New Hampshire Population 2021

1,372,200
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New Hampshire was one of the original thirteen states that made up the country and was the first settlement to establish both a constitution as well as an independent government that was separate from Great Britain in January of 1776. It does have one of the slowest growth rates in the country at just 0.16%, which ranks 45th in the country.

As with any state, the most recent set of figures in relation to the population of New Hampshire dates from the last nationwide census of 2010. That survey confirmed that there were 1,316,470 people, and that figure was up by 6.5% on the numbers declared at the 2000 Census.

New Hampshire Area and Population Density

Toward the northeastern edge of the United States, the land that makes up New Hampshire is one of the smallest in the country. What it lacks in size, however, this tiny state more than makes up for in terms of history. New Hampshire covers a very small area and a proportion of its territory is very mountainous, with some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast. However, it is fairly densely populated in comparison to its size and it ranks 21st in the country in this respect.

With a land mass of 9,349 square miles, there are only four states that are smaller than New Hampshire but for every square mile of land there is an average of 147 people.

The largest city in New Hampshire is Manchester. It is the only city in the state with more than 100,000 residents (its exact population, as recorded by the 2010 census, is 109,565). Nashua (pop: 87,970) is the only other city in the state with a population of over 50,000.

The largest county in New Hampshire is Hillsborough with 409,697 individuals within the county.

The northern third of the state has just 5% of the state's total population and suffers from high poverty rates. It also steadily loses population as paper and logging industries decline, although it does remain popular as a tourist destination.

New Hampshire Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in New Hampshire is approximately 42.4 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state of New Hampshire is approximately 50.5% females and 49.5% males.

In terms of religious preferences across the state, New Hampshire comes in at 59% Christian based faiths, 5% non-Christian based faiths, and 36% are non-affiliated with any religion in particular.

New Hampshire Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

New Hampshire was one of the 13 original States. It has had essentially its present boundaries ever since 1790, although an area at the northern tip of the State was in dispute with Canada until 1842. Census coverage included virtually all of New Hampshire from 1790 on.

New Hampshire Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Hampshire was:

  • White: 92.88%
  • Asian: 2.68%
  • Two or more races: 2.10%
  • Black or African American: 1.60%
  • Other race: 0.56%
  • Native American: 0.15%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

New Hampshire Population History

The first set of widely available New Hampshire population figures date back to 1790 when, little more than a decade after the Declaration of Independence, it was shown that 141,885 people were living in the state. Ten years later, the 1800 survey showed that those numbers had climbed to 183,858, a rise of 29.6% in just a decade.

Moving forward, the population of New Hampshire grew at a steady, albeit not particularly spectacular rate, with growth averaging at around 5% per decade, with the occasional small decrease in population (such as between 1870 and 1880, when the population dropped by 2.4%). By the beginning of the 20th century, New Hampshire’s population had increased to 411,588.

The same rates of growth continued through the first half of the 20th century but, in the second half of the century, New Hampshire experienced another population boom. Between 1960 and 2000, the state’s population more than doubled, largely because of the so-called Massachusetts Transplants -- people moving from a crowded urban area to a more relaxed rural area.

The growth rate has slowed slightly while entering the 21st century but remains on an upward trend.

New Hampshire Population Growth

New Hampshire has such a small amount of land, much of it rugged terrain, that growth can only be maintained for so long. New Hampshire's population has been growing quickly for decades, but researchers have found this growth rate is slowing down. A large reason for the growth has been families moving from elsewhere in the country, particularly Massachusetts, but this trend is changing.

The growth rate in New Hampshire is now the slowest it has been in 50 years, while the state's population is also aging rapidly as families are not moving in with children as they once did.

New Hampshire Population Projections

While this all sounds dire, New Hampshire is growing, just slowly. With its current growth rate, one of the lowest in the country, its population is expected to grow from the current 1.33 million in 2016 to 1.35 million in 2020, at which point its percentage of people over 65 will be disproportionately high compared to the U.S. as a whole.

New Hampshire is one of ten states that is over 90% white. While the percentage of whites has fallen slightly from over 98% in 1990 to 93.9% white in 2015, it has the third largest population of whites in the US, falling just behind Maine and Vermont. In terms of its African American population, the state ranks 44th out of 50 states.

The largest ancestry groups in New Hampshire include French and French Canadian (23.3%), Irish (20.5%), English (16.1%), Italian (10.7%), German (8.3%) and American (5.2%). The large population of Irish and French-Canadian populations are mostly the descendents of mill workers, and many still reside in former mill towns. New Hampshire has the second largest percentage of French/French-Canadian/Acadian ancestry in the country, after Maine.

New Hampshire Growth Rate

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New Hampshire Population Rank

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New Hampshire Population 2021

New Hampshire Facts

Hillsborough County

  • Population421,815
  • Density481.41 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20105.18%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State30.74%

New Hampshire has a total of 10 counties, and the majority of these counties have exhibited growth over the last five years. This is based on data from the 2010 Census compared to 2015 estimates taken by the US Census Bureau. Over this 5-year period, a total of six New Hampshire counties showed population growth, although none had significant growth over 5%. The highest rate of growth was recorded in Strafford County, at 2.93%. Other counties that had increases in population are Grafton, Belknap, Merrimack, Hillsborough, and Rockingham.

