New Hampshire was one of the original thirteen states that made up the country and was the first settlement to establish both a constitution as well as an independent government that was separate from Great Britain in January of 1776. It does have one of the slowest growth rates in the country at just 0.16%, which ranks 45th in the country.
As with any state, the most recent set of figures in relation to the population of New Hampshire dates from the last nationwide census of 2010. That survey confirmed that there were 1,316,470 people, and that figure was up by 6.5% on the numbers declared at the 2000 Census.
Toward the northeastern edge of the United States, the land that makes up New Hampshire is one of the smallest in the country. What it lacks in size, however, this tiny state more than makes up for in terms of history. New Hampshire covers a very small area and a proportion of its territory is very mountainous, with some of the largest ski mountains on the East Coast. However, it is fairly densely populated in comparison to its size and it ranks 21st in the country in this respect.
With a land mass of 9,349 square miles, there are only four states that are smaller than New Hampshire but for every square mile of land there is an average of 147 people.
The largest city in New Hampshire is Manchester. It is the only city in the state with more than 100,000 residents (its exact population, as recorded by the 2010 census, is 109,565). Nashua (pop: 87,970) is the only other city in the state with a population of over 50,000.
The largest county in New Hampshire is Hillsborough with 409,697 individuals within the county.
The northern third of the state has just 5% of the state's total population and suffers from high poverty rates. It also steadily loses population as paper and logging industries decline, although it does remain popular as a tourist destination.
The median age in New Hampshire is approximately 42.4 years of age. The ratio of females to males in the state of New Hampshire is approximately 50.5% females and 49.5% males.
In terms of religious preferences across the state, New Hampshire comes in at 59% Christian based faiths, 5% non-Christian based faiths, and 36% are non-affiliated with any religion in particular.
New Hampshire was one of the 13 original States. It has had essentially its present boundaries ever since 1790, although an area at the northern tip of the State was in dispute with Canada until 1842. Census coverage included virtually all of New Hampshire from 1790 on.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of New Hampshire was:
The first set of widely available New Hampshire population figures date back to 1790 when, little more than a decade after the Declaration of Independence, it was shown that 141,885 people were living in the state. Ten years later, the 1800 survey showed that those numbers had climbed to 183,858, a rise of 29.6% in just a decade.
Moving forward, the population of New Hampshire grew at a steady, albeit not particularly spectacular rate, with growth averaging at around 5% per decade, with the occasional small decrease in population (such as between 1870 and 1880, when the population dropped by 2.4%). By the beginning of the 20th century, New Hampshire’s population had increased to 411,588.
The same rates of growth continued through the first half of the 20th century but, in the second half of the century, New Hampshire experienced another population boom. Between 1960 and 2000, the state’s population more than doubled, largely because of the so-called Massachusetts Transplants -- people moving from a crowded urban area to a more relaxed rural area.
The growth rate has slowed slightly while entering the 21st century but remains on an upward trend.
New Hampshire has such a small amount of land, much of it rugged terrain, that growth can only be maintained for so long. New Hampshire's population has been growing quickly for decades, but researchers have found this growth rate is slowing down. A large reason for the growth has been families moving from elsewhere in the country, particularly Massachusetts, but this trend is changing.
The growth rate in New Hampshire is now the slowest it has been in 50 years, while the state's population is also aging rapidly as families are not moving in with children as they once did.
While this all sounds dire, New Hampshire is growing, just slowly. With its current growth rate, one of the lowest in the country, its population is expected to grow from the current 1.33 million in 2016 to 1.35 million in 2020, at which point its percentage of people over 65 will be disproportionately high compared to the U.S. as a whole.
New Hampshire is one of ten states that is over 90% white. While the percentage of whites has fallen slightly from over 98% in 1990 to 93.9% white in 2015, it has the third largest population of whites in the US, falling just behind Maine and Vermont. In terms of its African American population, the state ranks 44th out of 50 states.
The largest ancestry groups in New Hampshire include French and French Canadian (23.3%), Irish (20.5%), English (16.1%), Italian (10.7%), German (8.3%) and American (5.2%). The large population of Irish and French-Canadian populations are mostly the descendents of mill workers, and many still reside in former mill towns. New Hampshire has the second largest percentage of French/French-Canadian/Acadian ancestry in the country, after Maine.
New Hampshire has a total of 10 counties, and the majority of these counties have exhibited growth over the last five years. This is based on data from the 2010 Census compared to 2015 estimates taken by the US Census Bureau. Over this 5-year period, a total of six New Hampshire counties showed population growth, although none had significant growth over 5%. The highest rate of growth was recorded in Strafford County, at 2.93%. Other counties that had increases in population are Grafton, Belknap, Merrimack, Hillsborough, and Rockingham.
The remaining four counties showed declines in population based on the same 5-year data. The highest decrease in population occurred in the northernmost county of Coos, which recorded a decline of 5.36%. All other counties had a decrease less than 5%, and this includes Cheshire, Carroll, and Sullivan.
Two or more races
Black or African American
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 81.91%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 50.1%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
91.97% of New Hampshire residents speak only English, while 8.03% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Other Indo-European, which is spoken by 3.56% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is Black, with 16.7% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in New Hampshire is White, with 6.88% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 0.79%. Among those working part-time, it was 9.08%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 15.34%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in New Hampshire
96.89% of New Hampshire residents were born in the United States, with 42.4% having been born in New Hampshire. 2.65% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.