Countries by Population Density | Countries by Density 2022

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What are the most densely populated countries in the world? Perhaps surprisingly, the most populous countries in the world, China and India, are far from the most densely populated.

The fact is, China and India are simply too large to have the highest population density. In the same way that a stadium holds far more people in total but a bus is easier to fill to capacity, several tiny countries and territories fit far more people into each square kilometer than even the most populous large countries.

For example, the most densely populated country in the world in 2020 was the diminutive European city-state of Monaco. Located near the French Riviera on the northern edge of the Mediterranean Sea, Monaco has a population of fewer than 40,000 people compared to China's 1.4 billion—but squeezes them into a mere two km² of land area (compared to China's 9.7 million km²).

Top 10 most densely populated countries in the world, 2020:

  1. Monaco - 19,361/km²
  2. Singapore - 8,019/km²
  3. Bahrain - 2,182/km²
  4. Maldives - 1,802/km²
  5. Malta - 1,642/km²
  6. Bangladesh - 1,265/km²
  7. Vatican City - 924/km² (2019 figure)
  8. Barbados - 668/km²
  9. Lebanon - 667/km²
  10. Mauritius - 624/km²

If one expands the list to overlook political technicalities and include territories that are currently claimed by larger nations, such as Hong Kong and Macau—the "Special Administrative Regions" of China—the numbers become even more impactful.

Top 10 most densely populated countries and territories in the world, 2020:

  1. Macau (SAR of China)- 19,737/km²
  2. Monaco - 19,361/km²
  3. Singapore - 8,019/km²
  4. Hong Kong (SAR of China) - 7,126/km²
  5. Gibraltar (CD of UK) - 3,369/km²
  6. Bahrain - 2,182/km²
  7. Maldives - 1,802/km²
  8. Malta - 1,642/km²
  9. Bangladesh - 1,265/km²
  10. Sint Maarten (Netherlands) - 1,200/km²

On the expanded list, the Chinese territory of Macau has the world's highest population density at 19,737/km². In fact, three of the top five entries are territories rather than countries, with first-place Macau joined by fellow Chinese territory Hong Kong in 4th place and the UK "crown dependency" Gibraltar in 5th.

It is notable that all of these locations are tiny. The whole top five together have a total area of less than 2,000 km². Moreover, most are also highly urbanized centers of wealth and finance, with a tendency toward cities and skyscrapers rather than rolling fields or vast wilderness areas.

On the other end of the spectrum, some of the largest countries in the world by land area have quite low population densities. For example, Russia has a population density of just 9/km², while Canada is even lower at 4/km². The United States of America has a population density of 36/km², which is quite low considering the U.S. is also the country with the third-highest population in the world. For comparison, the two countries with the highest populations—China and India—have population densities of 146/km² and 412/km², respectively.

