Satellite Nations 2021

map placeholder

A satellite nation, or satellite nation, is a nation that is aligned or under the influence of another nation.

The term satellite nation was first used to describes certain nations in the Cold War that were aligned with or under the influence and pressure of the soviet union. The term “satellite nation” was coined as an analogy to planetary objects orbiting a larger object, such as moons around planets. Countries in the West started using the term “satellite nation” to describe these nations as they were held in the orbit or gravitational pull of the Soviet Union.

The satellite nations of the Soviet Union had long histories with Russia because of their geographical proximity and has relations well established before World War II. During the war, many of these nations looked to Russia for support against an aggressive Germany. As Germany swept through Eastern Europe, many of these nations became closer to the Soviet Union. At the Battle of Stalingrad in 1942, Soviet forces pushed German forces back to Berlin, liberating Eastern Europe along the way. While doing so, Soviet forces stay stationed in these countries. By the end of the war, most of Eastern Europe was under Soviet control.

At the Yalta Conference in 1945, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin met to discuss how post-war Germany and Europe should be organized. Stalin argued that the Soviet Union should lead the rebuilding and assisting of Eastern European nations. Stalin pledged to allow free elections in all territories liberated from Nazi Germany. While the United States saw the Yalta agreements as a carry-over of U.S.-Soviet wartime cooperation, the sentiment was short-lived. By the end of April 1945, the new presidential administration under Harry S. Truman clashed with the Soviet Union over its influence in Eastern Europe and over the United Nations.

Following World War II, most eastern and central European countries were occupied by the Soviet Union, forming the Soviet Empire. The Soviet Union organized Cominform, the Communist Information Bureau, which enforced political and ideological conformity. Stalinist systems were established in each country through a series of coalition governments and forced liquidation of coalition members that the Soviets did not approve of. The Stalinists controlled the existing governments, law enforcement, press, and radio in these countries.

As Europe attempted to recover from the war, the United States initiated the Marshall Plan, promising aid to any country that applied for help. The Soviet Union responded to this by creating Comecon in 1949, which promised economic aid to its members and kept the economies of the satellites tied to the Soviet Union.

The satellite nations of the Cold War were:

  • People’s Socialist Republic of Albania
  • Polish People’s Republic
  • People’s Republic of Bulgaria
  • People’s Republic of Romania
  • Czechoslovak Socialist Republic
  • German Democratic Republic (East Germany)
  • Hungarian People’s Republic

Other satellite nations included the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia, Democratic Republic of Afghanistan, and Mongolian People’s Republic. The Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia broke from Soviet influence in 1948 and formed the Non-Aligned Movement. The Democratic Republic of Afghanistan’s government was aligned with the Eastern Bloc from 1978 to 1992 and received military support from the Soviet Union between 1979 and 1989. The Mongolian People’s Republic was a Soviet satellite nation from 1924 to 1991 and was so tightly controlled by and reliant on the Soviet Union that it did not exist past the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Satellite Nations 2021

