Austin, Texas Population 2020

988,218
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Austin is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 988,218, it is the 4th largest city in Texas (after Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas) and the 11th largest city in the United States. Austin is currently growing at a rate of 1.23% annually and its population has increased by 25.03% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 790,390 in 2010. Spanning over 327 miles, Austin has a population density of 3,089 people per square mile.

The average household income in Austin is $97,331 with a poverty rate of 14.48%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,225 per month, and the median house value is $312,300. The median age in Austin is 33 years, 32.7 years for males, and 33.4 years for females. For every 100 females there are 102.8 males.

While Austin has a sizable Hispanic population, the city has struggled to attract more African Americans, the only ethnic group in Austin that is shrinking. Two critical factors are causing a decline in the African-American community: moving away from the city center and higher mortality rates.

Austin Population Growth

Austin is currently the fastest growing city in the United States and, from 2011 to 2016; it's expected to have an economic growth rate of over 6%, with a population growth rate approaching 3%. This means it's following a trend common across many major cities in Texas. Eight of the 15 fastest growing cities are in Texas, including San Antonio, Houston, and Dallas.

Young, recent college graduates and retiring baby boomers are now making up the majority of new Austinites, all being drawn in for the city's shopping, museums, and entertainment, along with affordable housing. Over the past few years, however, construction has not kept up with the population growth, creating a shortage of housing and jumps in home sales and prices.

Demographers believe Austin will continue its excellent growth in the short term, but the pace will eventually slow. Austin is already buckling under its population, with roadways packed and the third worst traffic congestion in any urban area in the US.

A forecast of population growth shows that Austin's metropolitan area's population may hit 3.2 million by 2030.

Austin was settled in the 1830s by pioneers, although the area has been inhabited since at least 9200 BC, or more than 11,000 years. For many years, Spanish colonists traveled through the area, but very few permanent settlements were created until 1730 when three missions from East Texas were reestablished at the site.

Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836 and became its own independent country. A year later, Republic of Texas Vice President Mirabeau Lamar visited the area while hunting buffalo and proposed moving the republic's capital (then in Houston) to the area. The city was incorporated in 1839 as Waterloo, but was quickly renamed Austin in honor of Stephen Austin, the "Father of Texas."

By the 1880s, Austin gained prominence with its state capital building, then the 7th most significant building in the world. The city slowly grew, launching several beautification projects in the 1920s and 1930s, further boosting its appeal and population.

Through half of the 20th century, Austin had a three-way social segregation system with Anglos, Mexicans and African Americans separated by law in most areas of life. This was eventually abolished, and Austin's Hispanic population proliferated. In 1970, its population was 15% Hispanic, 12% black and 73% non-Hispanic white; by 2010, the city was 35% Hispanic, 48% white and only 8% black.

Austin Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Austin was:

  • White: 73.49%
  • Black or African American: 7.84%
  • Other race: 7.47%
  • Asian: 7.33%
  • Two or more races: 3.25%
  • Native American: 0.57%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.05%
The current population of Austin, Texas is 988,218, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 964,254.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 790,390.

Austin, Texas Population 2020

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,274,49053,0902.33%
20192,221,40053,0802.39%
20182,168,32053,0902.45%
20172,115,23053,0202.51%
20162,062,21059,6202.89%
20152,002,59059,1802.96%
20141,943,41059,5103.06%
20131,883,90048,9702.60%
20121,834,93054,3302.96%
20111,780,60053,0702.98%
20101,727,5300.00%

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White687,67673.49%
Black or African American73,3907.84%
Some Other Race69,8977.47%
Asian68,6087.33%
Two or More Races30,4323.25%
American Indian and Alaska Native5,2970.57%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander4550.05%
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Austin Population Pyramid 2020

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Austin Median Age

33


Total

32.7


Male

33.4


Female

Austin Adults

There are 741,176 adults, (81,322 of whom are seniors) in Austin.

