Lithuania Population 2024 (Live)

2,692,184

Lithuania's population is currently in decline, losing about 1.5% of its population per year. The country has now reached its lowest population in decades as more people emigrate to wealthier west European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. In 1989, the year it declared independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania had a population of 3.67 million, which has now declined to 2.9 million. By 2060, the population is predicted to fall to 2.5 million.

Currently, the population growth annual rate is at -.48% in 2018, which is a slight improvement from 2017, when the World Factbook gives a -1.07% growth rate.

Population Rank
Growth Rate
2024 World Percentage
Land Area
62,620
The current population of Lithuania is 2,692,184 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2024 population at 2,692,798.

Lithuania Growth Rate

Lithuania Population Clock

Lithuania Population (as of 7/9/2024)2,692,184
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2024)2,692,798
Births per Day68
Deaths per Day106
Migrations per Day-31
Net Change per Day-68
Population Change Since Jan. 1-12,988

Components of Population Change

One birth every 21.18 minutes
One death every 13.58 minutes
One emigrant every 46.45 minutes
Net loss of one person every 21.18 minutes

Lithuania Population Clock

Lithuania Population Density Map

City
2024 Population
Vilnius542,366
Kaunas374,643
Klaipeda192,307
Siauliai130,587
Panevezys117,395
Alytus70,747
Dainava (Kaunas)70,000
Eiguliai61,700
Marijampole47,613
Mazeikiai41,309

Surface Area and Population Density

Lithuania comes in with a ranking of 124th in the world for sheer land area with 65,300 square kilometers. The population density of this country is at 44.05 people per square kilometer, ranking in at 165th in the world for population density.

Largest Cities in Lithuania

The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (542,366) - which is also the capital of Lithuania, Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20242,692,798-1.12%43144171
20232,718,352-1.12%43142169
20202,820,267-1.01%45140168
20192,849,083-0.94%45139165
20182,876,128-0.97%46139164
20172,904,450-1%46138164
20152,963,765-1.14%47138162
20103,139,019-1.43%50135150
20053,373,533-1.29%54130145
20003,599,637-0.8%57127136
19953,747,267-0.21%60121129
19903,785,8470.61%60118121
19853,672,8520.85%59115119
19803,521,2060.89%56111116
19753,368,2870.97%54109115
19703,210,1471.01%51106109
19653,052,9791.2%49106107
19602,875,6841.28%46103107
19552,699,0511.03%43100105

Lithuania Population by Year (Historical)

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Year
Population
Growth Rate
Density (/km²)
Population Rank
Density Rank
20242,692,798-1.12%43144171
20252,668,446-1.1%43145171
20302,558,928-0.83%41146173
20352,456,932-0.81%39148178
20402,360,590-0.8%38149184
20452,271,313-0.77%36149185
20502,187,550-0.75%35149186
20552,104,361-0.77%34149187
20602,019,733-0.82%32149190
20651,936,043-0.84%31150191
20701,856,727-0.83%30152192
20751,784,730-0.79%28152192
20801,720,494-0.73%27152193
20851,662,231-0.69%27153194
20901,607,822-0.66%26152194
20951,555,447-0.66%25153196

Lithuania Population by Year (Projections)

Lithuania Population Pyramid 2024

Lithuania Median Age

44.5

Total

40.2

Male

48.2

Female

Lithuania Population by Age

There are people over age 18 in Lithuania.

Census Years

Year
Date
20211 January 2021
20119 May 2011
20016 April 2001
198912 January 1989

Lithuania Population Pyramid

Lithuania, officially the Republic of Lithuania, is located in Northern Europe along the Baltic Sea east of Denmark and Sweden.

Lithuania Demographics

Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.

Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukrainians (0.5%).

Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.

Lithuanian is the official language in use in the country, and the population also uses Russian and Polish as well as other unspecified languages.

The age structure in Lithuania is around 26% under the age of 25, 54% between the ages of 25 and 64, and nearly 20% are over the age of 65. The current median age as of 2018 is calculated at 43.7 years of age.

Quality of Life in Lithuania

In terms of quality of life and access to necessary resources, Lithuania is doing fairly well. Less than 12% of the population struggle with access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities. In addition, the World Happiness Report shows a ranking of 50th in 2018, with an overall happiness rating that comes to 5.952 out of 10 possible points.

Lithuania Population Rank 2024
Area (km²)
65,300
2024 Growth Rate
Capital
GDP (IMF '23)
$81.17
GDP (UN '22)
$70.88 Bn
  1. Statistics Lithuania
  2. World Population Prospects (2022 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  3. GeoNames

Sources