Baton Rouge is a city located in East Baton Rouge Parish Louisiana. Baton Rouge has a 2023 population of 217,665. Baton Rouge is currently declining at a rate of -1.02% annually and its population has decreased by -3.04% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 224,480 in 2020.
The average household income in Baton Rouge is $76,684 with a poverty rate of 24.44%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to - per month, and the median house value is -. The median age in Baton Rouge is 32.1 years, 30.6 years for males, and 33.8 years for females.
Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana and located in East Baton Rouge Parish along the Mississippi River. The city is a large research, medical, technology and industrial center of the South. Baton Rouge is located 157 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico and 80 miles out of New Orleans.
It's very common to hear a French accent in Baton Rouge today, with more than one-third of the population of Louisiana having French ancestry. Interestingly, Baton Rouge did not develop ethnic neighborhoods like most developing cities but instead settlement based on wealth. This led Asians, Cajuns, Italians, and other Europeans to live side-by-side, although the black community was the exception.
Over the last 50 years, there has been a great deal of migration of black people from the rural areas to the urban area of Baton Rouge. In 1960, the city was only 30% black.
Baton Rouge has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the South with a population that exploded briefly after Hurricane Katrina when it accepted about 200,000 displaced residents. It is still one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the country among areas with a population under one million. Last year, the city was ranked number one in the country for economic growth.
The city is now experiencing stagnant population growth while the suburbs are proliferating. In 2013, the city's population was 229,400, about 580 less than the previous year and 0.03% down from 2010.
The area of Baton Rouge has been inhabited since at least 8000 BC, with mounds built by hunter-gatherers that are more than 1,000 years older than the pyramids of Egypt.
The history of modern-day Baton Rouge goes back to 1699 when a French explorer named Sieur d'Iberville led an expedition party up the Mississippi River and found a red-colored cypress pole with bloody animals marking the boundary between tribal hunting grounds. This pole and the area were called le baton rouge, or the red stick. In 1719, Baton Rouge was established as a French military outpost.
The French lost Baton Rouge to the British under the Treaty of Paris in 1736 but maintained a fort through 1779. It was then that the Spanish governor in New Orleans sent an army to the city and captured it from the British. It then stayed under Spanish rule until 1810 when residents -- primarily Anglo-Americans -- took the city and proclaimed the Republic of West Florida. Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days until the Americans in New Orleans raised the American flag.
Baton Rouge was incorporated in 1817 and became the capital of the state in 1849. By the end of the Civil War, it had a population of 5,500, which grew to more than 10,000 by 1893.
According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Baton Rouge was:
Black or African American
Two or more races
Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
Average Family Size
Average Household Size
Rate of Home Ownership
Less Than 9th Grade
9th to 12th Grade
High School Graduate
High School Graduation Rate
The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 72.41%.
The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among white people with a rate of 43.53%.
Other Indo-European Languages
Asian and Pacific Island Languages
91.83% of Baton Rouge residents speak only English, while 8.17% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Asian and Pacific Island languages, which is spoken by 3.48% of the population.
Overall Poverty Rate
Male Poverty Rate
Female Poverty Rate
The race most likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Multiple, with 55.66% below the poverty level.
The race least likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is White, with 14.91% below the poverty level.
The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 4.82%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.28%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 33.9%.
Overall Marriage Rate
Male Marriage Rate
Female Marriage Rate
The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.
Second Gulf War
First Gulf War
World War II
Less Than 9th Grade
High School Graduate
Bachelors or Greater
Veteran Poverty Rate
Veteran Disability Rate
Labor Force Participation
Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.
Born in Baton Rouge
95.48% of Baton Rouge residents were born in the United States, with 76.77% having been born in Louisiana. 3.78% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.