New Hampshire Population 2023


New Hampshire was one of the original thirteen states that made up the country and was the first settlement to establish both a constitution as well as an independent government that was separate from Great Britain in January of 1776. It does have one of the slowest growth rates in the country at just 0.16%, which ranks 45th in the country.

As with any state, the most recent set of figures in relation to the population of New Hampshire dates from the last nationwide census of 2010. That survey confirmed that there were 1,316,470 people, and that figure was up by 6.5% on the numbers declared at the 2000 Census.

New Hampshire Area and Population Density

Toward the northeastern edge of the United States, the land that makes up New Hampshire is one of the smallest in the country. What it lacks in size, however, this tiny state more than makes up for in terms of history. New Hampshire covers a very small area and a proportion of its territory is very mountainous, with some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast. However, it is fairly densely populated in comparison to its size and it ranks 21st in the country in this respect.

With a land mass of 9,349 square miles, there are only four states that are smaller than New Hampshire but for every square mile of land there is an average of 147 people.

The largest city in New Hampshire is Manchester. It is the only city in the state with more than 100,000 residents (its exact population, as recorded by the 2010 census, is 109,565). Nashua (pop: 87,970) is the only other city in the state with a population of over 50,000.

The largest county in New Hampshire is Hillsborough with 409,697 individuals within the county.

The northern third of the state has just 5% of the state's total population and suffers from high poverty rates. It also steadily loses population as paper and logging industries decline, although it does remain popular as a tourist destination.

New Hampshire Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age in New Hampshire is approximately 42.4 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state of New Hampshire is approximately 50.5% females and 49.5% males.

In terms of religious preferences across the state, New Hampshire comes in at 59% Christian based faiths, 5% non-Christian based faiths, and 36% are non-affiliated with any religion in particular.

New Hampshire Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

New Hampshire was one of the 13 original States. It has had essentially its present boundaries ever since 1790, although an area at the northern tip of the State was in dispute with Canada until 1842. Census coverage included virtually all of New Hampshire from 1790 on.

New Hampshire Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Hampshire was:

  • White: 91.98%
  • Two or more races: 2.94%
  • Asian: 2.70%
  • Black or African American: 1.55%
  • Other race: 0.63%
  • Native American: 0.16%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%

New Hampshire Population History

The first set of widely available New Hampshire population figures date back to 1790 when, little more than a decade after the Declaration of Independence, it was shown that 141,885 people were living in the state. Ten years later, the 1800 survey showed that those numbers had climbed to 183,858, a rise of 29.6% in just a decade.

Moving forward, the population of New Hampshire grew at a steady, albeit not particularly spectacular rate, with growth averaging at around 5% per decade, with the occasional small decrease in population (such as between 1870 and 1880, when the population dropped by 2.4%). By the beginning of the 20th century, New Hampshire’s population had increased to 411,588.

The same rates of growth continued through the first half of the 20th century but, in the second half of the century, New Hampshire experienced another population boom. Between 1960 and 2000, the state’s population more than doubled, largely because of the so-called Massachusetts Transplants -- people moving from a crowded urban area to a more relaxed rural area.

The growth rate has slowed slightly while entering the 21st century but remains on an upward trend.

New Hampshire Population Growth

New Hampshire has such a small amount of land, much of it rugged terrain, that growth can only be maintained for so long. New Hampshire's population has been growing quickly for decades, but researchers have found this growth rate is slowing down. A large reason for the growth has been families moving from elsewhere in the country, particularly Massachusetts, but this trend is changing.

The growth rate in New Hampshire is now the slowest it has been in 50 years, while the state's population is also aging rapidly as families are not moving in with children as they once did.

New Hampshire Population Projections

While this all sounds dire, New Hampshire is growing, just slowly. With its current growth rate, one of the lowest in the country, its population is expected to grow from the current 1.33 million in 2016 to 1.35 million in 2020, at which point its percentage of people over 65 will be disproportionately high compared to the U.S. as a whole.

New Hampshire is one of ten states that is over 90% white. While the percentage of whites has fallen slightly from over 98% in 1990 to 93.9% white in 2015, it has the third largest population of whites in the US, falling just behind Maine and Vermont. In terms of its African American population, the state ranks 44th out of 50 states.