Rank Country 2021 Population
China1,444,216,107
India1,393,409,038
United States332,915,073
Indonesia276,361,783
Pakistan225,199,937
Brazil213,993,437
Nigeria211,400,708
Bangladesh166,303,498
Russia145,912,025
Mexico130,262,216
Japan126,050,804
Ethiopia117,876,227
Philippines111,046,913
Egypt104,258,327
Vietnam98,168,833
Dr Congo92,377,993
Turkey85,042,738
Iran85,028,759
Germany83,900,473
Thailand69,950,850
United Kingdom68,207,116
France65,426,179
Tanzania61,498,437
Italy60,367,477
South Africa60,041,994
Kenya54,985,698
Myanmar54,806,012
South Korea51,305,186
Colombia51,265,844
Uganda47,123,531
Spain46,745,216
Argentina45,605,826
Sudan44,909,353
Algeria44,616,624
Ukraine43,466,819
Iraq41,179,350
Afghanistan39,835,428
Canada38,067,903
Poland37,797,005
Morocco37,344,795
Saudi Arabia35,340,683
Uzbekistan33,935,763
Angola33,933,610
Peru33,359,418
Malaysia32,776,194
Mozambique32,163,047
Ghana31,732,129
Yemen30,490,640
Nepal29,674,920
Venezuela28,704,954
Madagascar28,427,328
Cameroon27,224,265
Ivory Coast27,053,629
North Korea25,887,041
Australia25,788,215
Niger25,130,817
Taiwan23,855,010
Sri Lanka21,497,310
Burkina Faso21,497,096
Mali20,855,735
Malawi19,647,684
Chile19,212,361
Romania19,127,774
Kazakhstan18,994,962
Zambia18,920,651
Syria18,275,702
Guatemala18,249,860
Ecuador17,888,475
Senegal17,196,301
Netherlands17,173,099
Cambodia16,946,438
Chad16,914,985
Somalia16,359,504
Zimbabwe15,092,171
Guinea13,497,244
Rwanda13,276,513
Benin12,451,040
Burundi12,255,433
Tunisia11,935,766
Bolivia11,832,940
Belgium11,632,326
Haiti11,541,685
South Sudan11,381,378
Cuba11,317,505
Dominican Republic10,953,703
Czech Republic10,724,555
Greece10,370,744
Jordan10,269,021
Azerbaijan10,223,342
Portugal10,167,925
Sweden10,160,169
Honduras10,062,991
United Arab Emirates9,991,089
Tajikistan9,749,627
Hungary9,634,164
Belarus9,442,862
Papua New Guinea9,119,010
Austria9,043,070
Israel8,789,774
Switzerland8,715,494
Serbia8,697,550
Togo8,478,250
Sierra Leone8,141,343
Hong Kong7,552,810
Laos7,379,358
Paraguay7,219,638
Libya6,958,532
Bulgaria6,896,663
Lebanon6,769,146
Nicaragua6,702,385
Kyrgyzstan6,628,356
El Salvador6,518,499
Turkmenistan6,117,924
Singapore5,896,686
Denmark5,813,298
Republic Of The Congo5,657,013
Finland5,548,360
Norway5,465,630
Slovakia5,460,721
Oman5,223,375
Palestine5,222,748
Liberia5,180,203
Costa Rica5,139,052
Ireland4,982,907
Central African Republic4,919,981
New Zealand4,860,643
Mauritania4,775,119
Panama4,381,579
Kuwait4,328,550
Croatia4,081,651
Moldova4,024,019
Georgia3,979,765
Eritrea3,601,467
Uruguay3,485,151
Mongolia3,329,289
Bosnia And Herzegovina3,263,466
Jamaica2,973,463
Armenia2,968,127
Qatar2,930,528
Albania2,872,933
Puerto Rico2,828,255
Lithuania2,689,862
Namibia2,587,344
Gambia2,486,945
Botswana2,397,241
Gabon2,278,825
Lesotho2,159,079
North Macedonia2,082,658
Slovenia2,078,724
Guinea Bissau2,015,494
Latvia1,866,942
Bahrain1,748,296
Equatorial Guinea1,449,896
Trinidad And Tobago1,403,375
Timor Leste1,343,873
Estonia1,325,185
Mauritius1,273,433
Cyprus1,215,584
Eswatini1,172,362
Djibouti1,002,187
Fiji902,906
Reunion901,686
Comoros888,451
Guyana790,326
Bhutan779,898
Solomon Islands703,996
Macau658,394
Luxembourg634,814
Montenegro628,053
Western Sahara611,875
Suriname591,800
Cape Verde561,898
Maldives543,617
Malta442,784
Brunei441,532
Belize404,914
Guadeloupe400,020
Bahamas396,913
Martinique374,745
Iceland343,353
Vanuatu314,464
French Guiana306,448
New Caledonia288,218
Barbados287,711
French Polynesia282,530
Mayotte279,515
Sao Tome And Principe223,368
Samoa200,149
Saint Lucia184,400
Guam170,179
Curacao164,798
Kiribati121,392
Micronesia116,254
Grenada113,021
Saint Vincent And The Grenadines111,263
Aruba107,204
Tonga106,760
United States Virgin Islands104,226
Seychelles98,908
Antigua And Barbuda98,731
Isle Of Man85,410
Andorra77,355
Dominica72,167
Cayman Islands66,497
Bermuda62,090
Marshall Islands59,610
Northern Mariana Islands57,917
Greenland56,877
American Samoa55,100
Saint Kitts And Nevis53,544
Faroe Islands49,049
Sint Maarten43,412
Monaco39,511
Saint Martin39,234
Turks And Caicos Islands39,231
Liechtenstein38,250
San Marino34,017
Gibraltar33,698
British Virgin Islands30,421
Palau18,169
Cook Islands17,565
Anguilla15,117
Tuvalu11,931
Wallis And Futuna11,094
Nauru10,876
Saint Barthelemy9,907
Saint Pierre And Miquelon5,766
Montserrat4,977
Falkland Islands3,533
Niue1,619
Tokelau1,373
Vatican City800

Satellite Nations 2021