The Warsaw Pact was a treaty that was signed in Warsaw, Poland. This treaty was also known as the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation, and Mutual Assistance. This alliance was established in 1955 and was signed by the Soviet Union and nations in Eastern Europe. It was established to counterbalance the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which was established in 1949 between the US, Canada, and Western Europe.
There were two parts of the Warsaw Treaty’s organization. This included the Political Consultative Committee and the Combined Command of Pact Armed Forces. The main goal of the Warsaw Pact was driven by the Soviet Union’s need to control Eastern and Central Europe. The Pact began to fall apart during the Revolutions of 1989 and was completely dissolved in 1991.
The original members of the alliance included Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union. Albania was the first nation to withdraw, an event that occurred in 1968.
Countries Not in the UN
The United Nations, or the UN, is a global organization that was originally founded in 1945. The original members of the United Nations are:
- Costa Rica
- Dominican Republic
- El Salvador
- Islamic Republic of Iran
- New Zealand
- Russian Federation
- Saudi Arabia
- South Africa
- Syrian Arab Republic
- United Kingdom
- United States
Since it was founded, the organization now has 193 member states as of October 2018. Nations are admitted to the UN following recommendation by the Security Council and a decision made by the General Assembly.
The member states of the United Nations have several goals. These include:
- Maintaining international peace and security
- Delivering humanitarian aid
- Protecting human rights
- Promoting sustainable development
- Upholding international law
Most of the sovereign states in the world are part of the United Nations. However, there are a few that are not members. Vatican City and Palestine are not members, but they have permanent status as observer states.