Alexandria, Virginia Population 2020

165,748
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Alexandria is a city located in Virginia. With a 2020 population of 165,748, it is the 6th largest city in Virginia and the 158th largest city in the United States. Alexandria is currently growing at a rate of 1.60% annually and its population has increased by 18.42% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 139,966 in 2010. Spanning over 15 miles, Alexandria has a population density of 11,099 people per square mile.

The average household income in Alexandria is $127,734 with a poverty rate of 10.59%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,702 per month, and the median house value is $557,000. The median age in Alexandria is 36.5 years, 36.3 years for males, and 36.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 92.8 males.

Alexandria is an independent city that has been heavily influenced by Washington D.C., which is located just seven miles away. The city of Alexandria was originally founded in 1749 and wasn't incorporated as a city until 1852. It was designated later as an independent city in 1870.

Alexandria Age and Education Statistics

Alexandria’s residents are more educated than others in the state, with about 58% of the city’s residents holding at least a bachelor’s degree, exceeding the 33% average of Virginia.

Population Growth in Alexandria

The city has exhibited steady population growth, and recent estimates show that the figures are up over 11% since the city’s last recorded population in 2010. This growth is driven primarily by the number of jobs in the area, including roles in the U.S. military, the Department of Defense and other government and private entities.

The town founders called the new town "Belhaven," but this was never officially approved and fell out of favor quickly, replaced with the name Alexandria upon official incorporation in 1779.

Alexandria was included in the area chosen by George Washington in 1791 to become the District of Columbia. George Washington was also the land surveyor that sketched the shoreline where the city would eventually be.

In 1814 - during the War of 1812, Alexandria suffered an attack by the British which was successful. The surrender of the city allowed the British to loot from the town stores - including flour, sugar, and wine. After three days, the British troops withdrew to rally forces for another attack.

Alexandria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Alexandria was:

  • White: 62.04%
  • Black or African American: 21.88%
  • Asian: 6.10%
  • Two or more races: 5.20%
  • Other race: 4.56%
  • Native American: 0.18%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Alexandria, Virginia is 165,748, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 160,530.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 139,966.

Alexandria, Virginia Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20206,349,85049,9500.79%
20196,299,90049,9500.79%
20186,249,95049,9500.80%
20176,200,00060,9600.98%
20166,139,04056,5800.92%
20156,082,46062,0101.02%
20146,020,45069,5001.15%
20135,950,95084,9801.43%
20125,865,97097,2101.66%
20115,768,760103,7001.80%
20105,665,0600.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White97,09162.04%
Black or African American34,24621.88%
Asian9,5536.10%
Two or More Races8,1345.20%
Some Other Race7,1374.56%
American Indian and Alaska Native2760.18%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander680.04%
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Alexandria Population Pyramid 2020

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Alexandria Median Age

36.5


Total

36.3


Male

36.6


Female

Alexandria Adults

There are 127,842 adults, (16,943 of whom are seniors) in Alexandria.

Alexandria Age Dependency

41.1

Age Dependency Ratio

15.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Alexandria Sex Ratio

Female

81,159

51.86%

Male

75,346

48.14%

Alexandria Households and Families

Alexandria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Alexandria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57.2%42.8%
All42.9%57.1%
Non Family37%63%
Female26.5%73.5%
Male22.6%77.4%

42.9%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All69,9792.2142.9
Non Family36,0401.3237
Married25,3013.0157.2
Female6,0933.7326.5
Male2,5453.4422.6

3.06

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

5.5%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Alexandria Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,3954.55%
9th to 12th Grade3,4772.93%
High School Graduate14,21611.99%
Some College16,08513.57%
Associates Degree5,7554.85%
Bachelors Degree34,22628.87%
Graduate Degree39,40033.23%
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Alexandria Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White65,93765,08352,631
Black25,07022,5358,824
Hispanic16,44511,6744,791
Asian7,8677,2395,139
Multiple Races4,8944,5672,742
Other Race4,1132,571867
Native American17017095
Islander42427

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 79.82%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$62,582$68,229$58,400
Less Than High School$22,365$26,888$18,721
High School Grad$27,286$30,855$25,520
Some College$40,136$43,260$35,188
Bachelors Degree$73,426$85,412$64,154
Graduate Degree$94,990$108,178$81,773

$62,582

Average Earnings

$68,229

Average Male

$58,400

Average Female

Alexandria Language

Alexandria Language by Age

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Alexandria Language

66.33% of Alexandria residents speak only English, while 33.67% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.61% of the population.

Alexandria Poverty

Alexandria Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black33,6816,21518.45%
Hispanic26,1475,36320.51%
White80,4443,6874.58%
Other7,0871,55521.94%
Multiple8,05591211.32%
Asian9,5005816.12%
Native2769233.33%

10.59%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.29%

Male Poverty Rate

11.79%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Alexandria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is Native, with 33.33% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is White, with 4.58% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.21%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.12%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 23.12%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School30.22%
High School16.78%
Some College10.64%
Bachelors or Greater2.73%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.01%
Male Unemployed32.50%
Female Employed5.06%
Male Employed4.90%

Alexandria Income

Alexandria Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$96,733$127,734
Families$124,369$158,756
Married Families$154,773$186,539
Non Families$79,635$96,228
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Alexandria Marital Status

Alexandria Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

47.5%

Male Marriage Rate

40.3%

Female Marriage Rate

Alexandria Married by Age and Sex

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Alexandria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Alexandria Marital Status by Race

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Alexandria Veterans

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10,840

Number of Veterans

9,167

Male Veterans

1,673

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War4,867
First Gulf War4,181
Vietnam2,735
Korea433
World War II229
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,250
65 to 741,903
55 to 641,793
18 to 341,614
75+1,280
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Name Veterans % of Total
White8,09810.22%
Black1,9597.11%
Hispanic8114.34%
2 or More3817.32%
Asian2773.33%
Other891.85%
Indian3616.82%

Alexandria Veterans by Education

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2.87%

Veteran Poverty Rate

15.91%

Veteran Disability Rate

Alexandria Employment Status

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78.3%

Labor Force Participation

74%

Employment Rate

3.3%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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21.44%

Born in Virginia

72.29%

Native Born

27.71%

Foreign Born

16.42%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

72.29% of Alexandria residents were born in the United States, with 21.44% having been born in Virginia. 16.42% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020165,7482,6091.60%
2019163,1392,6091.63%
2018160,5308760.55%
2017159,6542,6091.66%
2016157,0453,1822.07%
2015153,8632,4321.61%
2014151,4311,7571.17%
2013149,6742,3601.60%
2012147,3143,0942.15%
2011144,2203,4802.47%
2010140,74012,4570.93%
2000128,28317,1001.44%
1990111,1837,9660.75%
1980103,217-7,710-0.72%
1970110,92719,9042.00%
196091,02329,2363.95%
195061,78728,2646.31%
194033,5239,3743.33%
193024,1496,0892.95%
192018,0602,7311.65%
191015,3298010.54%
190014,5281890.13%
189014,3396800.49%
188013,659890.07%
187013,5709180.70%
186012,6523,9183.78%
18508,7342340.27%
18408,5003000.36%
18308,2000.00%
18208,2001,0001.31%
18107,2002,2003.71%
18005,0002,2526.17%
17902,7480.00%