Luxembourg Population 2022 (Live)

647,999
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Luxembourg is currently experiencing very healthy population growth of 2.5%, in stark contrast to other European countries. By 2020, it's projected to have a population of 572,000.

Luxembourg Population Growth

While Luxembourg is one of the least-populous countries in Europe, it has the largest population growth rate of around 2.0% per year. The population rose by 2.18% between 2016 and 2017, 2.08% between 2017 and 2018, and 1.90% between 2018 and 2019. The nation’s first population record was in 1821 with a population of 134,082. The population grew steadily between each record except between 1930 and 1947 when the population decreased by 2.9%.

Luxembourg Population Projections

The growth rate is expected to remain around 2%. By 2100, the population is expected to rise to 985,000 people.

The current population of Luxembourg is 647,999 based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2022 population at 647,599.

Luxembourg Growth Rate

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Luxembourg Population 2022 (Live)

Luxembourg Population Clock

Luxembourg Population (as of 9/18/2022)647,999
Last UN Estimate (July 1, 2022)647,599
Births per Day4
Deaths per Day2
Migrations per Day3
Net Change per Day5
Population Change Since Jan. 11,305

Components of Population Change

One birth every 360 minutes0%
One death every 720 minutes0%
One net migrant every 480 minutes0%
Net gain of one person every 288 minutes0%

Luxembourg Population Clock

Name Population
Luxembourg76,684
Esch-sur-Alzette28,228
Dudelange18,013
Schifflange8,155
Bettembourg7,437
Petange7,187
Ettelbruck6,364
Merl6,264
Diekirch6,242
Strassen6,006

Luxembourg Area and Density

Luxembourg is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. Luxembourg is the 167th largest country in the world by land and the 169th largest by population. With an area of 998 square miles (2,586 square kilometers), making the population density 605.3 persons per square mile (233.7 persons per square kilometer, making it the 67th most densely populated country.

Largest Cities in Luxembourg

The largest city in Luxembourg is Luxembourg City, the country’s capital. Luxembourg City has a population of 119,214 as of January 2019. With an area of 19.87 square miles (51.46 square kilometers), the population density is 5,900 persons per square mile (2,300 persons per square kilometer). Luxembourg City is one of the de facto capitals of the European Union and is home to several bodies, agencies, and institutions of the EU, such as the European Court of Justice, the European Court of Auditors, the European Investment Fund, and the European Investment Bank.

Luxembourg’s second-largest city, Esch-Sur-Alzette, is a fraction of the size of the population of Luxembourg City. Esch-Sur-Alzette has a population of 35,040 and is a commune with town status.

Luxembourg Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
1955305,5140.60%117.9616047
1960314,1680.56%121.3016147
1965329,7940.98%127.3316148
1970339,3420.57%131.0216255
1975353,6660.83%136.5516358
1980363,7410.56%140.4416461
1985366,4660.15%141.4916862
1990381,2670.80%147.2117063
1995407,6351.35%157.3917264
2000435,6281.34%168.2017065
2005464,8601.31%179.4817265
2010507,0701.75%195.7817262
2015569,4082.35%219.8517158
2017596,2832.22%230.2317060
2018607,9131.95%234.7217059
2019619,9731.98%239.3717057
2020630,3991.68%243.4016954
2021639,3211.85%246.8416953
2022647,5991.67%250.0416953

Luxembourg Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2025668,1001.17%257.9516953
2030697,0860.85%269.1516953
2035722,5160.72%278.9616954
2040744,8840.61%287.6017054
2045764,6870.53%295.2517051
2050781,9100.45%301.9017050
2055796,4700.37%307.5217049
2060808,8080.31%312.2817048
2065819,2170.26%316.3017148
2070828,1470.22%319.7517148
2075836,3080.20%322.9016948
2080844,0250.18%325.8817046
2085851,7060.18%328.8417045
2090859,9760.19%332.0417145
2095869,2210.21%335.6117045
2023654,7681.50%252.8116953
2024661,5941.31%255.4416953

Luxembourg Population by Year (Projections)

Luxembourg Population Pyramid 2022

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Luxembourg Median Age

39.5


Total

38.9


Male

40


Female

Luxembourg Population by Age

There are 525,044 people over age 18 in Luxembourg.

Census Years

Year Date
19911 March 1991
200115 February 2001
20111 February 2011
20212021

Luxembourg Population Pyramid

Luxembourg is a small landlocked nation in Western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France, and Germany. Luxembourg has an estimated population of 615,729. Its capital, Luxembourg City, is one of the four official capitals of the European Union, along with Frankfurt, Brussels, and Strasbourg. Luxembourg has one of the fastest-growing population rates.

Luxembourg Demographics

The people of Luxembourg are called Luxembourgers. During the 20th century, the immigrant population began to increase significantly. As of 2013, there were 537,039 permanent residents in Luxembourg, 44.5% of whom were foreign-born. Annually, about 10,000 new immigrants arrive in Luxembourg, mostly from European Union nations.

The countries with the highest number of immigrants in Luxembourg are Portugal, France, Italy, Belgium, and Germany. Portuguese is the second-largest ethnic group in the country, behind Luxembourgers, with a population of about 95,516 and comprising 15.7% of the population. Following is French (7.5%), Italian (3.6%), and Belgian (3.3%). Over 6.4% of Luxembourg residents are from other European Union nation and 6.1% of residents are from other non-EU nations.

There are three official languages in Luxembourg: German, French, and Luxembourgish, a Franconian language similar to German and Dutch. According to an EU survey, about 70% of Luxembourgers speak Luxembourgish as their native language. The three languages are spoken to varying extents everywhere in education, business, media, and between family, and both formally and informally. A study showed that 70.5% of the population used Luxembourgish at work, school, and/or home, 55.7% used French, and 30.6% used German. The same study showed that, on average, 2.2 languages are used.

Luxembourg Religion, Economy, and Politics

Despite being a secular state, Luxembourg recognizes certain religions as officially mandated religions. There are many active religions, with Christianity being the most popular. About 73.2% of Luxembourgers are affiliated with some form of Christianity, 63.8% of whom are Catholics, 1.8% are Protestants, 3.0% are Orthodox, and 4.6% adhere to other denominations. 15.9% of the population is Agnostic and 7.5% are Atheist. Islam, Buddhism, and Judaism are much smaller religions in Luxembourg, with 2.6%, 0.2%, and 0.1% of the population, respectively.

Luxembourg has a high-income market economy. Unemployment and inflation are low, and the economy experiences moderate growth and a high level of innovation. Luxembourg is one of the wealthiest nations in the world, with a per capita GDP of $119,719.

Luxembourg politics is what is known as a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, where the prime minister is the head of government. The Constitution of Luxembourg was established on October 17, 1868. The executive power is given to the Grand Duke and the cabinet, while legislative power rests with the Chamber of Deputies, a legislature of 60 members elected to five-year terms. The Grand Duke, or Duchess, is hereditary within the ruling dynasty and appoints the prime minister and vice prime minister.

Luxembourg - General Info

  1. STATEC
  2. STATEC
  3. World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  4. GeoNames

Sources