The largest ancestry groups in New Hampshire include French and French Canadian (23.3%), Irish (20.5%), English (16.1%), Italian (10.7%), German (8.3%) and American (5.2%). The large population of Irish and French-Canadian populations are mostly the descendents of mill workers, and many still reside in former mill towns. New Hampshire has the second largest percentage of French/French-Canadian/Acadian ancestry in the country, after Maine.

New Hampshire Population 2023

New Hampshire Facts










New Hampshire has a total of 10 counties, and the majority of these counties have exhibited growth over the last five years. This is based on data from the 2010 Census compared to 2015 estimates taken by the US Census Bureau. Over this 5-year period, a total of six New Hampshire counties showed population growth, although none had significant growth over 5%. The highest rate of growth was recorded in Strafford County, at 2.93%. Other counties that had increases in population are Grafton, Belknap, Merrimack, Hillsborough, and Rockingham.

The remaining four counties showed declines in population based on the same 5-year data. The highest decrease in population occurred in the northernmost county of Coos, which recorded a decline of 5.36%. All other counties had a decrease less than 5%, and this includes Cheshire, Carroll, and Sullivan.

New Hampshire Population by County

Population by Race


Two or more races


Black or African American

Other race

Native American

Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

New Hampshire Population by Race

New Hampshire Population Pyramid 2023

New Hampshire Median Age







New Hampshire Adults

There are 1,097,513 adults, (245,142 of whom are seniors) in New Hampshire.

New Hampshire Age Dependency


Age Dependency Ratio


Old Age Dependency Ratio


Child Dependency Ratio

New Hampshire Sex Ratio


New Hampshire Population by Age

New Hampshire Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type


Average Family Size


Average Household Size


Rate of Home Ownership







New Hampshire Households and Families



Less Than 9th Grade

9th to 12th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Associates Degree

Bachelors Degree

Graduate Degree

New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Race

High School Graduation Rate

Bachelors Rate

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 58.53%.

New Hampshire Educational Attainment by Race





Average Earnings


Average Male


Average Female

New Hampshire Earnings by Educational Attainment

New Hampshire Language by Age

Only English


Other Indo-European Languages

Asian and Pacific Island Languages

Other Languages

New Hampshire Language

91.93% of New Hampshire residents speak only English, while 8.07% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 3.57% of the population.

New Hampshire Language

New Hampshire Poverty by Race



Overall Poverty Rate


Male Poverty Rate


Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in New Hampshire

The race most likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is Black, with 27.43% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is White, with 9.09% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.79%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.10%.

New Hampshire Poverty

New Hampshire Poverty Rate by Education

New Hampshire Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

New Hampshire Income by Household Type







Income by Household Type

New Hampshire Marital Status






Marriage Rates


Overall Marriage Rate


Male Marriage Rate


Female Marriage Rate

New Hampshire Married by Age and Sex



New Hampshire Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

New Hampshire Marital Status by Race






New Hampshire Marital Status

Second Gulf War

First Gulf War



World War II


Number of Veterans


Male Veterans


Female Veterans

New Hampshire Veterans by War

New Hampshire Veterans by Age


New Hampshire Veterans by Race

New Hampshire Veterans by Education

Less Than 9th Grade

High School Graduate

Some College

Bachelors or Greater


Veteran Poverty Rate


Veteran Disability Rate

New Hampshire Veterans by Education



Labor Force Participation


Employment Rate


Unemployment Rate

New Hampshire Employment by Age


New Hampshire Employment by Race


New Hampshire Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens





Latin America

North America

Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens





Latin America

North America


Born in New Hampshire


Native Born


Foreign Born


Non Citizen



Place of Birth

92.38% of New Hampshire residents were born in the United States, with 40.29% having been born in New Hampshire. 2.58% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

New Hampshire Place of Birth

  1. New Hampshire State Data Center
  2. US Census State Population Estimates - Most recent state estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  3. US Census County Population Estimates - Most recent county estimates from the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program
  4. American Community Survey (2009 - 2013)
  5. Census QuickFacts
  6. Historical Populations of States and Counties (1790 - 1990)