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Levant Countries 2024


Syria is a country located in the Middle East, bordered by Lebanon to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest. The country has a population of about 18 million people, and the official language is Arabic. Syria has a long and rich history dating back to ancient times. It was once the center of the powerful and influential Mesopotamian and Persian empires, and it has been conquered and ruled by many different civilizations throughout its history - which has shaped its unique customs.

Today, Syria is a predominantly Arab country, but it is also home to many different ethnic and religious groups, including Kurds, Armenians, and Assyrians. The country has been in the midst of a brutal civil war since 2011, which has caused widespread destruction and led to the displacement of millions of people. Despite this, Syria remains an important cultural and historical center in the Middle East, and many people are working to preserve its rich heritage.


Jordan is a country bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south and east, Iraq to the north, and Israel and Palestine to the west. The country has a population of about 10 million people, and the official language is Arabic. Jordan has a long and fascinating history, and it is home to many important archaeological and historical sites. The country is particularly known for its ancient cities, such as Petra, which was once the capital of the Nabatean kingdom and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Jordan is also home to many important religious sites, including Mount Nebo, where Moses is said to have looked out upon the Promised Land, and the city of Madaba, which is known for its Byzantine mosaics. Many believers of the Abrahamic faith consider this an important religious and cultural site. Jordan is a relatively stable country in a volatile region, and it has a relatively high standard of living. The country is known for its hospitality and its commitment to education and healthcare, and it is a popular destination for tourists from around the world.


Lebanon is a small country located in the Levant region, bordered by Syria to the north and east, and Israel to the south. The country has a population of about 6 million people, and the official languages are Arabic and French. Lebanon has a long and complex history, and it has been heavily influenced by the many different civilizations that have ruled it throughout its history. The country has a rich and diverse cultural heritage, and it is home to many different ethnic and Abrahamic religious groups, including Christians, Muslims, and Jews.

Lebanon has been plagued by political instability and conflict throughout its history, and the country has been through several wars and periods of unrest. Despite this, the country is known for its vibrant and lively culture, and it is home to many artists, writers, and musicians. Beirut, the capital of Lebanon, is often referred to as the "Paris of the Middle East" for its cosmopolitan atmosphere and vibrant nightlife.

  • Various sources may use a narrow or a broad interpretation of which modern-day countries should be considered Levant countries. Due to these different interpretations, a core group of countries are consistently considered Levant countries, while a number of others are included by some sources and excluded by others.

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Levant Status
CyprusSome sources
EgyptSome sources
GreeceSome sources
IraqAll sources
IsraelSome sources
JordanAll sources
LebanonAll sources
LibyaSome sources
PalestineAll sources
SyriaAll sources
TurkeySome sources