Brooklyn Population 2021

2,589,970

Brooklyn is New York City's most populous of five boroughs and the second-largest in size. It has the same boundaries as Kings County, which is also the most populous county in the state and the second-most densely populated county in the country after New York County/Manhattan. If it were a city, Brooklyn would be the 4th most populous in the United States.

Brooklyn has an estimated population of 2.6 million with a very high population density of 36,732 people per square mile, or 14,182 per square kilometer. The history of the borough goes back 350 years and it has long been known as a popular destination for immigrants to the United States.

Brooklyn Demographics

At the 2010 Census, the racial and ethnic breakdown of Brooklyn was:

  • White: 49.5% (non-Hispanic: 35.8%)
  • African American: 35.8%
  • Asian: 11.3%
  • Native American: 1.0%
  • Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander: 0.1%
  • Two or more races: 2.2%
  • Other races: 8.9%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 19.8%

Brooklyn has a high female-to-male ratio with 88 males for every 100 females. It also has the largest lesbian community of any New York City borough.

There are many languages spoken in the borough, including Spanish (17%), Chinese (6.5%), Russian (5.5%), Yiddish (3.5%), French Creole (2.75%), Italian (1.3%), Hebrew (1.2%), Polish (1%), French (1%), Arabic (0.9%), Indic languages (0.8%) and Urdu (0.7%). A very high 38% of Brooklyn residents are foreign born.

Brooklyn Neighborhoods

Brooklyn has many well-known neighborhoods, each reflecting the ever-changing population. The Brownsville neighborhood, for example, had a majority of Jewish people through the middle of the 20th century but it is now mostly African American. Meanwhile, Midwood was mostly Irish during the beginning of the 20th century, then Jewish, and today it has a thriving Pakistani population.

Neighborhoods in Brooklyn are becoming more mixed with more immigrants integrating into the various areas.

Neighborhoods and their corresponding major ethnic groups:

  • Bedford-Stuyvesant (Bed-Stuy) has one of the most well-known African-American communities in the city.
  • Brighton Beach and Sheepshead Bay have large Ukranian and Russian populations and businesses. The area is nicknamed Little Odessa and Little Russia. Brighton Beach has the largest concentration of Russians in the state. The area was originally a Jewish neighborhood.
  • Bushwick has the largest Hispanic community in Brooklyn, many of whom are Puerto Rican with some Dominican and people from South America. About 80% of the neighborhood's population is Hispanic. Other neighborhoods with large Puerto Rican, Dominican and Salvadoran populations include East New York, Williamsburg, and Sunset Park. Mexicans are concentrated in Sunset Park while Panamanians live in Crown Heights.
  • Bensonhurst, Dyker Heights and Bay Ridge have large Italian American communities. There are also Italian Americans in other neighborhoods in southern Brooklyn, including Gravesend, Marine Park, Bergen Beach and Mill Basin. Carroll Gardens has a very old Italian American community.
  • Borough Park, Flatbush and Williamsburg are home to many Hasidic Jews and Orthodox Jews, as well as several synagogues, yeshivas and Jewish businesses and schools. Other neighborhoods with large Hasidic and Orthodox Jews include Crown Heights, Sea Gate, Canarsie, Midwood and Kensington. Non-religious Jews are concentrated in Park Slope, Windsor Terrace and Ditmas Park.
  • Greenpoint is home to Little Poland, a large Polish community in Brooklyn. This is the second-largest concentration of Polish immigrants in the U.S.
  • The West Indian community of the borough is mainly found in Canarsie, Kensington, East Flatbush, Flatbush and Crown Heights. Brooklyn has the largest West Indian community outside of the Carribbean after Toronto, Montreal, London and Miami. Most West Indians in the borough are Jamaican, Haitian and Guyanese.
  • Greek Americans are concentrated in Downtown Brooklyn near Atlantic Avenue.
  • Chinese Americans are concentrated in southern Brooklyn, particularly in Bensonhurst, Bath Beach, Sunset Park, Gravesend and Homecrest, with the largest community in Sunset Park, which is known as Brooklyn's Chinatown.
  • Irish Americans are concentrated in Bay Ridge, Marine Park, Vinegar Hill and Gerritsen Beach, although many moved to Long Island in the mid-20th century
  • Arab Americans and Muslim communities are concentrated in the southwest part of Brooklyn, mostly in Bay Ridge.