The remaining four counties showed declines in population based on the same 5-year data. The highest decrease in population occurred in the northernmost county of Coos, which recorded a decline of 5.36%. All other counties had a decrease less than 5%, and this includes Cheshire, Carroll, and Sullivan.

New Hampshire Population Growth Rate by County

Hillsborough County

  • Population421,815
  • Density481.41 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20105.18%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State30.74%

New Hampshire Population Density by County

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White1,252,13192.88%
Asian36,1802.68%
Two or More Races28,2812.10%
Black or African American21,5461.60%
Some Other Race7,5100.56%
American Indian and Alaska Native2,0360.15%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4430.03%
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New Hampshire Population by Race

New Hampshire Population Pyramid 2021

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New Hampshire Median Age

42.9


Total

41.6


Male

44.2


Female

New Hampshire Adults

There are 1,088,160 adults, (235,795 of whom are seniors) in New Hampshire.

New Hampshire Age Dependency

58.2

Age Dependency Ratio

27.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

30.5

Child Dependency Ratio

New Hampshire Sex Ratio

Female

680,435

50.47%

Male

667,689

49.53%

New Hampshire Population by Age

New Hampshire Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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New Hampshire Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married86.6%13.4%
All71.1%28.9%
Male64.2%35.8%
Female55.7%44.3%
Non Family52.3%47.7%

71.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

New Hampshire Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All532,0372.4671.1
Married278,3813.0386.6
Non Family182,3701.352.3
Female47,7553.1855.7
Male23,5313.1164.2

2.96

Average Family Size

2.46

Average Household Size

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New Hampshire Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade20,4102.13%
9th to 12th Grade45,7964.77%
High School Graduate263,32127.42%
Some College177,41018.47%
Associates Degree97,66310.17%
Bachelors Degree218,01322.70%
Graduate Degree137,72414.34%
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New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White884,111829,193326,354
Hispanic27,15321,3807,030
Asian24,54021,65614,975
Black12,52610,8213,351
Multiple Races12,41111,1634,006
Other Race4,6413,9481,233
Native American1,4001,187257
Islander301289127

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.01%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 61.02%.

New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$46,221$54,113$38,410
Less Than High School$29,284$33,198$22,771
High School Grad$36,311$43,164$28,547
Some College$42,222$51,980$34,787
Bachelors Degree$57,385$74,158$46,179
Graduate Degree$72,303$93,432$62,232

$46,221

Average Earnings

$54,113

Average Male

$38,410

Average Female

New Hampshire Earnings by Educational Attainment

New Hampshire Language by Age

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New Hampshire Language

91.96% of New Hampshire residents speak only English, while 8.04% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 3.47% of the population.

New Hampshire Language

New Hampshire Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White1,179,66081,7486.93%
Hispanic47,8097,84916.42%
Black19,3733,84019.82%
Asian34,6733,1589.11%
Multiple26,3123,07211.68%
Other7,17481711.39%
Native1,93521511.11%
Islander4158019.28%

7.56%

Overall Poverty Rate

6.76%

Male Poverty Rate

8.35%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Hampshire

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is Black, with 19.82% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is White, with 6.93% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.87%. Among those working part-time, it was 10.17%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 14.96%.

New Hampshire Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School18.60%
High School8.56%
Some College5.97%
Bachelors or Greater2.98%

New Hampshire Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed24.19%
Male Unemployed19.59%
Female Employed4.10%
Male Employed2.69%

New Hampshire Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New Hampshire Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$76,768$99,165
Families$95,244$117,422
Married Families$106,754$130,134
Non Families$42,697$58,933
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Income by Household Type

New Hampshire Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

51.8%

Overall Marriage Rate

52.8%

Male Marriage Rate

50.8%

Female Marriage Rate

New Hampshire Married by Age and Sex

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New Hampshire Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

New Hampshire Marital Status by Race

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New Hampshire Marital Status

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96,098

Number of Veterans

88,374

Male Veterans

7,724

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam35,678
First Gulf War18,216
Second Gulf War13,490
Korea8,336
World War II3,526

New Hampshire Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 7426,314
75+23,968
35 to 5420,737
55 to 6418,887
18 to 346,192

New Hampshire Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White92,9699.13%
Hispanic1,5784.62%
2 or More1,2977.95%
Black9496.04%
Asian3721.30%
Indian26315.88%
Other2103.84%
Hawaiian3810.53%

New Hampshire Veterans by Race

New Hampshire Veterans by Education

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4.58%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.72%

Veteran Disability Rate

New Hampshire Veterans by Education

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67.7%

Labor Force Participation

65.1%

Employment Rate

3.6%

Unemployment Rate

New Hampshire Employment by Age

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New Hampshire Employment by Race

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New Hampshire Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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41.30%

Born in New Hampshire

93.87%

Native Born

6.13%

Foreign Born

2.70%

Non Citizen

3.44%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

93.87% of New Hampshire residents were born in the United States, with 41.30% having been born in New Hampshire. 2.70% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

New Hampshire Place of Birth