How Old is Ethiopia?

How Old Is Ethiopia?

It is said that the anatomically related humans were originally from Ethiopia, as the climate there was best suited for early human life. With this being said, the Ethiopian Empire was founded in 1270, but the current constitution was drafted in 1995, after the creation of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1991. This makes Ethiopia (in its name) as old as 751 years, or as young as 31 years. Below are the most important facts about Ethiopia:

Languages and Locations:

Capital and largest city: Addis Ababa. Coordinates: 9°1′N 38°45′E

Official languages Afar





Demonym(s): Ethiopian

Regional languages



Ethnic groups, as of 2007

34.5% Oromo

26.9% Amhara

6.2% Somali

6.1% Tigrayan

4.0% Sidama

2.5% Gurage

2.3% Welayta

1.7% Hadiya

1.7% Afar

1.5% Gamo

12.6% Others

Religions as of 2016


Ethiopian Orthodoxy


Other Christian


Traditional faiths

Others / None

Government Info

Government - Federal Parliamentary Republic

Legislature Federal Parliamentary Assembly

• President: Sahle-Work Zewde

• Prime Minister: Abiy Ahmed

• Upper house: House of Federation

• Lower house: House of Peoples' Representatives

• Formation of Ethiopian Empire: 1270

• Zemene Mesafint: 7 May 1769

• Reunification: 11 February 1855

• Centralisation: 1904

• Occupied and annexed into Italian East Africa: 9 May 1936

• Anglo-Ethiopian Agreement: 31 January 1942

• Derg: 12 September 1974

• Transitional government: 28 May 1991

• Current constitution: 21 August 1995

• TotalA rea: 1,104,300[9] km2 (426,400 sq mi) (26th)

• Water (%): 0.7

• 2021 Population Estimate: 117,876,227 (12th)

• 2007 census: 73,750,932

• Density: 92.7/km2 (240.1/sq mi) (123rd)

• GDP (PPP) 2022 Estimate Total: $278 billion (58th)

• Per capita: $3,407

• GDP (nominal) 2022 Estimate Total: $122.591 billion (65th)

• Per capita: $1,040

Gini (2015): medium increase 35.0

HDI (2019): Increase 0.485, low · 173rd

Currency: Birr (ETB)

Time zone: UTC+3 (EAT)

Driving side: right

Calling code: +251

ISO 3166 code: ET

Internet TLD: .et

The Current State of Ethiopia

Ethiopia convened a National Conference in 1991 to establish its transitional government of a member council. This caused Eritrea to gain its own independence from that country, which is one of the last remaining officially recognized dictatorships in the world. The first election (of multiple parties) took place in 1995, and the EPRDF party won by a landslide. Since its inception, Ethiopia has fallen on extremely hard times. Their regime was tested during the Ethiopian-Eritrean war over a land dispute, which cost both sides an estimated 1 million dollars per day for about two years. This made both countries poorer, yet strengthened the unity of the Ethiopian people and confidence in their government.

Civil relations within Ethiopia were tested again in the third multiparty election of 2005, which was disputed on suspicions of voter fraud. Years later, leader Meles Zenawi died suspiciously in 2012, reportedly being treated for an unspecified illness, which appointed the deputy prime minister to the leadership seat. Currently, the disputed region of Tigray is being fought over between Ethiopia and Eritrea, which have an estimated half a million dead as of March 2022.

Date of Initial Sovereignty
80 BC
Years Since Initial Sovereignty

How Old is Ethiopia?

How old is Ethiopia?

The country of Ethiopia is 2103 years old, founded in the year 80 BC.

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