Brooklyn Facts

  • Brooklyn has a large ethnic press that includes El Diario La Prensa, the oldest and largest Spanish-language daily newspaper in the country, Hamodia, an Orthodox Jewish newspaper and more than 300 other non-English newspapers and magazines.
  • Before 1898, Brooklyn was its own city. Many residents of the borough call this the "Great Mistake of 1898."
  • The average price of an apartment in the borough is more than $630,000. The average rent for a one-bedroom apartment is $3,455 per month.
  • Brooklyn gets its name from Dutch colonists, who originally named the village Breuckelen.
  • Brooklyn has the oldest subway tunnel in the world and the first steel-wire suspension bridge.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,132,42643.72%
Black or African American833,68332.19%
Asian307,08111.86%
Some Other Race225,1628.69%
Two or More Races81,7863.16%
American Indian and Alaska Native8,6040.33%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1,2320.05%
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Brooklyn Population by Race

Brooklyn Population Pyramid $2021

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Brooklyn Median Age

35.2


Total

33.7


Male

36.7


Female

Brooklyn Adults

There are 1,995,330 adults, (352,294 of whom are seniors) in Brooklyn.

Brooklyn Age Dependency

57.6

Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

36.2

Child Dependency Ratio

Brooklyn Sex Ratio

Female

1,362,880

52.62%

Male

1,227,100

47.38%

Brooklyn Population by Age

Brooklyn Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Brooklyn Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married44.3%55.7%
All30.1%69.9%
Male28.7%71.3%
Female23.3%76.7%
Non Family19.5%80.5%

30.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Brooklyn Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All958,5672.6630.1
Non Family369,5611.3519.5
Married364,1793.6144.3
Female171,4333.2923.3
Male53,3943.2228.7

3.37

Average Family Size

2.66

Average Household Size

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Brooklyn Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade157,3678.84%
9th to 12th Grade156,2488.78%
High School Graduate458,19125.74%
Some College233,06713.09%
Associates Degree107,9296.06%
Bachelors Degree400,19422.48%
Graduate Degree267,25115.01%
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Brooklyn Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Brooklyn Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White664,076610,689379,730
Black577,652490,083139,493
Hispanic315,422211,99360,268
Asian220,019147,32576,351
Other Race140,07685,10220,569
2+ Races43,69937,39720,355
Native American5,4943,7351,234
Islander780681158

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 91.96%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 57.18%.

Brooklyn Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$43,455$47,417$40,613
Less Than 9th Grade$21,616$24,318$18,388
High School Graduate$30,527$35,420$25,688
Some College$38,778$43,352$34,687
Bachelors Degree$61,435$64,773$57,072
Graduate Degree$76,057$84,607$70,841

$43,455

Average Earnings

$47,417

Average Male

$40,613

Average Female

Brooklyn Earnings by Educational Attainment

Brooklyn Language by Age

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Brooklyn Language

55.03% of Brooklyn residents speak only English, while 44.97% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 17.47% of the population.

Brooklyn Language

Brooklyn Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black824,239167,99220.38%
White934,455157,04516.81%
Hispanic488,269132,40327.12%
Other223,21165,21729.22%
Asian304,72358,93419.34%
Multiple81,05515,42019.02%
Native8,4962,36327.81%
Islander1,16244238.04%

19.95%

Overall Poverty Rate

18.50%

Male Poverty Rate

21.25%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Brooklyn

The race most likely to be in poverty in Brooklyn is Islander, with 38.04% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Brooklyn is White, with 16.81% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.53%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.49%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.11%.

Brooklyn Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade31.88%
High School21.43%
Some College15.82%
Bachelors or Greater7.36%

Brooklyn Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed38.77%
Male Unemployed33.21%
Female Employed8.76%
Male Employed7.72%

Brooklyn Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Brooklyn Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$60,231$91,610
Families$68,306$102,569
Married Families$87,212$126,201
Non Families$43,219$68,571
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Income by Household Type

Brooklyn Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

41.1%

Overall Marriage Rate

44.8%

Male Marriage Rate

37.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Brooklyn Married by Age and Sex

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Brooklyn Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Brooklyn Marital Status by Race

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Brooklyn Marital Status

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37,191

Number of Veterans

33,420

Male Veterans

3,771

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam11,736
Second Gulf War7,452
First Gulf War5,107
Korea3,151
World War II1,501

Brooklyn Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+9,797
65 to 748,597
35 to 547,934
55 to 646,859
18 to 344,004

Brooklyn Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White17,7442.03%
Black14,3452.20%
Hispanic6,7131.84%
Other Race2,0781.26%
Asian1,5850.65%
2+ Races1,2212.39%
Native American1912.99%
Islander272.98%

Brooklyn Veterans by Race

Brooklyn Veterans by Education

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12.63%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.69%

Veteran Disability Rate

Brooklyn Veterans by Education

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63.7%

Labor Force Participation

59.7%

Employment Rate

6.2%

Unemployment Rate

Brooklyn Employment by Age

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Brooklyn Employment by Race

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Brooklyn Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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48.90%

Born in Brooklyn

63.92%

Native Born

36.08%

Foreign Born

14.09%

Non Citizen

21.98%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

63.92% of Brooklyn residents were born in the United States, with 48.90% having been born in NY. 14.09% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Brooklyn Place of Birth