Austin Age Dependency

41.8

Age Dependency Ratio

12.3

Old Age Dependency Ratio

29.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Austin Sex Ratio

Female

461,508

49.32%

Male

474,247

50.68%

Austin Households and Families

Austin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Austin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.5%32.5%
All45.2%54.8%
Male38.1%61.9%
Female36.5%63.5%
Non Family29.8%70.2%

45.2%

Rate of Home Ownership

Type Count Average Size Owned
All370,0432.4745.2
Non Family177,6741.5129.8
Married141,3323.2867.5
Female36,6363.6136.5
Male14,4013.5238.1

3.26

Average Family Size

2.47

Average Household Size

6.7%

Unmarried (Opposite Sex)

0.8%

Unmarried (Same Sex)

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Austin Education

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade38,5216.00%
9th to 12th Grade31,4414.90%
High School Graduate102,98516.04%
Some College111,39217.35%
Associates Degree34,0395.30%
Bachelors Degree201,94431.46%
Graduate Degree121,64518.95%
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Austin Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White346,727338,684221,661
Hispanic188,264134,69346,012
Black47,86542,88713,177
Asian47,75944,72736,357
Other Race42,13826,9505,702
Multiple Races15,01013,9587,434
Native American3,5453,0431,095
Islander29327489

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.68%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 76.13%.

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$42,963$47,992$39,581
Less Than High School$22,756$26,097$17,245
High School Grad$28,434$30,728$25,712
Some College$36,678$40,585$32,238
Bachelors Degree$53,886$63,803$47,525
Graduate Degree$73,123$90,415$58,973

$42,963

Average Earnings

$47,992

Average Male

$39,581

Average Female

Austin Language

Austin Language by Age

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Austin Language

67.79% of Austin residents speak only English, while 32.21% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 23.55% of the population.

Austin Poverty

Austin Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic315,74966,49521.06%
White441,41237,6738.53%
Other69,29617,90525.84%
Black69,90816,44223.52%
Asian67,5949,32713.80%
Multiple29,9014,32214.45%
Native5,20788216.94%
Islander4278519.91%

14.48%

Overall Poverty Rate

13.17%

Male Poverty Rate

15.83%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Austin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Austin is Other, with 25.84% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Austin is White, with 8.53% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.98%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.94%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 27.91%.

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School26.72%
High School15.35%
Some College9.54%
Bachelors or Greater5.00%
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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed35.80%
Male Unemployed31.51%
Female Employed8.41%
Male Employed6.34%

Austin Income

Austin Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$67,462$97,331
Families$87,400$119,934
Married Families$107,162$141,364
Non Families$51,882$69,941
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Austin Marital Status

Austin Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.6%

Overall Marriage Rate

40.9%

Male Marriage Rate

40.4%

Female Marriage Rate

Austin Married by Age and Sex

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Austin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Austin Marital Status by Race

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Austin Veterans

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36,096

Number of Veterans

32,058

Male Veterans

4,038

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam11,844
Second Gulf War10,186
First Gulf War8,575
Korea2,355
World War II1,196
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Age Group Veterans
35 to 549,896
65 to 747,856
55 to 646,350
75+6,041
18 to 345,953
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Name Veterans % of Total
White28,2515.09%
Hispanic6,7742.99%
Black4,4547.77%
2 or More1,2216.61%
Other1,1842.40%
Asian6741.19%
Indian2836.95%
Hawaiian297.42%

Austin Veterans by Education

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8.07%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.09%

Veteran Disability Rate

Austin Employment Status

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73.4%

Labor Force Participation

70.5%

Employment Rate

3.9%

Unemployment Rate

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Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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52.19%

Born in Texas

81.45%

Native Born

18.55%

Foreign Born

12.52%

Non Citizen

Place of Birth

81.45% of Austin residents were born in the United States, with 52.19% having been born in Texas. 12.52% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020988,21811,9821.23%
2019976,23611,9821.24%
2018964,25412,5041.31%
2017951,75011,9821.27%
2016939,76818,2231.98%
2015921,54519,8112.20%
2014901,73426,2713.00%
2013875,46320,6222.41%
2012854,84126,1473.16%
2011828,69422,2712.76%
2010806,423149,8612.08%
2000656,562190,9403.50%
1990465,622119,7323.02%
1980345,89092,3513.15%
1970253,53966,9943.12%
1960186,54554,0863.48%
1950132,45944,5294.18%
194087,93034,8105.17%
193053,12018,2444.30%
192034,8765,0161.56%
191029,8607,6022.98%
190022,2587,6834.32%
189014,5753,5622.84%
188011,0136,5859.54%
18704,4289342.40%
18603,4942,89419.27%
18506000.00%