Countries by Population Density | Countries by Density 2022

Rank Country Density (km²) Density (mi²) 2022 Population Area
1Macau22,250/km²57,627/mi²667,49030 km²
2Monaco19,892/km²51,519/mi²39,7832 km²
3Singapore8,371/km²21,681/mi²5,943,546710 km²
4Hong Kong6,888/km²17,840/mi²7,604,2991,104 km²
5Gibraltar5,617/km²14,549/mi²33,7046 km²
6Bahrain2,332/km²6,040/mi²1,783,983765 km²
7Maldives1,803/km²4,671/mi²540,985300 km²
8Malta1,405/km²3,639/mi²444,033316 km²
9Sint Maarten1,293/km²3,349/mi²43,96634 km²
10Bermuda1,147/km²2,971/mi²61,93954 km²
11Bangladesh1,138/km²2,947/mi²167,885,689147,570 km²
12Palestine859/km²2,226/mi²5,345,5416,220 km²
13Vatican City799/km²2,069/mi²7991 km²
14Mayotte765/km²1,982/mi²286,259374 km²
15Saint Martin750/km²1,942/mi²39,73053 km²
16Barbados670/km²1,735/mi²288,023430 km²
17Taiwan660/km²1,709/mi²23,888,59536,193 km²
18Lebanon640/km²1,657/mi²6,684,84910,452 km²
19Mauritius625/km²1,618/mi²1,274,7272,040 km²
20Aruba598/km²1,548/mi²107,609180 km²
21San Marino559/km²1,447/mi²34,08561 km²
22Nauru519/km²1,345/mi²10,90321 km²
23Rwanda516/km²1,337/mi²13,600,46426,338 km²
24South Korea512/km²1,327/mi²51,329,899100,210 km²
25Comoros487/km²1,262/mi²907,4191,862 km²
26Saint Barthelemy474/km²1,227/mi²9,94521 km²
27Tuvalu464/km²1,202/mi²12,06626 km²
28Burundi454/km²1,175/mi²12,624,84027,834 km²
29Israel430/km²1,113/mi²8,922,89220,770 km²
30India428/km²1,108/mi²1,406,631,7763,287,590 km²
31Haiti421/km²1,090/mi²11,680,28327,750 km²
32Netherlands411/km²1,065/mi²17,211,44741,850 km²
33Belgium382/km²990/mi²11,668,27830,528 km²
34Curacao373/km²966/mi²165,529444 km²
35Reunion362/km²937/mi²908,0612,511 km²
36Japan332/km²861/mi²125,584,838377,930 km²
37Marshall Islands332/km²859/mi²60,057181 km²
38Martinique332/km²859/mi²374,0871,128 km²
39Grenada330/km²854/mi²113,475344 km²
40Sri Lanka329/km²852/mi²21,575,84265,610 km²
41Philippines329/km²851/mi²112,508,994342,353 km²
42Puerto Rico319/km²826/mi²2,829,8128,870 km²
43Guam312/km²809/mi²171,519549 km²
44El Salvador311/km²806/mi²6,550,38921,041 km²
45Saint Lucia301/km²778/mi²185,113616 km²
46United States Virgin Islands300/km²776/mi²103,971347 km²
47Vietnam299/km²774/mi²98,953,541331,212 km²
48Saint Vincent And the Grenadines287/km²743/mi²111,551389 km²
49United Kingdom282/km²730/mi²68,497,907242,900 km²
50American Samoa277/km²716/mi²55,030199 km²
51Trinidad And Tobago274/km²710/mi²1,406,5855,130 km²
52Jamaica272/km²703/mi²2,985,09410,991 km²
53Pakistan260/km²674/mi²229,488,994881,912 km²
54Qatar257/km²666/mi²2,979,91511,586 km²
55Cayman Islands255/km²660/mi²67,277264 km²
56Luxembourg248/km²643/mi²642,3712,586 km²
57Kuwait246/km²637/mi²4,380,32617,818 km²
58Guadeloupe246/km²636/mi²399,7941,628 km²
59Liechtenstein240/km²621/mi²38,387160 km²
60Gambia239/km²620/mi²2,558,48210,689 km²
61Sao Tome And Principe236/km²612/mi²227,679964 km²
62Germany235/km²608/mi²83,883,596357,114 km²
63Nigeria235/km²608/mi²216,746,934923,768 km²
64Dominican Republic227/km²588/mi²11,056,37048,671 km²
65Antigua And Barbuda225/km²583/mi²99,509442 km²
66Seychelles220/km²570/mi²99,426452 km²
67North Korea216/km²558/mi²25,990,679120,538 km²
68Switzerland213/km²550/mi²8,773,63741,284 km²
69Saint Kitts And Nevis206/km²535/mi²53,871261 km²
70Nepal205/km²532/mi²30,225,582147,181 km²
71British Virgin Islands203/km²525/mi²30,596151 km²
72Uganda201/km²519/mi²48,432,863241,550 km²
73Italy200/km²518/mi²60,262,770301,336 km²
74Guatemala171/km²442/mi²18,584,039108,889 km²
75Malawi170/km²441/mi²20,180,839118,484 km²
76Micronesia167/km²433/mi²117,489702 km²
