Baltimore is a city located in Baltimore City County Maryland. Baltimore has a 2023 population of 563,455. It is also the county seat of Baltimore City County.Baltimore is currently declining at a rate of -1.14% annually and its population has decreased by -3.37% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 583,132 in 2020.
The average household income in Baltimore is $79,399 with a poverty rate of 20.31%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Baltimore is 35.7 years, 34.6 years for males, and 36.8 years for females.
Baltimore is located in central Maryland along the Patapsco River. Baltimore is an independent city that is also called Baltimore City. The population of Baltimore is believed to have risen to 622,000, a very slight but promising increase for the city, which has lost more than one-third of its population in the last sixty years.
This is the first time Baltimore's population has grown since it reached a peak of 949,700 in 1950. Downtown Baltimore and surrounding areas have seen improvement as more young professionals and immigrants move to the region. There is also growing international migration as well as fewer people leaving Baltimore. Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake announced in December 2011 that she would make it her goal to increase Baltimore's population by "10,000 families" within ten years. In 2018, the numbers didn't seem to be cooperating with her goal - the population of Baltimore is currently estimated to be at 611,648. This drop indicates a loss of 1.5% of the city population.
The Baltimore metropolitan area is much larger, however, with a population estimated at 6.7 million. This makes it the 20th largest metro area in the country.
Baltimore was the second city in the U.S. to reach a population of 100,000, after New York City, and it remained the second-largest city until 1850. Up until 1890, Baltimore was one of the top 10 most populous cities in the country with a post-World War II population approaching one million.
While Baltimore's population has been in decline since 1950, the number of families in the downtown area has grown significantly over the last decade, with this core region growing 130% in the previous ten years. Since 2010, new construction has turned many old commercial buildings into residences, while the average household income has increased from $45,900 to $64,100.
Baltimore still has a growing homeless population, particularly among young people.
In 2011, Baltimore's population grew for the first time in 60 years, after losing more than one-third of its population. Baltimore has struggled to gain and retain citizens like many cities built on an outdated economy. According to one demographer, Baltimore is becoming more popular for younger people than it ever has been.
In breaking its six-decade-long population loss, Maryland added new residents in 17 counties, as well as Baltimore City. The mayor of Baltimore has encouraged Hispanic immigration, which seems to be working as immigrants are one of the leading reasons for the increase, which was under 1%.
Baltimore is named for Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, who was the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony. The Port of Baltimore was created in 1706 for the tobacco trade, with the town founded in 1729. In its early history, Baltimore played a central role in many events of the American Revolution, and it was the capital of the United States from December 1776 through February 1777.
The Battle of Baltimore also took place here during the War of 1812, after Washington, D.C. was burned, and the British attacked the city in 1814. Baltimore's harbor was defended successfully. Francis Scott Key, a lawyer from Maryland, was aboard one of the British ships while negotiating for the release of a prisoner when he witnessed the attack on the city. As he saw a massive American flag raised on the morning after the attack, he wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner," which became the country's official national anthem in 1931.
Baltimore grew quickly after the battle and became a major shipping and manufacturing center. During the Civil War, Maryland remained a part of the Union, despite being a slave state and support for secession in many regions, including Baltimore, which benefited from tobacco and slave trades. When Union soldiers marched through Baltimore at the beginning of the war, Confederate sympathizers attacked and led to a riot.
Today, efforts are being made to revitalize the city, including the construction of the Baltimore World Trade Center, Harborplace, the National Aquarium and the Maryland Science Center.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Baltimore was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 81.78%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 57.96%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
89.7% of Baltimore residents speak only English, while 10.3% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.14% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Baltimore is Native, with 25.17% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Baltimore is Islander, with 9.91% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.39%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.63%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 36.72%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 35-44.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Baltimore
95.46% of Baltimore residents were born in the United States, with 67.96% having been born in Maryland. 4.63% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.