Afghanistan Population 2022 (Live)

41,176,771
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According to current projections, Afghanistan is expected to continue growing at a steady pace until it reaches its peak population of 77.03 million in 2084. After then, it will slowly begin to decline. The United Nations projects that Afghanistan’s population will reach 64.68 million by 2050.

Afghanistan’s population is growing at a rate of 2.33% per year. The country is seeing negative net migration due to internal conflict; however, its fertility rate of 4.56 births per woman still pushes the population up. Because of the high fertility rate, the population is very young, with a median age of 18.4 years.

Afghanistan faces issues regarding its stability and economic standing as the population growth outpaces its economic development.

The current population of Afghanistan is 41,176,771 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2022 population at 41,128,771.

Afghanistan Growth Rate

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Afghanistan Population 2022 (Live)

Afghanistan Population Clock

Afghanistan Population (as of 9/18/2022)41,176,771
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2022)41,128,771
Births per Day792
Deaths per Day156
Migrations per Day-36
Net Change per Day600
Population Change Since Jan. 1156,600

Components of Population Change

One birth every 2 minutes0%
One death every 9 minutes0%
One net migrant every 40 minutes0%
Net gain of one person every 2 minutes0%

Afghanistan Population Clock

Name Population
Kabul3,043,532
Kandahar391,190
Mazar-e Sharif303,282
Herat272,806
Jalalabad200,331
Kunduz161,902
Ghazni141,000
Balkh114,883
Baghlan108,449
Gardez103,601

Most Afghans live in rural areas in tribal and kinship groups. Around 10% of the population lives in the capital city, Kabul. Kabul's 2015 population is estimated at 3.1 million, which makes it the only Afghan city with a population of more than 1 million. The second-largest city is Kandahar, with less than 400,000 people.

Afghanistan Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
19557,971,9311.28%12.2150161
19608,622,4661.58%13.2149166
19659,565,1472.10%14.6550166
197010,752,9712.37%16.4749167
197512,157,3862.49%18.6249166
198012,486,6310.54%19.1352170
198510,512,221-3.38%16.1059185
199010,694,7960.34%16.3862187
199516,418,9128.95%25.1553172
200019,542,9823.55%29.9350172
200524,411,1914.55%37.3945162
201028,189,6722.92%43.1845159
201533,753,4993.67%51.7040153
201735,643,4182.91%54.6039151
201836,686,7842.93%56.1939150
201937,769,4992.95%57.8538150
202038,972,2303.18%59.6937150
202140,099,4622.97%61.4237150
202241,128,7712.90%63.0036149

Afghanistan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202544,515,7932.70%68.1936146
203050,330,8372.49%77.0933141
203556,226,8552.24%86.1231134
204062,180,3422.03%95.2429127
204568,161,2691.85%104.4028118
205074,075,2341.68%113.4625113
205579,788,2071.50%122.2123110
206085,205,1111.32%130.5125104
206590,189,8151.14%138.1525102
207094,723,5690.99%145.0922100
207598,732,0580.83%151.232298
2080102,242,0850.70%156.612194
2085105,228,1970.58%161.182194
2090107,630,9100.45%164.862193
2095109,487,1400.34%167.702291
202342,239,8542.86%64.7036147
202443,372,9502.80%66.4436147

Afghanistan Population by Year (Projections)

Afghanistan Population Pyramid 2022

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Afghanistan Median Age

19.5


Total

19.4


Male

19.5


Female

Afghanistan Population by Age

There are 20,441,702 people over age 18 in Afghanistan.

Census Years

Afghanistan Population Pyramid

Afghanistan Demographics

As you would expect, there is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country. Of the 31 million or so Afghan residents, 42% are Pashtun, 27% Tajik, 9% Hazara, 9% Uzbek, 4% Aimak, 3% Turkmen, 2% Baloch and 4% fall into an unspecified "other" group. The Afghan government recently began issuing ID cards that state the ethnicity of each citizen, which should eventually reveal more precise numbers about the many ethnic groups in the country.

Pashto and Dari are the official languages. Dari is spoken in mostly Tajik and Hazara areas, while Pashto is mostly spoken in Pashtun areas. Turkmen and Uzbek are spoken in the northern regions of the country. Many residents of the country are multilingual.

Afghanistan Religion, Economy and Politics

Muslims account for 99% of the population of Afghanistan, with between 80% and 89% practicing Sunni Islam while 10-19% are Shia. There are zero public Christian churches in Afghanistan.

As far as the ages of the population are concerned, this is another significant factor and one that is contributing to a rise in numbers overall. At the start of 2012, it was claimed that just 2.4% of all Afghan citizens were aged over 65.

The infant mortality rate is currently at 110 deaths per 1,000 births, with a birth rate of 37.9 born per 1,000 population. The 2018 fertility rate is at 5.12 children born per woman.

Clean drinking water and improved sanitation access are two points of interest for basic daily living, and Afghanistan is struggling to get these necessary resources up to par. As of 2015, only 55% of the population has access to clean drinking water and only 31% have access to improved sanitation facilities.

Literacy among the population of Afghanistan is only at 38.2% of the population over the age of 15 years, with males at 52% and females at 24%.

Afghanistan - General Info

Sources