Baltimore, Maryland Population 2020

584,537
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Baltimore is a city located in Maryland. With a 2020 population of 584,537, it is the largest city in Maryland and the 31st largest city in the United States. Baltimore is currently declining at a rate of -1.51% annually and its population has decreased by -5.87% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 620,961 in 2010. Baltimore reached it's highest population of 949,708 in 1950. Spanning over 92 miles, Baltimore has a population density of 7,221 people per square mile.

The average household income in Baltimore is $74,246 with a poverty rate of 21.21%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $1,073 per month, and the median house value is $160,100. The median age in Baltimore is 35.4 years, 34.1 years for males, and 36.6 years for females. For every 100 females there are 88.6 males.

Baltimore is located in central Maryland along the Patapsco River. Baltimore is an independent city that is also called Baltimore City. The population of Baltimore is believed to have risen to 622,000, a very slight but promising increase for the city, which has lost more than one-third of its population in the last sixty years.

This is the first time Baltimore's population has grown since it reached a peak of 949,700 in 1950. Downtown Baltimore and surrounding areas have seen improvement as more young professionals and immigrants move to the region. There is also growing international migration as well as fewer people leaving Baltimore. Baltimore Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake announced in December 2011 that she would make it her goal to increase Baltimore's population by "10,000 families" within ten years. In 2018, the numbers didn't seem to be cooperating with her goal - the population of Baltimore is currently estimated to be at 611,648. This drop indicates a loss of 1.5% of the city population.

The Baltimore metropolitan area is much larger, however, with a population estimated at 6.7 million. This makes it the 20th largest metro area in the country.

Baltimore Population Statistics

Baltimore was the second city in the U.S. to reach a population of 100,000, after New York City, and it remained the second-largest city until 1850. Up until 1890, Baltimore was one of the top 10 most populous cities in the country with a post-World War II population approaching one million.

While Baltimore's population has been in decline since 1950, the number of families in the downtown area has grown significantly over the last decade, with this core region growing 130% in the previous ten years. Since 2010, new construction has turned many old commercial buildings into residences, while the average household income has increased from $45,900 to $64,100.

Baltimore still has a growing homeless population, particularly among young people.

Baltimore Population Growth

In 2011, Baltimore's population grew for the first time in 60 years, after losing more than one-third of its population. Baltimore has struggled to gain and retain citizens like many cities built on an outdated economy. According to one demographer, Baltimore is becoming more popular for younger people than it ever has been.

In breaking its six-decade-long population loss, Maryland added new residents in 17 counties, as well as Baltimore City. The mayor of Baltimore has encouraged Hispanic immigration, which seems to be working as immigrants are one of the leading reasons for the increase, which was under 1%.

Baltimore is named for Cecilius Calvert, Lord Baltimore, who was the founding proprietor of the Maryland Colony. The Port of Baltimore was created in 1706 for the tobacco trade, with the town founded in 1729. In its early history, Baltimore played a central role in many events of the American Revolution, and it was the capital of the United States from December 1776 through February 1777.

The Battle of Baltimore also took place here during the War of 1812, after Washington, D.C. was burned, and the British attacked the city in 1814. Baltimore's harbor was defended successfully. Francis Scott Key, a lawyer from Maryland, was aboard one of the British ships while negotiating for the release of a prisoner when he witnessed the attack on the city. As he saw a massive American flag raised on the morning after the attack, he wrote "The Star-Spangled Banner," which became the country's official national anthem in 1931.

Baltimore grew quickly after the battle and became a major shipping and manufacturing center. During the Civil War, Maryland remained a part of the Union, despite being a slave state and support for secession in many regions, including Baltimore, which benefited from tobacco and slave trades. When Union soldiers marched through Baltimore at the beginning of the war, Confederate sympathizers attacked and led to a riot.

Today, efforts are being made to revitalize the city, including the construction of the Baltimore World Trade Center, Harborplace, the National Aquarium and the Maryland Science Center.

Baltimore Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Baltimore was:

  • Black or African American: 62.35%
  • White: 30.46%
  • Asian: 2.58%
  • Two or more races: 2.49%
  • Other race: 1.80%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.04%
The current population of Baltimore, Maryland is 584,537, based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 602,443.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 620,961.

Baltimore, Maryland Population 2020

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Total Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
20202,799,360-690-0.02%
20192,800,050-690-0.02%
20182,800,7402,0300.07%
20172,798,7104,6000.16%
20162,794,1104,0600.15%
20152,790,0509,9900.36%
20142,780,06011,8300.43%
20132,768,23013,5900.49%
20122,754,64020,8600.76%
20112,733,78018,0400.66%
20102,715,7400.00%

Baltimore Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American379,75162.35%
White185,48930.46%
Asian15,6932.58%
Two or More Races15,1662.49%
Some Other Race10,9721.80%
American Indian and Alaska Native1,7320.28%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander2290.04%
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Baltimore Population by Race

Baltimore Population Pyramid 2020

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Baltimore Median Age

35.4


Total

34.1


Male

36.6


Female

Baltimore Adults

There are 483,209 adults, (82,721 of whom are seniors) in Baltimore.

