Florida Population 2021

21,944,600
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The most recent estimate was carried out in 2015 by the United States Census Bureau and it was estimated that the state’s population had reached 20,271,272. The last official census within the United States was carried out in 2010 and the east coast state of Florida recorded a total number of citizens at 18,801,310.

Florida Population Density and Area

In terms of population density, Florida has a surface area of 65,755 square miles (170,304 square kilometers). Based on estimates, that equates to 353.4 people per square mile, (136.4 per square kilometer) and that makes it the eighth most densely populated state in the US.

The largest city in Florida by population is Jacksonville, with over 900,000 individuals in the area. The largest county by population is Miami-Dade County, with well over 2 million individuals residing within the county lines.

Florida Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in Florida is approximately 41.6, with a slight gap in gender at 51.1% females and 48.9% males in the state.

In religious terms, the Florida population is recorded as 70% Christian based faiths, 24% no particular faith, and 6% non-Christian faith-based.

Florida Boundary, Census and Statehood History

Florida was a Spanish possession until transferred to the United States by treaty, concluded in 1819 but not in full effect until 1821. Florida was made a territory in 1822 with essentially its present boundaries, and was admitted as a State on March 3, 1845. From 1830 on, all parts of Florida have had census coverage.

Florida Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Florida was:

  • White: 75.12%
  • Black or African American: 16.07%
  • Other race: 2.99%
  • Two or more races: 2.74%
  • Asian: 2.73%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%

Florida Population History

Records from 1830 show that a mere 34,730 people lived in Florida, but like the rest of the US, those numbers were to grow dramatically from then onwards. By 1840, the number of people who live in Florida had increased by over 50% to 54,477. Florida joined the union in 1845 as the 27th state, and saw consistently high growth for the rest of the 19th century.

That pattern remained for the early part of the 20th century as well, and by 1950, the population of Florida had grown to 2,771,305. However, the biggest growth was yet to follow and in 1960, the national census revealed that numbers had leapt by 78.7% (nearly 6% annualized) to 4,951,560 over the preceding ten years.

Florida Population Growth

More increases came throughout the decades but the latest census shows that rises are slowing down. In 2000, the population of Florida was 15,982,378 and the increase to 2010 was therefore just 17.6%.

Florida Population Projections

If growth continues at roughly the same rate, by the time that the next Census is undertaken in 2020, the population will exceed 22 million. The population could potentially surpass 26 million in 2030, driven by immigration from both Northern US states and other countries.

Much of the population increase is due to net migration, not only from overseas but from within the US itself. Current claims suggest that around two thirds of residents were born in another state  – a statistic that is the second highest in the US. Florida also has one of the highest populations of Hispanic residents in the United States. It is one of just eight states with a Hispanic population that exceeds one million. In fact, Hispanic residents in Florida, California, and Texas account for 55% of the total Hispanic population in the United States.

Immigrants from Spain, Latin America and Cuba have immigrated to Florida in recent years. Because of the large influx of Hispanic immigrants, Spanish is spoken by 20% of Floridians. The population of non-Hispanic blacks has also increased in recent years, primarily because of Caribbean immigration and reverse migration from the North.

Florida also has a high proportion of illegal aliens with figures around 20% of the total state population, the fourth largest in the US.

Florida Growth Rate

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Florida Population Rank

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Florida Population 2021

  • Florida was the 27th state to be admitted to the Union in 1845.
  • Florida is considered a favorite travel destination in the United States and of the world. It posted a record-breaking 87.3 million visitors in 2011.
  • Over 11,000 miles of rivers, streams and waterways are located within the state.
  • Florida's 1,350 miles of coastline is the 2nd longest in the US, coming in after Alaska.
  • Florida is the United States' largest producer of citrus fruit. Over 60% of the oranges in US are grown in Florida.
  • Space flights are launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • Florida has over 1,250 golf courses -- more than any other state in the US.
  • Saint Augustine is the oldest continuously occupied city and port, which was established by a European settlement in the country.
  • Crane Point Hammock was once the site of an Indian village.

Florida Facts

Miami-Dade County

  • Population2,721,110
  • Density1433.23 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20108.54%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State12.40%

There are multiple counties in Florida that have experienced significant population growth from the time of the 2010 Census to the time that estimates were taken in 2015 of the population by county. There are several counties that have seen population increases of at least 10%, with the top two counties posting population increases exceeding 20%. Sumter County had the highest growth rate, recorded at over 26%, with Osceola County trailing behind at just over 20%. Other Florida counties that posted population increases include Broward, Lee, and Collier Counties to the south, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, and Walton counties in the northwestern region, and Polk County, Orange County, and Lake County in the central region of the state.