77Anguilla167/km²433/mi²15,23091 km²
78Andorra166/km²429/mi²77,463468 km²
79Togo153/km²396/mi²8,680,83756,785 km²
80Kiribati152/km²394/mi²123,419811 km²
81Isle of Man150/km²388/mi²85,732572 km²
82China149/km²386/mi²1,448,471,4009,706,961 km²
83Indonesia147/km²380/mi²279,134,5051,904,569 km²
84Tonga144/km²374/mi²107,749747 km²
85Cape Verde141/km²365/mi²567,6784,033 km²
86Thailand137/km²354/mi²70,078,203513,120 km²
87Czech Republic136/km²353/mi²10,736,78478,865 km²
88Ghana136/km²352/mi²32,395,450238,533 km²
89Denmark135/km²351/mi²5,834,95043,094 km²
90Cyprus132/km²343/mi²1,223,3879,251 km²
91Northern Mariana Islands126/km²325/mi²58,269464 km²
92Poland121/km²313/mi²37,739,785312,679 km²
93United Arab Emirates121/km²312/mi²10,081,78583,600 km²
94Azerbaijan119/km²308/mi²10,300,20586,600 km²
95France119/km²308/mi²65,584,518551,695 km²
96Moldova119/km²307/mi²4,013,17133,846 km²
97Sierra Leone116/km²300/mi²8,306,43671,740 km²
98Jordan115/km²299/mi²10,300,86989,342 km²
99Tokelau115/km²297/mi²1,37812 km²
100Benin114/km²294/mi²12,784,726112,622 km²
101Slovakia111/km²288/mi²5,460,19349,037 km²
102Portugal110/km²285/mi²10,140,57092,090 km²
103Ethiopia109/km²283/mi²120,812,6981,104,300 km²
104Turkey109/km²283/mi²85,561,976783,562 km²
105Austria108/km²280/mi²9,066,71083,871 km²
106Egypt106/km²274/mi²106,156,6921,002,450 km²
107Syria105/km²271/mi²19,364,809185,180 km²
108Hungary103/km²267/mi²9,606,25993,028 km²
109Cuba103/km²266/mi²11,305,652109,884 km²
110Slovenia103/km²265/mi²2,078,03420,273 km²
111Costa Rica101/km²263/mi²5,182,35451,100 km²
112Malaysia100/km²260/mi²33,181,072330,803 km²
113Armenia100/km²259/mi²2,971,96629,743 km²
114Albania100/km²258/mi²2,866,37428,748 km²
115Serbia98/km²254/mi²8,653,01688,361 km²
116Kenya97/km²251/mi²56,215,221580,367 km²
117Dominica96/km²249/mi²72,344751 km²
118Iraq96/km²249/mi²42,164,965438,317 km²
119Cambodia95/km²246/mi²17,168,639181,035 km²
120Spain92/km²239/mi²46,719,142505,992 km²
121Timor Leste92/km²238/mi²1,369,42914,874 km²
122Honduras91/km²235/mi²10,221,247112,492 km²
123Senegal90/km²232/mi²17,653,671196,722 km²
124Ivory Coast86/km²223/mi²27,742,298322,463 km²
125Morocco85/km²219/mi²37,772,756446,550 km²
126Myanmar82/km²211/mi²55,227,143676,578 km²
127Burkina Faso81/km²210/mi²22,102,838272,967 km²
128North Macedonia81/km²210/mi²2,081,30425,713 km²
129Romania80/km²207/mi²19,031,335238,391 km²
130Greece78/km²202/mi²10,316,637131,990 km²
131Wallis And Futuna77/km²200/mi²10,982142 km²
132Brunei77/km²200/mi²445,4315,765 km²
133Uzbekistan77/km²199/mi²34,382,084447,400 km²
134Cook Islands74/km²193/mi²17,571236 km²
135Tunisia74/km²191/mi²12,046,656163,610 km²
136Croatia72/km²186/mi²4,059,28656,594 km²
137Lesotho72/km²186/mi²2,175,69930,355 km²
138Ukraine72/km²185/mi²43,192,122603,500 km²
139Ireland71/km²185/mi²5,020,19970,273 km²
140Samoa71/km²184/mi²202,2392,842 km²
141Tajikistan70/km²180/mi²9,957,464143,100 km²
142Eswatini68/km²177/mi²1,184,81717,364 km²
143French Polynesia68/km²177/mi²284,1644,167 km²
144Tanzania67/km²173/mi²63,298,550945,087 km²
145Mexico67/km²173/mi²131,562,7721,964,375 km²
146Ecuador65/km²169/mi²18,113,361276,841 km²
147Bosnia And Herzegovina63/km²164/mi²3,249,31751,209 km²
148Afghanistan62/km²162/mi²40,754,388652,230 km²
149Bulgaria62/km²160/mi²6,844,597110,879 km²
150Yemen59/km²153/mi²31,154,867527,968 km²
151Panama59/km²153/mi²4,446,96475,417 km²
152Cameroon59/km²152/mi²27,911,548475,442 km²
153Guinea Bissau57/km²148/mi²2,063,36736,125 km²
154Georgia57/km²147/mi²3,968,73869,700 km²
155Guinea56/km²146/mi²13,865,691245,857 km²
