Manhattan Population 2021

1,631,990

Manhattan is one of five boroughs of New York City and has the same boundaries as New York County. Most of the borough consists of Manhattan Island, which is bounded by the Hudson, East and Harlem Rivers, along with some land on the mainland and small islands.

Manhattan has an estimated population of 1.63 million people, all living in an area of just 23 square miles. This gives Manhattan a population density of 70,826 people per square mile, or 27,346 per square kilometer. Manhattan is the most densely populated of the five NYC boroughs and also the most densely populated county in the United States. It is more dense than any city in the country and one of the most densely populated areas on earth.

On weekdays, the number of commuters pushes the Manhattan population to more than 3.9 million, or 170,000 people per square mile.

Manhattan is the smallest borough in terms of land area and the third-largest in terms of population behind Brooklyn and Queens. Between 2000 and 2030, the population of Manhattan is expected to grow by 289,000 people. The school-age population is expected to increase, compared to an expected decline in New York City as a whole, by the elderly population is projected to grow by 58%.

Manhattan Demographics

The racial composition of Manhattan is:

  • White: 58.9%
  • Non-Hispanic White: 50.7%
  • Asian: 10.3%
  • Black or African American: 15.5%

Just 20% of people in Manhattan live in owner-occupied housing. This is the second-lowest rate of any county in the United States after the Bronx.

Manhattan has the second-highest number of non-Hispanic whites of any New York City borough at 48% behind Staten Island. About 27% of the population of Manhattan is foreign-born. People with Irish ancestry account for almost 8% of the population, while Italian Americans account for 7%, followed by German Americans (7%) and Russian Americans (6%).

Religious groups in Manhattan include the Roman Catholic Church (over 36% of the population), Jewish (20.5%), Protestants (9%) and Muslims (2.5%).

Manhattan Neighborhoods

Manhattan has some of the most affluent and well-known neighborhoods in the country. Neighborhoods include:

  • Harlem, which has been a large African American community since the 1920s and was originally a Dutch village named Haarlem after a city in the Netherlands. The neighborhood still suffers from many problems and 35% to 47% of the population receive income support from the government.
  • SoHo (SOuth of HOuston) is known for upscale shopping and art galleries.
  • TriBeCa (TRIangle BElow CAnal Street) has many industrial buildings that have been converted to residential lofts and buildings with a population that is 82% white, 9% Hispanic and 5% African American.
  • Midtown Manhattan is home to iconic buildings like the Chrysler Building and the Empire State Building and it ranks among the most commonly used pieces of real estate on earth. Most of the skyscrapers in NYC are in Midtown.
  • Washington Heights has many immigrants from the Dominican Republic.
  • Chelsea has a large gay population and is known for being a center for art and nightlife.
  • Alphabet City includes Avenues A, B, C and D, hence the name. These are the only avenues in Manhattan with single-letter names. The area has a very long history and has been an enclave for the German, Polish, Hispanic and Jewish populations of Manhattan.
  • Hell's Kitchen. Officially Clinton, the origin of the name Hell's Kitchen is out of folklore. Once defined for its poverty and ethnic strife, the area is now undergoing gentrification.
  • Upper East Side is one of the most affluent neighborhoods in NYC. The Upper East Side is mostly non-Hispanic white and it has the greatest concentration of individual wealth in Manhattan.
  • Upper West Side is also an affluent residential area, with many residents working in Lower Manhattan or Midtown in commercial areas. It is known for being a center for artistic workers and an intellectual hub.
  • Greenwich Village, or the Village, is a residential neighborhood on the west side of Lower Manhattan. Long known for being an artists' haven, it has undergone gentrification and commercialization in recent decades.
  • Little Italy was once known for its high number of Italian residents, but there are now few Italians left. Italian immigrants quickly gained the financial success to leave the area and it is now on the verge of extinction.
  • Chinatown in Manhattan has the highest concentration of Chinese people in the Western hemisphere.

Manhattan History

"Manhattan" comes from the name Mannahatta, or "land of many hills," from the Lenape Indians, who lived on the island. The first European to reach Manhattan was Englishman Henry Hudson, who sailed for the Dutch and entered Upper New York Bay in 1609, although two earlier explorers in 1524 likely saw the island.

Manhattan was first settled by the Dutch in 1624, when a Dutch fur trading settlement was founded on Governors Island. A year later, Fort Amsterdam and a citadel were built on Manhattan Island, which was later called New Amsterdam, to protect new arrivals. According to documents, Manhattan was purchased by Dutch colonists from American Indians for the modern-day equivalent of $1,050. New Amsterdam was incorporated as a city in 1653, and it was renamed New York in 1664 when the English conquered the area. The Dutch Republic regained the city in 1673 and renamed it New Orange, although it was permanently ceded to the English just one year later in return for Run Island, a long-coveted link in the Dutch nutmeg trading monopoly in Indonesia.

It was in New York City in 1765 that the Stamp Act Congress of representatives from the Thirteen Colonies asserted the concept of "no taxation without representation," and the Sons of Liberty developed in Manhattan following this. Manhattan was also at the heart of many major battles of the early Revolutionary War.

During the Civil War, resentment grew in the city over Lincoln's war policy, particularly as the city then had a large and growing population of immigrants who could not afford to pay $300 to avoid conscription and felt free Blacks were taking their jobs. This resentment culminated in the 3-day New York Draft Riots, which was one of the worst incidents of civil disorder in the country's history that left about 119 people dead.

