According to current population projections, Brazil’s population will reach its peak of 229.6 million in 2045.
The population growth rate has significantly decreased in Brazil. In 1951, the growth rate was 3.02% and in 2019 it was 0.72%. After reaching its population peak in 2045, Brazil’s population is expected to decrease slowly, starting at a growth rate of -0.01%.
Brazil’s fertility rate has significantly decreased since the 1950s when the total fertility rate was just above 6 births per woman. As of 2018, the birth rate was 1.75 births per woman. This helps explain the slowing population growth. Additionally, in 2039, it is estimated that there will be more elders in Brazil than there are children, leading to an increased mortality rate to follow.
Brazil Population Growth
The country's growth is in many ways hampered by the large number of Brazilian women entering the workforce and choosing to wait longer to have children. The birth rate in Brazil has dropped a great deal since the 1970s, when women had an average of over 4 children. Today, the birth rate is 1.77 births per woman, which is lower than the U.S. rate. It's estimated this rate will fall to 1.5 by 2034 and remain at that level through 2060.
Brazil Population Projections
The trend of the decreasing growth rate is expected to continue for the foreseeable future. By 2020, it is predicted the number of citizens will creep close to 214 million. The population will continue to grow more and more slowly, until around 2050, when it is expected to stagnate and eventually start decreasing.