Brazil Population 2020 (Live)

212,742,702

According to current population projections, Brazil’s population will reach its peak of 229.6 million in 2045.

The population growth rate has significantly decreased in Brazil. In 1951, the growth rate was 3.02% and in 2019 it was 0.72%. After reaching its population peak in 2045, Brazil’s population is expected to decrease slowly, starting at a growth rate of -0.01%.

Brazil’s fertility rate has significantly decreased since the 1950s when the total fertility rate was just above 6 births per woman. As of 2018, the birth rate was 1.75 births per woman. This helps explain the slowing population growth. Additionally, in 2039, it is estimated that there will be more elders in Brazil than there are children, leading to an increased mortality rate to follow.

Brazil Population Growth

The country's growth is in many ways hampered by the large number of Brazilian women entering the workforce and choosing to wait longer to have children. The birth rate in Brazil has dropped a great deal since the 1970s, when women had an average of over 4 children. Today, the birth rate is 1.77 births per woman, which is lower than the U.S. rate. It's estimated this rate will fall to 1.5 by 2034 and remain at that level through 2060.

Brazil Population Projections

The trend of the decreasing growth rate is expected to continue for the foreseeable future. By 2020, it is predicted the number of citizens will creep close to 214 million. The population will continue to grow more and more slowly, until around 2050, when it is expected to stagnate and eventually start decreasing.

The current population of Brazil is 212,742,702, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 212,559,417.

Brazil Growth Rate

Brazil Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Sao Paulo10,021,295
Rio de Janeiro6,023,699
Salvador2,711,840
Fortaleza2,400,000
Belo Horizonte2,373,224
Brasilia2,207,718
Curitiba1,718,421
Manaus1,598,210
Recife1,478,098
Belem1,407,737

Most of Brazil is sparsely populated with a population density of 24.66 people per square kilometer (62 per square mile). The largest city is Sao Paulo with more than 11.9 million residents and a metropolitan population of 21.1 million. The capital, Brasilia, has a population of 2.8 million.

Largest Cities in Brazil

The largest city in Brazil is Sao Paulo. It had a population of over 11.9 million in 2016, and in addition to being Brazil's largest city, it is the largest city in the Southern Hemisphere and the world’s 12th largest city.

Rio de Janeiro, perhaps the most famous city in Brazil, is the country’s second city when it comes to population. Slightly over half the size of Sao Paulo, it has a population of 6,355,949. Between 1793 and 1960, Rio was the capital city of Brazil.

Salvador, Brazil’s first capital city, is currently the third largest city in Brazil, with 2,902,927 inhabitants.

The current capital city, Brasilia, is one of the newest capital cities in the world; its construction was masterminded by the Brazilian Government and the majority of the city was constructed between 1956 and 1960. Despite being such a new city, its growth has been staggering, and today the population of Brasilia is 2.8 million, making it the fourth largest city in Brazil.

Brazil Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020212,559,4170.71%25.436186
2019211,049,5270.75%25.256187
2018209,469,3230.79%25.066185
2017207,833,8230.81%24.876184
2016206,163,0530.83%24.675184
2015204,471,7690.88%24.465184
2010195,713,6351.01%23.425184
2005186,127,1031.26%22.275184
2000174,790,3401.53%20.915184
1995162,019,8961.69%19.385182
1990149,003,2231.95%17.835182
1985135,274,0802.31%16.186184
1980120,694,0092.40%14.446184
1975107,216,2052.43%12.837185
197095,113,2652.67%11.387183
196583,373,5302.93%9.987185
196072,179,2262.91%8.648187
195562,533,9192.99%7.488187
195053,974,7290.00%6.468185

Brazil Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020212,559,4170.71%25.436186
2025219,020,9070.60%26.207189
2030223,852,1220.44%26.787190
2035227,183,5940.30%27.187189
2040229,058,8880.17%27.417192
2045229,604,5280.05%27.477193
2050228,980,400-0.05%27.407193
2055227,236,815-0.15%27.197195
2060224,411,614-0.25%26.859196
2065220,579,952-0.34%26.399197
2070215,858,442-0.43%25.839197
2075210,433,013-0.51%25.189197
2080204,530,518-0.57%24.4711197
2085198,435,840-0.60%23.7411198
2090192,347,346-0.62%23.0111198
2095186,402,100-0.63%22.3011200

Brazil Population by Year (Projections)

Brazil Population Pyramid 2020

Brazil Median Age

32.6


Total

31.1


Male

32.8


Female

Brazil Population by Age

There are 156,961,315 adults in Brazil.

Brazil Population Pyramid

Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil, is the largest country in South America and Latin America, and the fifth largest country in terms of population and size.

Brazil Demographics

Brazil’s census addresses ethnicity and race by categorizing people mainly by skin color. It asks people to place themselves into one of a number of categories, some of which would seem unusual to an American or European. As well as ‘indigenous’ (the smallest category), Brazilians are asked to report whether they believe they are white, black, brown or yellow.

The results of the census indicated that 92 million (48%) Brazilians were white, 83 million (44%) were brown, 13 million (7%) were black, 1.1 million (0.50%) were yellow and 536,000 (0.25%) were indigenous. This method of classifying race is controversial within Brazil, and IBGE has been criticized for continuing to use it.

Brazil Religion, Economy and Politics

The main religion in Brazil is Christianity, and around 90% of the population is either Catholic (65%) or Protestant (22%). In fact, Brazil has the world’s largest Catholic population of 123 million people.

As well as Christianity, 1.3% of people reported themselves as Spiritists, 0.3% reported themselves as followers of traditional African religions and 1.3% reported themselves as followers of a diverse range of other religions. In addition, 7% of Brazilians reported themselves as being non-religious.

The primary and official language of Brazil is Portuguese.

Life expectancy has also grown in Brazil to 71.6 years for men and 78.8 years for women. It's estimated both men and women will live longer than 80 years on average by 2041, which means Brazil will also be dealing with an aging population before long, with greater demands on pensions and health care. The current median age in Brazil is approximately 32 years of age.

Interestingly, Brazil is believed to have the biggest population of uncontacted peoples on earth, and the National Indian Foundation reported 67 uncontacted tribes in the country in 2007, up from 40 just two years prior. It's estimated that about 900,000 Indians across 240 tribes live in Brazil, compared to 5 million when Europeans arrived on the continent.

Brazil Population History

Throughout Brazil’s history, population growth has been rapid and Brazil is a country of young people. Today, 62% of Brazilians are aged 29 or under.

According to the latest census, undertaken in 2010, the population of Brazil was 190.7 million, although this number has grown significantly in the last six years.

The Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), which runs the Brazilian census and compiles the latest population data, completed its latest estimate in August 2015, and reported that it believed Brazil had a population of 204.5 million people between 2014 and 2015. 2013 was the first time Brazil topped 200 million, and it continues rising faster than previous estimates as its ever-growing middle class live longer than their parents. The national statistics agency shows the population should peak at 228.4 million in 2042, which is slightly different from the United Nations projections.

About Brazil

  1. Embassy of Brazil in London
  2. IBGE - Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics
  3. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  4. GeoNames Gazetteer