Nicaragua Population 2020 (Live)

6,634,229

Nicaragua has one of the healthiest growth rates in the region, and its population is projected to grow to 6.6 million by 2020.

Nicaragua Population Growth

The population of Nicaragua has been very much above average in the past, but the birth rate has slowed significantly in the past couple of decades, which is currently lower than the worldwide average at roughly 2.2 births per woman in the country. This is a good thing considering the amount of poverty in Nicaragua, and the annual growth rate is currently very close to manageable worldwide average at 1.06% as of 2019.

Nicaragua Population Projections

The rate of growth in Nicaragua has been decreasing since the 1970s, trend that is expected to continue in the years to come. Current projections believe that the growth rate will peak in 2020 at 1.08%, before slipping down to 0.36% in 2050. Although the rate of growth will be decreasing, the population as a whole will still be increasing, but at a slower rate. The same predicitions believe that the population of Nicaragua will be 6,416,568 in 2020, 7,046,293 in 2030, 7,548,564 in 2040 and 7,875,742 by 2050.

The current population of Nicaragua is 6,634,229, based on projections of the latest United Nations data. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 6,624,554.

Nicaragua Growth Rate

Nicaragua Population 2020 (Live)

Name Population
Managua973,087
Leon144,538
Masaya130,113
Chinandega126,387
Matagalpa109,089
Esteli96,422
Granada89,409
Jinotega55,000
El Viejo53,504
Nueva Guinea52,929

Nicaragua Area and Population Density

The Central American country of Nicaragua lies sandwiched between the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The land is known for its beautiful lakes, volcanoes, and beaches and covers 50,337 square miles (130,370 square kilometers) of space, ranking it the 99th country in the world in terms of area. Using the 2017 population of 6.218 million (the 110th most populous country in the world), there are 124 people per square mile (48 people per square kilometer) living in the Nicaragua, making it the 124th most densely populated country in the world.

Largest Cities in Nicaragua

Nearly two-thirds of the residents of Nicaragua live in urban areas. The most populous city is the capital, Managua, which has a population of more than 1.03 million in the city proper and over 1.34 million in the metropolitan area- these numbers also make Managua the third-largest city in Central America. The city has been inhabited for thousands of years but didn't become the capital until the mid-1800s. The next largest city is the significantly smaller city of León 56 miles northwest of Managua, with a population of slightly over 200,000. 19 miles south of Managua lies the third-largest city, Masaya, with a population of 166,588, which is the agricultural hub of Nicaragua. Other cities in Nicaragua with populations in excess of 100,000 include Matagalpa, Chinandega, Granada, Jinotega, and Esteli.

Nicaragua Population Density Map

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20206,624,5541.21%55.05110155
20196,545,5021.24%54.39110155
20186,465,5011.26%53.73110154
20176,384,8461.28%53.06111153
20166,303,9741.30%52.38111153
20156,223,2401.33%51.71111153
20105,824,0651.38%48.40110154
20055,438,6901.42%45.19109154
20005,069,3021.73%42.12110154
19954,652,1852.20%38.66110154
19904,173,4342.25%34.68116155
19853,734,3412.72%31.03114155
19803,265,5193.07%27.14115153
19752,806,8573.13%23.32120157
19702,406,5133.08%20.00121157
19652,068,3813.13%17.19123159
19601,773,1293.29%14.73123159
19551,508,1023.09%12.53125163
19501,294,9920.00%10.76126164

Nicaragua Population by Year (Historical)

Year Population Growth Rate Density (km²) Population Rank Density Rank
20206,624,5541.21%55.05110155
20257,008,0031.13%58.24109157
20307,391,8811.07%61.42109155
20357,739,7390.92%64.32110156
20408,048,7450.79%66.88109156
20458,314,4490.65%69.09109155
20508,531,0480.52%70.89109153
20558,694,9760.38%72.25109151
20608,807,1520.26%73.19107152
20658,866,7920.14%73.68107153
20708,874,5690.02%73.75105155
20758,833,434-0.09%73.40105155
20808,749,717-0.19%72.71105154
20858,631,137-0.27%71.72106153
20908,485,331-0.34%70.51108154
20958,315,353-0.40%69.10108154

Nicaragua Population by Year (Projections)

Nicaragua Population Pyramid 2020

Nicaragua Median Age

25.7


Total

24.8


Male

26.6


Female

Nicaragua Population by Age

There are 4,227,757 adults in Nicaragua.

Nicaragua Population Pyramid

Nicaragua Demographics

Nicaragua's population is 69% Mestizo, 17% white, 5% Amerindian and 9% black and other races, although its demographics change with migration. 84% of the country's population lives in urban areas. 17% of the population is of European descent, with the largest ancestry groups being Spanish, German, Italian, English and French. The black population lives primarily on the Caribbean and Atlantic coast of the city and this community is mostly English-speaking Creoles descended from shipwrecked and escaped slaves.

Interestingly, Nicaragua is named for one of its indigenous peoples, the Nicarao, who were once present throughout the western area of the country with a culture and language similar to the Mayans. The indigenous population of Nicaragua has mostly assimilated into the country's mestizo majority.

Nicaragua Religion, Economy and Politics

The majority of people living in Nicaragua practice some form of Christianity. 55% of the population is affiliated with the Catholic Church, 27.2% are Protestant an 0.9% are Jehovah's witnesses. The remaining 16.9% of people in Nicaragua are either another religion or unaffiliated with any, although people are free to practice any religion they there is religious freedom integrated into the nation's constitution.

Nicaragua is both one of the poorest and least developed countries in Central America. The economy is strongly rooted in the agriculture industry, and they export large amounts of coffee, cotton, bananas, and beef. The agriculture industry employs the most people in Nicaragua, but the services sector brings in over half of the country's GDP which includes transportation, commerce, warehousing, tourism, arts, health, education, and banking.

The government of Nicaragua is what is known as a presidential republic, which means that the president is the leader of both the state and the government. The legislative branch in Nicaragua is made up of the National Assembly with 92 members, 20 of which are directly elected by the people. The judicial branch of Nicaragua is independent of the executive and legislative branches and is made up of a supreme court, appeals court, criminal court, and military court.

Nicaragua Population History

Nicaragua was named by a Spanish explorer in the 1500s but didn't become an independent nation until 1838. Nicaragua has managed to stay out of any major wars with huge amounts of casualties since that time. Natural disasters have been a much more significant issue. In 1972, an earthquake in the city of Managua killed between 5,000-10,000. in 1988, a hurricane left 180,000 Nicaraguans homeless. Another earthquake in 1992 left 16,000 people without homes, and another hurricane took the homes of an additional 3,000. The San Cristobal volcano began erupting in 2012 and displaced several more thousand people.

About Nicaragua