Mexico’s birth rate is 18.3 births per 1,000 people and its fertility rate is 2.4 children per woman. The birth rate and fertility rates have decreased significantly in recent decades because the marriage rate has fallen and the number of divorces has quadrupled since 1994. The death rate in Mexico is 5.8 deaths per 1,000 people.
Mexico’s population continues to grow at a slow rate and is also aging. The median age as of 2015 is 28 years. By 2055, the median age will be 44 and almost 30% of Mexicans will be over 60, causing the population to decrease after 2062.
Mexico Population Growth
This makes Mexico City the most populous metropolitan town in the Western Hemisphere. Over the years, Mexico has indicated positive population growth. However, over the past few years, the annual population growth has dropped to less than 1%. The country has witnessed a gradual increase in life expectancies. The life expectancy of women is higher than that of men by about 6 years. The fertility rate, noted as the number of children a woman has in her lifetime, has drastically dropped through the years to be at an all-time low for the country.
Females account for 50.7% of the population, while males account for 49.3% of the total population. The country's birth rate for 2016 is 19.02 births/1,000 population. The death rate is 5.24 deaths/1,000 population.
Mexico Population Projections
The rate of growth in Mexico is expected to slow fairly significantly as we progress further into the 21st century. The current annual rate of 1.24% is expected to halve by 2040. Population forecasts expect the population will reach 134 million by 2020, and 148 million by 2030.