Kazakhstan Population 2020 (Live)

18,804,472

According to current projections, Kazakhstan’s population is expected to increase the rest of the century, reaching 27.91 million people by 2099. The population is currently about 18.78 million and is expected to surpass 20 million in 2027.

Kazakhstan’s population growth rate is 1.21%. Although the country has negative net migration, it is not significant enough to cause a decline in the population because the fertility rate is 2.76 births per woman. This fertility rate is well above the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

Kazakhstan’s relatively slow population growth will allow the country to continue making economic progress and reducing poverty in the coming decades.

The current population of Kazakhstan is 18,804,472, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 18,776,707.

Kazakhstan Growth Rate

Kazakhstan Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Almaty2,000,900
Karagandy451,800
Shymkent414,032
Taraz358,153
Astana345,604
Pavlodar329,002
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067
Kyzyl-Orda300,000
Kyzylorda300,000
Semey292,780

Kazakhstan Area and Population Density

The sparsely populated country of Kazakhstan covers a vast 1.052 million square miles (2.725 million square kilometers). Aside from a small portion of the southwestern border that touches the Caspian Sea, the country is otherwise landlocked and borders Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Russia. Calculated with the 2019 population of 18,589,667, Kazakhstan has 17.67 people per square mile (6.82 people per square kilometer), making it the 184th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Kazakhstan

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also a major cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6.75 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 215th in the world with a total surface area of 2,724,900 square meters - ranking at 9th in the world for sheer area alone.

Kazakhstan Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202018,776,7071.21%6.9664217
201918,551,4271.26%6.8764217
201818,319,6181.32%6.7963217
201718,080,0191.40%6.7063217
201617,830,9011.47%6.6063217
201517,572,0161.57%6.5163217
201016,252,2791.08%6.0263218
200515,402,8070.64%5.7162217
200014,922,719-1.19%5.5362217
199515,839,363-0.67%5.8753215
199016,383,8870.90%6.0750214
198515,665,5951.15%5.8046212
198014,796,1741.04%5.4845210
197514,050,2261.51%5.2040210
197013,036,1391.94%4.8340207
196511,841,9203.57%4.3939208
19609,934,5634.60%3.6844207
19557,932,5213.43%2.9450209
19506,702,9910.00%2.4855209

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
202018,776,7071.21%6.9664217
202519,787,7461.05%7.3364217
203020,639,0210.85%7.6468217
203521,483,4500.80%7.9668217
204022,370,4050.81%8.2967217
204523,242,9470.77%8.6167216
205024,024,0450.66%8.9069216
205524,681,9150.54%9.1470217
206025,243,4370.45%9.3571217
206525,751,1090.40%9.5470217
207026,223,0090.36%9.7170217
207526,656,3620.33%9.8771217
208027,041,8130.29%10.0270217
208527,376,7000.25%10.1469217
209027,649,9210.20%10.2468218
209527,839,3500.14%10.3168218

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Projections)

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid 2020

Kazakhstan Median Age

30.6


Total

29.3


Male

31.9


Female

Kazakhstan Population by Age

There are 12,537,283 adults in Kazakhstan.

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid

Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Russia, and the Caspian Sea.

Kazakhstan Demographics

The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%).

Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukrainians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents.

At the end of the 1980s, ethnic Russians were at almost 38% of the population while Kazakhstanis were in a majority in just 7 of the country's 20 regions. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. Emigration of Russians and Germans returned indigenous Kazakhs to a majority in the country.

Kazakhstan Religion, Economy and Politics

Islam is the most prominent religion in Kazakhstan, with just over 70% of the population practicing it. Within the Muslim population, Sunni and Hanafi, are the most practiced schools of thought, although there are also small communities of Shia and Ahmadi. An additional 26% of the population practices some form of Christianity (mostly Eastern Orthodox or Roman Catholic), and the remaining 4% either practice a religion aside from Islam or Christianity or have no religion at all.

The economy in Kazakhstan has been doing extremely well since around the turn of the century, going from a low-middle to upper-middle economy in just 20 years, and the GDP per capita has been multiplied by 6 during the same time period. All of this has lead to Kazakhstan currently being the largest and strongest economy in central Asia. The strongest sectors of their economy are energy, industry, and services such as technology, retail, and tourism.

Kazakhstan Population History

In the late 1800s, thousands of people from both Ukraine and Russia were brought into to settle the land that is modern-day Kazakhstan. By 1916 the people wanted to break out from Soviet rule and began a rebellion that killed 150,000 and displaced another 300,000. Ultimately they were unsuccessful in achieving autonomy at this point and the nation was an autonomous republic of the USSR for many years to come. Throughout the 1920s and 30s, a program was begun to begin industrializing and setting the nation up to collectivize agriculture, but the plan was ill-formed and more than one million people died of starvation.

Still under Russian rule, hundreds of thousand were forcibly moved to Kazakhstan from Korea, Germany, and Uzbekistan. Between 1954-1962 an additional 2 million Russians were moved into the area in an attempt to further develop the land. At this point, only 30% of the population were ethnic Kazakhs. After many years of unrest, Kazakhstan gained full independence from Russia in 1991.

About Kazakhstan