Baton Rouge, Louisiana Population 2021

216,328
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Baton Rouge is a city located in East Baton Rouge Parish Louisiana. With a 2020 population of 216,328, it is the 2nd largest city in Louisiana (after New Orleans) and the 105th largest city in the United States . Baton Rouge is currently declining at a rate of -0.90% annually and its population has decreased by -5.74% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 229,493 in 2010. Baton Rouge reached it's highest population of 229,374 in 2010. Spanning over 89 miles, Baton Rouge has a population density of 2,502 people per square mile.

The average household income in Baton Rouge is $70,902 with a poverty rate of 24.75%. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $879 per month, and the median house value is $174,000. The median age in Baton Rouge is 31.5 years, 29.7 years for males, and 33.4 years for females.

Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana and located in East Baton Rouge Parish along the Mississippi River. The city is a large research, medical, technology and industrial center of the South. Baton Rouge is located 157 miles north of the Gulf of Mexico and 80 miles out of New Orleans.

Baton Rouge Diversity Statistics

It's very common to hear a French accent in Baton Rouge today, with more than one-third of the population of Louisiana having French ancestry. Interestingly, Baton Rouge did not develop ethnic neighborhoods like most developing cities but instead settlement based on wealth. This led Asians, Cajuns, Italians, and other Europeans to live side-by-side, although the black community was the exception.

Over the last 50 years, there has been a great deal of migration of black people from the rural areas to the urban area of Baton Rouge. In 1960, the city was only 30% black.

Baton Rouge Population Growth

Baton Rouge has been one of the fastest-growing cities in the South with a population that exploded briefly after Hurricane Katrina when it accepted about 200,000 displaced residents. It is still one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the country among areas with a population under one million. Last year, the city was ranked number one in the country for economic growth.

The city is now experiencing stagnant population growth while the suburbs are proliferating. In 2013, the city's population was 229,400, about 580 less than the previous year and 0.03% down from 2010.

Baton Rouge Facts

  • Baton Rouge is French for "Red Stick"
  • Baton Rouge has been under seven governments: French, English, Spanish, West Floridian, Louisiana, Confederate, and American.
  • Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days.
  • The city's port is the 9th largest in the U.S. in terms of shipped tonnage.
  • Baton Rouge's State Capital Building is the tallest in the country.

The area of Baton Rouge has been inhabited since at least 8000 BC, with mounds built by hunter-gatherers that are more than 1,000 years older than the pyramids of Egypt.

The history of modern-day Baton Rouge goes back to 1699 when a French explorer named Sieur d'Iberville led an expedition party up the Mississippi River and found a red-colored cypress pole with bloody animals marking the boundary between tribal hunting grounds. This pole and the area were called le baton rouge, or the red stick. In 1719, Baton Rouge was established as a French military outpost.

The French lost Baton Rouge to the British under the Treaty of Paris in 1736 but maintained a fort through 1779. It was then that the Spanish governor in New Orleans sent an army to the city and captured it from the British. It then stayed under Spanish rule until 1810 when residents -- primarily Anglo-Americans -- took the city and proclaimed the Republic of West Florida. Baton Rouge was an independent republic for 74 days until the Americans in New Orleans raised the American flag.

Baton Rouge was incorporated in 1817 and became the capital of the state in 1849. By the end of the Civil War, it had a population of 5,500, which grew to more than 10,000 by 1893.

Baton Rouge Demographics

According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of Baton Rouge was:

  • Black or African American: 54.66%
  • White: 38.68%
  • Asian: 3.49%
  • Other race: 1.49%
  • Two or more races: 1.33%
  • Native American: 0.28%
  • Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander: 0.07%
The current population of Baton Rouge, Louisiana is 216,328 based on our projections of the latest US Census estimates. The US Census estimates the 2018 population at 222,190.The last official US Census in 2010 recorded the population at 229,493.

Baton Rouge, Louisiana Population 2021

2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers.

Year Population Growth Growth Rate
2021855,6003580.04%
2020855,2423580.04%
2019854,8843580.04%
2018854,5262310.03%
2017854,295-2,428-0.28%
2016856,7235,5560.65%
2015851,1674,3400.51%
2014846,8274,8410.57%
2013841,9865,7890.69%
2012836,1974,7040.56%
2011831,4933,8640.46%
2010827,6290.00%

Baton Rouge Metro Area Population by Year

Population by Race

Race Population Percentage
Black or African American122,51654.66%
White86,70638.68%
Asian7,8253.49%
Some Other Race3,3401.49%
Two or More Races2,9901.33%
American Indian and Alaska Native6220.28%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander1500.07%
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Baton Rouge Population by Race

Baton Rouge Population Pyramid $2021

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Baton Rouge Median Age

31.5


Total

29.7


Male

33.4


Female

Baton Rouge Adults

There are 175,636 adults, (30,967 of whom are seniors) in Baton Rouge.

Baton Rouge Age Dependency

54.9

Age Dependency Ratio

21.4

Old Age Dependency Ratio

33.5

Child Dependency Ratio

Baton Rouge Sex Ratio

Female

116,804

52.11%

Male

107,345

47.89%

Baton Rouge Population by Age

Baton Rouge Renter vs Owner Occupied by Household Type

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Baton Rouge Household Types

Type Owner Renter
Married77%23%
All49.8%50.2%
Male44.5%55.5%
Non Family37.9%62.1%
Female36.8%63.2%

49.8%

Rate of Home Ownership

Baton Rouge Households and Families

Type Count Average Size Owned
All83,7332.5849.8
Non Family38,6061.3937.9
Married25,2483.3377
Female15,7014.0236.8
Male4,1783.5644.5

3.5

Average Family Size

2.58

Average Household Size

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Baton Rouge Households by Type

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Education Attained Count Percentage
Less Than 9th Grade5,0063.68%
9th to 12th Grade11,3858.36%
High School Graduate37,78627.76%
Some College30,62222.50%
Associates Degree6,1094.49%
Bachelors Degree26,24919.28%
Graduate Degree18,96513.93%
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Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Sex (over 25)

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Race

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Race Total High School Bachelors
Black70,62558,07611,216
White54,57952,71529,627
Asian4,8854,1072,674
Hispanic4,2993,179933
Other Race1,7591,046168
2+ Races1,3381,281677
Native American46431137
Islander1818

The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%.

