Although people have been growing it for over 5,000 years, quinoa has seen a major increase in popularity recently. Quinoa is a highly versatile, nutritious grain with a long, rich cultivation history. However, most of the world’s quinoa supply comes from just a few countries with the ideal climate conditions required for optimal yields.
Although quinoa is grown around the world, some countries are definitely higher producers than others. The following are the world’s top quinoa-producing countries as of 2023.
As of 2023, Peru is the largest producer of quinoa in the world with an approximate annual yield of 106,756 tons. Peru is also famous around the world for producing lots of different varieties of quinoa, as well as for having an agricultural policy in place that encourages cultivation.
Bolivia currently contributes about 38,800 tons of quinoa to the worldwide quinoa supply each year – not nearly as much as Peru, but still more than enough to make it the world’s second-largest quinoa producer. The Bolivian regions with the highest rates of quinoa production are located in the Andes Mountains.
Ecuador produces around 1,481 tons of quinoa annually – not as much as Peru or Bolivia, but still an ample amount, thanks to its quinoa-friendly climate. Like Peru, Ecuador considers quinoa production to be a key part of its agricultural function.
In recent years, quinoa production has also been on the rise in the United States, thanks to the grain’s growing popularity and overall versatility. The bulk of quinoa production in the U.S. occurs in states like Washington and Colorado for climate reasons.
Mountain environments and highlands provide the best growing environment for quinoa, so it’s no coincidence that the world’s top producers are near the Andes Mountains of South America.
Some regions are developing techniques for growing quinoa along coasts and in lowland areas, as well. However, access to the right growing environments remains a key factor affecting quinoa production worldwide. Here are some others: