Alexandria, Virginia Population 2021

160,146
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Alexandria is an independent city that has been heavily influenced by Washington D.C., which is located just seven miles away. The city of Alexandria was originally founded in 1749 and wasn't incorporated as a city until 1852. It was designated later as an independent city in 1870.

Alexandria Age and Education Statistics

Alexandria’s residents are more educated than others in the state, with about 58% of the city’s residents holding at least a bachelor’s degree, exceeding the 33% average of Virginia.

Population Growth in Alexandria

The city has exhibited steady population growth, and recent estimates show that the figures are up over 11% since the city’s last recorded population in 2010. This growth is driven primarily by the number of jobs in the area, including roles in the U.S. military, the Department of Defense and other government and private entities.

The town founders called the new town "Belhaven," but this was never officially approved and fell out of favor quickly, replaced with the name Alexandria upon official incorporation in 1779.

Alexandria was included in the area chosen by George Washington in 1791 to become the District of Columbia. George Washington was also the land surveyor that sketched the shoreline where the city would eventually be.

In 1814 - during the War of 1812, Alexandria suffered an attack by the British which was successful. The surrender of the city allowed the British to loot from the town stores - including flour, sugar, and wine. After three days, the British troops withdrew to rally forces for another attack.

Alexandria Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Alexandria was:

  • White: 62.19%
  • Black or African American: 21.75%
  • Asian: 5.89%
  • Two or more races: 5.33%
  • Other race: 4.59%
  • Native American: 0.22%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.03%
The current population of Alexandria, Virginia is 160,146based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 159,069.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 139,966.

Alexandria, Virginia Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20216,345,78032,6500.51%
20206,313,13032,6400.52%
20196,280,49032,6500.52%
20186,247,84036,5000.58%
20176,211,34062,0401.00%
20166,149,30055,3500.90%
20156,093,95062,0101.02%
20146,031,94068,6301.14%
20135,963,31084,3701.41%
20125,878,94096,6201.64%
20115,782,320103,8301.80%
20105,678,4900.00%

Alexandria Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White98,01762.19%
Black or African American34,28721.75%
Asian9,2805.89%
Two or More Races8,3975.33%
Some Other Race7,2334.59%
American Indian and Alaska Native3530.22%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander460.03%
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Alexandria Population By Race

Alexandria Population Pyramid 2021

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Alexandria Median Age

36.8


Total

36.5


Male

37.1


Female

Alexandria Adults

There are 128,981 adults, (17,766 of whom are seniors) in Alexandria.

Alexandria Age Dependency

41.7

Age Dependency Ratio

16

Old Age Dependency Ratio

25.7

Child Dependency Ratio

Alexandria Sex Ratio

Mujer

81,659

51.81%

Masculino

75,954

48.19%

Alexandria Population by Age

Alexandria Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Alexandria Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married57.4%42.6%
All43.3%56.7%
Non Family37.5%62.5%
Mujer26.4%73.6%
Masculino24.3%75.7%

43.3%

Rate of Home Ownership

Alexandria Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All70,5982.2143.3
Non Family36,0961.3337.5
Married25,7362.9957.4
Mujer6,1483.6326.4
Masculino2,6183.3824.3

3.02

Average Family Size

2.21

Average Household Size

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Alexandria Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade4,7463.97%
9th to 12th Grade3,6053.01%
High School Graduate13,88211.60%
Some College15,65313.08%
Associates Degree6,2625.23%
Bachelors Degree35,52829.70%
Graduate Degree39,95533.40%
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Alexandria Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Alexandria Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
White66,43565,61353,184
Black25,27822,9209,374
Hispanic16,48712,0295,376
Asian7,9127,3245,216
2+ Races5,0904,7842,841
Other Race4,1742,6631,011
Native American16316381
Islander12126

The highest rate of high school graduation is among native american people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 80.05%.

Alexandria Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Masculino Mujer
Overall$64,490$71,061$61,036
Less Than 9th Grade$25,621$29,691$20,574
High School Graduate$28,368$31,081$25,680
Some College$40,650$45,997$34,060
Bachelors Degree$73,337$84,332$64,827
Graduate Degree$99,258$114,620$85,127

$64,490

Average Earnings

$71,061

Average Male

$61,036

Average Female

Alexandria Earnings by Educational Attainment

Alexandria Language by Age

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Alexandria Language

66.49% of Alexandria residents speak only English, while 33.51% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 14.42% of the population.

Alexandria Language

Alexandria Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black33,7335,82417.26%
Hispanic26,0915,00419.18%
White81,2863,5364.35%
Other7,1101,58022.22%
Multiple8,3661,34316.05%
Asian9,2235916.41%
Native35318351.84%

10.31%

Overall Poverty Rate

9.61%

Male Poverty Rate

10.95%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Alexandria

The race most likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is Native, with 51.84% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is White, with 4.35% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.85%. Among those working part-time, it was 15.44%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 21.89%.

Alexandria Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade27.91%
High School15.65%
Some College10.59%
Bachelors or Greater2.88%

Alexandria Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Male Unemployed42.03%
Female Unemployed35.12%
Male Employed5.14%
Female Employed4.52%

Alexandria Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Alexandria Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$100,939$135,100
Families$130,395$167,322
Married Families$163,669$198,320
Non Families$82,807$101,840
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Income by Household Type

Alexandria Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

43.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

46.6%

Male Marriage Rate

41.0%

Female Marriage Rate

Alexandria Married by Age and Sex

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Alexandria Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Alexandria Marital Status by Race

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Alexandria Marital Status

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11,220

Number of Veterans

9,453

Male Veterans

1,767

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Second Gulf War5,214
First Gulf War4,199
Vietnam2,757
Korea400
World War II251

Alexandria Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 544,210
55 to 642,011
65 to 741,899
18 to 341,684
75+1,416

Alexandria Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White8,42910.59%
Black2,0027.24%
Hispanic7544.04%
2+ Races3546.46%
Asian2973.57%
Other Race731.49%
Native American5921.22%
Islander618.18%

Alexandria Veterans by Race

Alexandria Veterans by Education

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3.34%

Veteran Poverty Rate

15.75%

Veteran Disability Rate

Alexandria Veterans by Education

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78.2%

Labor Force Participation

73.8%

Employment Rate

3%

Unemployment Rate

Alexandria Employment by Age

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Alexandria Employment by Race

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Alexandria Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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21.31%

Born in Alexandria

72.76%

Native Born

27.24%

Foreign Born

16.22%

Non Citizen

11.03%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

72.76% of Alexandria residents were born in the United States, with 21.31% having been born in Virginia. 16.22% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Alexandria Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021160,1463590.22%
2020159,7873590.23%
2019159,4283590.23%
2018159,069-146-0.09%
2017159,2152,5171.61%
2016156,6983,0441.98%
2015153,6542,2791.51%
2014151,3751,7381.16%
2013149,6372,3461.59%
2012147,2913,0722.13%
2011144,2193,4902.48%
2010140,72912,4460.93%
2000128,28317,1001.44%
1990111,1837,9660.75%
1980103,217-7,710-0.72%
1970110,92719,9042.00%
196091,02329,2363.95%
195061,78728,2646.31%
194033,5239,3743.33%
193024,1496,0892.95%
192018,0602,7311.65%
191015,3298010.54%
190014,5281890.13%
189014,3396800.49%
188013,659890.07%
187013,5709180.70%
186012,6523,9183.78%
18508,7342340.27%
18408,5003000.36%
18308,2000.00%
18208,2001,0001.31%
18107,2002,2003.71%
18005,0002,2526.17%
17902,7480.00%

Alexandria Population by Year