Algeria Population 2023 (Live)


Algeria is currently growing at a steady pace. By 2049, Algeria is projected to surpass 60 million people and continue growing through the end of the century. Algeria’s population is projected to be 70.72 million by 2099.

Algeria is currently growing at a rate of 1.85% per year, a rate that adds over 800,000 people to the population every year. This rate will gradually slow down towards the end of the century.

The fertility rate in Algeria is 3.05 births per woman. The rapidly growing population is challenging Algeria’s ability to keep up with economic and social changes while poverty and youth unemployment remain large problems. The government aims to cut the fertility rate from 3.05 to 2.1 births per woman by 2050 to help control population growth.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2023 World Percentage
Land Area
The current population of Algeria is 45,708,086 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2023 population at 45,606,480.

Algeria Growth Rate

Algeria Population 2023 (Live)

Algeria Population Clock

Algeria Population (as of 8/24/2023)45,708,086
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)45,606,480
Births per Day2,452
Deaths per Day543
Migrations per Day-27
Net Change per Day1,882
Population Change Since Jan. 1442,270

Components of Population Change

One birth every 35 seconds
One death every 2.65 minutes
One emigrant every 53.33 minutes
Net gain of one person every 46 seconds

Algeria Population Clock

Algeria is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with just 15.9 people per square kilometer (38/square mile). The capital and largest city is Algiers, which has an estimated population of 3.7 million and a larger metropolitan population of 5.4 million. Algiers is very densely populated, with about 10,150 people per square kilometer.

Roughly three-quarters of Algeria's population live in urban areas, and thus, there are several sizable cities. The largest of these cities is the appropriately named capital Algiers, with a population of 3.416 million. The only other city with a population exceeding one million is Oran. A few other notable cities are Constantine, Annaba, Blida, and Batna- all of which have a population under 500,000.

Algeria Population Density Map

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Algeria Population by Year (Historical)

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Algeria Population by Year (Projections)

Algeria Population Pyramid 2023

Algeria Median Age







Algeria Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Algeria.

Census Years

Algeria Population Pyramid

Algeria was inhabited by several prehistoric people, including the Caspian culture, and many empires and dynasties have ruled the region over its history, such as the Romans, Byzantines and the Turkish Ottomans. At the beginning of the 20th century, Algeria had 4 million people.

Today, Algeria is inhabited mostly by Arab-Berber people, with 90% of the population living in the coastal area of the north with the people in the Sahara desert concentrated in oases. There are about 1.5 million remaining nomadic and semi-nomadic people in the country. Algeria is a young country, with 1 in 4 people under the age of 15. Interestingly, women play an important role here, making up 70% of Algeria's lawyers and 60% of its university students.

Algeria Religion, Economy and Politics

97% of the Algerian population is Muslim. There aren't really any other religions with a significant population. The second most popular religion is Christianity with a meager 285,000 followers.

About 96,000 refugees and asylum seekers are living in Algeria, most of whom are from Western Sahara. There are also about 35,000 Chinese migrant workers and up to 165,000 Sahrawis from Western Sahara in refugee camps. Between 600,000 to 2 million Algerian Turks live in Algeria, and they are today known as Kouloughlis.

The largest concentration of Algerians outside of the country are in France, with more than 1.7 million Algerians. Algeria is the second-largest French-speaking country in the world in terms of the number of speakers. An estimated 11 million Algerians read and write in French.

Algeria Population History

The French colonized Algeria during the mid-1800s and around 50,000 emmigrated there during that time. By the 1900s, Europeans accounted for 20% of the population. The French were eventually ousted in 1945 during a war than killed at least 700,000 Algerians.

The Algerians experienced a civil war from 1991-2002 that killed roughly 100,000.

Algeria Population Rank 2023
2023 Growth Rate
$159.05 Bn

Algeria - General Info

  1. Office of National Statistics
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames