Montreal Population 2016

1,704,690

The population of Montreal was recorded at 1,704,690 in the 2016 Canadian Census, and was recorded at 1,649,520 in the 2011 census. This is a change in population of 55,170, which is a growth rate of 0.66%.

Montreal is a city in the province of Quebec on the Island of Montreal in Canada. Montreal is the second largest city in Canada, the largest in the province and the 9th largest city in North America with an estimated population of 1.75 million as of 2016.

Recent Population Counts

Montreal's population growth has been slow, and its previous 2014 population of 1.75 million is little changed from the 2011 census figure of 1.65 million. The urban agglomeration -- which includes all municipalities on the Island of Montreal -- has an estimated population of 1.95 million. The Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) has a population of 4.06 million.

City Size and Population Density

The city proper has a population density of 4,517 people per square kilometer (11,701 residents per square mile), while the metro area has a density of 898 people per square kilometer (2,326 residents per square mile). The surface area of the city comes to a total of 431.50 kilometers squared (166.60 square miles).

Montreal Population Demographics

The largest ethnic groups are those of European origins. The largest European ancestries in Montreal include French (26%), Italian (7%), Irish (6%), English (4%), Scottish (3%) and Spanish (2%).

About 31% of the Montreal population belong to a visible minority, up dramatically from just 5% in 1981. The most common visible minorities are black (9.1%), Arab (6.4%), Latin Americans (4.2%), South Asians (3.3%) and Chinese (2.9%).

French is the official and primary language of Montreal and the most common language spoken at home as Quebecois French by 57% of the population, followed by English (18.5%) and other languages (20%). Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada with 56% of the population speaking both French and English.

Roman Catholicism is the most widely practiced religion, although weekly church attendance is one of the lowest in the country. Montreal has historically been a center of Catholicism on the continent. About 65.8% of the population is Christian, with 52.8% being Roman Catholic due to original French settlers and those of Irish and Italian origins. Protestants (5.9%) come mostly from German and British origins, while 3.7% of the population is Orthodox Christian, mostly in the Greek community. Montreal has the second-largest concentration of Muslims in the state at 154,540 members, while there are about 35,785 Jewish people in the region.

Montreal History

The earliest known inhabitants of the island were the First Nations native people, who lived in the area as early as 4,000 years ago, growing maize and building fortified villages. Evidence also shows the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians established the village Hochelaga in the area 200 years before the arrival of the French. French explorer Jacques Cartier visited this village in 1535 and estimated a population of more than one thousand.

70 years later, another French explorer reported the St Lawrence Iroquoians and settlements had disappeared, likely due to an epidemic of disease from the Europeans outmigration or wars between tribes.

A fur trading post was established in the area in 1611 at the site of present-day Pointe-a-Calliere. A Roman Catholic mission was established to evangelize the natives in 1642. The region became a base for fur trading and French exploration. To create a large French settlement, the Mohawks were encouraged to move from the fur trading post, creating Kahnewake(a mission village), Kanesatake (north of the Ottawa River) and Akwesasne (further upriver). All three are now Mohawk reserves.

The new Canadian territory was ruled as a French colony until it was surrendered to Great Britain in 1760. Montreal was eventually incorporated in 1832, becoming the largest municipality in British North America in less than thirty years. It was the capital of the Province of Canada from 1844 until 1849. By 1951, Montreal was home to more than one million people, and it was during this decade that the city hosted the World's Fair, constructed the tallest skyscrapers in the country and created the subway system (Montreal Metro).

The city was merged with 27 nearby municipalities on the Island of Montreal in 2002 to create a unified city. Many mergers were rescinded later as the move was unpopular in several suburbs. 13% of the population of the island in many municipalities voted to leave the unified city in 2004, leaving 15 total municipalities on the Island of Montreal.

Montreal Population Growth

In 2013, more than 35% of all Canadians were living in one of Canada's three largest metropolitan areas, including Montreal. Montreal was once the leading city in the country, although it has been passed since then as its population growth has slowed. Toronto passed Montreal in population in the 1970s, and the cities are now worlds apart in terms of size. In another 60 years, Vancouver is predicted to surpass Montreal. For the past five years, Montreal has also been behind the national average growth rate.

By 2030, the Greater Montreal Area is expected to grow to 5.275 million, of which 1.72 million will belong to a visible minority group.

