Lithuania Population 2020 (Live)

2,717,924

Lithuania's population is currently in decline, losing about 1.5% of its population per year. The country has now reached its lowest population in decades as more people emigrate to wealthier west European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. In 1989, the year it declared independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania had a population of 3.67 million, which has now declined to 2.9 million. By 2060, the population is predicted to fall to 2.5 million.

Currently, the population growth annual rate is at -.48% in 2018, which is a slight improvement from 2017, when the World Factbook gives a -1.07% growth rate.

The current population of Lithuania is 2,717,924, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,722,289.

Lithuania Growth Rate

Lithuania Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Vilnius542,366
Kaunas374,643
Klaipeda192,307
Siauliai130,587
Panevezys117,395
Alytus70,747
Dainava (Kaunas)70,000
Eiguliai61,700
Marijampole47,613
Mazeikiai41,309

Surface Area and Population Density

Lithuania comes in with a ranking of 124th in the world for sheer land area with 65,300 square kilometers. The population density of this country is at 44.05 people per square kilometer, ranking in at 165th in the world for population density.

Largest Cities in Lithuania

The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (542,366) - which is also the capital of Lithuania, Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).

Lithuania Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20202,722,289-1.35%43.44142167
20192,759,627-1.49%44.03142167
20182,801,264-1.55%44.70141167
20172,845,414-1.53%45.40141164
20162,889,557-1.44%46.10140164
20152,931,880-1.26%46.78138159
20103,123,816-1.35%49.84135151
20053,344,268-0.92%53.36130147
20003,501,839-0.70%55.87127139
19953,626,612-0.38%57.86121131
19903,696,0350.74%58.97118123
19853,562,3970.76%56.84117120
19803,430,7600.79%54.74112117
19753,298,8791.01%52.64107115
19703,136,5861.12%50.05106111
19652,966,1651.38%47.33106108
19602,769,8761.05%44.19105108
19552,628,7510.47%41.94100107
19502,567,4030.00%40.9695104

Lithuania Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20202,722,289-1.35%43.44142167
20252,591,273-0.98%41.35144172
20302,484,803-0.84%39.65146175
20352,381,867-0.84%38.00148180
20402,284,293-0.83%36.45149186
20452,197,745-0.77%35.07150186
20502,121,397-0.70%33.85150187
20552,046,218-0.72%32.65151190
20601,969,132-0.77%31.42151192
20651,892,020-0.80%30.19152192
20701,819,920-0.77%29.04153193
20751,755,968-0.71%28.02154194
20801,702,526-0.62%27.16153195
20851,656,186-0.55%26.43153195
20901,611,871-0.54%25.72153195
20951,568,020-0.55%25.02153195

Lithuania Population by Year (Projections)

Lithuania Population Pyramid 2020

Lithuania Median Age

43.7


Total

39.7


Male

47.1


Female

Lithuania Population by Age

There are 2,266,707 adults in Lithuania.

Lithuania Population Pyramid

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is located in Northern Europe along the Baltic Sea east of Denmark and Sweden.

Lithuania Demographics

Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.

Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukrainians (0.5%).

Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.

Lithuanian is the official language in use in the country, and the population also uses Russian and Polish as well as other unspecified languages.

The age structure in Lithuania is around 26% under the age of 25, 54% between the ages of 25 and 64, and nearly 20% are over the age of 65. The current median age as of 2018 is calculated at 43.7 years of age.

Quality of Life in Lithuania

In terms of quality of life and access to necessary resources, Lithuania is doing fairly well. Less than 12% of the population struggle with access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities. In addition, the World Happiness Report shows a ranking of 50th in 2018, with an overall happiness rating that comes to 5.952 out of 10 possible points.

About Lithuania