Manhattan was established as its own borough of New York City in 1898, at which time it had a white population of 98.7%, which dropped to just over 58% by 1990. The city grew rapidly, and is still a destination for immigrants the world over.

Manhattan Facts

  • Manhattan has the highest cost of living in the United States, but also some of the most profound income inequality in the country.
  • Manhattan is one of the wealthiest jurisdictions in the U.S. and the only county in the country with a per capita income of more than $100,000.
  • Manhattan is often called the financial capital of the world and it is home to NASDAQ, the New York Stock Exchange and Wall Street.
  • Manhattan is home to Times Square (aka the Crossroads of the World and the Center of the Universe)
  • Manhattan was purchased from unnamed Native American people in 1626 for trade goods worth 60 guilders, the equivalent to $1,050 in today's currency.
  • Manhattan means "island of the hills" in the language spoken by the Algonquin Indians.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White922,03356.50%
Black or African American240,99314.77%
Asian198,83312.18%
Some Other Race188,40011.54%
Two or More Races74,6684.58%
American Indian and Alaska Native6,1780.38%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander8880.05%
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Manhattan Population by Race

Manhattan Population Pyramid $2021

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Manhattan Median Age

37.5


Total

36.8


Male

38.1


Female

Manhattan Adults

There are 1,397,060 adults, (264,356 of whom are seniors) in Manhattan.

Manhattan Age Dependency

44.1

Age Dependency Ratio

23.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

20.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Manhattan Sex Ratio

Female

859,379

52.66%

Male

772,614

47.34%

Manhattan Population by Age

Manhattan Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Manhattan Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married37.4%62.6%
All24.1%75.9%
Non Family20.3%79.7%
Male15.2%84.8%
Female11.6%88.4%

24.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Manhattan Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All759,4602.0724.1
Non Family437,1721.3220.3
Married215,8292.9637.4
Female82,9303.3511.6
Male23,5293.2815.2

3.01

Average Family Size

2.07

Average Household Size

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Manhattan Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade85,7706.87%
9th to 12th Grade73,2015.86%
High School Graduate155,19812.42%
Some College121,8809.76%
Associates Degree47,2683.78%
Bachelors Degree395,69131.67%
Graduate Degree370,35729.64%
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Manhattan Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Manhattan Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White622,748611,653519,634
Hispanic296,065204,25179,074
Black174,125141,56151,970
Asian158,064128,682104,117
Other Race128,20582,56624,308
2+ Races45,37936,27220,881
Native American4,7833,352978
Islander729616219

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 98.22%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 83.44%.

Manhattan Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$67,770$78,033$60,288
Less Than 9th Grade$20,944$24,543$17,389
High School Graduate$30,324$33,905$24,407
Some College$38,059$43,061$31,901
Bachelors Degree$81,380$95,175$70,751
Graduate Degree$103,829$132,291$84,619

$67,770

Average Earnings

$78,033

Average Male

$60,288

Average Female

Manhattan Earnings by Educational Attainment

Manhattan Language by Age

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Manhattan Language

60.62% of Manhattan residents speak only English, while 39.38% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 21.49% of the population.

Manhattan Language

Manhattan Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic412,421102,39424.83%
Black232,71367,69029.09%
Other186,09751,77227.82%
White742,97950,8486.84%
Asian191,62934,93618.23%
Multiple73,98212,56416.98%
Native6,0041,47424.55%
Islander81718923.13%

15.83%

Overall Poverty Rate

14.21%

Male Poverty Rate

17.30%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Manhattan

The race most likely to be in poverty in Manhattan is Black, with 29.09% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Manhattan is White, with 6.84% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.81%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 35.03%.

Manhattan Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade38.18%
High School24.03%
Some College17.33%
Bachelors or Greater5.61%

Manhattan Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed39.24%
Male Unemployed31.49%
Female Employed6.42%
Male Employed4.46%

Manhattan Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Manhattan Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$86,553$159,571
Families$110,035$215,863
Married Families$171,593$281,791
Non Families$74,156$116,078
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Income by Household Type

Manhattan Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

35.0%

Overall Marriage Rate

38.3%

Male Marriage Rate

32.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Manhattan Married by Age and Sex

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Manhattan Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Manhattan Marital Status by Race

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Manhattan Marital Status

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31,459

Number of Veterans

29,175

Male Veterans

2,284

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam8,490
Second Gulf War5,234
Korea4,741
First Gulf War3,715
World War II3,144

Manhattan Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+13,861
65 to 746,355
35 to 545,213
55 to 643,272
18 to 342,758

Manhattan Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White21,9472.70%
Black6,0153.06%
Hispanic5,4231.60%
Other Race1,4540.99%
Asian9650.54%
2+ Races9071.70%
Native American1352.50%
Islander364.34%

Manhattan Veterans by Race

Manhattan Veterans by Education

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10.39%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.99%

Veteran Disability Rate

Manhattan Veterans by Education

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67.3%

Labor Force Participation

63.8%

Employment Rate

5.2%

Unemployment Rate

Manhattan Employment by Age

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Manhattan Employment by Race

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Manhattan Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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42.67%

Born in Manhattan

71.27%

Native Born

28.73%

Foreign Born

14.23%

Non Citizen

14.49%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

71.27% of Manhattan residents were born in the United States, with 42.67% having been born in NY. 14.23% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Manhattan Place of Birth