Lithuania's population is currently in decline, losing about 1.5% of its population per year. The country has now reached its lowest population in decades as more people emigrate to wealthier west European countries, particularly the United Kingdom. In 1989, the year it declared independence from the Soviet Union, Lithuania had a population of 3.67 million, which has now declined to 2.9 million. By 2060, the population is predicted to fall to 2.5 million.
Currently, the population growth annual rate is at -.48% in 2018, which is a slight improvement from 2017, when the World Factbook gives a -1.07% growth rate.
|Lithuania Population (as of 10/1/2023)||2,711,686|
|Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2023)||2,718,352|
|Births per Day||70|
|Deaths per Day||106|
|Migrations per Day||-36|
|Net Change per Day||-72|
|Population Change Since Jan. 1||-19,728|
Net decrease of 1 person every 20 minutes
Population estimates based on interpolation of data from World Population Prospects
|One birth every 20.57 minutes|
|One death every 13.58 minutes|
|One emigrant every 40 minutes|
|Net loss of one person every 20 minutes|
Lithuania comes in with a ranking of 124th in the world for sheer land area with 65,300 square kilometers. The population density of this country is at 44.05 people per square kilometer, ranking in at 165th in the world for population density.
The three largest cities in Lithuania are Vilnius (542,366) - which is also the capital of Lithuania, Kaunas (306,800) and Klaipeda (158,500).
There are people over age 18 in Lithuania.
Interestingly, native inhabitants of Lithuania have never been replaced or pushed out by any other ethnic group since the Neolithic period. This means modern-day Lithuanians have much of the same genetic composition of their ancestors. Lithuania has a fairly homogeneous population with no apparent genetic differences between subgroups of ethnicities. A DNA analysis conducted in 2004 found that Lithuanians are closest to Finns, Estonians and Latvians.
Ethnic Lithuanians account for 5/6 of the population, which makes the country one of the most homogeneous in the Baltic States. The 2011 census found that 84% of the population was ethnic Lithuanians who spoke Lithuanian. Poles made up 6.6%, followed by Russians (5.8%), Belarusians (1.2%) and Ukrainians (0.5%).
Poles are mostly concentrated in southeast Lithuania, while Russians are mostly in Vilnius and Klaipeda. There are approximately 3,000 Roma in Lithuania, as well as a small community of Tatar.
Lithuanian is the official language in use in the country, and the population also uses Russian and Polish as well as other unspecified languages.
The age structure in Lithuania is around 26% under the age of 25, 54% between the ages of 25 and 64, and nearly 20% are over the age of 65. The current median age as of 2018 is calculated at 43.7 years of age.
In terms of quality of life and access to necessary resources, Lithuania is doing fairly well. Less than 12% of the population struggle with access to clean water and improved sanitation facilities. In addition, the World Happiness Report shows a ranking of 50th in 2018, with an overall happiness rating that comes to 5.952 out of 10 possible points.