Macau Population 2020 (Live)

650,505

Each decade since the 1960s has seen a rise of roughly 100,000 in the population of Macau, with a 1.7% annual change. The Chinese Civil War from the late 1920s to late 1940s saw a huge influx in the number of Chinese residents fleeing to the country. Today almost 90% of the country is made up of Chinese people, and not even 2% claiming to have Portuguese/Macanese heritage. Despite having the world's most dense population, Macau's population continues its steady growth.

The current population of Macau is 650,505, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 649,335.

Macau Growth Rate

Macau Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Macau520,400

Macau Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020649,3351.39%21644.501673
2019640,4451.40%21348.171673
2018631,6361.45%21054.531673
2017622,5851.59%20752.831683
2016612,8361.79%20427.871683
2015602,0852.27%20069.501683
2010538,2192.20%17940.631673
2005482,8582.45%16095.271683
2000427,7822.10%14259.401703
1995385,5132.32%12850.431713
1990343,8083.93%11460.271723
1985283,5033.55%9450.101733
1980238,071-0.30%7935.701733
1975241,628-0.37%8054.271723
1970246,1943.91%8206.471683
1965203,2283.91%6774.271703
1960167,791-2.40%5593.031713
1955189,460-0.73%6315.331683
1950196,4810.00%6549.371663

Macau Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
2020649,3351.39%21644.501673
2025693,8931.34%23129.771673
2030731,8741.07%24395.801683
2035763,3570.85%25445.231683
2040790,7180.71%26357.271683
2045815,6650.62%27188.831683
2050838,3680.55%27945.601673
2055858,1330.47%28604.431673
2060875,0370.39%29167.901673
2065889,9040.34%29663.471663
2070904,1090.32%30136.971663
2075917,9680.30%30598.931663
2080931,9690.30%31065.631663
2085946,2340.30%31541.131643
2090963,3940.36%32113.131633
2095985,4820.45%32849.401633

Macau Population by Year (Projections)

Macau Population Pyramid 2020

Macau Median Age

39.3


Total

39.5


Male

39.1


Female

Macau Population by Age

There are 537,980 adults in Macau.

Macau Population Pyramid

Macau, or, officially, the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, is located to the west of the Pearl River estuary in southern China. Formerly a Portuguese colony, having been leased as a trading post by the Ming Dynasty in 1557 before falling under direct Portuguese control in 1887, China regained full control in 1999.

The territory has now become a major resort city and one of the world’s top destinations for gambling tourism with up to 38 million visitors each year. In 2019, Macau has a population of about 623,000 with a population density of 55,270 per square mile (21,340/km).

Demographics

According to official demographics data, the racial and ethnic composition of Macau is made up as:

  • 88.8% Chinese
  • 4.6% Filipino
  • 2.4% Vietnamese
  • 1.8% Portuguese/Macanese
  • 2.8% Other

Large portions of the Macau population are Portuguese citizens, a legacy of the Portuguese colonial rule. At the time of Macau being returned to Chinese ownership in 1999, 107,000 residents held Portuguese passports.

The main language spoken in Macau is Cantonese. 87.5% of the population speaks Cantonese, followed by 2.3% of the country speaking Portuguese, still recognised as an official language. With an incredibly dense population of 21,340 people per square kilometer, Macau is the most densely populated region in the entire world.

History

It's believed that the region that came to be Macau was first settled upon during the Han dynasty, the second dynasty of Imperial China, which reigned from 206 BCE to 220 CE. Macau did not become a major settlement until the 16th century with the arrival of the Portuguese.

What was initially a small population of Portuguese merchants soon became a growing city. By the end of the 16th century, the city had reached its peak and was prospering. The following century however, dogged by many Portuguese misfortunes, saw Macau enter a period of decline. Japan halted all trade in 1639, and 5 years later so did China. Following the establishment of Hong Kong in the 1840s, Macau lost its position as a major port.

The Chinese Civil war in the 1920s, 30s, and 40s brought a huge influx of Chinese refugees, leading to Macau building a large workforce. This enabled a thriving economy as it expanded its textiles, tourism, and gambling industries.

After major rioting over colonial status in 1966, Portugal lost most of its control over Macau, relinquishing it fully in 1974. In 1986, after first arranging the declaration for Hong Kong’s return from British rule, China entered negotiations with Portugal for the ownership of Macau. These were concluded a year later, and in 1999 Macau saw its return to Chinese rule after 442 years.

About Macau

  1. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision) - United Nations population estimates and projections.
  2. GeoNames Gazetteer