Guadeloupe Population 2020 (Live)

400,124

Since 2010, Guadeloupe has actually started to see a decline in population. After having more than doubled in the 60 years preceding 2010 from 210,003 to 450,718, it has since fallen by 0.43% to 448,798. It's projected that this decline will continue, and by the end of the 21st century Guadeloupe could see a population size akin to what it was around 30 years ago, with a potential decline of 22.04%.

The current population of Guadeloupe is 400,124, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 400,124.

Guadeloupe Growth Rate

Guadeloupe Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Les Abymes63,058
Baie-Mahault30,551
Le Gosier28,698
Petit-Bourg24,994
Sainte-Anne22,859
Le Moule22,692
Sainte-Rose20,192
Capesterre-Belle-Eau19,821
Pointe-a-Pitre18,264
Lamentin14,891

Guadeloupe Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020400,1240.02%236.7617661
2019400,0560.05%236.7217659
2018399,8480.04%236.6017658
2017399,672-0.02%236.4917656
2016399,763-0.12%236.5517655
2015400,255-0.29%236.8417655
2010406,0710.16%240.2817453
2005402,904-0.92%238.4017453
2000422,0510.89%249.7317149
1995403,7380.73%238.9016949
1990389,2492.58%230.3216846
1985342,7300.36%202.8017046
1980336,6850.49%199.2216642
1975328,4930.41%194.3716438
1970321,8831.41%190.4616333
1965300,0561.75%177.5516435
1960275,1613.11%162.8216336
1955236,0642.37%139.6816440
1950210,0030.00%124.2616541

Guadeloupe Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020400,1240.02%236.7617661
2025399,248-0.04%236.2417864
2030400,2460.05%236.8317867
2035400,6770.02%237.0918069
2040398,342-0.12%235.7118169
2045393,355-0.25%232.7518171
2050386,922-0.33%228.9518271
2055379,839-0.37%224.7618275
2060373,536-0.33%221.0318376
2065368,534-0.27%218.0718376
2070364,713-0.21%215.8118377
2075361,501-0.18%213.9118379
2080358,393-0.17%212.0718478
2085354,945-0.19%210.0318478
2090350,706-0.24%207.5218478
2095345,336-0.31%204.3418476

Guadeloupe Population by Year (Projections)

Guadeloupe Population Pyramid 2020

Guadeloupe Population by Age

There are 306,727 adults in Guadeloupe.

Guadeloupe Population Pyramid

Guadeloupe is a French-owned region in the Caribbean consisting of six islands: La Désirade, Grande-Terre, the Îles des Saintes, Basse-Terre and Grande-Terre, as well as many other outcroppings and uninhabited islands. Its top three cities are Les Abymes (pop: 55,000), Baie-Mahault (31,000), and Le Gosier (27,000). As of 2019, Guadeloupe has a population of 448,869.

Demographics

Because French censuses do not keep a record of its population's ethnicity, estimates of the percentages of Guadeloupe ethnic composition can vary. Most Guadeloupians are primarily of African heritage, mixed with some French ancestry. The CIA’s World Factbook in 2006 estimated the ethnic composition of Guadeloupe as:

  • 75% Black/Mulatto
  • 11% White
  • 9% Tamil/East Indian
  • 3% Lebanese/Syrian
  • 2% Chinese/Other

There are also a small number of immigrants from other Caribbean islands such as Dominica and Haiti.

French is the official language of Guadeloupe. There is, however, a local Creole dialect, Patois, which is also widely used.

History

Venezuelan Arawak Indians were the first to settle on Guadeloupe around 300 BCE. The majority of the Arawak were, however, pushed out around the time of the 8th century by Carib Indians, also from Venezuela.

In 1493, on his second voyage to the Americas, Christopher Columbus discovered the island, naming it “Santa María de Guadalupe de Extremadura.” Due to two failed attempts in the 1500s to settle on the islands, the Spanish abandoned Guadeloupe. These failures are attributed to the Caribs' fierceness. At the time, the Caribs were the dominant group in the Caribbean, which is named for them. In 1635, the French took Guadeloupe, driving away most of the Caribs Indians after a great loss of life caused by European infectious diseases. By the end of the 17th century, Guadeloupe had been annexed to France.

Throughout the 18th and early 19th centuries, the island fell into the hands of the British. It returned back to French hands when France agreed to forfeit its claims in Canada in return for control of the islands, only to lose it again to the British twice, and briefly to Sweden in 1813. French control was finally returned for good in 1815 at the signing of the Treaty of Vienna.

About Guadeloupe

  1. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer