Austin, Texas Population 2021

1,011,790
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Austin is a city located in Texas. With a 2020 population of 1,011,790, it is the 4th largest city in Texas (after Houston, San Antonio, and Dallas) and the 10th largest city in the United States. Austin is currently growing at a rate of 1.65% annually and its population has increased by 28.01% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 790,390 in 2010. Austin reached it's highest population of 1,011,790 in 2021. Spanning over 327 miles, Austin has a population density of 3,162 people per square mile.

The average household income in Austin is $102,876 with a poverty rate of 13.23%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,280 per month, and the median house value is $337,400. The median age in Austin is 33.3 years, 33 years for males, and 33.7 years for females. For every 100 females there are 103.1 males.

While Austin has a sizable Hispanic population, the city has struggled to attract more African Americans, the only ethnic group in Austin that is shrinking. Two critical factors are causing a decline in the African-American community: moving away from the city center and higher mortality rates.

Austin Population Growth

Austin is currently the fastest growing city in the United States and, from 2011 to 2016; it's expected to have an economic growth rate of over 6%, with a population growth rate approaching 3%. This means it's following a trend common across many major cities in Texas. Eight of the 15 fastest growing cities are in Texas, including San Antonio, Houston, and Dallas.

Young, recent college graduates and retiring baby boomers are now making up the majority of new Austinites, all being drawn in for the city's shopping, museums, and entertainment, along with affordable housing. Over the past few years, however, construction has not kept up with the population growth, creating a shortage of housing and jumps in home sales and prices.

Demographers believe Austin will continue its excellent growth in the short term, but the pace will eventually slow. Austin is already buckling under its population, with roadways packed and the third worst traffic congestion in any urban area in the US.

A forecast of population growth shows that Austin's metropolitan area's population may hit 3.2 million by 2030.

Austin was settled in the 1830s by pioneers, although the area has been inhabited since at least 9200 BC, or more than 11,000 years. For many years, Spanish colonists traveled through the area, but very few permanent settlements were created until 1730 when three missions from East Texas were reestablished at the site.

Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836 and became its own independent country. A year later, Republic of Texas Vice President Mirabeau Lamar visited the area while hunting buffalo and proposed moving the republic's capital (then in Houston) to the area. The city was incorporated in 1839 as Waterloo, but was quickly renamed Austin in honor of Stephen Austin, the "Father of Texas."

By the 1880s, Austin gained prominence with its state capital building, then the 7th most significant building in the world. The city slowly grew, launching several beautification projects in the 1920s and 1930s, further boosting its appeal and population.

Through half of the 20th century, Austin had a three-way social segregation system with Anglos, Mexicans and African Americans separated by law in most areas of life. This was eventually abolished, and Austin's Hispanic population proliferated. In 1970, its population was 15% Hispanic, 12% black and 73% non-Hispanic white; by 2010, the city was 35% Hispanic, 48% white and only 8% black.

Austin Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Austin was:

  • White: 72.63%
  • Black or African American: 7.83%
  • Other race: 7.77%
  • Asian: 7.59%
  • Two or more races: 3.47%
  • Native American: 0.66%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.06%
The current population of Austin, Texas is 1,011,790, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 962,469.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 790,390.

Austin, Texas Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20212,350,26061,5902.62%
20202,288,67061,5902.69%
20192,227,08061,5802.77%
20182,165,50050,0202.31%
20172,115,48053,4602.53%
20162,062,02059,8902.90%
20152,002,13059,6602.98%
20141,942,47059,1503.05%
20131,883,32048,7302.59%
20121,834,59054,0502.95%
20111,780,54053,0402.98%
20101,727,5000.00%

Austin Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
White690,57272.63%
Black or African American74,4417.83%
Some Other Race73,8767.77%
Asian72,1337.59%
Two or More Races32,9723.47%
American Indian and Alaska Native6,2890.66%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander5240.06%
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Austin Population by Race

Austin Population Pyramid 2021

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Austin Median Age

33.3


Total

33


Male

33.7


Female

Austin Adults

There are 757,207 adults, (85,001 of whom are seniors) in Austin.

Austin Age Dependency

41.4

Age Dependency Ratio

12.6

Old Age Dependency Ratio

28.8

Child Dependency Ratio

Austin Sex Ratio

Female

468,202

49.24%

Male

482,605

50.76%

Austin Population by Age

Austin Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Austin Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married67.3%32.7%
All45.1%54.9%
Male37.9%62.1%
Female36.3%63.7%
Non Family29.9%70.1%

45.1%

Rate of Home Ownership

Austin Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All380,3922.4445.1
Non Family182,7181.529.9
Married145,6933.2467.3
Female36,8133.5236.3
Male15,1683.537.9

3.21

Average Family Size

2.44

Average Household Size

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Austin Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade39,1275.95%
9th to 12th Grade30,5684.65%
High School Graduate102,77015.62%
Some College109,59016.65%
Associates Degree35,6725.42%
Bachelors Degree212,65032.32%
Graduate Degree127,67119.40%
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Austin Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Austin Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
White353,188345,409230,323
Hispanic192,220138,97949,587
Asian50,75747,65139,066
Black49,34644,23414,218
Other Race45,08329,0766,261
Multiple Races16,74815,4128,219
Native American4,3383,6571,561
Islander316294140

The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 97.80%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 76.97%.

Austin Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$46,149$50,628$41,571
Less Than High School$24,561$27,265$18,501
High School Grad$30,267$31,973$25,976
Some College$38,700$42,606$33,713
Bachelors Degree$55,605$66,026$49,378
Graduate Degree$76,056$92,407$61,640

$46,149

Average Earnings

$50,628

Average Male

$41,571

Average Female

Austin Earnings by Educational Attainment

Austin Language by Age

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Austin Language

68.08% of Austin residents speak only English, while 31.92% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 22.93% of the population.

Austin Language

Austin Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Hispanic317,18259,78618.85%
White448,30236,0528.04%
Other73,08416,74622.91%
Black70,49515,15621.50%
Asian70,9519,25513.04%
Multiple32,4684,46013.74%
Native6,1971,32021.30%
Islander47713127.46%

13.23%

Overall Poverty Rate

12.01%

Male Poverty Rate

14.50%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Austin

The race most likely to be in poverty in Austin is Islander, with 27.46% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Austin is White, with 8.04% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.74%. Among those working part-time, it was 20.64%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 26.16%.

Austin Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School24.70%
High School14.30%
Some College8.72%
Bachelors or Greater4.66%

Austin Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed34.95%
Male Unemployed32.03%
Female Employed7.70%
Male Employed5.68%

Austin Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Austin Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$71,576$102,876
Families$92,585$126,296
Married Families$112,944$148,645
Non Families$54,566$74,655
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Income by Household Type

Austin Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

40.9%

Overall Marriage Rate

41.0%

Male Marriage Rate

40.9%

Female Marriage Rate

Austin Married by Age and Sex

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Austin Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.

Austin Marital Status by Race

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Austin Marital Status

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36,094

Number of Veterans

32,242

Male Veterans

3,852

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam11,251
Second Gulf War10,863
First Gulf War8,994
Korea2,129
World War II1,084

Austin Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
35 to 549,944
65 to 747,346
55 to 646,339
75+6,282
18 to 346,183

Austin Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
White28,2055.04%
Hispanic7,1443.10%
Black4,1307.02%
2 or More1,3736.70%
Other1,3112.48%
Asian7191.20%
Indian3246.56%
Hawaiian327.67%

Austin Veterans by Race

Austin Veterans by Education

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8.47%

Veteran Poverty Rate

22.48%

Veteran Disability Rate

Austin Veterans by Education

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73.8%

Labor Force Participation

71%

Employment Rate

3.7%

Unemployment Rate

Austin Employment by Age

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Austin Employment by Race

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Austin Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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51.54%

Born in Texas

81.16%

Native Born

18.84%

Foreign Born

12.55%

Non Citizen

6.29%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

81.16% of Austin residents were born in the United States, with 51.54% having been born in Texas. 12.55% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Austin Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20211,011,79016,4431.65%
2020995,34716,4391.68%
2019978,90816,4391.71%
2018962,46910,9161.15%
2017951,55312,1061.29%
2016939,44718,3331.99%
2015921,11419,9442.21%
2014901,17026,1672.99%
2013875,00320,5212.40%
2012854,48226,0233.14%
2011828,45922,2952.77%
2010806,164149,6022.07%
2000656,562190,9403.50%
1990465,622119,7323.02%
1980345,89092,3513.15%
1970253,53966,9943.12%
1960186,54554,0863.48%
1950132,45944,5294.18%
194087,93034,8105.17%
193053,12018,2444.30%
192034,8765,0161.56%
191029,8607,6022.98%
190022,2587,6834.32%
189014,5753,5622.84%
188011,0136,5859.54%
18704,4289342.40%
18603,4942,89419.27%
18506000.00%

Austin Population by Year