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Countries that Recognize the Armenian Genocide 2024

According to the University of Minnesota’s Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, 2,133,190 Armenians lived in the Ottoman empire (modern-day Turkey) in 1914. By 1922, approximately 1,745,390 had been murdered by the Turkish government, leaving only 387,800 Armenians still alive. This mass slaughter of Armenians, which took place amid the chaos of World War I, was later dubbed the Armenian genocide.

All told, some 33 countries currently recognize the Armenian genocide. In addition, scholars believe that many other countries would likely recognize the genocide as well if not for political concerns. For instance, US presidents George W Bush, Barack Obama, and Donald Trump all declined the opportunity to formally recognize the Armenian genocide, claiming it would harm the country's relationship with Turkey. President Joe Biden eventually signed a resolution (which had passed the House 405–11 and the Senate unanimously in 2019) recognizing the Armenian genocide in 2021.

On the other hand, the countries of Turkey and Azerbaijan reject the notion that the killings qualify as a genocide. The Turkish government, in particular, maintains that most Armenians were simply relocated rather than killed and that such actions were necessary to preserve the country because the Armenians were planning to revolt and secede. Most historians outside of Turkey rebuff this logic, pointing to additional mass killings of Armenians in 1894, 1895, 1896, 1909, and 1920-1923.

Causes and after effects of the Armenian genocide

The Armenian genocide was organized and conducted by the ruling CUP (Committee of Union and Progress) government, a Muslim sect which rose to power in Turkey in the 1900s and ruled the country from 1913-1918. The CUP's motives in conducting the Armenian Genocide are a matter of some debate to this day, and many scholars maintain that no single cause prompted it. However, the CUP's antagonistic feelings toward non-Muslim cultures—including not only the Christian and Catholic Armenians, but other Christian, Jewish, and Zionist peoples—is widely believed to have played a significant role.

Overall, the Armenian genocide resulted in the deaths of approximately 1.7 million Armenians. Those who were not killed outright were subjected to "death marches" and hard labor, where many were beaten and slowly starved. A large number of Armenians who survived, particularly women and children, were forcefully converted to Islam and integrated into Muslim society. The genocide also wiped out thousands of years of Armenian culture.

Several additional organizations and non-national governments have also recognized the Armenian Genocide. These include the Catholic church, all 50 US state governments, and the Council of Europe.

Country by country profiles:


Uruguay officially recognized the Armenian genocide in 1965, becoming the first country to do so.


In 1998, the Belgian parliament officially approved a resolution that recognized the Armenian Genocide of 1915. The vote passed by a large majority, which also carried with it increased pressure for the Turkish government to officially recognize and condemn the actions of their predecessors. In Belgium, to deny the facts of the Armenian genocide and its place in history carries with it a punishment of 45,000 euros, as well as up to a year in prison.


A destination country for many Armenian refugees, Brazil took in a large number of Armenian diaspora, whose descendants remain in Brazil to this day. In 2015, in response to mounting public pressure, Brazil officially adopted a resolution that recognized the Armenian genocide. Although Brazil hosts a large number of Armenian diaspora, growing public pressure has only been noticed in the last few years.


Inspired by Brazil, Bulgaria passed an extremely similar law in the following months. The Bulgarian parliament went a step further and officially declared April 24 "Victims Remembrance Day", a national holiday to remember those who lost their lives during the genocide.


Keeping with the above pace, Lebanon officially recognized April 24 as a remembrance day for the Armenian genocide. It is a national holiday that calls on the people of Lebanon to remember the acts of the Ottoman Empire towards the Armenian people and culture. On May 12, 2000, the government officially commemorated the 82nd anniversary of the genocide.

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Years Recognized
Additional Details
On February 8, 2023, the Mexican Senate adopted a document on Armenian Genocide recognition citing t...
On May 6, 2021, the Latvian Parliament, or Saeima, approved a resolution recognizing the Armenian ge...
United States2019, 2021
The US House of Representatives affirmed the United States record on the Armenian genocide with Hous...
On April 26, 2019, the Parliament of Portugal voted for the recognition of the Armenian genocide per...
The Eastern-based interim administration's Council of Ministers has adopted a proposal from Abdelhad...
Czech Republic2017, 2020
On April 14, 2015, Czech Committee on Foreign Affairs of the Chamber of Deputies passed a resolution...
Syria2015, 2020
On February 13, 2020, the People's Assembly of Syria unanimously adopted a resolution recognizing an...
The resolution was approved by the Federal Senate.
The Chamber of Senators in Paraguay unanimously adopted the resolution.
The declaration was adopted by the Bulgarian parliament on April 24, 2015, using the phrase "mass ex...
The Chamber of Deputies unanimously adopted a resolution on the recognition of the genocide of Armen...
The resolution was approved unanimously by both the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies, with the app...
Swedish parliament passed a resolution recognizing the Armenian genocide as well as the Assyrian gen...
Chile2007, 2015
Germany2005, 2016
Resolution passed first reading in April 2015. On June 2, 2016, the German Bundestag almost unanimou...
The Sejm of the Republic of Poland (lower house of the Polish parliament) unanimously passed a bill ...
On July 14, 2005, the National Assembly of Venezuela adopted a resolution that recognizes the Armeni...
On December 16, 2005, the Lithuanian Parliament, or Seimas, approved a resolution recognizing the Ar...
Netherlands2004, 2015, 2018
The Dutch government sends a Minister or State Secretary to Armenia to attend Armenian Genocide Reme...
Denial of the genocide is criminalized. Punishable by up to 5 years in prison, per 2011 act.
Denial of the genocide is criminalized.
Italy2000, 2019
Denial of genocides is criminalized. It stipulates 3-year imprisonment and a fine. On April 10, 2019...
Vatican City2000, 2015
Belgium1998, 2015
France1998, 2001
On February 5, 2019, French president Emmanuel Macron declared April 24 as Armenian genocide commemo...
Lebanon1997, 2000
On May 11, 2000, the Lebanese Parliament unanimously approved a resolution calling for the commemora...
Canada1996, 2002, 2004, 2006
Denial of the genocide is criminalized. Punishable by up to 3 years in prison and a fine not to exce...
Russia1995, 2005, 2015
Argentina1993, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007
Recognition extended by the Armenian SSR.
Cyprus1975, 1982, 1990
The first country to raise the issue to the United Nations General Assembly. Denial of the genocide ...
Uruguay1965, 2004, 2015
The first country to recognize the events as genocide.
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Which countries recognize the Armenian Genocide?

The countries that recognize the Armenian Genocide are Argentina, Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, United States, Uruguay, Vatican City, and Venezuela.

How many countries recognize the Armenian Genocide?

There are currently 33 countries that recognize the Armenian Genocide.

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