Virginia Population 2020

8,626,210
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The current population is estimated at 8,626,210, an increase of over 380,000 since the official census in 2010. Virginia currently enjoys a growth rate of 1.15%, which ranks 13th in the country.

The most recent nationwide Census took place in the United States in 2010, and it revealed that the Virginia population had exceeded eight million for the first time in its history. The final figure was confirmed at 8,001,024. This was a rise of 13% on the numbers declared at the census of 2000.

Virginia Area and Population Density

The US state of Virginia is situated on the central eastern tip of the country and it is the 35th largest in the Union in terms of land mass. As with the majority of states on the US Eastern seaboard, however, Virginia is densely populated. Virginia now ranks 12th in terms of population in the country and 14th in terms of density. Virginia has a population density of 202.6 people per square mile over a total surface area of 42,775 square miles.

Virginia has 11 Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs), and Hampton Roads, Northern Virginia and Richmond-Petersburg are the most populous. The capital, Richmond, and its metropolitan area has a population of nearly 1.3 million, but Virginia Beach is the most populous city in the state. The most populated counties in Virginia are Fairfax and Prince William counties, with respective populations of 1,148,433 and 463,023.

Virginia Gender and Religion Statistics

The median age among the population of Virginia is approximately 37.8 years of age. In terms of the ratio of sexes in the state, 50.8% are females and 49.2% are males.

In terms of preferred religions across the population of the state, Christian based faiths lead at 73% of the population, with non-Christian faiths at 6%, and non-affiliated residents at 20% of the population.

Virginia Boundary, Census, and Statehood History

Virginia was one of the 13 original States. Kentucky was part of Virginia until 1792, and a small part of Virginia was included in the District of Columbia from 1791 to 1846. West Virginia was separated from Virginia in 1862, becoming a State in 1863 and adding two more counties in 1866. Since then Virginia's boundaries have remained essentially unchanged, with slight modifications as early surveys were reviewed and corrected. Details of the Virginia-Tennessee boundary were not settled until 1901.

In 1790 census coverage included all of Virginia's present-day territory; Kentucky was reported separately. The populations for 1800-1840 include the area that was then part of the District of Columbia, and the populations for 1790-1860 exclude the counties entirely or primarily included in what is now West Virginia.

Virginia Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Virginia was:

  • White: 68.02%
  • Black or African American: 19.17%
  • Asian: 6.32%
  • Two or more races: 3.68%
  • Other race: 2.48%
  • Native American: 0.27%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%

Virginia Population History

The majority of states on the eastern edge of the USA displayed healthy population figures from the latter half of the 18th century onwards. Virginia is no exception to this generalization, and in 1790, numbers were recorded at an impressive 691,737.

Just ten years later, this had grown by over 16% to 807,557 but increases in population over the years have been a little sporadic, and there was even a fall in numbers recorded at the 1840 Census.

Virginia Population Growth

It wasn’t until the latter part of the 20th century that these increases began to settle down, and at every Census from 1960 onwards, the growth tends to average out at around 15% on a Census by Census basis, making Virginia one of the fastest growing states in the USA.

Therefore, as a result of this pattern of sustained and substantial growth, the population of Virginia in 2016 has comfortably exceeded 8.3 million.

Virginia Population Projections

The overall picture with regards to the population of Virginia in 2016 is one of sustained growth, and that doesn’t look to be changing anytime soon. The milestone of eight million has now been reached, but if Virginia can achieve a population increase of 15% again, that number will go beyond nine million at the 2020 Census.

As far as current estimates go, Virginia is projected to add over 800,000 new residents every decade, finally reaching 10.5 million by 2040. It's also estimated the population will have a larger representation of racial and ethnic minorities. By 2030, nearly 20% of Virginia's population will be over 65, compared to just 12% in 2010. By 2040, the population under 50 is projected to be the majority minority.

The state of Virginia contains a diverse set of ethnic groups and one of the higher percentages of Asians and African Americans in the country, ranking 9th in terms of percentage when compared to the other 49 states. Its most populous ethnic group, non-Hispanic whites, declined from 76% in 1990 to 64% in 2012.

Many people in the state are of English heritage and are the descendants of those who settled in the state during the colonial period, although British and Irish heritages are also very common. Most people who identify as "American" ethnicity are of English descent. Interestingly, 75% of the English immigrants to Virginia during the 17th century were indentured servants.

Virginia also has a very large population of African Americans, most of whom are descendants of enslaved people who worked the plantations in the state. While a large percentage of the black population left during the Great Migration north, reverse migration occurred in the 1960s.

Virginia Growth Rate

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Virginia Population Rank

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Virginia Population 2020

Fairfax County

  • Population
  • DensityNaN per sq km
  • Growth Since 20106.67%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State13.44%

The state of Virginia's counties have seen both gains and losses in their populations, according to comparisons of data from the 2010 Census and estimates taken by the US Census Bureau in 2015. This comparison showed that Virginia had a pretty balanced mix when it came to which counties had a population jump and those that had a drop in population. The highest increase came in the northern county of Loudoun, which posted 19.02% growth. Its neighboring county of Prince William saw an increase of 11.16%, while other significant population increases were observed in New Kent, James City, King George, and Stafford.