There are fewer counties that saw declines in population, with none coming even close to the top percentages seen in the growing counties. The biggest decline in population in the 5-year period happened in Bradford County, with 5.64%, followed by other counties along the northern border of the state, including Holmes, Leon, Madison, and Jefferson Counties.

Florida Population Growth Rate by County

Miami-Dade County

  • Population2,721,110
  • Density1433.23 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20108.54%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State12.40%

Florida Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White15,702,21075.12%
Black or African American3,359,03416.07%
Some Other Race625,0792.99%
Two or More Races572,0212.74%
Asian571,2762.73%
American Indian and Alaska Native59,3200.28%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander12,6530.06%
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Florida Population by Race

Florida Population Pyramid 2021

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Florida Median Age

42


Total

40.5


Male

43.6


Female

Florida Adults

There are 16,719,200 adults, (4,205,430 of whom are seniors) in Florida.

Florida Age Dependency

67

Age Dependency Ratio

33.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Florida Sex Ratio

Female

10,680,800

51.10%

Male

10,220,800

48.90%

Florida Population by Age

Florida Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Florida Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married78.2%21.8%
All65.4%34.6%
Non Family56.6%43.4%
Male52.7%47.3%
Female48%52%

65.4%

Rate of Home Ownership

Florida Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All7,736,3102.6565.4
Married3,622,3503.2178.2
Non Family2,739,6601.3256.6
Female994,5663.8348
Male379,7353.7652.7

3.27

Average Family Size

2.65

Average Household Size

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Florida Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade718,9094.80%
9th to 12th Grade1,048,6707.01%
High School Graduate4,276,24028.57%
Some College2,981,48019.92%
Associates Degree1,468,7409.81%
Bachelors Degree2,827,94018.90%
Graduate Degree1,643,76010.98%
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Florida Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Florida Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White8,744,0908,121,6302,926,990
Hispanic3,527,3002,802,180869,137
Black2,128,3401,770,880410,209
Asian413,815360,972207,163
Other Race400,744304,13478,408
Multiple Races256,152223,69280,154
Native American42,48134,5369,275
Islander8,3917,1331,928

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.88%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.06%.

Florida Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$35,212$39,873$31,083
Less Than High School$21,982$25,628$17,624
High School Grad$27,854$31,703$23,483
Some College$33,595$39,230$30,488
Bachelors Degree$47,440$56,204$41,640
Graduate Degree$62,789$79,648$53,513

$35,212

Average Earnings

$39,873

Average Male

$31,083

Average Female

Florida Earnings by Educational Attainment

Florida Language by Age

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Florida Language

70.58% of Florida residents speak only English, while 29.42% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 21.81% of the population.

Florida Language

Florida Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White11,051,7001,108,23010.03%
Hispanic5,275,080935,16217.73%
Black3,238,900713,31922.02%
Other616,842117,97619.13%
Multiple559,79088,56515.82%
Asian564,17766,79511.84%
Native57,3539,49316.55%
Islander12,4462,21317.78%

14.02%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.90%

Male Poverty Rate

15.07%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Florida

The race most likely to be in poverty in Florida is Black, with 22.02% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Florida is White, with 10.03% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.97%. Among those working part-time, it was 16.28%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.74%.

Florida Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School25.06%
High School14.49%
Some College9.91%
Bachelors or Greater5.66%

Florida Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.87%
Male Unemployed29.80%
Female Employed7.45%
Male Employed5.64%

Florida Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Florida Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$55,660$80,286
Families$67,414$93,531
Married Families$80,660$108,611
Non Families$35,391$52,561
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Income by Household Type

Florida Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

46.3%

Overall Marriage Rate

48.5%

Male Marriage Rate

44.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Florida Married by Age and Sex

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Florida Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Florida Marital Status by Race

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Florida Marital Status

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1,440,340

Number of Veterans

1,306,980

Male Veterans

133,353

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam519,307
First Gulf War297,325
Second Gulf War253,255
Korea139,555
World War II60,383

Florida Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
75+400,096
65 to 74378,423
35 to 54300,862
55 to 64254,727
18 to 34106,230

Florida Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White1,225,1109.52%
Black157,3966.33%
Hispanic123,8923.07%
2 or More22,8887.18%
Other14,3473.08%
Asian13,6272.93%
Indian5,82812.32%
Hawaiian1,13911.75%

Florida Veterans by Race

Florida Veterans by Education

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7.02%

Veteran Poverty Rate

29.70%

Veteran Disability Rate

Florida Veterans by Education

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58.8%

Labor Force Participation

55.2%

Employment Rate

5.6%

Unemployment Rate

Florida Employment by Age

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Florida Employment by Race

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Florida Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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35.82%

Born in Florida

79.31%

Native Born

20.69%

Foreign Born

9.13%

Non Citizen

11.56%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

79.31% of Florida residents were born in the United States, with 35.82% having been born in Florida. 9.13% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Florida Place of Birth