Afghanistan Population 2020 (Live)

39,040,486

According to current projections, Afghanistan is expected to continue growing at a steady pace until it reaches its peak population of 77.03 million in 2084. After then, it will slowly begin to decline. The United Nations projects that Afghanistan’s population will reach 64.68 million by 2050.

Afghanistan’s population is growing at a rate of 2.33% per year. The country is seeing negative net migration due to internal conflict; however, its fertility rate of 4.56 births per woman still pushes the population up. Because of the high fertility rate, the population is very young, with a median age of 18.4 years.

Afghanistan faces issues regarding its stability and economic standing as the population growth outpaces its economic development.

The current population of Afghanistan is 39,040,486, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 38,928,346.

Afghanistan Growth Rate

Afghanistan Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Kabul3,043,532
Kandahar391,190
Mazar-e Sharif303,282
Herat272,806
Jalalabad200,331
Kunduz161,902
Ghazni141,000
Balkh114,883
Baghlan108,449
Gardez103,601

Most Afghans live in rural areas in tribal and kinship groups. Around 10% of the population lives in the capital city, Kabul. Kabul's 2015 population is estimated at 3.1 million, which makes it the only Afghan city with a population of more than 1 million. The second-largest city is Kandahar, with less than 400,000 people.

Afghanistan Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202038,928,3462.33%59.6337150
201938,041,7542.34%58.2737150
201837,171,9212.41%56.9438151
201736,296,1132.58%55.6039151
201635,383,0322.82%54.2039152
201534,413,6033.35%52.7140152
201029,185,5072.61%44.7040159
200525,654,2774.30%39.3045161
200020,779,9532.79%31.8348168
199518,110,6577.85%27.7450172
199012,412,3080.78%19.0157179
198511,938,208-2.22%18.2956176
198013,356,5111.03%20.4651166
197512,689,1602.58%19.4448165
197011,173,6422.33%17.1148165
19659,956,3202.05%15.2547166
19608,996,9731.70%13.7848166
19558,270,9911.30%12.6748161
19507,752,1180.00%11.8746159

Afghanistan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202038,928,3462.33%59.6337150
202543,531,5192.26%66.6836148
203048,093,5782.01%73.6735144
203552,587,4081.80%80.5533138
204056,912,0091.59%87.1732136
204560,974,1131.39%93.4031133
205064,682,9741.19%99.0832127
205567,992,2021.00%104.1530123
206070,844,6940.83%108.5130122
206573,185,2950.65%112.1030121
207074,975,4070.48%114.8430121
207576,199,3460.32%116.7229121
208076,870,2250.18%117.7430121
208577,016,2570.04%117.9731122
209076,692,974-0.08%117.4733120
209575,974,256-0.19%116.3736120

Afghanistan Population by Year (Projections)

Afghanistan Population Pyramid 2020

Afghanistan Median Age

18.9


Total

18.8


Male

18.9


Female

Afghanistan Population by Age

There are 19,095,081 adults in Afghanistan.

Afghanistan Population Pyramid

Afghanistan Demographics

As you would expect, there is a diverse range of ethnic groups within the country. Of the 31 million or so Afghan residents, 42% are Pashtun, 27% Tajik, 9% Hazara, 9% Uzbek, 4% Aimak, 3% Turkmen, 2% Baloch and 4% fall into an unspecified "other" group. The Afghan government recently began issuing ID cards that state the ethnicity of each citizen, which should eventually reveal more precise numbers about the many ethnic groups in the country.

Pashto and Dari are the official languages. Dari is spoken in mostly Tajik and Hazara areas, while Pashto is mostly spoken in Pashtun areas. Turkmen and Uzbek are spoken in the northern regions of the country. Many residents of the country are multilingual.

Afghanistan Religion, Economy and Politics

Muslims account for 99% of the population of Afghanistan, with between 80% and 89% practicing Sunni Islam while 10-19% are Shia. There are zero public Christian churches in Afghanistan.

As far as the ages of the population are concerned, this is another significant factor and one that is contributing to a rise in numbers overall. At the start of 2012, it was claimed that just 2.4% of all Afghan citizens were aged over 65.

The infant mortality rate is currently at 110 deaths per 1,000 births, with a birth rate of 37.9 born per 1,000 population. The 2018 fertility rate is at 5.12 children born per woman.

Clean drinking water and improved sanitation access are two points of interest for basic daily living, and Afghanistan is struggling to get these necessary resources up to par. As of 2015, only 55% of the population has access to clean drinking water and only 31% have access to improved sanitation facilities.

Literacy among the population of Afghanistan is only at 38.2% of the population over the age of 15 years, with males at 52% and females at 24%.

About Afghanistan