Montreal Population 2016

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Avg. Age
40.3
Median Age
38.5

Age Count
0 to 498,815
5 to 991,005
10 to 1475,965
15 to 1981,790
20 to 24123,925
25 to 29142,400
30 to 34141,520
35 to 39134,710
40 to 44114,785
45 to 49109,250
50 to 54113,465
55 to 59109,560
60 to 6494,490
65 to 6980,575
70 to 7461,060
75 to 7948,665
80 to 8439,765
85 to 8927,115
90 to 9412,190
95 to 993,135

Montreal Age Distribution

Marital Status

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Status Count %
Divorced114,5709.93%
Married478,48041.46%
Never Married530,78545.99%
Separated30,3502.63%

Montreal Basic Marriage Statistics

Spoken Language

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Language Count %
English170,49010.14%
French503,10529.93%
English and French965,48057.44%
Other41,8352.49%

Montreal Language Spoken

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Pay (annual) Count % of Total
< 10k211,94515.77%
10k to 19k276,67520.59%
20k to 29k213,20015.87%
30k to 39k168,00512.50%
40k to 49k135,77010.10%
50k to 59k94,6157.04%
60k to 69k65,3254.86%
70k to 79k49,1453.66%
80k to 89k33,8802.52%
90k to 99k22,6851.69%
> 100k72,4455.39%

$40,079

Avg. Income


$28,321

Median Income

Montreal Income Data

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Montreal Urban Area Population

Year Population Growth Rate (%) Growth
20354,770,7890.83%39,193
20344,731,5960.84%39,398
20334,692,1980.85%39,616
20324,652,5820.86%39,835
20314,612,7470.87%40,007
20304,572,7400.88%40,074
20294,532,6660.89%39,933
20284,492,7330.89%39,477
20274,453,2560.87%38,620
20264,414,6360.85%37,330
20254,377,3060.82%35,668
20244,341,6380.78%33,680
20234,307,9580.73%31,432
20224,276,5260.68%29,080
20214,247,4460.64%26,880
20204,220,5660.60%25,043
20194,195,5230.57%23,807
20184,171,7160.83%34,143
20174,137,5730.83%33,864
20164,103,7090.83%33,587
20154,070,1220.82%33,266
20144,036,8560.82%32,994
20134,003,8620.82%32,680
20123,971,1820.83%32,502
20113,938,6801.07%41,748
20103,896,9321.11%42,875
20093,854,0571.11%42,345
20083,811,7121.11%41,994
20073,769,7181.11%41,475
20063,728,2431.48%54,243
20053,674,0001.53%55,254
20043,618,7461.53%54,571
20033,564,1751.53%53,675
20023,510,5001.53%52,867
20013,457,6330.84%28,662
20003,428,9710.74%25,138
19993,403,8330.74%24,920
19983,378,9130.74%24,737
19973,354,1760.74%24,522
19963,329,6540.73%24,192
19953,305,4620.73%23,950
19943,281,5120.73%23,777
19933,257,7350.73%23,572
19923,234,1630.73%23,466
19913,210,6971.81%57,022
19903,153,6751.89%58,643
19893,095,0321.89%57,473
19883,037,5591.90%56,561
19872,980,9981.89%55,432
19862,925,5660.74%21,601
19852,903,9650.65%18,695
19842,885,2700.65%18,626
19832,866,6440.65%18,480
19822,848,1640.65%18,360
19812,829,8040.22%6,197
19802,823,6070.18%5,196
19792,818,4110.18%5,180
19782,813,2310.18%5,170
19772,808,0610.18%5,153
19762,802,9080.41%11,414
19752,791,4940.43%11,906
19742,779,5880.43%11,855
19732,767,7330.43%11,789
19722,755,9440.43%11,770
19712,744,1742.23%59,959
19702,684,2152.40%62,834
19692,621,3812.39%61,280
19682,560,1012.40%60,011
19672,500,0902.40%58,524
19662,441,5662.88%68,421
19652,373,1452.92%67,389
19642,305,7562.93%65,654
19632,240,1022.93%63,699
19622,176,4032.93%61,886
19612,114,5174.11%83,409
19602,031,1084.23%82,340
19591,948,7684.22%78,896
19581,869,8724.22%75,702
19571,794,1704.21%72,539
19561,721,6314.23%69,795
19551,651,8364.22%66,874
19541,584,9624.22%64,168
19531,520,7944.21%61,486
19521,459,3084.23%59,160
19511,400,1484.22%56,685
19501,343,4630.00%

Montreal Population Data (Urban Area)

  1. Canada Census Data - Official Canadian Census Data.
  2. World Urbanization Prospects - United Nations population estimates and projections of major Urban Agglomerations

Sources