Alexandria is a city located in Alexandria City Virginia. Alexandria has a 2023 population of 146,284. Alexandria is currently declining at a rate of -2.76% annually and its population has decreased by -8.05% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 159,097 in 2020.
The average household income in Alexandria is $142,940 with a poverty rate of 9.58%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Alexandria is 37.1 years, 36.9 years for males, and 37.3 years for females.
Alexandria is an independent city that has been heavily influenced by Washington D.C., which is located just seven miles away. The city of Alexandria was originally founded in 1749 and wasn't incorporated as a city until 1852. It was designated later as an independent city in 1870.
Alexandria’s residents are more educated than others in the state, with about 58% of the city’s residents holding at least a bachelor’s degree, exceeding the 33% average of Virginia.
The city has exhibited steady population growth, and recent estimates show that the figures are up over 11% since the city’s last recorded population in 2010. This growth is driven primarily by the number of jobs in the area, including roles in the U.S. military, the Department of Defense and other government and private entities.
The town founders called the new town "Belhaven," but this was never officially approved and fell out of favor quickly, replaced with the name Alexandria upon official incorporation in 1779.
Alexandria was included in the area chosen by George Washington in 1791 to become the District of Columbia. George Washington was also the land surveyor that sketched the shoreline where the city would eventually be.
In 1814 - during the War of 1812, Alexandria suffered an attack by the British which was successful. The surrender of the city allowed the British to loot from the town stores - including flour, sugar, and wine. After three days, the British troops withdrew to rally forces for another attack.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Alexandria was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 92.26%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 76.57%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
68.86% of Alexandria residents speak only English, while 31.14% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 13.27% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is Native, with 33.22% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Alexandria is White, with 4.43% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 1.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 14.28%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 20.06%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Alexandria
76.09% of Alexandria residents were born in the United States, with 23.06% having been born in Virginia. 14.4% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.