Kazakhstan Population 2024 (Live)

19,803,523

According to current projections, Kazakhstan’s population is expected to increase the rest of the century, reaching 27.91 million people by 2099. The population is currently about 18.78 million and is expected to surpass 20 million in 2027.

Kazakhstan’s population growth rate is 1.21%. Although the country has negative net migration, it is not significant enough to cause a decline in the population because the fertility rate is 2.76 births per woman. This fertility rate is well above the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman.

Kazakhstan’s relatively slow population growth will allow the country to continue making economic progress and reducing poverty in the coming decades.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
2,699,700
The current population of Kazakhstan is 19,803,523 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 19,828,165.

Kazakhstan Growth Rate

Kazakhstan Population Clock

Kazakhstan Population (as of 5/22/2024)19,803,523
Next UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)19,828,165
Births per Day1,063
Deaths per Day431
Migrations per Day0
Net Change per Day632
Population Change Since Jan. 190,376

Components of Population Change

One birth every 1.35 minutes
One death every 3.33 minutes
One immigrant every Infinity minutes
Net gain of one person every 2.28 minutes

Kazakhstan Population Clock

Kazakhstan Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Almaty2,000,900
Karagandy451,800
Shymkent414,032
Taraz358,153
Astana345,604
Pavlodar329,002
Ust-Kamenogorsk319,067
Kyzylorda300,000
Kyzyl-Orda300,000
Semey292,780

Kazakhstan Area and Population Density

The sparsely populated country of Kazakhstan covers a vast 1.052 million square miles (2.725 million square kilometers). Aside from a small portion of the southwestern border that touches the Caspian Sea, the country is otherwise landlocked and borders Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Russia. Calculated with the 2019 population of 18,589,667, Kazakhstan has 17.67 people per square mile (6.82 people per square kilometer), making it the 184th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Kazakhstan

The capital of Kazakhstan is Astana, which has a population of 835,000. Astana is the second-largest city in Kazakhstan; the largest is Almaty, the former capital, which is also a major cultural and commercial center. Almaty has a population of 1.55 million people with a density of 2,300 people per square kilometer (5,900/square mile). Kazakhstan as a whole has a density of 6.75 people per square kilometer (15/square mile), which ranks 215th in the world with a total surface area of 2,724,900 square meters - ranking at 9th in the world for sheer area alone.

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202419,828,1651.12%764217
202319,606,6331.13%766217
202018,979,2431.2%765217
201918,754,2581.17%765217
201818,538,0991.22%764217
201718,314,8141.31%764217
201517,835,9091.41%764217
201016,627,8371.21%662217
200515,656,2480.55%662216
200015,236,253-1.5%661216
199516,434,324-0.52%652214
199016,866,5631.82%650213
198515,413,3151.69%648212
198014,172,7101.49%547211
197513,158,9421.42%548209
197012,265,3052.39%544208
196510,897,6443.18%444208
19609,319,2833.47%346206
19557,858,7333.38%351207

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
202419,828,1651.12%764217
202520,055,8541.11%764217
203021,128,2211.05%866216
203522,183,6070.98%867216
204023,285,3980.97%966215
204524,453,9530.98%966215
205025,609,9780.93%966215
205526,698,8320.84%1066214
206027,712,6250.75%1067214
206528,659,2580.67%1166215
207029,572,7470.63%1167215
207530,487,3170.61%1166215
208031,383,1350.58%1266215
208532,233,7960.54%1265215
209032,992,3460.47%1264215
209533,611,4080.37%1264215

Kazakhstan Population by Year (Projections)

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid 2024

Kazakhstan Median Age

31.6

Total

30.3

Male

32.8

Female

Kazakhstan Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Kazakhstan.

Census Years

Year
Date
20202020
20096 March 2009
199926 February 1999
198912 January 1989

Kazakhstan Population Pyramid

Kazakhstan is a nation in Central Asia and the world's biggest landlocked area in terms of land area. Kazakhstan is bordered by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, China, Russia, and the Caspian Sea.

Kazakhstan Demographics

The ethnic majority of the country is the ethnic Kazakhs (63.1%), although there are a large number of other ethnicities present as well, such as ethnic Russians (23.7%), Uzbeks (2.9%), Ukrainians (2.1%), Uygurs (1.4%), Tatars (1.3%) and Germans (1.1%).

Some minority groups in Kazakhstan, including Germans, Ukrainians, Chechens, Koreans, and Meskhetian Turks were deported to Kazakhstan in the 1930s and 1940s by Stalin as Russian political opponents.

At the end of the 1980s, ethnic Russians were at almost 38% of the population while Kazakhstanis were in a majority in just 7 of the country's 20 regions. There were also 1 million Germans in Kazakhstan prior to 1991. After the Soviet Union dissolved, most emigrated to Germany. Emigration of Russians and Germans returned indigenous Kazakhs to a majority in the country.

Kazakhstan Religion, Economy and Politics

Islam is the most prominent religion in Kazakhstan, with just over 70% of the population practicing it. Within the Muslim population, Sunni and Hanafi, are the most practiced schools of thought, although there are also small communities of Shia and Ahmadi. An additional 26% of the population practices some form of Christianity (mostly Eastern Orthodox or Roman Catholic), and the remaining 4% either practice a religion aside from Islam or Christianity or have no religion at all.

The economy in Kazakhstan has been doing extremely well since around the turn of the century, going from a low-middle to upper-middle economy in just 20 years, and the GDP per capita has been multiplied by 6 during the same time period. All of this has lead to Kazakhstan currently being the largest and strongest economy in central Asia. The strongest sectors of their economy are energy, industry, and services such as technology, retail, and tourism.

Kazakhstan Population History

In the late 1800s, thousands of people from both Ukraine and Russia were brought into to settle the land that is modern-day Kazakhstan. By 1916 the people wanted to break out from Soviet rule and began a rebellion that killed 150,000 and displaced another 300,000. Ultimately they were unsuccessful in achieving autonomy at this point and the nation was an autonomous republic of the USSR for many years to come. Throughout the 1920s and 30s, a program was begun to begin industrializing and setting the nation up to collectivize agriculture, but the plan was ill-formed and more than one million people died of starvation.

Still under Russian rule, hundreds of thousand were forcibly moved to Kazakhstan from Korea, Germany, and Uzbekistan. Between 1954-1962 an additional 2 million Russians were moved into the area in an attempt to further develop the land. At this point, only 30% of the population were ethnic Kazakhs. After many years of unrest, Kazakhstan gained full independence from Russia in 1991.

Kazakhstan Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
2,724,900
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$296.74
GDP (UN '22)
$225.50 Bn

Sources