Florida Population 2020


The most recent estimate was carried out in 2015 by the United States Census Bureau and it was estimated that the state’s population had reached 20,271,272. The last official census within the United States was carried out in 2010 and the east coast state of Florida recorded a total number of citizens at 18,801,310.

Florida Population Density and Area

In terms of population density, Florida has a surface area of 65,755 square miles (170,304 square kilometers). Based on estimates, that equates to 353.4 people per square mile, (136.4 per square kilometer) and that makes it the eighth most densely populated state in the US.

The largest city in Florida by population is Jacksonville, with over 900,000 individuals in the area. The largest county by population is Miami-Dade County, with well over 2 million individuals residing within the county lines.

Florida Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in Florida is approximately 41.6, with a slight gap in gender at 51.1% females and 48.9% males in the state.

In religious terms, the Florida population is recorded as 70% Christian based faiths, 24% no particular faith, and 6% non-Christian faith-based.

Florida Boundary, Census and Statehood History

Florida was a Spanish possession until transferred to the United States by treaty, concluded in 1819 but not in full effect until 1821. Florida was made a territory in 1822 with essentially its present boundaries, and was admitted as a State on March 3, 1845. From 1830 on, all parts of Florida have had census coverage.

Florida Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Florida was:

  • White: 75.39%
  • Black or African American: 16.10%
  • Other race: 2.82%
  • Asian: 2.71%
  • Two or more races: 2.63%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%

Florida Population History

Records from 1830 show that a mere 34,730 people lived in Florida, but like the rest of the US, those numbers were to grow dramatically from then onwards. By 1840, the number of people who live in Florida had increased by over 50% to 54,477. Florida joined the union in 1845 as the 27th state, and saw consistently high growth for the rest of the 19th century.

That pattern remained for the early part of the 20th century as well, and by 1950, the population of Florida had grown to 2,771,305. However, the biggest growth was yet to follow and in 1960, the national census revealed that numbers had leapt by 78.7% (nearly 6% annualized) to 4,951,560 over the preceding ten years.

Florida Population Growth

More increases came throughout the decades but the latest census shows that rises are slowing down. In 2000, the population of Florida was 15,982,378 and the increase to 2010 was therefore just 17.6%.

Florida Population Projections

If growth continues at roughly the same rate, by the time that the next Census is undertaken in 2020, the population will exceed 22 million. The population could potentially surpass 26 million in 2030, driven by immigration from both Northern US states and other countries.

Much of the population increase is due to net migration, not only from overseas but from within the US itself. Current claims suggest that around two thirds of residents were born in another state  – a statistic that is the second highest in the US. Florida also has one of the highest populations of Hispanic residents in the United States. It is one of just eight states with a Hispanic population that exceeds one million. In fact, Hispanic residents in Florida, California, and Texas account for 55% of the total Hispanic population in the United States.

Immigrants from Spain, Latin America and Cuba have immigrated to Florida in recent years. Because of the large influx of Hispanic immigrants, Spanish is spoken by 20% of Floridians. The population of non-Hispanic blacks has also increased in recent years, primarily because of Caribbean immigration and reverse migration from the North.

Florida also has a high proportion of illegal aliens with figures around 20% of the total state population, the fourth largest in the US.

Florida Growth Rate

Florida Population Rank

Florida Population 2020

  • Florida was the 27th state to be admitted to the Union in 1845.
  • Florida is considered a favorite travel destination in the United States and of the world. It posted a record-breaking 87.3 million visitors in 2011.
  • Over 11,000 miles of rivers, streams and waterways are located within the state.
  • Florida's 1,350 miles of coastline is the 2nd longest in the US, coming in after Alaska.
  • Florida is the United States' largest producer of citrus fruit. Over 60% of the oranges in US are grown in Florida.
  • Space flights are launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.
  • Florida has over 1,250 golf courses -- more than any other state in the US.
  • Saint Augustine is the oldest continuously occupied city and port, which was established by a European settlement in the country.
  • Crane Point Hammock was once the site of an Indian village.

Miami-Dade County

  • Population2,761,580
  • Density1454.54 per sq km
  • Growth Since 201010.15%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State12.97%

There are multiple counties in Florida that have experienced significant population growth from the time of the 2010 Census to the time that estimates were taken in 2015 of the population by county. There are several counties that have seen population increases of at least 10%, with the top two counties posting population increases exceeding 20%. Sumter County had the highest growth rate, recorded at over 26%, with Osceola County trailing behind at just over 20%. Other Florida counties that posted population increases include Broward, Lee, and Collier Counties to the south, Santa Rosa, Okaloosa, and Walton counties in the northwestern region, and Polk County, Orange County, and Lake County in the central region of the state.

There are fewer counties that saw declines in population, with none coming even close to the top percentages seen in the growing counties. The biggest decline in population in the 5-year period happened in Bradford County, with 5.64%, followed by other counties along the northern border of the state, including Holmes, Leon, Madison, and Jefferson Counties.

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American3,316,37516.10%
Some Other Race580,1522.82%
Two or More Races542,3402.63%
American Indian and Alaska Native58,1180.28%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander12,8870.06%

Florida Population Pyramid 2020

Florida Median Age







Florida Adults

There are 16,449,600 adults, (4,064,380 of whom are seniors) in Florida.

Florida Age Dependency


Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Florida Sex Ratio







Florida Households and Families

Florida Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

Florida Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Non Family56.3%43.7%


Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
Non Family2,703,9201.3256.3


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Unmarried (Opposite Sex)


Unmarried (Same Sex)

Florida Education

Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade723,8244.93%
9th to 12th Grade1,045,6607.12%
High School Graduate4,231,68028.81%
Some College2,963,47020.18%
Associates Degree1,438,6309.80%
Bachelors Degree2,721,64018.53%
Graduate Degree1,561,82010.63%

Florida Educational Attainment by Race

Name Total High School Bachelors
Other Race370,286279,17370,683
Multiple Races238,258207,41572,555
Native American41,25333,3548,258

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.69%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 49.26%.

Name Average Male Female
Less Than High School$21,152$24,303$16,983
High School Grad$26,987$30,959$22,627
Some College$32,474$37,693$29,475
Bachelors Degree$46,374$54,868$40,789
Graduate Degree$61,731$77,608$52,321


Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Florida Language

Florida Language by Age

Florida Language

70.89% of Florida residents speak only English, while 29.11% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 21.56% of the population.

Florida Poverty

Florida Poverty by Race

Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate


Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Florida

The race most likely to be in poverty in Florida is Black, with 23.48% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Florida is White, with 10.50% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 3.15%. Among those working part-time, it was 17.26%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.44%.

Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.04%
High School15.08%
Some College10.28%
Bachelors or Greater5.86%
Name Poverty
Female Unemployed36.07%
Male Unemployed31.11%
Female Employed7.94%
Male Employed6.12%

Florida Income

Florida Income by Household Type

Name Median Mean
Married Families$77,161$103,938
Non Families$33,682$50,173

Florida Marital Status

Florida Marital Status

Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Florida Married by Age and Sex

Florida Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Florida Marital Status by Race

Florida Veterans


Number of Veterans


Male Veterans


Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War288,025
Second Gulf War237,025
World War II75,007
Age Group Veterans
65 to 74380,682
35 to 54308,887
55 to 64255,306
18 to 34106,089
Name Veterans % of Total
2 or More21,5967.20%

$Florida Veterans by Education


Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Florida Employment Status


Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Florida Place of Birth

Origin of Non-Citizens

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens


Born in Florida


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen

Place of Birth

79.48% of Florida residents were born in the United States, with 35.90% having been born in Florida. 9.21% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.