Baton Rouge, Louisiana Population 2022

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Baton Rouge is a city located in East Baton Rouge Parish Louisiana. With a 2020 population of 227,066, it is the 2nd largest city in Louisiana and the 103rd largest city in the United States. Baton Rouge is currently declining at a rate of -0.09% annually and its population has decreased by -0.18% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 227,470 in 2020. Spanning over 89 miles, Baton Rouge has a population density of 2,627 people per square mile.

The average household income in Baton Rouge is $70,902 with a poverty rate of 24.39%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $886 per month, and the median house value is $185,000. The median age in Baton Rouge is 31.5 years, 29.7 years for males, and 33.4 years for females.

Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana and located in East Baton Rouge Parish along the Mississippi River. The city is a large research, medical, technology and industrial center of the South. Baton Rouge is located 157 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico and 80 miles out of New Orleans.

Baton Rouge Diversity Statistics

It's very common to hear a French accent in Baton Rouge today, with more than one-third of the population of Louisiana having French ancestry. Interestingly, Baton Rouge did not develop ethnic neighborhoods like most developing cities but instead settlement based on wealth. This led Asians, Cajuns, Italians, and other Europeans to live side-by-side, although the black community was the exception.

Over the last 50 years, there has been a great deal of migration of black people from the rural areas to the urban area of Baton Rouge. In 1960, the city was only 30% black.

Baton Rouge Population Growth

Baton Rouge has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the South with a population that exploded briefly after Hurricane Katrina when it accepted about 200,000 displaced residents. It is still one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the country among areas with a population under one million. Last year, the city was ranked number one in the country for economic growth.

The city is now experiencing stagnant population growth while the suburbs are proliferating. In 2013, the city's population was 229,400, about 580 less than the previous year and 0.03% down from 2010.

Baton Rouge Facts

  • Baton Rouge is French for "Red Stick"
  • Baton Rouge has been under seven governments: French, English, Spanish, West Floridian, Louisiana, Confederate, and American.
  • Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days.
  • The city's port is the 9th largest in the U.S. in terms of shipped tonnage.
  • Baton Rouge's State Capital Building is the tallest in the country.

The area of Baton Rouge has been inhabited since at least 8000 BC, with mounds built by hunter-gatherers that are more than 1,000 years older than the pyramids of Egypt.

The history of modern-day Baton Rouge goes back to 1699 when a French explorer named Sieur d'Iberville led an expedition party up the Mississippi River and found a red-colored cypress pole with bloody animals marking the boundary between tribal hunting grounds. This pole and the area were called le baton rouge, or the red stick. In 1719, Baton Rouge was established as a French military outpost.

The French lost Baton Rouge to the British under the Treaty of Paris in 1736 but maintained a fort through 1779. It was then that the Spanish governor in New Orleans sent an army to the city and captured it from the British. It then stayed under Spanish rule until 1810 when residents -- primarily Anglo-Americans -- took the city and proclaimed the Republic of West Florida. Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days until the Americans in New Orleans raised the American flag.

Baton Rouge was incorporated in 1817 and became the capital of the state in 1849. By the end of the Civil War, it had a population of 5,500, which grew to more than 10,000 by 1893.

Baton Rouge Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Baton Rougewas:

  • Black or African American: 53.45%
  • White: 38.05%
  • Asian: 3.70%
  • Two or more races: 2.33%
  • Other race: 2.04%
  • Native American: 0.29%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.13%
The current population of Baton Rouge, Louisiana is 227,066 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates.The last official US Census in 2020 recorded the population at 227,470.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana Population 2022

2021 and 2022 population is estimated by projecting the 2019 numbers.

Baton Rouge Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race


Baton Rouge Population by Race

Baton Rouge Population Pyramid 2022


Baton Rouge Median Age







Baton Rouge Adults

There are 174,761 adults, (32,703 of whom are seniors) in Baton Rouge.

Baton Rouge Age Dependency

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Baton Rouge Population by Age

Baton Rouge Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Baton Rouge Household Types


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Baton Rouge Households and Families


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Baton Rouge Households by Type


Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Race


The highest rate of high school graduation is among white people with a rate of 96.48%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among 2+ races people with a rate of 66.71%.

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Race



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Baton Rouge Earnings by Educational Attainment

Baton Rouge Language by Age


Baton Rouge Language

91.46% of Baton Rouge residents speak only English, while 8.54% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.38% of the population.

Baton Rouge Language

Baton Rouge Poverty by Race



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Poverty in Baton Rouge

The race most likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Hispanic, with 34.19% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Other, with NaN% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.33%. Among those working part-time, it was 32.65%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 31.31%.

Baton Rouge Poverty


Baton Rouge Poverty Rate by Education


Baton Rouge Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

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Baton Rouge Marital Status

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Baton Rouge Married by Age and Sex


Baton Rouge Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Baton Rouge Marital Status by Race

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Baton Rouge Marital Status



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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

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Born in Baton Rouge


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Place of Birth

94.47% of Baton Rouge residents were born in the United States, with 76.25% having been born in Louisiana. 3.60% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Baton Rouge Place of Birth

Note: 2021 and 2022 data is projected

Baton Rouge Population by Year