Based on current projections, Indonesia’s current population is expected to reach its peak of 337.38 million by 2067 and the decrease in the decades following.
Between 2000 and 2010, Indonesia experienced an average annual population growth rate of 1.49%. Indonesia’s yearly growth change is about 1.07% for 2020. This means that Indonesia currently grows by about 2.73 million people per year.
The growing population is a concern for Indonesia’s economy, threatening to slow its growth and development. A low population growth rate would translate into a high per capita GDP, leading to higher incomes, higher savings, higher investments, and implies a decrease in the poverty rate.
Indonesia Population Growth
That final figure of 1.04% may not seem like a lot but on a population of over 250 million, it leads to some significant increases. As the Jakarta Post reported in 2013, Indonesia's population has doubled within just 40 years from 119 million in 1971 to almost 240 million in 2010, based on figures from the Central Statistics Agency. In another 40 years, the country's population is expected to climb much higher.
Indonesia Population Projections
According to the Jakarta Post author, the high Muslim population in Indonesia is leading to a very high birth rate, which cannot be sustained. The article points out that Jakarta, Indonesia's largest city, is in a naturally flood-prone area, and the depth and extent of floods only increases as the population density increases.
Unfortunately, Indonesia's attempts at family planning education and population control have not been very successful, and it's hard to say how sustainable the country's growth will be.