156Equatorial Guinea53/km²138/mi²1,496,66228,051 km²
157Iran52/km²135/mi²86,022,8371,648,195 km²
158Nicaragua52/km²135/mi²6,779,100130,373 km²
159Fiji50/km²129/mi²909,46618,272 km²
160South Africa50/km²129/mi²60,756,1351,221,037 km²
161Madagascar50/km²129/mi²29,178,077587,041 km²
162Montserrat49/km²126/mi²4,965102 km²
163Liberia48/km²123/mi²5,305,117111,369 km²
164Montenegro45/km²118/mi²627,95013,812 km²
165Belarus45/km²118/mi²9,432,800207,600 km²
166Colombia45/km²117/mi²51,512,7621,141,748 km²
167Djibouti44/km²113/mi²1,016,09723,200 km²
168Turks And Caicos Islands42/km²109/mi²39,741948 km²
169Mozambique41/km²107/mi²33,089,461801,590 km²
170Lithuania41/km²106/mi²2,661,70865,300 km²
171DR Congo41/km²105/mi²95,240,7922,344,858 km²
172Palau40/km²103/mi²18,233459 km²
173Zimbabwe39/km²102/mi²15,331,428390,757 km²
174United States36/km²93/mi²334,805,2699,372,610 km²
175Faroe Islands35/km²92/mi²49,2331,393 km²
176Kyrgyzstan34/km²87/mi²6,728,271199,951 km²
177Venezuela32/km²83/mi²29,266,991916,445 km²
178Laos32/km²82/mi²7,481,023236,800 km²
179Eritrea31/km²81/mi²3,662,244117,600 km²
180Estonia29/km²76/mi²1,321,91045,227 km²
181Bahamas29/km²74/mi²400,51613,943 km²
182Latvia29/km²74/mi²1,848,83764,559 km²
183Angola28/km²73/mi²35,027,3431,246,700 km²
184Somalia26/km²68/mi²16,841,795637,657 km²
185Vanuatu26/km²68/mi²321,83212,189 km²
186Peru26/km²68/mi²33,684,2081,285,216 km²
187Zambia26/km²67/mi²19,470,234752,612 km²
188Chile25/km²66/mi²19,250,195756,102 km²
189Brazil25/km²65/mi²215,353,5938,515,767 km²
190Solomon Islands25/km²65/mi²721,15928,896 km²
191Sudan24/km²63/mi²45,992,0201,886,068 km²
192Saint Pierre And Miquelon24/km²62/mi²5,759242 km²
193Sweden23/km²59/mi²10,218,971450,295 km²
194Niger21/km²53/mi²26,083,6601,267,000 km²
195Bhutan21/km²53/mi²787,94138,394 km²
196Papua New Guinea20/km²52/mi²9,292,169462,840 km²
197Uruguay19/km²50/mi²3,496,016181,034 km²
198Algeria19/km²49/mi²45,350,1482,381,741 km²
199South Sudan19/km²49/mi²11,618,511619,745 km²
200New Zealand18/km²47/mi²4,898,203270,467 km²
201Paraguay18/km²47/mi²7,305,843406,752 km²
202Belize18/km²46/mi²412,19022,966 km²
203Mali17/km²45/mi²21,473,7641,240,192 km²
204Oman17/km²45/mi²5,323,993309,500 km²
205Norway17/km²44/mi²5,511,370323,802 km²
206Republic of the Congo17/km²44/mi²5,797,805342,000 km²
207Saudi Arabia17/km²43/mi²35,844,9092,149,690 km²
208Argentina17/km²43/mi²46,010,2342,780,400 km²
209Finland16/km²43/mi²5,554,960338,424 km²
210New Caledonia16/km²41/mi²290,91518,575 km²
211Chad14/km²35/mi²17,413,5801,284,000 km²
212Turkmenistan13/km²33/mi²6,201,943488,100 km²
213Bolivia11/km²28/mi²11,992,6561,098,581 km²
214Gabon9/km²23/mi²2,331,533267,668 km²
215Russia9/km²22/mi²145,805,94717,098,242 km²
216Central African Republic8/km²21/mi²5,016,678622,984 km²
217Kazakhstan7/km²18/mi²19,205,0432,724,900 km²
218Niue6/km²16/mi²1,622260 km²
219Mauritania5/km²12/mi²4,901,9811,030,700 km²
220Botswana4/km²11/mi²2,441,162582,000 km²
221Libya4/km²10/mi²7,040,7451,759,540 km²
222Canada4/km²10/mi²38,388,4199,984,670 km²
223French Guiana4/km²10/mi²314,16983,534 km²
224Guyana4/km²10/mi²794,045214,969 km²
225Suriname4/km²9/mi²596,831163,820 km²
226Australia3/km²9/mi²26,068,7927,692,024 km²
227Iceland3/km²9/mi²345,393103,000 km²
228Namibia3/km²8/mi²2,633,874825,615 km²
229Western Sahara2/km²6/mi²626,161266,000 km²
230Mongolia2/km²6/mi²3,378,0781,564,110 km²
231Falkland Islands0/km²1/mi²3,53912,173 km²
232Greenland0/km²0/mi²56,9732,166,086 km²

Countries by Population Density | Countries by Density 2022

Sources