$49,011
Some College$45,344$50,635$40,368

$52,919

Average Earnings

$57,119

Average Male

$49,011

Average Female

Brooklyn Earnings by Educational Attainment

Brooklyn Language by Age

Only English

Spanish

Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

Brooklyn Language

55.8% of Brooklyn residents speak only English, while 44.2% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 17.84% of the population.

Brooklyn Language

Brooklyn Poverty by Race

rate

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Name
Total
In Poverty
Poverty Rate
Black795,127156,59419.69%
White957,167152,09615.89%
Hispanic501,590124,10924.74%
Other259,87569,62126.79%
Asian318,42359,70118.75%
Multiple193,76536,69818.94%
Native14,3993,90527.12%
Islander1,28474858.26%

18.97%

Overall Poverty Rate

17.73%

Male Poverty Rate

20.11%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Brooklyn

The race most likely to be in poverty in Brooklyn is Islander, with 58.26% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Brooklyn is White, with 15.89% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.59%. Among those working part-time, it was 19.06%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.66%.

Brooklyn Poverty

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade30.74%
High School21.78%
Some College14.83%
Bachelors or Greater7.47%

Brooklyn Poverty Rate by Education

rate

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Rate
Poverty
Female Unemployed32.59%
Male Unemployed30.8%
Female Employed7.96%
Male Employed6.39%

Brooklyn Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Brooklyn Income by Household Type

Households

Families

MarriedFamilies

NonFamilies

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Name
Median
Mean
Families$84,136$127,040
Households$74,692$114,302
Married Families$106,721$156,338
Non Families$56,265$88,190

mean

median

Income by Household Type

Brooklyn Marital Status

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Marriage Rates

40.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.1%

Male Marriage Rate

36.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Brooklyn Married by Age and Sex

male

female

Brooklyn Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Brooklyn Marital Status by Race

Married

Widowed

Divorced

Separated

NeverMarried

Brooklyn Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War

Vietnam

Korea

World War II

33,841

Number of Veterans

30,046

Male Veterans

3,795

Female Veterans

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War
Veterans
Vietnam11,179
Second Gulf War7,057
First Gulf War5,303
Korea2,169
World War II677

Brooklyn Veterans by War

count

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Age Group
Veterans
75+9,573
65 to 747,992
35 to 546,755
55 to 646,518
18 to 343,003

Brooklyn Veterans by Age

count

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Name
Veterans
% of Total
White13,9401.67%
Black13,3562.1%
Hispanic5,8981.55%
2+ Races2,4391.73%
Other Race2,0181.04%
Asian1,6930.66%
Native American3813.58%
Islander141.23%

Brooklyn Veterans by Race

Brooklyn Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater

13.35%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.87%

Veteran Disability Rate

Brooklyn Veterans by Education

LaborForceParticipation

63.7%

Labor Force Participation

59%

Employment Rate

7.3%

Unemployment Rate

Brooklyn Employment by Age

LaborForceParticipation

Brooklyn Employment by Race

LaborForceParticipation

Brooklyn Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

Europe

Asia

Africa

Oceania

Latin America

North America

49.18%

Born in Brooklyn

64.72%

Native Born

35.28%

Foreign Born

13.38%

Non Citizen

21.9%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

64.72% of Brooklyn residents were born in the United States, with 49.18% having been born in NY. 13.38% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Brooklyn Place of Birth