India Population 2020 (Live)

1,380,971,429

India’s growth rate has declined significantly over the past few decades, attributed to growing urbanization, rising education levels, specifically among women, and increasing alleviation of poverty.

While India's population growth has slowed remarkably over the last few years, it's still growing faster than China and is expected to surpass China in population by 2026, when both will have about 1.46 billion people. After 2030, India is expected to be the most populous country in the world.

India is expected to reach its peak population of 1.65 billion people by 2060, after which it will begin to decrease. The number of children in India peaked over a decade ago and is now decreasing.

India Population Growth

The 2011 census was the second largest the world has ever seen - second only to China's census the previous year. It took place in two phases. The first phase, in April 2010, counted all of the buildings in India, and the second phase collected data about the people of India.

The census was a massive exercise, employing millions of Indians. The total cost of the census came to $439 million which was actually considerably cheaper per person than most censuses held around the world. The average census costs over $4 per person, whereas the census in India cost just $.50 per person.

The 2011 census was the fifteenth nationwide census carried out in India. The first was held in 1881, although it was not able to cover all of the British-held Indian territory.

India Population Projections

India's population continues to grow fairly steadily as the years progress. Most notably, the population is growing faster than China's. India is expected to surpass China as the world's most populous country around 2024, but like China, the growth is expected to stagnate and eventually decrease in the latter half of the 21st century.

The current population of India is 1,380,971,429, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 1,380,004,385.

India Growth Rate

India Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Mumbai12,691,836
Delhi10,927,986
Bengaluru5,104,047
Kolkata4,631,392
Chennai4,328,063
Ahmedabad3,719,710
Hyderabad3,597,816
Pune2,935,744
Surat2,894,504
Kanpur2,823,249

India Area and Population Density

1 of every 6 people on the planet live in India, and between the 2001 and 2011 censuses, the country grew by 17.7%, adding 181.5 million people. The country has doubled in size in just 40 years, and is expected to unseat China as the world's most populated country in the next couple of decades. India's current yearly growth rate is {growthRate}.

In Mumbai, the population density is 21,000 people per square kilometer (54,000/square mile).

Largest Cities in India

India's largest city is Mumbai, with a population of 12.5 million, closely followed by Delhi, with a population of over 11 million. Overall, there are more than 50 urban areas in India with a population of more than one million people.

Mumbai (formerly Bombay) had an official population of 12,478,447 in 2011, although its wider metropolitan area is much larger - home to 18,414,288 people. It has more than doubled in size in the past forty years, although growth has slowed dramatically in the past decade. During the 1971 census, its population was recorded as 5.9 million.

Delhi, India's second most populous city was home to 11,034,555 people according to 2011 data, and its metro area contains 21,753,486 people. Growth in Delhi is even more rapid than Mumbai's, and it is likely that it will overtake Mumbai to become the largest city in India within a decade. The city has struggled to keep up with growth. Nearly half of its residents live in slums, and the city's poverty rate is four times the national average. Contained within Delhi's boundaries is the city of New Delhi, an enclave city which is the official capital city of India. It has a population of 249,998 people.

Other major cities in India are Bangalore (pop: 8.43 million), Hyderabad (pop: 6.81 million) and Ahmedabad (pop: 5.57 million). There are 53 cities in India with a population of at least 1 million.

There are 29 states in India. Their populations range massively in size – the largest, Uttar Pradesh, holds almost 200 million people, the smallest, Sikkim, just over half a million.

India's largest state is Uttar Pradesh which, with a population of 199,581,520 in 2011, is larger than most countries in the world. If it were a country in its own right, it would be the fifth largest in the world, falling just behind China, India, the United States and Indonesia.

Two other Indian states are home to more than 100 million people - Maharashtra (pop: 112.4 million) and Bihar (pop: 103.8 million). The smallest state in India is Sikkim (pop: 607,688).

India Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,380,004,3850.99%464.15228
20191,366,417,7541.02%459.58227
20181,352,642,2801.04%454.95227
20171,338,676,7851.07%450.25227
20161,324,517,2491.10%445.49227
20151,310,152,4031.20%440.66227
20101,234,281,1701.47%415.14226
20051,147,609,9271.67%385.99227
20001,056,575,5491.85%355.37227
1995963,922,5881.99%324.20229
1990873,277,7982.17%293.72231
1985784,360,0082.33%263.81231
1980698,952,8442.32%235.09233
1975623,102,8972.33%209.57234
1970555,189,7922.15%186.73235
1965499,123,3242.07%167.87238
1960450,547,6791.91%151.54238
1955409,880,5951.72%137.86241
1950376,325,2000.00%126.57239

India Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20201,380,004,3850.99%464.15228
20251,445,011,6200.92%486.01228
20301,503,642,3220.80%505.73128
20351,553,723,8100.66%522.58126
20401,592,691,5130.50%535.68126
20451,620,619,2000.35%545.08127
20501,639,176,0330.23%551.32126
20551,649,513,1600.13%554.80126
20601,651,589,5280.03%555.49127
20651,645,287,234-0.08%553.37128
20701,630,705,925-0.18%548.47130
20751,609,040,631-0.27%541.18130
20801,582,193,255-0.34%532.15130
20851,551,731,747-0.39%521.91131
20901,519,176,268-0.42%510.96131
20951,485,150,516-0.45%499.51131

India Population by Year (Projections)

India Population Pyramid 2020

India Population by Age

There are 926,955,840 adults in India.

India Population Pyramid

India, located in South Asia, is bordered by the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, and the Indian Ocean, and is also bordered by the countries of Pakistan, Bhutan, China, Nepal, Myanmar (formerly Burma), and Bangladesh. India is the world's 7th largest country by area with more than 1.3 billion residents.

India Demographics

Data on ethnicity is not collected by the Indian census, although the CIA World Factbook estimates the population is 72% Indo-Aryan, 25% Dravidian, and 3% Mongoloid and other.

Hinduism is the most common religion in India, accounting for about 80% of the population. Islam is the second-largest religion at 13% of the population. Other major religious groups in India are Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%) and Jains (0.4%). People who claimed no religion are officially recorded under 'other' by the census. In 2011, 0.9% of Indians selected the 'No Religion' category.

While the number of Indians living in urban areas has increased over the last two decades, about 67% of people still live in rural areas. In 2011, India had a literacy rate of 74%: 82% for men and 65% for women. The literacy rate varies wildly by state. Bihar is the least literate with a rate of 63.82%.

India Religion, Economy and Politics

The population of India uses numerous languages to converse across the county. These languages include English, Hindi, and Tamil along with many additional tongues and dialects; however, the former two languages (English and Hindi) are the official languages of the Indian Government. Additionally, 44% of the population uses Hindi as their mother tongue.

The current ranking of India's quality of life is 49 out of 66, giving it a quality of life index of 121.61. The health care ratio is 68.04, and the cost of living index is 23.81.

India Population History

The first comprehensive nationwide census was carried out under the auspices of Lord Ripon, the British Viceroy of India at the time, and counted a population of 288 million in 1881. Since then, a census has been held every ten years in India.

About India

Religious Group 1951 % 1961 % 1971 % 1981 % 1991 % 2001 % 2011 %
Hinduism84.1%83.45%82.73%82.3%81.53%80.46%79.8%
Islam9.8%10.69%11.21%11.75%12.61%13.43%14.23%
Christianity2.3%2.44%2.6%2.44%2.32%2.34%2.3%
Sikhism1.79%1.79%1.89%1.92%1.94%1.87%1.72%
Others/Religion not specified0.43%0.43%0.41%0.42%0.44%0.72%0.9%
Buddhism0.74%0.74%0.7%0.7%0.77%0.77%0.7%
Jainism0.46%0.46%0.48%0.47%0.4%0.41%0.37%
Zoroastrianism0.13%0.09%0.09%0.09%0.08%0.06%-