The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among asian people with a rate of 54.74%.

Baton Rouge Educational Attainment by Race

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Name Average Male Female
Overall$34,031$42,159$28,818
Less Than 9th Grade$18,859$23,383$14,968
High School Graduate$24,943$30,642$20,035
Some College$30,349$36,429$25,863
Bachelors Degree$49,868$62,468$42,543
Graduate Degree$61,943$84,526$52,663

$34,031

Average Earnings

$42,159

Average Male

$28,818

Average Female

Baton Rouge Earnings by Educational Attainment

Baton Rouge Language by Age

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Baton Rouge Language

91.50% of Baton Rouge residents speak only English, while 8.50% speak other languages. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 3.45% of the population.

Baton Rouge Language

Baton Rouge Poverty by Race

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Name Total In Poverty Poverty Rate
Black119,21837,12931.14%
White78,24512,31715.74%
Hispanic7,7732,25328.98%
Other3,2941,35040.98%
Asian7,7211,28516.64%
Multiple2,84846616.36%
Native62215925.56%
Islander1501812.00%

24.75%

Overall Poverty Rate

23.46%

Male Poverty Rate

25.95%

Female Poverty Rate

Poverty in Baton Rouge

The race most likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Other, with 40.98% below the poverty level.

The race least likely to be in poverty in Baton Rouge is Islander, with 12.00% below the poverty level.

The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 5.52%. Among those working part-time, it was 31.02%, and for those that did not work, the poverty rate was 34.22%.

Baton Rouge Poverty

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Name Poverty
Less Than 9th Grade36.10%
High School21.19%
Some College14.39%
Bachelors or Greater6.15%

Baton Rouge Poverty Rate by Education

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Rate Poverty
Female Unemployed54.69%
Male Unemployed43.39%
Female Employed16.84%
Male Employed10.80%

Baton Rouge Poverty Rate by Employment Status and Sex

Baton Rouge Income by Household Type

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Name Median Mean
Households$44,470$70,902
Families$59,462$89,652
Married Families$92,943$123,596
Non Families$29,574$47,288
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Income by Household Type

Baton Rouge Marital Status

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Marriage Rates

30.4%

Overall Marriage Rate

32.6%

Male Marriage Rate

28.5%

Female Marriage Rate

Baton Rouge Married by Age and Sex

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Baton Rouge Marriage

The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 45-54.

Baton Rouge Marital Status by Race

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Baton Rouge Marital Status

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9,648

Number of Veterans

8,336

Male Veterans

1,312

Female Veterans

War Veterans
Vietnam3,493
First Gulf War1,738
Second Gulf War1,531
Korea728
World War II434

Baton Rouge Veterans by War

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Age Group Veterans
65 to 742,663
75+2,502
35 to 542,079
55 to 641,526
18 to 34878

Baton Rouge Veterans by Age

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Name Veterans % of Total
Black4,7085.30%
White4,5486.04%
Hispanic2284.03%
Asian2213.26%
2+ Races824.05%
Other Race673.38%
Native American224.27%

Baton Rouge Veterans by Race

Baton Rouge Veterans by Education

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12.64%

Veteran Poverty Rate

27.86%

Veteran Disability Rate

Baton Rouge Veterans by Education

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64.1%

Labor Force Participation

58.7%

Employment Rate

8.4%

Unemployment Rate

Baton Rouge Employment by Age

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Baton Rouge Employment by Race

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Baton Rouge Employment by Education

Origin of Non-Citizens

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Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants.

Origin of Naturalized Citizens

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77.20%

Born in Baton Rouge

94.50%

Native Born

5.50%

Foreign Born

3.45%

Non Citizen

2.04%

Naturalized

Place of Birth

94.50% of Baton Rouge residents were born in the United States, with 77.20% having been born in Louisiana. 3.45% of residents are not US citizens. Of those not born in the United States, the largest percentage are from Asia.

Baton Rouge Place of Birth

Year Population Growth Annual Growth Rate
2021216,328-1,954-0.90%
2020218,282-1,954-0.89%
2019220,236-1,954-0.88%
2018222,190-2,224-0.99%
2017224,414-2,272-1.00%
2016226,686-516-0.23%
2015227,202-649-0.28%
2014227,851-495-0.22%
2013228,346-543-0.24%
2012228,8892460.11%
2011228,643-731-0.32%
2010229,3741,5560.07%
2000227,8188,2870.37%
1990219,531-863-0.04%
1980220,39454,4732.88%
1970165,92113,5020.85%
1960152,41926,7901.95%
1950125,62990,91013.72%
194034,7193,9901.23%
193030,7298,9473.50%
192021,7826,8853.87%
191014,8973,6282.83%
190011,2697910.73%
189010,4783,2813.83%
18807,1976991.03%
18706,4981,0701.82%
18605,4281,5233.35%
18503,9051,6055.44%
18402,3000.00%

Baton Rouge Population by Year