Baltimore Age Dependency

52.1

Age Dependency Ratio

20.7

Old Age Dependency Ratio

31.4

Child Dependency Ratio

Baltimore Sex Ratio

Female

322,984

53.03%

Male

286,048

46.97%

Baltimore Population by Age

Baltimore Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Baltimore Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married72.4%27.6%
Male48.8%51.2%
All47.5%52.5%
Female40.3%59.7%
Non Family38.3%61.7%

47.5%

Rate of Home Ownership

Baltimore Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All239,1162.4547.5
Non Family118,8411.3338.3
Married58,0333.372.4
Female50,3113.8140.3
Male11,9313.6748.8

3.42

Average Family Size

2.45

Average Household Size

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Baltimore Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade19,8204.68%
9th to 12th Grade42,83210.11%
High School Graduate123,31029.11%
Some College82,23419.41%
Associates Degree20,2544.78%
Bachelors Degree71,02216.76%
Graduate Degree64,16615.15%
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Baltimore Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Baltimore Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Total High School Bachelors
Black255,378211,87342,267
White131,712119,68276,281
Hispanic17,68812,3594,996
Asian11,31910,3268,302
Multiple Races7,2756,4953,311
Other Race6,6374,4151,395
Native American1,3981,089286
Islander15114544

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 96.03%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 73.35%.

Baltimore Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$41,378$44,584$38,684
Less Than High School$24,340$27,468$20,345
High School Grad$30,309$31,627$28,254
Some College$36,229$40,712$32,159
Bachelors Degree$54,965$62,011$50,857
Graduate Degree$68,963$76,847$64,194

$41,378

Average Earnings

$44,584

Average Male

$38,684

Average Female

Baltimore Earnings by Educational Attainment

Baltimore Language by Age

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Baltimore Language

90.14% of Baltimore residents speak only English, while 9.86% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 4.14% of the population.

Baltimore Language

Baltimore Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black367,52294,05725.59%
White160,74518,40711.45%
Hispanic30,8167,07122.95%
Asian14,5632,78519.12%
Other10,6922,55323.88%
Multiple14,1552,20515.58%
Native1,67658434.84%
Islander1886031.91%

21.21%

Overall Poverty Rate

19.68%

Male Poverty Rate

22.54%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Baltimore

The race most likely to be in poverty in Baltimore is Native, with 34.84% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Baltimore is White, with 11.45% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 2.22%. Among those working part-time, it was 21.93%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 37.22%.

Baltimore Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than High School33.31%
High School23.99%
Some College15.89%
Bachelors or Greater6.22%

Baltimore Poverty Rate by Education

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Name Poverty
Female Unemployed48.66%
Male Unemployed31.94%
Female Employed8.02%
Male Employed5.18%

Baltimore Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Baltimore Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$50,379$74,246
Families$63,109$89,918
Married Families$96,886$126,742
Non Families$37,046$55,266
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Income by Household Type

Baltimore Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

26.7%

Overall Marriage Rate

29.1%

Male Marriage Rate

24.6%

Female Marriage Rate

Baltimore Married by Age and Sex

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Baltimore Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Baltimore Marital Status by Race

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Baltimore Marital Status

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28,002

Number of Veterans

24,899

Male Veterans

3,103

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam9,365
First Gulf War5,074
Second Gulf War4,839
Korea1,691
World War II843

Baltimore Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 747,150
55 to 646,943
35 to 546,803
75+5,202
18 to 341,904

Baltimore Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black18,3336.26%
White8,5215.41%
Hispanic8254.00%
2 or More6296.79%
Other1592.14%
Indian15910.74%
Asian1130.82%
Hawaiian8848.62%

Baltimore Veterans by Race

Baltimore Veterans by Education

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15.74%

Veteran Poverty Rate

28.90%

Veteran Disability Rate

Baltimore Veterans by Education

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62%

Labor Force Participation

56.7%

Employment Rate

8.3%

Unemployment Rate

Baltimore Employment by Age

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Baltimore Employment by Race

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Baltimore Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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66.31%

Born in Maryland

91.86%

Native Born

8.14%

Foreign Born

4.80%

Non Citizen

3.35%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

91.86% of Baltimore residents were born in the United States, with 66.31% having been born in Maryland. 4.80% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Latin America.

Baltimore Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2020584,537-8,953-1.51%
2019593,490-8,953-1.49%
2018602,443-8,038-1.32%
2017610,481-5,745-0.93%
2016616,226-6,296-1.01%
2015622,522-1,065-0.17%
2014623,5871,1960.19%
2013622,391-504-0.08%
2012622,8952,4850.40%
2011620,410-505-0.08%
2010620,915-30,239-0.47%
2000651,154-84,860-1.22%
1990736,014-50,727-0.66%
1980786,741-119,046-1.40%
1970905,787-33,237-0.36%
1960939,024-10,684-0.11%
1950949,70890,6081.01%
1940859,10054,2260.65%
1930804,87471,0480.93%
1920733,826175,3412.77%
1910558,48549,5280.93%
1900508,95774,5181.60%
1890434,439102,1262.72%
1880332,31364,9592.20%
1870267,35454,9362.33%
1860212,41843,3642.31%
1850169,05466,7415.15%
1840102,31321,6932.41%
183080,62017,8822.54%
182062,73816,1833.03%
181046,55520,0415.79%
180026,51413,0116.98%
179013,5030.00%

Baltimore Population by Year