There were also declining populations recorded across the state, with the highest loss happening in Buchana at 5.26%. This was followed by a 5.14% decrease in Bath County. Other smaller losses occurred in many of the southern counties, particularly those located in the southwestern corner of the state. These counties include Lee, Russell, Halifax, Wise, Giles, and Bland.

Fairfax County

  • Population1,158,620
  • Density2964.34 per sq km
  • Growth Since 20106.67%
  • State Population Rank1
  • % of State13.44%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White5,722,65968.02%
Black or African American1,613,28419.17%
Asian531,5036.32%
Two or More Races309,2133.68%
Some Other Race208,4642.48%
American Indian and Alaska Native22,9720.27%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5,6770.07%
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Virginia Population Pyramid 2020

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Virginia Median Age

38.1


Total

36.8


Male

39.4


Female

Virginia Adults

There are 6,546,350 adults, (1,230,250 of whom are seniors) in Virginia.

Virginia Age Dependency

58.3

Age Dependency Ratio

23.1

Old Age Dependency Ratio

35.1

Child Dependency Ratio

Virginia Sex Ratio

Female

4,275,200

50.81%

Male

4,138,570

49.19%

Virginia Households and Families

Virginia Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Virginia Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married80.7%19.3%
All66.2%33.8%
Male55.9%44.1%
Non Family52.3%47.7%
Female47.4%52.6%

66.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All3,128,4202.6166.2
Married1,578,3603.2380.7
Non Family1,043,1701.3152.3
Female370,5053.3747.4
Male136,3833.3555.9

3.17

Average Family Size

2.61

Average Household Size

5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.3%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Virginia Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade248,3754.33%
9th to 12th Grade364,4456.36%
High School Graduate1,381,08024.10%
Some College1,112,62019.42%
Associates Degree436,9707.63%
Bachelors Degree1,244,49021.72%
Graduate Degree942,37416.45%
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Virginia Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White3,760,3403,470,0801,563,610
Black1,058,420905,320250,107
Hispanic432,015308,849105,618
Asian370,870332,741223,166
Multiple Races122,046109,72348,041
Other Race119,34677,72020,626
Native American16,12713,7194,038
Islander3,4603,0991,006

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.28%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 60.17%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$44,378$52,760$36,939
Less Than High School$24,999$29,614$18,119
High School Grad$31,115$36,868$25,124
Some College$38,020$46,965$31,415
Bachelors Degree$59,150$74,319$48,550
Graduate Degree$82,833$105,314$64,327

$44,378

Average Earnings

$52,760

Average Male

$36,939

Average Female

Virginia Language

Virginia Language by Age

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Virginia Language

83.91% of Virginia residents speak only English, while 16.09% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 7.11% of the population.

Virginia Poverty

Virginia Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
White5,094,340426,9688.38%
Black1,539,080286,80718.63%
Hispanic750,196110,25214.70%
Asian521,95038,7387.42%
Multiple299,14938,56812.89%
Other203,56034,53216.96%
Native21,8192,99313.72%
Islander5,2503907.43%

10.95%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.77%

Male Poverty Rate

12.07%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Virginia

The race most likely to be in poverty in Virginia is Black, with 18.63% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Virginia is Asian, with 7.42% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.91%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.91%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 18.62%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School22.08%
High School11.93%
Some College8.14%
Bachelors or Greater3.19%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed31.86%
Male Unemployed24.38%
Female Employed6.20%
Male Employed4.15%

Virginia Income

Virginia Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$71,564$98,000
Families$86,628$114,218
Married Families$102,551$131,273
Non Families$43,168$61,812
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Virginia Marital Status

Virginia Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

49.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

51.9%

Male Marriage Rate

48.1%

Female Marriage Rate

Virginia Married by Age and Sex

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Virginia Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Virginia Marital Status by Race

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Virginia Veterans

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684,480

Number of Veterans

592,608

Male Veterans

91,872

Female Veterans

War Veterans
First Gulf War225,272
Vietnam208,714
Second Gulf War204,244
Korea40,935
World War II18,359
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 54214,404
65 to 74144,143
55 to 64135,838
75+112,790
18 to 3477,305
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Name Veterans % of Total
White501,56711.20%
Black143,00111.74%
Hispanic32,9916.51%
2 or More15,5279.87%
Asian13,4743.24%
Other7,7215.46%
Indian2,50914.02%
Hawaiian68117.30%

Virginia Veterans by Education

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5.04%

Veteran Poverty Rate

21.69%

Veteran Disability Rate

Virginia Employment Status

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65.9%

Labor Force Participation

61%

Employment Rate

5%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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49.30%

Born in Virginia

87.66%

Native Born

12.34%

Foreign Born

5.97%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

87.66% of Virginia residents were born in the United States, with 49.30% having been born in Virginia. 5.97% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.