Maine Population 2022

map placeholder

At the very northeastern tip of the United States is the state of Maine: a land known for its mountainous terrain and rocky coastline on which there is perhaps the one thing that Maine is famous for outside of its own country (other than Stephen King of course) -- the Maine Lobster. Maine is also the 41st most populated state in the US.

The varying landscape results in a very sparsely populated territory but in terms of pure numbers, the 2010 Census revealed that there were 1,328,361 people living in Maine. A further estimate in 2011 suggested that those numbers had decreased slightly to 1,328,188, making Maine the 41st most populous state in the country.

As a result of that fluctuation, the population of Maine in 2016 is a little hard to pinpoint, but current estimates show there are now 1,329,328 people living in the state, a slight rise from the last Census. Maine currently has one of the slowest population growth rates in the country of only 0.03%, which ranks 48th out of 50.

Maine Area and Population Density

Maine has a current population density of just 43.1 people per square mile, over an area consisting of 35,380 square miles, which makes it the least densely populated state in New England, the American northeast and the eastern seaboard, as well as all states with an Atlantic coastline and all of those states east of the Mississippi River.

The Greater Portland metropolitan area is the most densely populated in the state and claims 40% of Maine's total population. Much of Maine is comprised of uninhabited lands in remote parts of its interior.

The largest county in Maine by population size is Cumberland County. The most populated city in Maine is Portland with a population of over 67,000 individuals.

Maine Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age of the population in Maine is 44 years of age, and the states male to female ratio is approximately 51% female to 49% male.

When it comes to religious preferences, Maine has 60% of its population affiliated with a Christian based faith, 7% affiliated with a non-Christian based faith, and 31% unaffiliated with any faith.

Maine Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Although geographically separate, Maine was legally part of Massachusetts from early Colonial times until March 15, 1820, when it was admitted as a separate State. The far northern portion of Maine was in dispute with Canada until the present boundary was agreed to in 1842.

Census coverage included virtually all settled portions of Maine from 1790 on, with the Maine counties reported separately from those of Massachusetts Proper.

Maine Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Mainewas:

  • White: 93.68%
  • Two or more races: 2.76%
  • Black or African American: 1.39%
  • Asian: 1.14%
  • Native American: 0.66%
  • Other race: 0.36%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.01%

Maine Population History

Its location at the edge of the new world means that the earliest recorded population figures were healthier and more stable than they may have been in other parts of the country.

The first set of available figures date back to 1790 and at the time, the population of Maine was recorded at a healthy 96,540. The following two censuses resulted in population increases of over 50%, and by 1810, it was shown that 228,705 people resided in the state.

Maine Population Growth

From this point, the changes in population fluctuated somewhat but the overall picture was one of healthy growth. By the time the 20th century rolled in, Maine’s population had grown to a figure of 694,466. Further rises followed and in the present day, the population of Maine in 2016 had edged past 1.3 million.

Maine Population Projections

Occasional decreases in the overall numbers within the state, as well as one of the slowest population growth rates in the US, mean that it is relatively difficult to judge the exact population of Maine in the future. In terms of population and growth, this is one of the least remarkable states in the union, and while the overall picture is one of growth, only the 2020 census will give a more accurate picture.

It is projected that Maine's population will peak in 2020 at 1.332 million people, and then fall beyond that to 1.326 million. It's also estimated that the age composition in the state will change dramatically, as 26% of the population currently consists of people under 19. By 2030, it's estimated that this group will make up just 21% of the population. Meanwhile, the population over 65 continues to grow.

There are approximately 38,695 native French speakers in Maine, about 3.06% of the state's population and one-third of the French speakers in New England as a whole. In fact, nearly 24% of the state’s native residents put their ancestry down as French Canadian or French. Maine also has the highest percentage of non-Hispanic Whites of any state in the country, with 89% of all births in Maine to two non-Hispanic white parents. Maine's population of non-Hispanic whites is estimated to be over 96%. Only two other states have white populations this high. Just 10 states in total, including Maine, have non-Hispanic white populations that exceed 90%.

The most common ancestries in the state are:

  • 23.9% French or French-Canadian
  • 21.6% English
  • 17.8% Irish
  • 9.4% American
  • 8.5% German
  • 5.8% Italian

It's believed that most people who cite American as their ancestry are of primarily English descent, although they may have ancestry that has been in the area for so long, sometimes since the 1600s, that they choose to identify as just American.

Maine Population 2022

  • The earliest inhabitants of Maine were descendants of hunters from the Ice Age.
  • It is believed that the land that is now Maine was discovered by Vikings approximately 1,000 years ago.
  • Over nine-tenths of the land of Maine is covered with forests -- making the state the most forested in the country.
  • About 40 million pounds of lobster are caught off the coast of Maine each year. This is about 90% of the country's lobster supply.
  • The state has over 5,000 miles of coastline.
  • York was the first city incorporated in the US back in 1642.

Maine Facts

When looking at the population trends among counties in Maine, data shows that the majority of counties have experienced population declines since 2010, with the exception of some of the state's southernmost counties, which reported minor growth. In total, just five counties in Maine experienced population growth between the time of the US Census in 2010 and estimates taken by the Census Bureau in 2015. Of these five counties, Cumberland had the highest growth rate of 3.03%. Trailing behind are York County at 2.01%, Waldo County at 0.87%, Hancock County at 0.53% and Knox County at 0.35%.

On the other end of the spectrum, there were multiple counties that showed declining populations, particularly in the northernmost counties. Aroostook County posted the biggest loss of 4.31%. Its neighbor, Washington County, saw a decrease of 3.65% and Piscataquis saw a decrease in population of 3.51%. Other counties moving south also saw smaller losses, including Somerset, Oxford, and Lincoln.

Maine Population Growth Rate by County

Maine Population Growth Rate by County

Population by Race


Maine Population by Race

Maine Population Pyramid 2022


Maine Median Age







Maine Adults

There are 1,089,858 adults, (276,567 of whom are seniors) in Maine.

Maine Age Dependency


Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

Maine Sex Ratio







Maine Population by Age

Maine Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

map placeholder

Maine Household Types


Rate of Home Ownership

Maine Households and Families


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Maine Households by Type


Maine Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Maine Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 93.55%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 45.26%.

Maine Educational Attainment by Race



Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

Maine Earnings by Educational Attainment

Maine Language by Age


Maine Language

94.03% of Maine residents speak only English, while 5.97% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 3.63% of the population.

Maine Language

Maine Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Maine

The race most likely to be in poverty in Maine is Islander, with 33.68% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Maine is White, with 10.35% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.69%. Among those working part-time, it was 13.54%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 19.43%.

Maine Poverty


Maine Poverty Rate by Education


Maine Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Maine Income by Household Type


Income by Household Type

Maine Marital Status

map placeholder

Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

Maine Married by Age and Sex


Maine Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Maine Marital Status by Race

map placeholder

Maine Marital Status



Number of Veterans


Male Veterans


Female Veterans

Maine Veterans by War


Maine Veterans by Age


Maine Veterans by Race

Maine Veterans by Education



Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

Maine Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

Maine Employment by Age


Maine Employment by Race


Maine Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens


Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens



Born in Maine


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

96.41% of Maine residents were born in the United States, with 62.20% having been born in Maine. 1.62% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Maine Place of Birth

  1. Maine Office of Policy and Management
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)